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What Kind Of Doctor Treats Thyroid Cancer

What Is The Thyroid Gland

What Are the Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment for Thyroid Cancer?

Your thyroid gland is one of many glands that make up your endocrine system. Endocrine glands release hormones that control different bodily functions.

The pituitary gland in your brain controls your thyroid gland and other endocrine glands. It releases thyroid-stimulating hormone . As the name suggests, TSH stimulates your thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormone.

Your thyroid needs iodine, a mineral, to make these hormones. Iodine-rich foods include cod, tuna, dairy products, whole-grain bread and iodized salt.

It Might Be Difficult To Ascertain What Kind Of Health Practitioner Will Be Suitable For Dealing With Your Thyroid Issue

It is quite surprising that choosing the best doctor for thyroid treatment might not be an easy job to do. The process of finding the right doctor might be quite daunting and complicated. When thyroid problems are diagnosed easily, they can be handled by a general physician or medical practitioner. Regular blood tests need to be done to understand the levels of thyroid and the dosages of the medicine should be adjusted accordingly. In case the problem fails to come under control, the general physician might recommend visiting an endocrinologist for further check-up and investigation. You can also ask an endocrinologist online to get the second opinion or can consult online just by submitting all your medical reports.

What Do I Need To Know About Taking Thyroid Medications

Dr. Mandagere: For my patients who are already being treated for hypothyroidism, I emphasize the importance of taking their medication in a consistent manner. If a patient Im treating comes to me with elevated symptoms, we sometimes find that it doesnt necessarily mean that their thyroid is slowing down.

This is where, with my passion for, and background in biochemistry and nutrition, things really get interesting in terms of problem-solving with my patients.

We may find that their body is not absorbing the thyroid medication efficiently or that the metabolism of the medication has changed for one reason or another. We talk about a proper dosing routine that includes taking their medication the same time every day on an empty stomach. Its also important that their thyroid medication is separated by at least four hours from certain vitamins and minerals including calcium, iron and fiber and some cholesterol medications. We also discuss other prescriptions or supplements that might be impacting their thyroid medication.

I prefer prescribing Synthroid for my patients but, of course, the brand is more expensive so a lot people do opt for the generic and sometimes that means more monitoring and adjusting. Its also true that sometimes people just feel better on one medication than another, and it could have to do with various chemicals in the formulation, so its hard to say what will work best for every patient.

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Signs Of Thyroid Cancer Include A Swelling Or Lump In The Neck

Thyroid cancer may not cause early signs or symptoms. It is sometimes found during a routine physical exam. Signs or symptoms may occur as the tumor gets bigger. Other conditions may cause the same signs or symptoms. Check with your doctor if you have any of the following:

  • A lump in the neck.
  • Trouble breathing.

What Happens During Radiation Treatment

Do You Need to See an Endocrinologist for Your Thyroid ...

Two types of radiation are used for thyroid cancer patients.

During I-131 treatment: You will swallow a capsule or pill that contains radioactive iodine . Both healthy and cancerous thyroid cells absorb the I-131, which destroys them. This treatment is usually given in a hospital. You may stay overnight. During the treatment and for a short period after, you will give off radiation. Your doctor will tell you how to protect your family, friends and pets at home. See the Radioactive Iodine Therapy page for more information.

External Beam Therapy : EBT begins with treatment planning using either x-rays or a computed tomography scan. These exams help plan the type and direction of radiation beams to treat the cancer. Each treatment will last a few minutes each day, although it may take longer to get you set up. Once the radiation starts, you will hear some electrical noise and see warning lights from the machine. Patients do not feel the radiation during treatment.

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How Do You Find A Cancer Specialist

Usually, your primary care doctor will refer you to a cancer specialist. Many people rely on recommendations from friends and relatives, or on the reputation of a specific hospital or practice in their area. People also do searches for ratings on line now a days. Your insurance company may also have a specific list of providers that they will work with.

