What Are The Symptoms Of Hyperthyroidism
There are many symptoms of hyperthyroidism and they can impact your entire body. You may experience some of these symptoms and not others, or many of them at the same time. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism can include:
- Swelling and enlargement of the neck from an enlarged thyroid gland .
- Hair loss and change in hair texture .
- Bulging of the eyes .
- Muscle weakness.
What Is A Goiter
A goiter is an unusually enlarged thyroid gland. It may happen only for a short time and may go away on its own without treatment. Or it could be a symptom of another thyroid disease that requires treatment. goiter is more common in women than in men and especially in women before menopause.
Some common causes of goiter include:
Usually, the only symptom of a goiter is a swelling in your neck. It may be large enough that you can see it or feel the lump with your hand. A very large goiter can also cause a tight feeling in your throat, coughing, or problems swallowing or breathing.
Your doctor will do to see if it is caused by another thyroid disease.
What Complications Of Hyperthyroidism Can Affect My Body
Hyperthyroidism can impact many parts of your body. Different systems, ranging from your vascular system to your skeletal system can all be affected if you have an overactive thyroid.
When you have hyperthyroidism, it may feel like your heart is beating very quickly. This rapid heartbeat is a symptom of the condition thats caused by your fast metabolism. The body is running faster than normal when you have hyperthyroidism, making you feel like your heart is racing. Having an irregular heartbeat can increase your risk of different medical conditions, including stroke.
The bones are the support structure for your body. When you have unchecked high levels of thyroid hormones, your bones can actually become brittle. This can lead to a condition called osteoporosis.
Eyes and Skin
Hyperthyroidism can be caused by a medical condition called Graves disease. This disease can affect both your eyes and skin. It can cause you to have several eye problems, including:
- Bulging eyes.
- Double vision and light sensitivity.
- Redness and swelling of the eyes.
Graves disease can also cause your skin to become red and swollen. This is particularly noticeable on the feet and shins.
Another complication of hyperthyroidism is something called a thyroid storm . This is a sudden and dramatic increase in your symptoms. When this happens, your heart may beat even faster than normal and you may develop a fever. A thyroid storm is an emergency situation.
Recommended Reading: What Are Early Warning Signs Of Thyroid Cancer
Why And How Does Mitochondrial Destruction Happen
Mitochondria as we discussed before is your energy power house.
It consumes fuel and converts into energy to power our whole body.;Now mitochondria are very efficient machine and it can consume glucose or fatty acids and break them down to produce energy in the form of ATP.
During this energy production process, there are some waste products that are also formed which are called Reaction oxygen species .
In people with thyroid dysfunction, this mitochondrial machinery starts to break down and which causes metabolic dysfunction.;This metabolic dysfunction is the reason people start to gain weight.;
Now let us understand why does mitochondrial destruction happen.
So the underlying process that causes destruction of mitochondria is inflammation.
The inflammation inside our body causes mitochondrial destruction.;It is well known now in the medical community that patients with a thyroid disorder have a high level of inflammation markers present.
So this underlying inflammation first destroys your mitochondria and then destroys your thyroid gland.
Destruction of the thyroid gland further slows down the mitochondria.;So you see its a vicious cycle which forms and makes it very challenging for people to lose weight.;
Other Causes Of Hyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroidism can also result from thyroid nodules. These are lumps that develop inside the thyroid and sometimes begin producing thyroid hormones. Large lumps may create a noticeable goiter. Smaller lumps can be detected with ultrasound. A thyroid uptake and scan can tell if the lump is producing too much thyroid hormone.
Hold On Give Me A Refresher On Hypothyroidism
ICYMI, hypothyroidism affects about 5 percent of Americans and happens when your thyroid doesnât produce enough thyroid hormones.
When itâs functioning normally, those hormones produced by the thyroid regulate how your body uses energy, keeping the brain, muscles, and organs working; in fact, most people donât even know that their thyroid is there until thereâs a problem with it, says Marilyn Tan, MD, an endocrinologist at Stanford Health Careâs Endocrinology Clinic. But when thereâs a problem, youâll know itthat little gland can cause a whole slew of issues, like changes in body temperature, skin texture, and, yes, weight fluctuations.
Signs your thyroid is out of whack:
For women with hypothyroidism, it often feels like their hormones are working against them when it comes to weight loss, and, well, thatâs because they kind of are. In addition to everything else they do, thyroid hormones also regulate your metabolism; and low levels of thyroid hormones make for a slower metabolism, says Elizabeth Pearce, MD, an endocrinologist specializing in thyroid disorders at Boston Medical Center.
Women with hypothyroidism tell me theyre on 1,200 calorie diet and they cant lose weight. In the end, its much more difficult to lose weight and keep it off,â says Caroline Apovian, MD, an endocrinologist, weight-loss researcher, and director of the Center for Nutrition and Weight Management at Boston Medical Center.
You May Like: How To Get Rid Of Thyroid Swelling
Causes Of An Overactive Thyroid
There are several reasons why your thyroid can become overactive.
