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Where Is The Thyroid In Your Body

Dispel Myths Gain Knowledge

How does the thyroid manage your metabolism? – Emma Bryce

Now that we have gone over some of the most common myths about NDT, and worked to a better understanding of how it can benefit our thyroid, why not take the next step and really learn more about your thyroid today?

Take the Thyroid Quiz , and learn a little bit more about this important part of your body. Are you concerned about the status of your thyroid?

Get on the road to recovery by learning more about what could be wrong today.

What Are Typical Symptoms Of Hyper

Typical symptoms for hyperthyroidism is weight loss, fast heart rate, high irritability/nervousness, muscle weakness and tremors, infrequent menstrual periods, sleep problems, eye irritations and heat sensitivity.

Symptoms for hypothyroidism is the contrary of hyperthyroidism such as weight gain, slower heart rate, fatigue, more frequent and stronger menstrual periods, forgetfulness, dry skin and hair, hoarse voice and intolerance to cold. In addition, hypothyroidism is often accompanied by an enlargement of the thyroid gland known as goitre.

What Happens In Your Body

Thyroid hormones have an impact on every cell and every organ. Specifically, T3 directly controls the production of various proteins made by your bodys cells. T3 does this by binding to a cells DNA.

Free T4 and free T3 circulating in your blood are available to immediately enter your bodys cells whenever they’re needed, for instance, when you’re cold or when your body is digesting food. Some of the intracellular T4 is converted to T3, and some of the T3 binds to specific T3-receptors in the nucleus of the cell. This bound T3 causes nuclear DNA to stimulate the production of specific proteins.

Among these proteins are various enzymes that, in turn, control the behavior of many important bodily functions mentioned above, such as how quickly your food is digested, your heart rate, body temperature, and how fast calories are burned.

Though thyroid hormones regulate DNA in this way in all cases, different cells in your body have different kinds of T3-nuclear receptors and in different concentrations. As such, the effect of T3 on a cell is quite variable from tissue to tissue and under various circumstances.

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Types Of Thyroid Problems

Hopefully, you’re beginning to get the idea that there are MANY things that can go wrong with your thyroid gland.

The good news is that some of the problems associated with your thyroid have no effect on thyroid hormone production.

What does that mean?

It means that even if you have a condition such as thyroid cancer or a thyroid nodule, there’s a low chance that it will interfere with thyroid function in your body.

That means you probably won’t have the symptoms we discussed above.

But, on the other hand, there are some conditions which primarily do alter your ability to produce thyroid hormone.

These conditions, such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, WILL cause symptoms.

To give you a better idea of what can go wrong with your thyroid I’ve included some of the most common problems below:

Figuring out what is wrong with your thyroid is of utmost priority.

When you go to your Doctors office make sure you walk out with a diagnosis or at least an idea as to what is going on.

If you don’t then you may end up frustrated without any real clear idea how to treat your issue.

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Hyperthyroidism

The Thyroid (Human Anatomy): Picture, Function, Definition ...

At first, you might not notice the signs or symptoms of hyperthyroidism. Symptoms usually begin slowly. But, over time, a faster metabolism can cause symptoms such as:

  • Weight loss, even if you eat the same or more food
  • Eating more than usual
  • Diarrhea or more bowel movements than normal
  • Fewer and lighter menstrual periods than normal
  • Changes in your eyes that can include bulging of the eyes, redness, or irritation

Hyperthyroidism raises your risk for , a condition that causes weak bones that break easily. In fact, hyperthyroidism might affect your bones before you have any of the other symptoms of the condition. This is especially true of women who have gone through menopause or who are already at high risk of osteoporosis.

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Thyroid Nodules Diagnosis And Treatment

Most nodules are detected during a normal physical exam. They can also be detected during an ultrasound, CT scan, or an MRI. Once a nodule is detected, other procedures a TSH test and a thyroid scan can check for hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. A fine needle aspiration biopsy is used to take a sample of cells from the nodule and determine whether the nodule is cancerous.

