Thursday, August 18, 2022
HomeFactsWhat Is Thyroid Problems And Symptoms

What Is Thyroid Problems And Symptoms

Heavy Or Irregular Periods

Thyroid problems – most common thyroid problems, symptoms and treatment

Both irregular and heavy menstrual bleeding are linked to hypothyroidism.

One study showed that about 40% of women with low thyroid hormone experienced increasing menstrual irregularity or heavy bleeding in the last year, compared to 26% of women with normal thyroid levels .

In another study, 30% of women with hypothyroidism had irregular and heavy periods. These women had been diagnosed with hypothyroidism after other symptoms had caused them to get tested .

Thyroid hormone interacts with other hormones that control the menstrual cycle, and abnormal levels of it can disrupt their signals. Also, thyroid hormone directly affects the ovaries and uterus.

There are several problems besides hypothyroidism that can cause heavy or irregular periods. If you have irregular or heavy periods that disrupt your lifestyle, consider talking with a gynecologist before worrying about your thyroid.

Summary: Heavy periods or irregular cycles that are worse than usual could be caused by a medical condition, including hypothyroidism. Its best to talk to a gynecologist about them.

How Does Thyroid Cancer Affect Pregnancy

Thyroid cancer is the second most common cancer diagnosed in pregnant women . Approximately 10% of thyroid cancers develop during pregnancy or within the first year after childbirth. Experts believe fluctuating hormone levels during pregnancy may trigger the cancer.

If you receive a thyroid cancer diagnosis during pregnancy, your healthcare provider can discuss treatment options. Depending on the cancer type and severity, your provider may recommend delaying treatment until after you deliver your baby. If treatment cant wait, most women can safely undergo surgery to remove the cancerous gland. You shouldnt have radioactive diagnostic tests or treatments when youre pregnant or breastfeeding.

Risk Factors For An Overactive Thyroid

  • A family history of Graves’ disease or autoimmune disorders
  • Women are more likely to develop hyperthyroidism compared to men
  • A personal medical history of specific chronic illnesses, including type 1 diabetes, pernicious anemia, or primary adrenal insufficiency
  • Common viral infections
  • Pregnancy
  • Age
  • Excess iodine intake

Also Check: How Long Can You Have Thyroid Cancer Without Knowing

How Is An Underactive Thyroid Treated

Treatment depends on the cause of your underactive thyroid.;If you have low thyroid hormone levels but no symptoms, your doctor might suggest more blood tests every 6 or 12 months to monitor your thyroid function.;If you have symptoms of underactive thyroid, your doctor might recommend you;take regular tablets of thyroid hormone .

Thyroxine

  • Thyroxine;needs to be started slowly, so the dose you take and how often are gradually built up to reach the right level. This usually takes about 6 weeks.
  • Your symptoms will probably go away within a few months but may stay for up to 6 months after starting the medicine.
  • Having regular blood tests every 612 months allows your doctor to check;your thyroid hormone level and;adjust the dosage of your thyroxine if necessary.
  • The amount of thyroxine you need can change over time because the function of your thyroid gland may change over time.
  • It is also important not to take more thyroxine than has been recommended by your doctor because this can cause symptoms of hyperthyroidism and contribute to osteoporosis.

Talk to your doctor if you are using thyroxine and are planning to or have become pregnant. This is because;the amount of thyroxine you need may need to be increased.

Favorite Sites For Hypothyroid Diet Advice

Thyroid Misdiagnosis

Its often said that food is just as important as medicine, and this couldnt be truer when youre dealing with symptoms of hypothyroidism including any extra weight you cant seem to get rid of. Still, the internet can often cause more confusion when youre trying to figure out what you can and cant eat with hypothyroidism. We find the above article helpful in debunking some of the myths about diet and hypothyroidism, while also providing sound medical advice on what you should be eating.

For a less technical read, Endocrine Web offers a succinct overview on the right foods to eat with a thyroid condition. We find the advice about not falling for fad or elimination diets a big relief, as well as the rule of thumb to focus on eating more vegetables, and not avoiding them for fear of decreased thyroid function.