There are other ways to get the names of cancer specialists. You could call your local hospital and ask for the names of cancer specialists who are on staff. You could get the names of cancer specialists through different medical organizations, like the American Medical Association, the American Society of Clinical Oncology, American College of Surgeons, or your local medical society. And you could contact top medical schools or cancer treatment centers in your state for references.

What Are The Best Thyroid Cancer Treatment Options

Surgery.

  • Thyroidectomy. Doctors apply this method to remove the affected thyroid gland. Such surgeries can be open and endoscopic . Depending on a cancer stage, a surgeon decides what type of operation is required.
  • Lymph nodes removals. If cancer has spread to lymph nodes, a surgical oncologist removes them partially or totally to prevent the relapse.

Radioiodine therapy. A radiologist prescribes this option after surgery, for relapsed cancer or when it spreads to lymph nodes or throughout the body.

Hormone therapy. Specialists use hormonal drugs to maintain the patients hormones levels after thyroid cancer surgery.

Chemotherapy. Chemo drugs stop cancer cells division and growth. Medical oncologist can prescribe chemotherapy for metastatic thyroid cancer to reduce its symptoms.

External beam radiation. A doctor applies such a therapy to destroy cancer cells or stop their growth with X-ray beams. This kind of radiation therapy is assigned to patients with medullary and anaplastic thyroid cancer. This is used for metastatic or recurrent cancer. This option can be used alone or combined with chemo drugs.

Targeted therapy. Such a therapy is used when other treatments are ineffective. Targeted drugs destroy cancer genes and proteins with no damage to healthy cells. Side effects are less severe in comparison with chemo.

Only an oncologist can decide what treatment methods will be effective for you. That depends on the cancer stage and overall health condition.

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About Dr Kelly Mandagereboulder Medical Center

Dr. Kelly Mandagere joined Boulder Medical Center in 2017 after practicing for over 10 years as an endocrinologist in Louisville, Colo. She was board-certified in endocrinology, diabetes and metabolism in 1998 and prior to becoming a physician, Dr. Mandagere earned a Master of Science in Nutrition. In the years leading up to medical school she worked as a registered dietitian, counseling patients and educating physicians and health professionals.

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    Who Treats Thyroid Disease

    Thyroid Cancer | Types of thyroid cancer and diagnosis – Dr. Anil Kamath

    Several types of doctors can play a role in managing thyroid disease and its symptoms. Some people only see one doctor for thyroid-related issues, while others have a medical team they work with to manage their disease. The types of doctors you may want to consider include:

    • Primary care doctors
    • Holistic thyroid practitioners, including naturopaths and chiropractors

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    Experienced Care Makes Difference In Thyroid Cancer Treatment

    Stephanie Bostock found a new outlet in painting after being diagnosed with thyroid cancer

    Fayetteville artist Stephanie Bostock didnt know how advanced her thyroid cancer was when she was first diagnosed. But she knew she needed to find experienced doctors to treat her.

    Perhaps it was her keen artist’s eye that led Bostock to notice the lump that had developed in her neck. I was looking at myself in the mirror, she said. Something seemed different. When her gynecologist noticed it too, he ordered an ultrasound, which indicated the lump was a large nodule on her thyroid gland.

    Bostocks next stop was an ear, nose and throat specialist, who ordered a biopsy. He told her not to worry, since most thyroid nodules arent cancerous. He said hed only seen a handful of cases of cancerous thyroid nodules in his whole career, Bostock said.

    When the biopsy revealed the nodule was thyroid cancer, the ENT wanted to operate immediately. Instead, Bostock recalled thinking, I have to see somebody who knows more about this.

