What Foods Are Bad For Thyroid Function
Now that weâve highlighted foods to boost thyroid function, letâs focus on foods to avoid if you have a thyroid condition.
If you have hypothyroidism
In general, stay away from foods that are high in soy protein, since they may interfere with your bodyâs ability to absorb replacement thyroid hormones.
You may have also heard that you should avoid cruciferous vegetables such as spinach, kale, cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, turnips, and Brussels sprouts.
Itâs important to know that these foods, by themselves, probably wonât harm your thyroid function. However, they are considered goitrogenic foods because they affect your thyroidâs ability to absorb iodine, which can lower thyroid hormone production and increase your risk for goiters.
What does that mean for you? If youâre not getting enough iodine in your diet, or if you know you have low iodine levels, you may want to talk to your healthcare provider about avoiding these vegetables.
But if you have hypothyroidism, or are at increased risk for goiters due to family history, you donât have to avoid these vegetables entirely. Instead, try to mix up the vegetable servings you eat each day, so you arenât getting a whopping intake of goitrogens in any one meal. Also note that if you juice these vegetables, youâll vastly increase their concentration of thiocyanates, which is the chemical in goitrogenic vegetables that interferes with your thyroid gland function.
If you have hyperthyroidism
Should People With Thyroid Problems Avoid These Supplements
Iodine: Yes. Avoid it as a supplement whether you havehyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. The effect of iodine supplements can vary byperson, causing the thyroid to produce either too much or too little hormone.
Certain alternativemedicine websites or doctors tell patients that iodine is good for yourthyroid, Dr. Nasr says, but if there is anybody who shouldnt take iodine, itis thyroid patients. Such claims aremade because iodine deficiency is the No. 1 cause of thyroid conditionsin the world, he says. But thats not true in the U.S., where we have iodine inour diets. Iodine is added to many foods, and not just salt, he says.
However, Dr. Nasr says that people on restrictive diets may consider adding a daily multivitamin that contains the recommended daily allowance of iodine.
He also assures patientsnot to worry that you are getting too much iodine from everyday foods. You wouldhave to eat a ton of it to cause problems, he says. Its not, dont eatanything with iodine. Its, dont eat a bunch of iodine. And patients shouldbe careful with iodine-concentrated supplements.
Nutrients To Avoid In Thyroid
Here is a list of nutrients to avoid in hypothyroidism:
Soy and soy products
Grains, especially gluten-containing grains like wheat, rye, and barley.
Foods high on the glycemic index . Sugar can worsen symptoms such as fatigue, irritability, and weight gain.
-Sugary Food items
Food that is high in oxalates or goitrogens
-Caffeinated beverages, like coffee and alcohol.
-Vitamin D in high amounts
-Bad fats, like trans fat and animal fats. These have been shown to increase inflammation which can worsen symptoms of hypothyroidism.
Also Check: Does Thyroid Cancer Shorten Your Life
Why People Gain Weight In Hypothyroidism
The mechanism of weight gain in hypothyroid individuals is very complex. To understand this first learn Basal metabolic rate. It is the energy utilized by an individual at rest in fasting state and at thermoneutral temperature. This energy is utilized to sustain;normal cells and keep organ functioning within the body. It accounts for approximately 6075% of total daily energy expenditure in individuals with a sedentary lifestyle.
In thyroid patients, BMR is decreased. When a patient is consuming a high-calorie diet with decreased BMR, some weight gain occurs.;
More weight gain is associated with more severe hypothyroidism. It may not be associated with excess fat accumulation.;
salt and water retention is the most common cause of weight gain in these individuals. Many studies have found that massive weight gain is;rarely associated with hypothyroidism. In general, 2.5-4.5 kg of body weight gain may be attributable to the thyroid.;;
If an individual presents with only symptoms of weight gain, it is less likely that the weight gain is only due to the thyroid abnormalities.;
Does low thyroid causefood cravings?
Thyroid hormones are known to affect the basic metabolic rate. Thyroid dysfunction can have significant repercussions on appetite and body weight.;
Food #2 Sea Vegetables
Iodine may be the single most important mineral for thyroid health. Without enough iodine, the thyroid gland swells in an attempt to increase iodine uptake from the blood.