You May Like: Armour Thyroid Copay Card

Can Hypothyroidism Go Away On Its Own

In some mild cases, you may not have symptoms of hypothyroidism or the symptoms may fade over time. In other cases, the symptoms of hypothyroidism will go away shortly after you start treatment. For those with particularly low levels of thyroid hormones, hypothyroidism is a life-long condition that will need to be controlled with medication on a regular schedule. It can be controlled very well and you can live a normal life with hypothyroidism.

Does Birth Control Affect My Thyroid

When youre on birth control pills, the estrogen and progesterone inside of the pills can affect your thyroid-binding proteins. This increases your levels. If you have hypothyroidism, the dose of your medications will need to be increased while youre using birth control pills. Once you stop using birth control pills, the dosage will need to be lowered.

Read Also: What Are Early Warning Signs Of Thyroid Cancer?

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Hypothyroidism

Symptoms of hypothyroidism develop slowly, often over several years. At first, you may feel tired and sluggish. Later, you may develop other signs and symptoms of a slowed-down metabolism, including:

  • Feeling cold when other people do not
  • Constipation
  • A hoarse voice
  • More than usual menstrual bleeding

You also may have high LDL or “bad” cholesterol, which can raise your risk for .

When To Call A Doctor

Thyroid Problems Symptoms Video

In most cases, problems with your thyroid arent an emergency. If you feel you have some of the symptoms above, you can simply make an appointment with your doctor to discuss testing and treatment options. However, you should call your doctor immediately if:

  • Youre very drowsy, cold, and lethargic. This could be the start of a myxedema coma, which is caused by hypothyroidism that eventually leads to unconsciousness and in some cases death.
  • You have a rapid pulse, accompanied by a fever, agitation, or delirium.; This can indicate thyrotoxic crisis, a complication of hyperthyroidism.

Its not always easy to know if you have a problem with your thyroid. Knowing some of the common symptoms of an underactive or overactive thyroid will help give you an idea of you need to talk to your doctor.

Talk with your primary care provider about testing and treatment of thyroid issues. They may refer you to an endocrinologist or thyroid specialist for follow-up care.

Don’t Miss: What Organ System Is The Thyroid Gland In

Common Problems: Hypothyroidism And Hyperthyroidism

More than one in 10 people will develop a thyroid problem in their lifetime, estimates the American Thyroid Association . Many of these problems can lead to either hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism.

The more common of the two, hypothyroidism, happens when the thyroid makes too little hormone. This underproduction can slow down body functions like digestion and metabolism, leading to symptoms such as tiredness, weight gain and constipation. Up to 3.7% of people in the United States have hypothyroidism.

When the thyroid makes too much hormone, it’s known as hyperthyroidism. This overproduction can speed up your body’s functions, leading to symptoms like restlessness, weight loss and diarrhea. Just 0.8% of people in the United States have hyperthyroidism.

Though the two conditions can cause opposite symptoms, hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism share something in common: They are each the result of an underlying problem, usually an autoimmune disorder. For example, the autoimmune condition Hashimoto’s disease can cause hypothyroidism, while Grave’s disease can lead to hyperthyroidism. If you have a thyroid problem, your healthcare provider will be able to help you determine the underlying cause.

Other causes include too much iodine or thyroid nodules and prior thyroid treatments . Thyroiditis, which is when the thyroid becomes inflamed, can also cause hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism.

How Are Thyroid Diseases Diagnosed

It can be hard to tell if you have a thyroid disease. The symptoms are the same as many other health problems. Your doctor may start by asking about your health history and if any of your family members has had thyroid disease. Your doctor may also give you a physical exam and check your neck for thyroid nodules.

Depending on your symptoms, your doctor may also do other tests, such as:

  • Blood tests. Testing the level of thyroid stimulating hormone in your blood can help your doctor figure out if your thyroid is overactive or underactive. TSH tells your thyroid to make thyroid hormones. Depending on the results, your doctor might do another blood test to check levels of one or both thyroid hormones in your blood.
  • Radioactive iodine uptake test. For this test, you swallow a liquid or capsule that holds a small dose of radioactive iodine . The radioiodine collects in your thyroid because your thyroid uses iodine to make thyroid hormone.