    What Type Of Cancer Specialists Do You Need

    Active surveillance is advised but there are three ways to treat cancer: with medicine , with radiation, and with surgery. Each treatment may be handled by a different specialist. Not ev,ery person will need all three types of treatments. It depends on your type of cancer and the stage of your cancer. However, hereâs a rundown of the cancer specialists you might see:

    • Medical oncologist. This is the cancer specialist youâll probably see most often. Usually your oncologist will oversee your general care and coordinate treatments with other specialists. Your oncologist will also be in charge of chemotherapy, hormone therapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy. Youâll likely visit your medical oncologist for long-term, regular checkups.
    • Radiation oncologist. This cancer specialist treats cancer with radiation therapy.
    • Surgical oncologist. This is a surgeon who has special training in treating cancer. Your surgical oncologist may be called in to diagnose cancer with a biopsy. Surgical oncologists also treat cancer by removing tumors or other cancerous tissue.

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    Why Is It Essential To Visit An Endocrinologist For My Thyroid Problems

    An endocrinologist is basically referred to a doctor who specializes in treating conditions of the endocrine system. Endocrinology is the study of the endocrine system which generally refers to a collection of glands that produce hormones which are used in the regulation of various day to day activities such as metabolism of the body, growth, reproduction and other sexual functions. Major endocrine glands include the pituitary glands, hypothalamus, thyroid gland, pancreas and reproductive glands like the testes in males and ovaries in females. There are several other glands like the parathyroid glands or the adrenal glands which are also part of the endocrine system.

    Endocrinologists are normally concerned with treating people suffering from hormonal imbalances, generally of the endocrine glands. The primary objective of the treatment is to restore the proper functioning of the endocrine glands, thus restoring hormonal balances in the body.

    Thyroid gland is an endocrine gland, located in the throat cavity which is concerned with secreting hormones that regulate your blood pressure, temperature of the body, body metabolism as well as heart rate.

    When should you go to an endocrinologist?

    Any sort of irregularities in functioning of the thyroid gland can give rise to a number of thyroid gland problems, since the hormones produced from the thyroid gland control several key functions in your body.

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    How Is Thyroid Cancer Managed Or Treated

    How to Find the Best Thyroid Doctors

    Treatments for thyroid cancer depend on the tumor size and whether the cancer has spread. Treatments include:

    • Surgery: Surgery is the most common treatment for thyroid cancer. Depending on the tumors size and location, your surgeon may remove part of the thyroid gland or all of the gland . Your surgeon also removes any nearby lymph nodes where cancer cells have spread.
    • Radioiodine therapy: With radioiodine therapy, you swallow a pill or liquid containing a higher dose of radioactive iodine than whats used in a diagnostic radioiodine scan. The radioiodine shrinks and destroys the diseased thyroid gland along with cancer cells. Dont be alarmed this treatment is very safe. Your thyroid gland absorbs almost all of the radioiodine. The rest of your body has minimal radiation exposure.
    • Radiation therapy: Radiation kills cancer cells and stops them from growing. External radiation therapy uses a machine to deliver strong beams of energy directly to the tumor site. Internal radiation therapy involves placing radioactive seeds in or around the tumor.
    • Chemotherapy: Intravenous or oral chemotherapy drugs kill cancer cells and stops cancer growth. Very few patients diagnosed with thyroid cancer will ever need chemotherapy.
    • Hormone therapy: This treatment blocks the release of hormones that can cause cancer to spread or come back.

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    Who Might Have Thyroid Cancer

    Women are three times more likely than men to get thyroid cancer. The disease is commonly diagnosed in women in their 40s and 50s, and men in their 60s and 70s. Even children can develop the disease. Risk factors include:

    • Exposure to radioactive fallout from nuclear weapons or a power plant accident.

    How Is Thyroid Eye Disease Treated

    Earlier, surgery was the only option for most patients with thyroid eye disease. However, with the advances in treatment, surgery can be delayed or avoided. Here are the treatment options available for thyroid eye disease

    • Prisms: Spectacles containing prisms can help people with double vision.
    • Steroids: The inflammation in the eyes that causes them to swell can be reduced effectively by steroids. The most commonly used ones include hydrocortisone and prednisone.
    • Eyelid surgery: Surgery involves repositioning the bulging eyelids to allow them to close properly.
    • Eye muscle surgery: The shortened eye muscle in Graves disease can pull the ligaments and result in double vision. The surgery involves cutting the eye muscle and reattaching it to correct double vision.
    • Orbital decompression surgery: The excess bone is cut to allow the eye to expand properly. This surgery is usually reserved for patients who are at a heightened risk of losing their eyesight due to thyroid eye disease.