Benign thyroid nodules arent life-threatening and usually dont need treatment. Typically, nothing is done to remove the nodule if it doesnt change over time. Your doctor may do another biopsy and recommend radioactive iodine to shrink the nodules if it grows.

Cancerous nodules are pretty rare according to the National Cancer Institute , thyroid cancer affects less than 4 percent of the population. The treatment your doctor recommends will vary depending on the type of tumor. Removing the thyroid through surgery is usually the treatment of choice. Radiation therapy is sometimes used with or without surgery. Chemotherapy is often required if the cancer spreads to other parts of the body.

Children can also get thyroid conditions, including:

  • hypothyroidism
  • thyroid nodules
  • thyroid cancer

Sometimes children are born with a thyroid problem. In other cases, surgery, disease, or treatment for another condition causes it.

Tried But Unable To Sleep At Night

If you spend your day tired but when bed time rolls around you feel wired, this can also be a sign your thyroid needs help.

The sleep hormones mingle with thyroid hormones, which can make regulation off sleep difficult.

While some of these symptoms can and do indicate other issues with the body, they really are signs you have thyroid problems.

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What Is The Normal Iodine Level And What Are Iodine

The recommended iodine intake for your body from the age of 14 years is 150 micrograms. This value is same for both males and females. However, during pregnancy, the recommended amount rises to 220 micrograms. In case you are breastfeeding, your body will need 290 micrograms of iodine.

Consuming iodine-rich foods is the best way to increase your iodine intake. Here are some foods with high values of iodine.

  • Egg
  • Seafoods

Is There A Higher Risk Of Developing Thyroid Disease If I Have Diabetes

What is Thyroid Disease? (HealthSketch)

If you have diabetes, youre at a higher risk of developing a thyroid disease than people without diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder. If you already have one autoimmune disorder, you are more likely to develop another one.

For people with type 2 diabetes, the risk is lower, but still there. If you have type 2 diabetes, youre more likely to develop a thyroid disease later in life.

Regular testing is recommended to check for thyroid issues. Those with type 1 diabetes may be tested more often immediately after diagnosis and then every year or so than people with type 2 diabetes. There isnt a regular schedule for testing if you have type 2 diabetes, however your healthcare provider may suggest a schedule for testing over time.

If you have diabetes and get a positive thyroid test, there are a few things to you can do to help feel the best possible. These tips include:

  • Getting enough sleep.
  • Taking all of your medications as directed.
  • Getting tested regularly as directed by your healthcare provider.

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Thyroid Hormones Are Critically Important To Many Bodily Functions

The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped organ located at the base of the neck in front of the trachea . Measuring about two inches wide and weighing 20 to 60 grams, the thyroid gland’s function is to make hormones that are vitally important to the bodys metabolism, growth, and development.

In infants, thyroid hormones are crucial to the development of the brain and the skeletal system. A normal functioning thyroid gland is critical to the normal development of children, and to both the long-term and minute-to-minute well-being of adults.

What Is Thyroid Gland

The thyroid gland is a ductless endocrine gland situated in the anterior/front portion of the neck. It roughly resembles the shape of a butterfly. It is also one of the largest endocrine glands, weighing an average of 25 30 g. This gland has two lobes on either side of the trachea, with each lobe measuring 4 6 cm in length and 1.3 1.8 cm in width.

The primary function of the thyroid gland is to secrete two hormones, namely, Triiodothyronine hormone and the Thyroxine hormone . Both T3 and T4 hormones play a very important role and affect almost every tissue in the body.

Also Read: Thyroid Stimulating Hormone

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Thyroid Hormone Replacement Drugs

Levothyroxine is a type of thyroid hormone replacement drug that is often used to treat hypothyroidism. Brand names for levothyroxine include Synthroid, Levoxyl, and Tirosint.