High levels of radioiodine mean that your thyroid makes too much of the thyroid hormone. Low levels mean that your thyroid does not make enough thyroid hormone.

  • Thyroid ultrasound. The thyroid ultrasound uses sound waves to make a picture of the thyroid on a computer screen. This test can help your doctor tell what type of nodule you have and how large it is. You may need more thyroid ultrasounds over time to see if your nodule is growing or shrinking.
  • You May Like: Apple Cider Vinegar Thyroid

    If An Underactive Thyroid Isn’t Treated

    It’s unlikely that you’d have many of the later symptoms of an underactive thyroid, because the condition is often identified before more serious symptoms appear.

    Later symptoms of an underactive thyroid;include:

    • a low-pitched and hoarse voice
    • a puffy-looking face
    • thinned or partly missing eyebrows
    • a slow heart rate
    • anaemia

    Other Causes Of Hypothyroidism

    4 most common signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism

    In some cases, hypothyroidism results from a problem with the pituitary gland, which is at the base of the brain. This gland produces thyroid-stimulating hormone , which tells the thyroid to do its job. If your pituitary gland does not produce enough TSH, levels of thyroid hormones will fall. Other causes of hypothyroidism include temporary inflammation of the thyroid or medications that affect thyroid function.

    You May Like: How To Get Rid Of Thyroid Swelling

    Could You Have Thyroid Disease And Not Know

    Often we think of the brain or the heart as the engine in our bodies. These organs are critical in keeping us alive and, directly or indirectly, control every single function in our body. While that may be true, a gland in the shape of a butterfly is equally as important and plays a major role in our health.

    What Is Postpartum Thyroiditis

    Postpartum thyroiditis, or inflammation of the thyroid after giving birth, affects 10% of women. It often goes undiagnosed because symptoms are much like the “baby blues” that may follow delivery. Women with postpartum thyroiditis may feel very tired and moody.

    Postpartum thyroiditis typically happens in two phases, though not everyone with the condition goes through both phases:

    • The first phase starts 1 to 4 months after giving birth and typically last 1 to 2 months. In this phase, you may have because the damaged thyroid leaks thyroid hormones out into the bloodstream.
    • The second phase starts about 4 to 8 months after delivery and lasts 6 to 12 months. In this phase, you may have because the thyroid has lost most of its hormones or because the immune attack is over and the thyroid may recover later.

    Read Also: Is Apple Cider Vinegar Good For Your Thyroid

    What Are Clinical Trials For Hypothyroidism

    Clinical trialsand other types of clinical studiesare part of medical research and involve people like you. When you volunteer to take part in a clinical study, you help doctors and researchers learn more about disease and improve health care for people in the future.

    Researchers are studying many aspects of hypothyroidism, such as

    • understanding how the disease progresses, its clinical presentation, and genetics
    • investigating how effective and safe levothyroxine is for people with chronic kidney disease

    What Causes Thyroid Disease

    Thyroid Disease : Skin Symptoms of Thyroid Disease

    The two main types of thyroid disease are hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Both conditions can be caused by other diseases that impact the way the thyroid gland works.

    Conditions that can cause hypothyroidism include:

    • Thyroiditis: This condition is an inflammation of the thyroid gland. Thyroiditis can lower the amount of hormones your thyroid produces.
    • Hashimotos thyroiditis: A painless disease, Hashimotos thyroiditis is an autoimmune condition where the bodys cells attack and damage the thyroid. This is an inherited condition.
    • Postpartum thyroiditis: This condition occurs in 5% to 9% of women after childbirth. Its usually a temporary condition.
    • Iodine deficiency: Iodine is used by the thyroid to produce hormones. An iodine deficiency is an issue that affects several million people around the world..
    • A non-functioning thyroid gland: Sometimes, the thyroid gland doesnt work correctly from birth. This affects about 1 in 4,000 newborns. If left untreated, the child could have both physical and mental issues in the future. All newborns are given a screening blood test in the hospital to check their thyroid function.

