Wednesday, June 15, 2022
HomeWhat Can A Underactive Thyroid Cause

What Can A Underactive Thyroid Cause

How Do Doctors Treat Hypothyroidism

Causes of Underactive Thyroid

Hypothyroidism is treated by replacing the hormones;that your own thyroid can no longer make. You will take levothyroxine, a thyroid hormone medicine identical to a hormone a healthy thyroid makes.3 Usually prescribed in pill form, this medicine is also available as a liquid and as a soft gel capsule. These newer formulas may help people with digestive problems to absorb the thyroid hormone. Your doctor may recommend taking the medicine in the morning before eating.

Your doctor will give you a blood test about 6 to 8 weeks after you begin taking the medicine, adjusting your dose if needed. Each time your dose is adjusted, youll have another blood test. Once youve reached a dose thats working for you, your doctor will probably repeat the blood test in 6 months and then once a year.

Your hypothyroidism most likely can be completely controlled with thyroid hormone medicine, as long as you take the recommended dose as instructed. Never stop taking your medicine without talking with your doctor first. Taking too much thyroid hormone medicine can cause serious problems, such as atrial fibrillation or osteoporosis.1

The Connection Between Ear Sensitivity And Hearing

Why are people with hypothyroidism prone to ear sensitivity in the first place?

In reality, no study officially confirms the relationship or fully understands the link. Some types of research point out the association among autoimmune diseases.

A 2010 study in Maedica reported that those with symptoms or diagnoses of an autoimmune condition may also experience other kinds of autoimmune diseases.

It doesnt show a cause-and-effect relationship. However, a person with mild hearing loss or eardrum issues due to an autoimmune ear disease may increase their risk of hypothyroidism and vice versa.

Another possible reason is the link between thyroid hormones and the cochlea.

The cochlea is the snail-shaped organ in the inner ear that receives the sound vibrations. Its the thousands of hair cells, though, that convert these sounds into nerve impulses the brain receives and interprets.

In the 2018 mice research, the cochlea needs thyroid hormones to develop properly.

Further, the animals with genetic mutations affecting thyroid hormone transporters experienced problems in the maturity of the auditory system. It also resulted in the degeneration of the cochlear hair cells.

The Thyroid Function Test

As mentioned earlier, the amount of thyroid hormone in the blood is regulated by the pituitary gland. When levels of T4 drop, the pituitary gland responds by increasing the amount of TSH, which in turn stimulates the thyroid to produce more T4.

So an underactive thyroid can either be indicated by a high reading of TSH, or low levels of T4, or both. Standard NHS thyroid function tests measure both of these. Occasionally, T3 is measured but this isn’t generally considered necessary.

“When it comes to treatment of thyroid deficiency, most doctors are satisfied that giving T4 in the form of;levothyroxine sodium is perfectly effective,” says Dr Morrison. “However, some practitioners argue that T3 is stronger and works more quickly, and recommend it for those few patients who don’t appear to respond to T4 alone.

“The relative merits of T4 and T3 have been debated and studied, but the view of the NHS is that there is no convincing evidence for the need of T3, rather than T4.”

Also Check: How To Get Rid Of Thyroid Swelling

What Can Be Done For Relief

Several non-invasive breast pain treatments can bring menopausal women respite from their discomforts. However, long-term relief will only be found once the more serious health condition is treated.

Treatment for hyperprolactinemia will be determined based on the cause of the condition. In this case, it deals with handling the thyroid disorder at fault, hypothyroidism.

Likewise, treating ovarian cysts also depends on various factors, such as age and general health. Most women will not need treatment as the cyst often disappears on its own within a matter of weeks or months, yet are told to keep an eye out on their symptoms.

However, the most effective treatment for thyroidism breast tenderness would be to target the mutual underlying cause, hypothyroidism. Depending on its severity, women with hypothyroidism are often prescribed a low dose of thyroid medications for up to eight weeks before being retested. Doses will be adjusted, and the process will be repeated until hormone levels are normal again.

Once the hypothyroidism is under control, symptoms such as breast pain and tenderness should disappear. If not, it is crucial that women keep investigating if they want to find ultimate relief.

