What Are The Serious Complications Of Hyperthyroidism
People with advanced and severe hyperthyroidism face a ramshackle of problems, some of them life-threatening. The good news is many patients do not reach this level of severity.
Complications can include:
- Graves ophthalmopathy, also known as thyroid eye disease . A new drug, teprotumumab , was approved by the FDA in 2020 to treat thyroid eye disease.
- Irregular heartbeat, which can lead to stroke, heart failure, blood clots, and other heart problems
- Thyroid storm
- Pregnancy complications, including high blood pressure during pregnancy, miscarriage, low birth weight, and premature birth
- Bone loss and osteoporosis
The longer you have an overactive thyroid and go without treatment, the greater the risk of lifelong complications, even after treatment. As over 60% of people with thyroid disease go undiagnosed, its important to listen to your body before reversible symptoms like weight loss and insomnia progress to serious or life-threatening issues.
How Is Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis Treated
Your healthcare provider will figure out the best treatment for you based on:
- Your age, overall health, and medical history
- How sick you are
- How well you handle certain medicines, treatments, or therapies
- If your condition is expected to get worse
- Your opinion or preference
You will not need treatment if your thyroid hormone levels are normal. But Hashimoto’s thyroiditis often looks like an underactive thyroid gland. If so, it can be treated with medicine. The medicine replaces lost thyroid hormone. That should stop your symptoms. It can also ease a goiter if you have one. A goiter can cause problems like pain or trouble swallowing, breathing, or speaking. If these symptoms don’t get better, you may need surgery to remove the goiter.
What Are Early Warning Signs Of Thyroid Problems 15 Signs It May Be Time To Get Thyroid Testing
At the Medical Transformation Center in Louisville, Kentucky, we know that thyroid disorders are common, and we offer thyroid testing to help combat the concern. Statistically, about 12% of people will experience some form of thyroid disorder in their life, and getting it treated is the key to feeling like yourself again. Knowing the early signs of thyroid problems could be a great help to treat it.
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Thyroid Disease: Watch Out For These Symptoms
The thyroid is a large, butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of the neck which regulates your metabolism by releasing hormones into your bloodstream. Types of thyroid disease typically fall into three categories hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and thyroid nodules or cancer. When this essential gland becomes disordered, many of the bodys functions start to slow down and it can hinder your everyday life.
Fortunately, there are many treatment options that can help you manage thyroid disorders. Lets take a look at the most common symptoms of thyroid disease. While none of these signs conclusively point to thyroid disorders, spotting them sooner rather than later means you will get the help and support you need and its worth seeing a doctor when you notice them.
What Are The Symptoms Of Thyroid Problems In Women
Being a woman is not an easy job in this modern world. We are so trapped in the complicated juggle of both work and home life so we often neglect our health.
We may face a plethora of health issues in todays fast going life. The thyroid is among the most common problems faced by women of todays generation.
A projected study shows that about 42 million people in India suffer from thyroid diseases.
However, women are more likely to have thyroid diseases as compared to men. Every eighth woman develops thyroid problems during her lifetime. But, the reason why women are more vulnerable is not known.
One reason can be the high flux of hormones during pregnancy and again at menopause. A common cause of hypothyroidism and its variants is autoimmunity, which is more common among women.
Special antibodies can destroy thyroid cells leading to autoimmune thyroiditis. Hence, it enhances the chances of thyroid in women.
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Key Points About Hashimotos Thyroiditis
- Hashimoto’s thyroiditis can cause your thyroid to not make enough thyroid hormone.
- It is an autoimmune disease. It occurs when your body makes antibodies that attack the cells in your thyroid.
- Symptoms may include an enlarged thyroid gland , tiredness, weight gain, and muscle weakness.
- You dont need treatment if your thyroid hormone levels are normal. If you have an underactive thyroid, medicine can help.
What Causes Thyroid Problems
The thyroid is a small gland located in the front of the neck that converts iodine into thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormones travel through the blood and affect every cell in the body they regulate how quickly your body burns calories, your heart rate, and your body temperature.
The exact causes of thyroid problems arent always identifiable. Thyroid diseases include hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and other disorders of the thyroid gland.
There are some factors that increase the risk of developing a thyroid condition:
- A history of thyroid problems increases your risk for thyroid disorders.
- Procedures affecting the thyroid gland, such as surgery or radiation therapy, can increase risk for thyroid disease.
- A personal or family history of autoimmune disorders such as type 1 diabetes, Graves disease, or Hashimotos disease increases your risk.
- Women are at a higher risk for thyroid disease. A womans risk for thyroid disease increases immediately after pregnancy or menopause.
- Lifestyle factors can increase your risk for thyroid problems, as well. Smoking, injury to the thyroid gland, psychological stress, and the use of medications that are high in iodine have been linked with an increased risk for thyroid disease.
- Thyroid problems tend to affect older women. Women older than 60 are at a higher risk for thyroid gland problems.