- Graves’ disease; a condition where your immune system mistakenly attacks and damages the thyroid
- lumps on the thyroid; this extra thyroid tissue can produce thyroid hormones, causing your levels to be too high
- some medicines;such as amiodarone, which can be used to treat an;irregular heartbeat
Find out more about the causes of an overactive thyroid.
Don’t Miss: Soy Milk And Thyroid
How Is Thyroid Disease Diagnosed
Sometimes, thyroid disease can be difficult to diagnose because the symptoms are easily confused with those of other conditions. You may experience similar symptoms when you are pregnant or aging and you would when developing a thyroid disease. Fortunately, there are tests that can help determine if your symptoms are being caused by a thyroid issue. These tests include:
- Blood tests.
- Physical exams.
One of the most definitive ways to diagnose a thyroid problem is through blood tests. Thyroid blood tests are used to tell if your thyroid gland is functioning properly by measuring the amount of thyroid hormones in your blood. These tests are done by taking blood from a vein in your arm. Thyroid blood tests are used to see if you have:
The specific blood tests that will be done to test your thyroid can include:
These tests alone arent meant to diagnose any illness but may prompt your healthcare provider to do additional testing to evaluate for a possible thyroid disorder.
Additional blood tests might include:
Talk to your healthcare provider about the ranges for these thyroid blood tests. Your ranges might not be the same as someone elses. Thats often alright. If you have any concerns or worries about your blood test results, talk to your provider.
An ultrasound typically takes about 20 to 30 minutes.
Can A Thyroid Problem Cause A Dog To Gain Weight
Weight gain can be a sign that your dog has hypothyroidism, a condition that occurs due to decreased production of thyroid hormones. These hormones regulate important bodily functions, including metabolism, heart rate, brain development, temperature, breathing, cholesterol levels, and muscle strength.
You May Like: How Long For Armour Thyroid To Leave System
What Is Graves Disease In Children
Graves disease is an autoimmune disease. The immune system normally protects the body from germs with proteins called antibodies. But with an autoimmune disease, the body makes antibodies that attack its own tissues. With Graves disease, antibodies cause the thyroid gland to make too much thyroid hormone. This is known as hyperthyroidism. Excess thyroid hormone in the bloodstream causes the body’s metabolism to be too active. This can lead to problems such as weight loss, nervousness, fast heartbeat, tiredness, and other issues. Graves disease is an ongoing condition that needs lifelong treatment or watching.
Losing Weight With An Underactive Thyroid
Hypothyroidism slows down your metabolism, making it more difficult to lose extra pounds and maintain a healthy body weight. But weight loss is still possible with hypothyroidism.
Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland, which produces hormones that regulate a number of body processes, becomes underactive and doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormone to allow the body to function properly. One of the key processes these hormones help to regulate is metabolism that magic word we all know due to its connection to diet and weight-loss. It seems like everyone is trying to speed up their metabolism with the right mix of foods and exercise to help shed pounds. So when your body is working against you and slowing your metabolism down even more, weight loss becomes an even bigger challenge.
Recommended Reading: How Long For Synthroid To Leave System
Changes In Menstrual Periods
Because hyperthyroidism tells your body to move faster, the menstrual cycle can become lighter and faster. You may also notice longer periods of time in between your periods.;
On their own, these symptoms may indicate other medical problems. However, when you or your doctor identify more than one of these symptoms at a time, there is a good chance its due to thyroid problems.
Thankfully, most thyroid disorders are treatable and are not life-threatening. However, if you notice a rapid heart rate and experience either a fever or deliriousness, you should call your doctor immediately. These are signs of a hyperthyroid complication called thyrotoxic crisis.
Thyroid And Your Weight
Your thyroid gland sends hormones into the bloodstream that help keep your metabolism in check. When you donât make enough of these hormones, that process slows down.
That puts the brakes on body functions. You might feel cold, tired, or sluggish. Your body may also hang on to salt and water. That causes bloating.
You might put on a few pounds — a few. Only about 10% of your total weight gain is likely due to the water and salt that your body keeps because of hypothyroidism.
If extra weight is the only symptom left after thyroid medication brings your hormone levels back to normal, hypothyroidism probably isn’t directly to blame for it.
“People with hypothyroidism often have gained quite a bit of weight before their diagnosis,” says nutrition coach Cheryl Harris, RD. “They may experience fatigue, and that makes it harder to have the energy to eat well and exercise regularly.”
Don’t Miss: How To Get Rid Of Thyroid Swelling
Exercise For Weight Loss:
Exercising is good for you if you are suffering from hypothyroidism. Dedicating one hour to working out can help. You should do more strength training, muscle-building exercises, lifting weights. Pilates has proven to be more effective than regular cardio, it can regulate TSH levels and optimizing weight loss.
Also Check: Armour Thyroid Copay Card
Weight Loss Does Not Always Equal Health
If your doctor thinks you have hyperthyroidism, you will be referred to a thyroid specialist. Your thyroid specialist will pay thorough attention to your symptoms and will be able to give you a proper diagnosis and treatment. But what if your only symptoms seem to be weight loss and increased appetite? Should you still follow through with treatments when all you suffer from is eating anything you want and still losing weight? The answer is a resounding yes. You may only have these symptoms now, but symptoms of untreated hyperthyroidism get progressively worse.