Within the thyroid, specialized cells convert iodine and the amino acid tyrosine into T3 and T4. There are no substitutions if you dont have enough iodine in your system, your thyroid absolutely cannot produce these hormones.
Sea vegetables like nori, kelp, dulse, kombu, wakame, and more are rich sources of iodine! Seaweeds are one of the most naturally concentrated sources of iodine. And they provide other trace minerals as well, including iron, calcium, and potassium .
Herbamare is a delicious seasoning blend with sea salt, dehydrated herbs, and kelp. Free from MSG and preservatives, Herbamare is like salt on steroids!
The recommended daily amount of iodine for healthy adults varies from between 150 to 1,100 micrograms. It is possible to consume too much iodine, which also leads to thyroid and other problems.
As with any food you consume for its benefits, remember: everything in moderation.
5 out of 10: protein, zinc, iodine, vitamin B2, vitamin C
Recommended Reading: What Does High Thyroid Peroxidase Antibody Mean
Fatty Foods Such As Butter Meat And All Things Fried
Fats have been found to disrupt the body’s ability to absorb thyroid hormone replacement medicines, says;Stephanie Lee, MD, PhD, associate chief of endocrinology, nutrition, and diabetes at Boston Medical Center and an associate professor at the Boston University School of Medicine in Massachusetts.
Fats may also interfere with the thyroid’s ability to produce hormone as well. Some healthcare professionals recommend that you cut out all;fried foods;and reduce your intake of fats from sources such as butter, mayonnaise, margarine, and fatty cuts of meat.
Sugar And Processed Foods
For obvious reasons, sugar and processed foods should be avoided or limited in everybody, not just thyroid patients. They drive inflammation and disease, something we should be wary of when we have thyroid disease, and can make symptoms worse. They can also contribute to poor gut health which is incredibly pivotal to our overall health. Addressing my gut health was one of the biggest interventions to managing my hypothyroidism and Hashimotos.
Of course, this is only a guide with suggestions which may help you. Not all thyroid patients do well on the exact same dietary adjustments and what some find to be helpful in managing their symptoms, others do not. Were all individuals after all! You must find what works for you.
Recommended Reading: How Is Thyroid Eye Disease Treated
Myth No : You Should Take Iodine Supplements If You Have An Underactive Thyroid
You do not need to supplement iodine if you live in the United States or other first world countries where iodine is added to many foods, including table salt. While iodine deficiency is one cause of hypothyroidism, if you are not iodine-deficient, there is no need to take iodine supplements, commonly seen as kelp supplements.
Iodine supplements are a fallacy, says Dr. Bakar. In fact, they can start negatively affecting thyroid function if you take them without the guidance of a physician.
Common Medication For Hypothyroidism Treatment
Studies after studies show levothyroxine is the best treatment of choice, Dr. Endo explains. She notes that some people are allergic to the generic form of levothyroxine, mostly due to the color dye. In that case, you can use either the levothyroxine 50 microgram pills or the brand Tirosint, although this is more expensive.
Treatment with levothyroxine is usually continued for the rest of your life, but your doctor may adjust your dose over time.
You May Like: What Kind Of Doctor Tests Thyroid
What Foods Can I Eat To Support Healthy Thyroid Function
Foods that support healthy thyroid function may include
- Protein: Grass-fed meats, free-range chicken, wild-caught seafood and beans
- Selenium: Brazil nuts, organic liver, cold-water fish and garlic
- Magnesium: Dark leafy greens, almonds, pecans and flax seeds
- Vitamin B12: Grass-fed meats, free-range chicken and eggs and wild-caught seafood
- Iodine: Wild-caught seafood, seaweed and kelp
- Iron: Grass-fed beef, organic beef liver, spinach and sardines
- Zinc: Grass-fed meats, free-range chicken, wild-caught seafood and almonds
- Vitamin B2: Grass-fed meats, organic organ meats, almonds and green vegetables
- Vitamin D: Sunshine, egg yolks, organic liver and wild caught fish
- Omega-3 fatty acids: Wild-caught fish, walnuts, chia and flax seeds
- Vitamin C: Broccoli, brussels sprout, citrus fruits and berries
- Vitamin A: Free-range eggs, green vegetables and organic liver
Gluten Found In Bread Pasta And Rice
Those with hypothyroidism may want to consider minimizing their intake of gluten, a protein found in foods processed from wheat, barley, rye, and other grains, says;Ruth Frechman, RDN, a dietitian;in the Los Angeles area and a spokesperson for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. And if you have been diagnosed with celiac disease,;gluten;can irritate the small intestine, and may hamper absorption of thyroid hormone replacement medication.