    Conditions that can cause hyperthyroidism include:

    Read Also: Is Thrush A Sign Of Underactive Thyroid

    How Do I Know If I Have Thyroid Nodules

    Most thyroid nodules do not produce any symptoms. However, if you have several nodules, or large nodules, you may be able to see them. Although rare, nodules can press against other structures in the neck and cause symptoms, including:

    Hyperfunctioning thyroid nodules can lead to overproduction of thyroid hormones, also known as hyperthyroidism. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:

    • Irritability/nervousness

    How Is Postpartum Thyroiditis Treated

    Treatment for postpartum thyroiditis depends on the phase of the disease and what symptoms you have. For example, if you get symptoms of hyperthyroidism in the first phase, your treatment may include medicines to slow down the heart rate.

    In most women who have postpartum thyroiditis, the thyroid returns to normal within 12 to 18 months after symptoms start. But if you have a history of postpartum thyroiditis, your risk is higher for developing permanent hypothyroidism within 5 to 10 years.

    Also Check: Is Noni Juice Good For Thyroid

    What Complications Of Hyperthyroidism Can Affect My Body

    Hyperthyroidism can impact many parts of your body. Different systems, ranging from your vascular system to your skeletal system can all be affected if you have an overactive thyroid.

    Heart

    When you have hyperthyroidism, it may feel like your heart is beating very quickly. This rapid heartbeat is a symptom of the condition thats caused by your fast metabolism. The body is running faster than normal when you have hyperthyroidism, making you feel like your heart is racing. Having an irregular heartbeat can increase your risk of different medical conditions, including stroke.

    Bones

    The bones are the support structure for your body. When you have unchecked high levels of thyroid hormones, your bones can actually become brittle. This can lead to a condition called osteoporosis.

    Eyes and Skin

    Hyperthyroidism can be caused by a medical condition called Graves disease. This disease can affect both your eyes and skin. It can cause you to have several eye problems, including:

    • Bulging eyes.
    • Double vision and light sensitivity.
    • Redness and swelling of the eyes.

    Graves disease can also cause your skin to become red and swollen. This is particularly noticeable on the feet and shins.

    Another complication of hyperthyroidism is something called a thyroid storm . This is a sudden and dramatic increase in your symptoms. When this happens, your heart may beat even faster than normal and you may develop a fever. A thyroid storm is an emergency situation.

    What Causes An Underactive Thyroid

    All You Need To Know About Thyroid Disorders: Symptoms ...

    The most common cause of underactive thyroid is an autoimmune condition called Hashimotos disease. This is when your bodys immune system attacks and destroys the cells of your thyroid gland, making it produce fewer or no thyroid hormones.It is not clear what triggers this, but it sometimes runs in families. Underactive thyroid is also more common in people who have autoimmune conditions such as type 1 diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis.

    Other causes of an underactive thyroid include:

    • thyroid cancer or its treatment
    • medicines such as lithium or amiodarone
    • iodine deficiency
    • painful tingling in hands or symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome
    • thickening of your skin;
    • thinning of your eyebrows

    If you are pregnant and have these symptoms, see your GP or doctor. If an underactive thyroid is left untreated, it can cause problems such as pre-eclampsia and premature labour.

    Recommended Reading: How Long Can You Have Thyroid Cancer Without Knowing

    Are There Any Foods I Can Eat To Help My Hypothyroidism

    Most foods in western diets contain iodine, so you do not have to worry about your diet. Iodine is a mineral that helps your thyroid produce hormones. One idea is that if you have low levels of thyroid hormone, eating foods rich in iodine could help increase your hormone levels. The most reliable way to increase your hormone levels is with a prescription medication from your healthcare provider. Do not try any new diets without talking to your provider first. Its important to always have a conversation before starting a new diet, especially if you have a medical condition like hypothyroidism.

    Foods that are high in iodine include:

    • Eggs.
    • Edible seaweed.
    • Iodized salt.

    Work with your healthcare provider or a nutritionist to craft a meal plan. Your food is your fuel. Making sure you are eating foods that will help your body, along with taking your medications as instructed by your healthcare provider, can keep you healthy over time. People with thyroid condition should not consume large amounts of iodine because the effect may be paradoxical .

    RELATED ARTICLES

    Popular Articles