Untreated hyperthyroidism may be due to Graves disease, in which case your eyes may protrude out of your eye sockets. Youll experience throbbing in your eyes, headaches, swollen, dry, red, and itchy eyes, light sensitivity, and blurred vision. Even if you do not experience symptoms of Graves disease, untreated hyperthyroidism can also result in goitre, swelling of the thyroid gland. This is expressed in a painful swelling near the base of the neck. You may also experience difficulty sleeping, sensitive, thin skin, and excessive sweating. These are all signs that you absolutely need to go to the doctor.
If you have questions or concerns about hyperthyroidism or thyroid problems, see your local doctor who will arrange for you to see a;thyroid surgeon.
Also Check: Is Thrush A Sign Of Underactive Thyroid
It’s Easy To Get The Care You Need
See a Premier Physician Network provider near you.
Your thyroid gland weighs less than an ounce, yet has the power to affect weight gain by an average of 20 to 30 pounds if its not working properly.
Your thyroid is a small gland in the front of your neck just below your Adams apple. ;When its working as it should, your thyroid releases hormones that play a huge role in how your body uses energy, and in how your organs function. Because your thyroid controls your metabolism it can also have an effect on your weight.
The thyroids function is to regulate the metabolism of the body how fast or slow things go, says Kimberly Bethel, MD, of Trotwood Physician Center. It affects everything from the top of the head all the way down to the toes. And we know it affects a persons weight. If you are a fast metabolizer you will burn more calories, or if you are a slow metabolizer, youre going to gain weight.;
Thyroid function is often the first thing a physician checks when a patient is experiencing unexplained weight gain or loss, because improper hormone production affects so much more than a persons size. Thankfully, the disease is treatable, although not curable.
Find The Right Thyroid Medication
Doctors often prescribe a synthetic thyroid hormone , Synthroid, Armour, or other T4 medication to treat patients with hypothyroidism. These types of medications act as thyroid hormone substitutes when your body fails to produce adequate thyroid hormone on its own. However, it will take time for your doctor to determine the right dosage of thyroid medication that works best for you.
For example, functional medicine physician Dr. Westin Childs only prescribes T4 medicine to patients sensitive to medications containing T3but the majority of his patients tend to respond better with a medication containing both T4 and T3 hormone.
Furthermore, a study released by the NIH revealed that many patients preferred taking DTE instead of L-T., gained more energy, and lost slightly more weight when they took a medication containing a combination of T4 and T3.
Its important for you to correct your hormone levels as quickly as possible in order to alleviate your symptoms and maximize weight loss. Once you find a thyroid medicine that is well tolerated and is of the right dosage, you can take your medicine according to your doctors recommendations.
Interestingly, a randomized double-blind crossover trial study reported in a 2010 Archives of Internal Medicine article strongly suggests that patients who took their thyroid medication at bedtime experienced improvement with their hormone levels and symptoms as opposed to when they took their medication in the morning. This was because:
Recommended Reading: Is Apple Cider Vinegar Good For Hyperthyroidism
Can I Develop Hyperthyroidism During Or After Pregnancy
During early pregnancy, your body needs to produce more thyroid hormones than normal to help the baby develop. These hormones are particularly important for your babys brain and nervous system. Having thyroid hormone levels that are a little higher than normal is alright, but if your levels increase dramatically, your healthcare provider may need to form a treatment plan. High levels of hyperthyroidism can impact not only you, but also your baby.
It can be difficult to diagnose hyperthyroidism during pregnancy because your thyroid hormone levels naturally increase and the other symptoms of pregnancy mask signs of hyperthyroidism.
There is also a condition called postpartum thyroiditis that happens after your baby is born. This condition can happen during the first year after birth. Its more common in women who also have type 1 diabetes. Postpartum thyroiditis can start out as hyperthyroidism and then shift into hypothyroidism. However, this pattern doesnt happen to every woman with postpartum thyroiditis. If you begin having symptoms of a thyroid disease during or after pregnancy, talk to your healthcare provider.
Managing Your Weight With Hypothyroidism
Apart from taking synthetic thyroid medication, managing your weight with hypothyroidism is the same as it is with a normal thyroid:;
- Work on eating changes. Cutting out 500 calories per day can help you lose around 1 pound a week. Cutting out 1000 calories a day can help you lose around 2 pounds a week.
- Exercise. Begin a program of daily movement to help manage mood, stress, and sleep, which are very important in weight control.; If you are not in the habit of daily movement, start with just 10 minutes a day of anything you enjoy walking, golf, dancing, or even playing with a pet.; Eventually, the aim is to get in at least 150 minutes of moderate aerobic activity or 75 minutes of vigorous activity a week.;
Don’t Miss: What Organ System Is The Thyroid Gland In
What Is The Thyroid Gland
The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped endocrine gland that is normally located in the lower front of the neck. The thyroids job is to make thyroid hormones, which are secreted into the blood and then carried to every tissue in the body. Thyroid hormones help the body use energy, stay warm and keep the brain, heart, muscles, and other organs working as they should.