Natural dessicated thyroid is also used to treat hypothyroidism. For some people, NDTs work better than levothyroxine, and many people prefer them because they are more natural. Brand name NDTs include Armour and Nature-Throid.

Usually, people begin thyroid hormone therapy with a low dose that is gradually increased. In part, this is because hypothyroidism progresses over time. But starting therapy with a low dose is also helpful for reducing the risk of overmedication.

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Sensitive Skin And Skin Discoloration

7 Life Changes That Can Help a Thyroid Condition

Thyroid hormones also influence the quality of your skin in a variety of ways. With hyperthyroidism, you may notice itchy and dry patches of skin.

Your face may feel softer and swollen. You may even notice swelling around your fingertips. Other symptoms include darkening of the skin, rashes, lumps, and reddish spots.

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The Thyroid: It Controls More Than You Know

How much do you know about your thyroid? This small, butterfly-shaped gland in your neck may not be something that you think about when you first awaken. Your thyroid is a powerful organ that plays an essential role in your bodyreleasing and controlling thyroid hormones that regulate your metabolism. Every cell in your body depends upon this process to properly function.

Understanding how your metabolism works and what impacts it is important. Metabolism refers to your bodys ability to break down food and turn it into the energy you need to survive. This process wouldnt happen without the thyroid glands using iodine from food to produce and secrete two key hormones into your bloodstream: Triiodothyronine and thyroxine . The T3 and T4 thyroid hormones play vital roles in regulating your bodys weight, skin, hair, brain development, metabolic rate, internal temperature and more. The occurrence of too much or too little thyroid hormones can negatively impact your body.

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Hashimotos Disease: Autoimmune Hypothyroidism

Hashimotos disease causes hypothyroidism. In other words, a deficit in the production of thyroid hormones. This deficit forces the pituitary gland to increase TSH secretion in order for it to stimulate the thyroid and produce more thyroid hormones. Therefore, blood tests will detect high levels of TSH, but insufficient levels of thyroid hormones.

The main cause of hypothyroidism is a lack of iodine. However, in developed countries, where a supply of iodine is guaranteed, the first cause of hypothyroidism is an autoimmune disorder.

The lack of thyroid hormones results in a Symptoms such as bradycardia, bloating, tiredness and fatigue, concentration and memory problems, cold intolerance, hair loss, and brittle nails, and depressive symptoms are just a few of the long list of symptoms.

The main treatment consists of administering synthetic thyroid hormone , to make up for the lack of thyroid hormone in the body.

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What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Hypothyroidism

Symptoms of hypothyroidism develop slowly, often over several years. At first, you may feel tired and sluggish. Later, you may develop other signs and symptoms of a slowed-down metabolism, including:

  • Feeling cold when other people do not
  • Constipation
  • More than usual menstrual bleeding

You also may have high LDL or bad cholesterol, which can raise your risk for .

If Part Of My Thyroid Is Surgically Removed Will The Other Part Be Able To Make Enough Thyroid Hormones To Keep Me Off Of Medication

What Does Your Thyroid Do? 10 Important Functions You Should Know

Sometimes, your surgeon may be able to remove part of your thyroid and leave the other part so that it can continue to create and release thyroid hormones. This is most likely in situations where you have a nodule thats causing your thyroid problem. About 75% of people who have only one side of the thyroid removed are able to make enough thyroid hormone after surgery without hormone replacement therapy.

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The Importance Of Iodine

When you consume iodine, it is quickly absorbed and entered into your bloodstream. Your thyroid, which has tiny cells that capture the circulating iodine, takes in and oxidizes it so it can begin to be used to create triiodothyronine and thyroxine thyroid hormones that make their way throughout the body to regulate metabolism and ensure healthy functioning of the heart, brain, and other organs. While the major portion of iodine is concentrated in the thyroid gland, the nonhormonal iodine is found in a variety of body tissues including the mammary glands, the eyes, the gastric mucosa, the cervix, and the salivary glands.