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What Is Postpartum Thyroiditis
Postpartum thyroiditis, or inflammation of the thyroid after giving birth, affects 10% of women. It often goes undiagnosed because symptoms are much like the “baby blues” that may follow delivery. Women with postpartum thyroiditis may feel very tired and moody.
Postpartum thyroiditis typically happens in two phases, though not everyone with the condition goes through both phases:
- The first phase starts 1 to 4 months after giving birth and typically last 1 to 2 months. In this phase, you may have because the damaged thyroid leaks thyroid hormones out into the bloodstream.
- The second phase starts about 4 to 8 months after delivery and lasts 6 to 12 months. In this phase, you may have because the thyroid has lost most of its hormones or because the immune attack is over and the thyroid may recover later.
How Are Thyroid Diseases Diagnosed
It can be hard to tell if you have a thyroid disease. The symptoms are the same as many other health problems. Your doctor may start by asking about your health history and if any of your family members has had thyroid disease. Your doctor may also give you a physical exam and check your neck for thyroid nodules.
Depending on your symptoms, your doctor may also do other tests, such as:
- Blood tests. Testing the level of thyroid stimulating hormone in your blood can help your doctor figure out if your thyroid is overactive or underactive. TSH tells your thyroid to make thyroid hormones. Depending on the results, your doctor might do another blood test to check levels of one or both thyroid hormones in your blood.
- Radioactive iodine uptake test. For this test, you swallow a liquid or capsule that holds a small dose of radioactive iodine . The radioiodine collects in your thyroid because your thyroid uses iodine to make thyroid hormone.
High levels of radioiodine mean that your thyroid makes too much of the thyroid hormone. Low levels mean that your thyroid does not make enough thyroid hormone.
Common Signs And Symptoms Of A Thyroid Problem
Your thyroid is the size of a butterfly-shaped lemon, but even though it’s small, it’s mighty. The thyroid gland makes hormones that support many bodily functions, such as breathing, pumping blood and burning calories. Most of the time, the thyroid does what it’s supposed to do, but sometimes a problem can cause it to produce too little or too much hormone. Depending on the underlying issue, this can lead to a range of symptoms, like fatigue, anxiety and weight changes.
If you’re wondering how to know whether you have a thyroid problem, it’s important to note that only a healthcare provider can give you an actual diagnosis, which will require tests and a clinical exam. However, your body will likely send you a few clues. Here are 21 common signs and symptoms of a thyroid problem to watch out for.
Common Thyroid Symptoms You Probably Arent Aware Of
The following symptoms are fairly common among those with thyroid disease even if theyre a surprise to you.
Other symptoms of thyroid disease include hoarseness, mood swings, fertility problems, peripheral neuropathy, constipation, poor temperature regulation, muscle weakness, eye pain and pressure, vertigo, depression, headaches, shortness of breath and wounds that heal slowly.
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms and havent been diagnosed with thyroid disease, we suggest contacting your Portland ENT specialist for an examination.
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What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Thyroid Nodules
Most thyroid nodules do not cause symptoms and are not cancerous. Some thyroid nodules make too much thyroid hormone, causing hyperthyroidism. Sometimes, nodules grow so big that they cause problems with swallowing or breathing. About one-third of nodules are found by the patient, another third by the doctor, and the other third through an imaging test of the neck.
You can sometimes see or feel a thyroid nodule yourself. Stand in front of a mirror and raise your chin slightly. Look for a bump on either side of your windpipe below your Adam’s apple. If the bump moves up and down when you swallow, it may be a thyroid nodule. Ask your doctor to look at it.
How Do Thyroid Problems Affect Women
Our thyroid gland is responsible for releasing those hormones in the body that maintain the bodys metabolism. The thyroid gland is located in the neck, just under Adams apple. Thyroid gland influences almost all of the metabolic processes in the body.
However, when your thyroid produces either too much or too little hormones, it is called thyroid disease. Genetic factors and a wrong lifestyle can lead to improper functioning of the thyroid gland.
In women, thyroid malfunctioning can cause certain problems including:
- Problems with the menstrual cycle
Do you know your thyroid gland controls your menstrual cycle? You may face irregular periods when you suffer from thyroid problems. This can also lead to early menopause when other glands, including your ovaries, may get involved.
- Problems in getting pregnant
When thyroid problems affect your menstrual cycle, it can also affect your ovulation. These problems can make it harder for you to get pregnant.
What kind of thyroid complications can affect women?
The thyroid controls almost every function of your body. But when it gets pissed off, everything gets out of control. The kind of thyroid disease that can affect women are:
It occurs when your thyroid does not make enough thyroid hormones. This slows down many of your bodys functions and can attack your immune system. About 15-20% of women over 50 are affected by this thyroid condition.
- Thyroid cancer
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When To Contact Your Doctor
If youve checked off signs and are not feeling yourself, discuss this with your primary care doctor. These signs dont necessarily mean that you have thyroid disease. By asking you about your symptoms, your doctor can decide whether you need a blood test to check for thyroid disease.