Radiation Treatment Of The Thyroid

Best Laboratory Collection Centre

Radioactive iodine, a common treatment for hyperthyroidism, gradually destroys thyroid cells. If you receive radioactive iodine treatment, you probably will eventually develop hypothyroidism. Doctors also treat people who have head or neck cancers with external radiation therapy, which can also damage the thyroid if it is included in the treatment.

You May Like: Does Thyroid Function Affect Bipolar Disorder

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Hypothyroidism

The signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism vary from person to person. The severity of the condition also affects which signs and symptoms appear and when. The symptoms are also sometimes difficult to identify.

Early symptoms can include weight gain and fatigue. Both become more common as you age, regardless of your thyroids health. You may not realize that these changes are related to your thyroid until more symptoms appear.

The most common signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism include:

For most people, symptoms of the condition progress gradually over many years. As the thyroid slows more and more, the symptoms may become more easily identified. Of course, many of these symptoms also become more common with age in general.

If you suspect your symptoms are the result of a thyroid problem, talk with your doctor. They can order a blood test to determine if you have hypothyroidism. Learn more about the signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism.

If you dont already have a primary care doctor, you can browse doctors in your area through the Healthline FindCare tool.

Common causes of hypothyroidism are described below.

Are There Any Side

Levothyroxine tablets replace the body’s natural hormone, so side-effects are uncommon. However, if you have angina, you may find that your angina pains become worse when you first start levothyroxine. Tell a doctor if this happens.

If you take too much levothyroxine it can lead to symptoms and problems of an overactive thyroid gland – for example:

  • The sensation of a ‘thumping heart’ .
  • Diarrhoea.
  • Sweating.
  • An increased risk of developing ‘thinning’ of the bones .

This is why you need blood tests to check that you are taking the correct dose.

Other medicines may interfere with the action of levothyroxine – for example, carbamazepine, iron tablets, phenytoin, and rifampicin. If you start any of these medicines, or change the dose, you may need to alter the dose of the levothyroxine. Your doctor will advise. Also, if you take warfarin, the dose may need to be altered if you have a change in your dose of levothyroxine.

Don’t Miss: Can A Cyst On Your Thyroid Cause Weight Gain

Thyroid Conditions And Digestive Problems

On the other hand, it could be something seemingly unrelated.

The thyroid gland is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of the neck. It is responsible for making and distributing thyroid hormones, which regulate metabolism and help the body use energy. When the thyroid gland is not functioning properly, it can cause a wide range of problems including digestive issues. Many people with chronic gastrointestinal problems cannot find relief because they have an undiagnosed thyroid condition.

Hyperthyroidism, or too much thyroid hormone in the body, causes bodily functions to speed up. Common symptoms of hyperthyroidism are a racing heart, nervousness, hand tremors, anxiety, difficulty sleeping and an enlarged neck. Digestive symptoms of an overactive thyroid can include difficulty swallowing, vomiting, diarrhea, lactose intolerance, liver problems, H. pylori bacterial infection and weight loss.

Hypothyroidism, or too little thyroid hormone in the body, can cause the bodys processes to slow down. This may cause symptoms such as fatigue, dry skin, depression, constipation, forgetfulness and weight gain. Digestive symptoms of an underactive thyroid can include dyspepsia , low stomach acid, poor absorption, constipation, gallstones, anemia and bacterial overgrowth in the small intestine.

Read Also: How To Lose Weight With Underactive Thyroid And Menopause

Can Thyroid Disease Cause Problems Getting Pregnant

Thyroid Disease : Can Thyroid Problems Cause Itching?

Both hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism can make it harder for you to get . This is because problems with the thyroid hormone can upset the balance of the hormones that cause ovulation. Hypothyroidism can also cause your body to make more prolactin, the hormone that tells your body to make breastmilk. Too much prolactin can prevent .

Thyroid problems can also affect the . Your periods may be heavier or irregular, or you may not have any periods at all for several months or longer .