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    How Does A Doctor Check Your Thyroid

    Doctors check your thyroid with blood tests and imaging. Blood tests look at levels of:

    • TSH
    • T4
    • Autoantibodies, which indicate Hashimoto’s or Graves’ disease

    Imaging tests, especially for hyperthyroidism, may include an ultrasound, thyroid scan, or a radioactive iodine uptake test to identify thyroid nodules and see how active the gland is.

    How To Find A Thyroid Doctor

    Thyroid cancer treatment. Dr. Mark Urken, thyroid cancer specialist at Beth Israel in Manhattan, NYC

    There are many ways to find doctors to consider, but personal recommendations are a great place to start. If you have friends or family members with thyroid problems, you can ask about their experiences. Online thyroid communities may also yield suggestions of doctors who treat thyroid disease in your area. People in these forums are often passionate about thyroid conditions and familiar with the physicians who are, too.

    To broaden your search even further, consider referencing databases provided by professional organizations, which allow you to search by specialty and location:

    If you have thyroid cancer, especially an uncommon type such as anaplastic thyroid cancer, you may need to travel to a larger cancer center to find a specialist who is considered a thyroid cancer expert.

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    Please Tell Your Thyroidologist That The Ata Referred You

    The American Thyroid Association® does not guarantee and is not responsible for the services of physicians listed in this Find a Specialist resource. The physicians and surgeons listed have indicated their willingness to be listed in this section as accepting new patients. Listing in this section is not, and does not intend to be, an endorsement by the American Thyroid Association of the quality and competence of persons who are listed or not listed.

    Patients who seek to identify a thyroid specialist may also use other professional websites to confirm the doctors professional licensure and board certification statuses. To find out if your doctor or a doctor you are considering is Board Certified by a Member Board of the American Board of Medical Specialties go to or call toll-free 1-866-275-2267. For internal medicine only, go to the American Board of Internal Medicine at www.abim.org.

    What Diseases Does An Endocrinologist Treat

    An endocrinologist treats diseases due to the imbalance of hormones in the body. The endocrine diseases may be either due to an increase or decrease in the production or secretion of hormones.

    The most common diseases treated by an endocrinologist include:

    • Certain cancers of the endocrine glands

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    Q& a With Dr Kelly Mandagere Endocrinologist

    Hypothroidism can cause fatigue, slowed metabolism, difficulties concentrating, and depression.

    As an endocrinologist, Dr. Kelly Mandagere is involved in studying, diagnosing and treating conditions of the endocrine system. This network of glands and hormones has widespread effects on the body that include regulating growth, metabolism, reproduction, and sexual development.

    Combining her credentials as an endocrinologist with a lifelong passion for the science of medicine, a special interest in biochemistry, and training as a nutritionist, Dr. Mandagere provides a unique understanding of endocrine conditions, including hypothyroidism. In this Boulder Medical Center Q& A session, Dr. Mandagere answers questions about her approach to understanding the causes of, and managing this complex and often challenging disorder.

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    Look For The Best Doctor For Thyroid Cancer If Your Doctor Suspects Something Of That Kind

    At Bay Area Endocrinology we treat Adrenal Disorders ...

    Thyroid cancer is a growing ailment that is affecting millions of people globally. When detected at the right time, this cancer can be treated and cured. But in most cases, the problem is not diagnosed at the right time and the delay proves to be deadly. In case you have been diagnosed with thyroid cancer, do not lose hope your doctor might be a need for surgery for treating the problem and for this, there are specialized surgeons who can treat the problem and cure it completely. After the surgery is done you must follow some precautions. At times Radiation therapy or chemotherapy might also be recommended by the surgeon so that further chances of the disease relapsing can be averted.

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