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ImagesImage 1: Getty ImagesImages 2, 3, 4: Used with permission of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology: J Am Acad Dermatol. 2003 Jun 48:970-2.
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Anderson CK, Miller OF. Triad of exophthalmos, pretibial myxedema, and acropachy in a patient with Graves’ disease. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2003 48:970-2.
Bae JM, Lee JH, et al. Vitiligo and overt thyroid diseases: A nationwide population-based study in Korea. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2017 76:871-8.
Callen JP. Dermatologic manifestations in patients with systemic disease. In: Bolognia JL, et al. Dermatology. . Mosby Elsevier, Spain, 2008: 681-2.
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How Is Thyroid Disease Diagnosed And Evaluated
Symptoms often prompt patients to visit the doctor, including fatigue, the inability to get pregnant, changes in the skin or hair, a lump in the neck, hoarseness or pain in the thyroid area. Based on these symptoms, a doctor will likely perform a physical exam to determine whether the thyroid is enlarged and order blood tests to measure thyroid hormone levels. If blood tests reveal signs of abnormal thyroid activity or thyroid cancer, further testing will be required, such as:
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What Causes Thyroiditis
The cause of thyroiditis depends on the type of disease you have. Most types occur when your immune system attacks the thyroid gland. This causes inflammation and damages the thyroid cells. The reason for the attack often is an autoimmune disease, such as Hashimotos.
Other types of thyroiditis occur from use of radiation or certain medicines. Viral or bacterial infections also may cause thyroiditis.
Changes The Body Weight
If you may notice your body weight will change drastically without your effort, there is definitely something is going to be wrong. Due to our consciousness when we will put on more weight we are immediately thought to check thyroid hormone level and we start our treatment.
But if it will happen opposite, means lot of women now they are suffering as hyperthyroidism for that massive weight loss is happening. The thought weight loss as a good thing but they need to go treatment because its effects on cardiovascular system.
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Feeling Chilly Or Overheated
Blood pressure is directly linked to circulation. Low circulation will result in feelings of being chilled. You might find that you are reaching for a sweater when others are feeling just fine. If you are always cold or notice that your hands and feet become particularly chilled when uncovered, you may be experiencing a symptom of hypothyroidism.
Hyperthyroidism might present in the opposite way. This could cause you to feel hot flashes or experience excessive sweating.
What Causes Hypothyroidism
Hypothyroidism has several causes. They include
- Hashimoto’s disease, an autoimmune disorder where your immune system attacks your thyroid. This is the most common cause.
- Thyroiditis, inflammation of the thyroid
- Congenital hypothyroidism, hypothyroidism that is present at birth
- Surgical removal of part or all of the thyroid
- Slowed heart rate
- Goiter, an enlarged thyroid that may cause your neck to look swollen. Sometimes it can cause trouble with breathing or swallowing.
Because hypothyroidism develops slowly, many people don’t notice symptoms of the disease for months or even years.
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What Controls The Thyroid
A feedback loop system involving the hypothalamus in the brain and the pituitary and thyroid glands controls the production and release of thyroid hormones.
If thyroid hormone levels in the blood are low, the hypothalamus produces thyroid releasing hormone . TRH instructs the pituitary gland to produce thyroid-stimulating hormone , which leads to an increase in T4 and T3 production by the thyroid.
Levels of TSH continually rise and fall, depending on the level of thyroid hormones circulating in the blood. High TSH levels stimulate the thyroid to produce more thyroid hormones, while low levels of TSH cause the thyroid to decrease hormone production.
Heart Palpitations Or Irregular Heartbeat
This is a big one. Your thyroid hormone directly affects your heart. So, when hyperthyroidism increases your heart rate, you can experience palpitations and abnormal heart rhythm, also known as atrial fibrillation. Needless to say, anything that puts your heart at risk should be taken seriously and addressed immediately.
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How Is Thyroid Disease Diagnosed
Sometimes, thyroid disease can be difficult to diagnose because the symptoms are easily confused with those of other conditions. You may experience similar symptoms when you are pregnant or aging and you would when developing a thyroid disease. Fortunately, there are tests that can help determine if your symptoms are being caused by a thyroid issue. These tests include:
- Blood tests.
- Physical exams.
One of the most definitive ways to diagnose a thyroid problem is through blood tests. Thyroid blood tests are used to tell if your thyroid gland is functioning properly by measuring the amount of thyroid hormones in your blood. These tests are done by taking blood from a vein in your arm. Thyroid blood tests are used to see if you have:
The specific blood tests that will be done to test your thyroid can include:
These tests alone arent meant to diagnose any illness but may prompt your healthcare provider to do additional testing to evaluate for a possible thyroid disorder.
Additional blood tests might include:
Talk to your healthcare provider about the ranges for these thyroid blood tests. Your ranges might not be the same as someone elses. Thats often alright. If you have any concerns or worries about your blood test results, talk to your provider.
An ultrasound typically takes about 20 to 30 minutes.