Read Also: Do Thyroid Problems Cause Weight Gain

Thyroid Problems And Dementia Risk

Several researchers have questioned whether hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism increases the risk for dementia to develop. Research on this question includes the following:

In short, while the research doesn’t all agree, several studies indicate that major cognitive problems are not likely to develop with hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. They also conclude that minor cognitive problems associated with thyroid functioning are often temporary.

Thus, if major cognitive decline is present, the physician should conduct a comprehensive assessment to determine what other medical conditions may be affecting your functioning.

What Is The Outcome

Most people get better on levothyroxine treatment, although they usually have to stay on it for ever. If you are treated for hypothyroidism, a blood test each year is needed to make sure you are still on the right dose. As above, about 5 or 10 in 100 people will not feel any better on levothyroxine, even though their blood tests go back to normal. This may be more difficult to treat .

People who have subclinical hypothyroidism may or may not need treatment. In nearly 4 out of 10 people with subclinical hypothyroidism, the blood tests go back to normal on their own, without treatment ever being needed.

Very rarely, people who have not had their hypothyroidism treated develop a serious complication called myxoedema coma. This is rare but is very serious and can cause death.

Recommended Reading: Is Orange Juice Good For Thyroid

Potential Causes Of Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism, an under-performing thyroid, may have many different causesand some are more prevalent than others. The most common cause of hypothyroidism is an autoimmune disease.

About Autoimmune DiseaseOur bodies immune systems are charged with protecting us from bacterial and viral invaders. The immune system attacks invaders . People with autoimmune hypothyroidism are at a disadvantage because their immune system attacks the normal thyroid gland. These attacks cause the thyroid hormone producing cells to malfunction, and inhibit the thyroid glands ability to synthesize thyroid hormone. Eventually, there are not enough cells left to meet the bodys need for thyroid hormone. This is more common in women than menand can begin at any point in a persons life, but tends to become more common as people age.

Hashimotos DiseaseThe most prevalent type of autoimmune hypothyroidism is a disease that causes the thyroid to shrinkit is called Hashimotos disease and may causeHashimotos thyroiditis. ;

Will I Have The Same Dose Of Medication For Hypothyroidism My Entire Life

Prep Scholar Gate: Can Low Thyroid Cause High Cholesterol

The dose of your medication can actually change over time. At different points in your life, you may need to have the amounts of medication changed so that it manages your symptoms. This could happen because of things like weight gain or weight loss. Your levels will need to be monitored throughout your life to make sure your medication is working correctly.

Read Also: Can Soy Milk Affect Your Thyroid

Can An Underactive Thyroid Cause Vertigo

Ask U.S. doctors your own question and get educational, text answers â it’s anonymous and free!

Ask U.S. doctors your own question and get educational, text answers â it’s anonymous and free!

HealthTap doctors are based in the U.S., board certified, and available by text or video.

The Causes Of Nodules On The Thyroid

The two most common thyroid disorders include overproduction of hormones, a condition called hyperthyroidism, and underproduction of thyroid hormones, a condition called hypothyroidism. These two conditions can play a role in the production of thyroid nodules, and thyroid nodule treatment may include treatment similar to hypo- or hyperthyroidism treatment.

Several conditions can cause nodules to develop in your thyroid gland:

You May Like: Which Two Hormones Are Secreted By The Thyroid Gland

Don’t Miss: Is Thyroid A Problem In Pregnancy

What Is Postpartum Thyroiditis

Postpartum thyroiditis, or inflammation of the thyroid after giving birth, affects 10% of women. It often goes undiagnosed because symptoms are much like the “baby blues” that may follow delivery. Women with postpartum thyroiditis may feel very tired and moody.

Postpartum thyroiditis typically happens in two phases, though not everyone with the condition goes through both phases:

  • The first phase starts 1 to 4 months after giving birth and typically last 1 to 2 months. In this phase, you may have because the damaged thyroid leaks thyroid hormones out into the bloodstream.
  • The second phase starts about 4 to 8 months after delivery and lasts 6 to 12 months. In this phase, you may have because the thyroid has lost most of its hormones or because the immune attack is over and the thyroid may recover later.

Can An Underactive Thyroid Turn Into An Overactive Thyroid

Symptoms of Underactive Thyroid

Ask U.S. doctors your own question and get educational, text answers â it’s anonymous and free!