An;article published in May 2017 in the journal;Endocrine Connections;noted that hypothyroidism and celiac disease are often present together, and while no research has demonstrated that a gluten-free diet can treat thyroid conditions, you may still want to talk to a doctor about whether it would be worth eliminating gluten, or getting tested for celiac disease. A study published in July 2019 in Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes found that a gluten-free diet may have clinical benefits for women with thyroid disease.
If you do choose to eat gluten, be sure to choose whole-grain varieties of bread, pasta, and rice, which are high in fiber and other nutrients and can help improve bowel irregularity, a common symptom of hypothyroidism. Also be sure to take your hypothyroidism medication several hours before or after eating high-fiber foods, to prevent them from interfering with the absorption of your synthetic thyroid hormone.
Vegetable Oil Or Other Processed Oils
Oils that are forcibly expressed from their sources can cause inflammation in the body. Polyunsaturated fats are the culprit, and are being studied on the cellular level and in rats for greater understanding, notes Block. Alternatively, cold-pressed oils retain more antioxidants and other benefits.
What to Eat Instead: Look for cold-pressed oils or healthier fat alternative oils, like avocado or olive oil.
Foods Required To Ensure Adequate Thyroid Hormone Production
Make sure that you are getting enough iodine in your diet. Iodine is essential for producing thyroid hormones, T3 and T4. An iodine deficient diet can lead to hypothyroidism, or at the very least exacerbate it.
If you want to give your thyroid a kick, eat foods like shellfish, seaweed, and coconut oil, and avoid simple sugars. Overall a healthy diet should include complex carbohydrates and get plenty of fibre. Also, make sure that you are drinking plenty of water every day. Good hydration is key to proper metabolic function.
Don’t Miss: How To Reduce Thyroid Cysts Naturally
Why Is Selenium So Important
First, selenium is essential for the conversion of T4 to T3. Even if the body is producing sufficient T4, it cannot be utilized until it is converted into T3 the active form of thyroid hormone. Low T3 levels can cause hypothyroid symptoms .
Second, selenium has shown anti-inflammatory effects on thyroid-specific autoimmune diseases, such as Hashimoto’s. Reduced inflammation reduces the risk of thyroid tissue damage over time .
Finally, selenium has been shown to prevent depression a common occurrence in people who have impaired thyroid function. A good mood has a lot to do with the level of seratonin, the feel-good brain chemical that regulates mood and also effects sleep quality and appetite.
In this study, a group of participants ate selenium-rich nuts, including Brazil nuts, for 12 weeks while another group of participants avoided these nuts for the 12-week trial.
The group who ate the nuts had higher seratonin levels after eating the nuts than the group who did not.
Cauliflower Cabbage Kale And Broccoli
Cruciferous vegetables like broccoli and cauliflower contain goitrogens that may interfere with the normal functioning of the thyroid gland and should be avoided. However, cooking or steaming them inactivates the goitrogen and the vegetables are recommended to be eaten after that by Chopra. She also advises against fermented products.
Don’t Miss: What Food Is Good For Thyroid
Favorite Resources For Diet Advice
While no specific diet can cure hypothyroidism, eating well can help you feel your best. Still, it can be difficult knowing which foods to eat and avoid, as well as how to cook thyroid-healthy meals. If you need help getting started, check out some of the resources offered by registered dietitian Nicole Morgan, including her YouTube channel featuring free cooking and exercise tips, as well as recommendations for thyroid diet books, grocery shopping must-haves, and beauty products. Be sure to discuss these diet and exercise tips with your doctor before getting started.