Levels of T3 and T4as well as thyroid stimulating hormone , which is influenced by the twothat are out of normal ranges can lead to issues such as hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, and the complications related to having an underactive or overactive thyroid.

This can occur for a number of reasons, including taking in too little or too much iodine.

Treatments For An Overactive Thyroid

An overactive thyroid is usually treatable.

The main treatments are:

  • medicine that stops your thyroid producing too much of the thyroid hormones
  • radioiodine treatment where a type of radiotherapy is used to destroy cells in the thyroid, reducing its ability to produce thyroid hormones
  • surgery to remove some or all of your thyroid, so that it no longer produces thyroid hormones

Each of these treatments has benefits and drawbacks. You’ll usually see a specialist in hormonal conditions to discuss which treatment is best for you.

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Hypothyroidism Diagnosis And Treatment

Your doctor will perform blood tests to measure your TSH and thyroid hormone levels. A high TSH level and low thyroxine level could mean that your thyroid is underactive. These levels could also indicate that your pituitary gland is releasing more TSH to try to stimulate the thyroid gland to make its hormone.

The main treatment for hypothyroidism is to take thyroid hormone pills. Its important to get the dose right, because taking too much thyroid hormone can cause symptoms of hyperthyroidism.

Graves Disease: Autoimmune Hyperthyroidism

Why So Many Health Issues Stem from Problems in the Thyroid

Graves diseaseis the most common cause of hyperthyroidism . The body produces an excess of thyroid hormones, so the pituitary decreases the production of TSH, to limit the production of thyroid hormones. Therefore, a blood test will detect high levels of thyroid hormones, but low levels of TSH.

The manifestation of this disease relates to an increase in metabolism and an intensification of the activity of the sympathetic nervous system.

In addition, nervousness, irritability, and anxiety are accompanied by symptoms such as increased respiratory rate and heart rate, arrhythmia or palpitations, heat intolerance, and tremors and fasciculations, among others.

Treatment is aimed at reducing the level of thyroid hormones. With beta-adrenergic drugs , the effects of the hyperthyroid state on the function of the sympathetic nervous system are blocked. In addition, antithyroid drugs such as metamizole or propylthiouracil are used.

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Small Gland Big Job: Why Your Thyroid Is So Important

September 11, 2018Endocrinology, General

Did you know you have a butterfly with a shield in your neck? That’s right your thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland with a name that comes from the Greek word for “shield.” The thyroid gland sits at the base of your neck below your Adam’s apple and weighs less than an ounce. This small but mighty gland controls your metabolism the process of converting food into energy. Your thyroid is so important that you are unable to live without it unless you have medicine to replace its hormones.

The thyroid gland is part of the endocrine system the system that includes all the glands in your body that regulate essential functions. Your thyroid produces several hormones that are crucial to your growth, development, and good health. The thyroid makes hormones called T3 and T4 that regulate everything from your breathing, heart rate, muscle strength, body temperature, and so much more. Think of your thyroid as the engine that keeps your body running.

Synthroid And Herbs And Supplements

Certain mineral supplements may interact with Synthroid. However, there arent any herbs that have been specifically reported to interact with Synthroid. But you should still check with your doctor or pharmacist before using any herbs or supplements while youre taking Synthroid.

Synthroid and mineral supplements

Certain mineral supplements interact with Synthroid by binding to Synthroid inside your stomach. When these supplements bind to Synthroid, your body cant absorb Synthroid. This means that you wont get the full amount of Synthroid thats in your dose.

For example, the following mineral supplements are known to interact with Synthroid:

If youre taking any of these supplements, you should take them at least 4 hours before or 4 hours after your Synthroid dose. Doing so will help make sure your dose of Synthroid is absorbed like usual.

If you have any questions about taking Synthroid with mineral supplements, talk with your doctor.

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