Ask U.S. doctors your own question and get educational, text answers â it’s anonymous and free!

HealthTap doctors are based in the U.S., board certified, and available by text or video.

Read Also: Is Vitiligo Linked To Thyroid Problems

How Are Thyroid Diseases Diagnosed

It can be hard to tell if you have a thyroid disease. The symptoms are the same as many other health problems. Your doctor may start by asking about your health history and if any of your family members has had thyroid disease. Your doctor may also give you a physical exam and check your neck for thyroid nodules.

Depending on your symptoms, your doctor may also do other tests, such as:

  • Blood tests. Testing the level of thyroid stimulating hormone in your blood can help your doctor figure out if your thyroid is overactive or underactive. TSH tells your thyroid to make thyroid hormones. Depending on the results, your doctor might do another blood test to check levels of one or both thyroid hormones in your blood.
  • Radioactive iodine uptake test. For this test, you swallow a liquid or capsule that holds a small dose of radioactive iodine . The radioiodine collects in your thyroid because your thyroid uses iodine to make thyroid hormone.

High levels of radioiodine mean that your thyroid makes too much of the thyroid hormone. Low levels mean that your thyroid does not make enough thyroid hormone.

  • Thyroid ultrasound. The thyroid ultrasound uses sound waves to make a picture of the thyroid on a computer screen. This test can help your doctor tell what type of nodule you have and how large it is. You may need more thyroid ultrasounds over time to see if your nodule is growing or shrinking.
  • What Might Help Curb Nafld

    • Gradual weight reduction throughout diet

    • Physical activityboth cardio and resistance exercise

    • Medications that help remove excess fat from the liver

    • Vitamin C and E and omega 3

    A combination of physical activity and diet is the most effective way to prevent and counter fatty liver disease progression . Both aerobic and resistance training are equally effective .

    Clinical Practice Guidelines recommends 150200 minutes of moderate intensity physical activity, split into three to five sessions for the management of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease . Increased physical activityeven without losing weightwill reduce NAFLD .

    Recommended Reading: Why Does Hair Fall Out With Thyroid Problems

    What Is Hashimoto’s Disease

    Hashimoto’s disease is an that affects the thyroid gland. Your thyroid is a small gland at the base of your neck. Your thyroid gland makes that control many activities in your body, including how fast your heart beats and how fast you burn calories.

    In people with Hashimoto’s disease, the immune system makes that attack the thyroid gland. This damages your thyroid gland, so it does not make enough thyroid hormone. Hashimoto’s disease often leads to . Hypothyroidism, when severe, can cause your metabolism to slow down, which can lead to weight gain, fatigue, and other symptoms.

    It Could Send You Into A Tailspin

    15 Signs Your Thyroid Isnât Working Properly & What To Do ...

    When an overactive thyroid gland spins out of control, it can sometimes send those affected into a spiral of anxiety.

    “When you have an overactive thyroid gland it increases your stress hormones and their effect on the body. Your thyroid basically makes the adrenaline more effective; you get a higher heart rate, palpitations and become sweatier,” explains Khoo.

    “The problem is that if you get anything that worries you at all, it causes the heart rate to go up far more than it would if your thyroid gland were normal. You feel it, then you feel more worried and this can go round and round – sending you into a tailspin of anxiety and sometimes panic attacks.”

    “Conversely, when someone has a really underactive thyroid gland then it can be a bit like depression – the patient becomes less interested in life, they feel tired and don’t sleep properly,” he adds.

    Also Check: How Long Can You Have Thyroid Cancer Without Knowing

    What Do Our Parathyroid Patients Say About Weight Gain After Parathyroid Surgery

    Weight loss is actually more common after parathyroid surgery than weight gain. Remember that the number one symptom of hyperparathyroidism is fatigue. People with a;high calcium and/or PTH often complain that they are tired all the time. Or that after about noon every day they just want to take a nap, but the nap doesnt help them feel better. Our patients say they are tired of being tired. This chronic fatigue means that people are less active. They arent outside working in the yard. They tend to spend more time on the couch than they used to. And most gain some weight, as noted in the scientific literature discussed above.


    Popular Articles