How To Easily Add These Fats To Your Everyday Cooking
- Swap out margarine with butter or ghee.
- Substitute coconut oil for vegetable oil in any recipe.
- Blend coconut oil into herbal coffee, hot cocoa, or hot tea!
- Eat coconut oil straight off the spoon.
- Treat yourself to this Nutrient-Dense Peppermint Mocha with both butter and coconut oil .
- Or, indulge in a cup of Bulletproof;Hot Chocolate. It’s already caffeine-free, and contains resistant starch!
Recommended Reading: How To Improve Thyroid Function Naturally
Fruits That Every Thyroid Patient Should Eat
Thyroid disorders are on the rise among people of all age groups. Fortunately, a healthy diet, including these fruits, can help you manage the condition better.
If you are struggling with thyroid, we can completely understand. Thats because this condition can be tricky to manage, given that it is linked to a hormonal imbalance in the body. But balance is the key when it comes to the functioning of the thyroid gland.;
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland that is located on your neck on the front lower side. If theres a thyroid disorder, it can be either because of the overactive or underactive functioning of the gland, thus resulting in the abnormal release of the thyroid hormones.
Dr Ritika Samaddar, regional head, department of clinical nutrition and dietetics, Max Hospitals, Saket, says, Hypothyroidism is a condition in which your thyroid gland doesnt produce enough of the thyroid hormone, which leads to fatigue, weight gain, thinning of hair, slow heart rate and depression. Hypothyroidism can cause the bodys metabolism to slow down. With low BMR, one tends to put on weight easily, hence there is a need to monitor the diet of those who have thyroid issues.
Without further ado, lets just see which fruits you can add to your thyroid diet.;
You must also avoid certain foods to help you manage the condition better.;
The last word
Foods To Eat And Avoid For Managing Thyroid Conditions
The thyroid gland just might be the most understated organ in the human body.
Its impacts are far-reaching, from regulating your metabolism and controlling growth to determining your mood and controlling perspiration. Individuals with thyroid problems can have excessive fatigue, memory loss, rapid weight gain or loss, muscle aches, constipation, dry skin and other symptoms.
According to the American Thyroid Association, The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped endocrine gland that is normally located in the lower front of the neck. The thyroids job is to make thyroid hormones, which are secreted into the blood and then carried to every tissue in the body. Thyroid hormone helps the body use energy, stay warm and keep the brain, heart, muscles, and other organs working as they should.
Thyroid conditions, however, often can be managed naturally through ones diet. Knowing what to eat, as well as what to avoid, has an immense impact on whether conditions are mitigated or recurring.
As a doctor of functional medicine, I prescribe natural remedies to treat the underlying cause of a patients symptoms, not necessarily the symptoms themselves. So for patients with overactive or underactive thyroids, I examine their medical history, diets and exercise regimens. Food often is a trigger for their thyroid conditions.
Also Check: Can A Thyroid Grow Back After Being Removed
Thyroid Medication And Your Food
The foods you eat can affect your thyroid medicine. They can slow down how your body absorbs medicine. It can also affect how well it does it.
- Take medicine on an empty stomach, preferably in the morning.
- Iron and calcium can interact with your thyroid medicine and keep it from working.
- Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information about timing your food and other meds around your thyroid treatment.
To Lose Weight How Should The Food Of The Day
- Divide your food throughout the day into 4 parts, ie 3 big miles and 3 small miles in the middle, so that the body So that the metabolic rate can function properly.
- Do not leave any time food.
- Include whole and coarse cereals such as bran flour, jowar , bajra , Ragi , kinva, oatmeal, multigrain bread, brown rice, etc. regularly
- Put more cucumber, onion, tomato, lettuce in the salad.
- For protein, include pulses, yogurt, beans, eggs, chicken, fish in your diet.
- For fiber, keep green leafy and colorful vegetables like okra, gourd, fenugreek, spinach, brinjal, tomato, carrot, bitter gourd, etc. in your diet regularly.
- One can easily consume orange, apple, seasonal, plum, melon, watermelon, peach, plum, papaya in fruits.
Apart from this, it is very important to take care of some things
You May Like: Can Tooth Infection Cause Thyroid Problems