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What Are The Survival Rates For Thyroid Cancer

Year Relative Survival Rate

Thyroid Cancer: what is my prognosis?

Relative survival rate compares the stage and type of thyroid cancer people with overall state or country population. For suppose if 80% is the 5 Year Relative Survival Rate of specific thyroid cancer. It means, 80% of specific cancer people will be the same as normal people who dont have any cancer for a minimum of 5 years after the diagnosis of disease.

I hope you might be clear about Relative Survival Rate. Lets go through different types of thyroid cancers relative survival rate.

What Are The Types Of Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid cancer is classified based on the type of cells from which the cancer grows. Thyroid cancer types include:

  • Papillary: Up to 80% of all thyroid cancers are papillary. This cancer type grows slowly. Although papillary thyroid cancer often spreads to lymph nodes in the neck, the disease responds very well to treatment. Papillary thyroid cancer is highly curable and rarely fatal.
  • Follicular: Follicular thyroid cancer accounts for up to 15% of thyroid cancer diagnoses. This cancer is more likely to spread to bones and organs, like the lungs. Metastatic cancer can be more challenging to treat.
  • Medullary: About 2% of thyroid cancers are medullary. A quarter of people with medullary thyroid cancer have a family history of the disease. A faulty gene may be to blame.
  • Anaplastic: This aggressive thyroid cancer is the hardest type to treat. It can grow quickly and often spreads into surrounding tissue and other parts of the body. This rare cancer type accounts for about 2% of thyroid cancer diagnoses.

Medullary Thyroid Cancer Survival Rate

Only 4% of thyroid cancers are medullary thyroid cancer. Compared to papillary and follicular cancers, medullary thyroid cancer can be hard to find. It is more likely to have spread at the time of diagnosis.

The 5-year survival rates for medullary thyroid cancer are as follows:

  • Localized: nearly 100%
  • Distant: 39%

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Effects Of Marital Status On Survival Of Medullary Thyroid Cancer Stratified By Age

Department of General Surgery, Xiangya Hospital Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, P.R. China



Shi Chang, Department of General Surgery, Xiangya Hospital Central South University, National Clinical Research Center for Geriatric Disorders, Xiangya Hospital Central South University, and Clinical Research Center For Thyroid Disease In Hunan Province, Changsha 410008, P.R. China.

Department of General Surgery, Xiangya Hospital Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, P.R. China

National Clinical Research Center for Geriatric Disorders, Xiangya Hospital Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, P.R. China

Clinical Research Center For Thyroid Disease In Hunan Province, Changsha, Hunan, P.R. China



Shi Chang, Department of General Surgery, Xiangya Hospital Central South University, National Clinical Research Center for Geriatric Disorders, Xiangya Hospital Central South University, and Clinical Research Center For Thyroid Disease In Hunan Province, Changsha 410008, P.R. China.

Department of General Surgery, Xiangya Hospital Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, P.R. China



Shi Chang, Department of General Surgery, Xiangya Hospital Central South University, National Clinical Research Center for Geriatric Disorders, Xiangya Hospital Central South University, and Clinical Research Center For Thyroid Disease In Hunan Province, Changsha 410008, P.R. China.



Funding information:

Follicular Thyroid Cancer Survival Rate

Stage 1 Thyroid Cancer Survival Rates

Follicular thyroid cancer is much less common than papillary thyroid cancer. But it is similar to papillary cancer. It often has a better prognosis than for other types of thyroid cancer, especially in people younger than 55.

The 5-year survival rates for follicular thyroid cancer are as follows:

  • Localized: nearly 100%
  • Distant: 63%

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What Is The Prognosis For People Who Have Thyroid Cancer

Eight out of 10 people who have thyroid cancer develop the papillary type. Papillary thyroid cancer has a five-year survival rate of almost 100% when the cancer is in the gland . Even when the cancer spreads , the survival rate is close to 80%. This rate means that, on average, youre about 80% as likely to live for at least five years after diagnosis as someone who doesnt have metastatic papillary thyroid cancer.

Five-year survival rates for other thyroid cancer types include:

  • Follicular: Close to 100% for localized around 63% for metastasized.
  • Medullary: Close to 100% for localized around 40% for metastasized.
  • Anaplastic: Close to 31% for localized 4% for metastasized.

Survival In Accordance With The Tnm System

Staging systems provide a means of weighing various known risk factors in a patient and stratify patients according to cumulative risk. In 52 patients, insufficient data were available for an accurate classification according to version 7 of the UICC/AJCC TNM system. Furthermore, only six patients were classified as stage IVb, making a statistically meaningful analysis of this group difficult. Relative survival data of patients according to TNM stage are given in and are illustrated in .

Observed survival according to TNM stage with 95% confidence interval for each stage and expected survival for each stage based on mortality statistics for the general German population.

In further subgroup analysis, it shows that the relative survival is only significantly reduced in patients with stage IVa and IVc disease .

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Recurrence After Complete Remission

A tumour recurrence was detected in 35 patients during follow-up. Recurrence occurred after a median of 54 months since diagnosis. Recurrences were detected with serum Tg during suppression therapy in 26, a palpable neck lesion in seven and by imaging techniques in the two other patients. In the 26 patients with raised Tg only, 13 patients had a local recurrence in the neck, of whom two also had lung metastases, two patients showed mediastinal metastases and two patients had only pulmonary metastases. Despite an extensive diagnostic approach, an anatomic substrate for the serum Tg rise was never found in the remaining nine patients who all had Tg values off thyroid hormone treatment below 15 ng/ml.

No additional therapy was given in ten of the 35 patients with recurrent disease. Treatment of the localised recurrences included high-dose 131I , surgery of the neck and external radiotherapy to the neck and mediastinal structures . Most patients received more than one form of treatment. A second complete remission was achieved in 14 of the 35 patients.

After A Diagnosis Of Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid cancer : What is the prognosis and survival rate for patients with thyroid cancer?

After a diagnosis of thyroid cancer you may feel disbelief, uncertainty, fear and anxiety. There is no right or wrong way to feel and experiencing a range of emotions is normal. While the most common types of thyroid cancers have a very good long-term prognosis, you may still feel shocked and confused. It may help to talk to family and friends about how you are feeling.

Ask your specialist to explain treatment options and any potential side effects and financial concerns. Take as much time as you can so that you can make well-informed decisions.

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True Thyroid Cancer Increase: Possible Causative Risk Factors

The proposed risk factors of thyroid cancer in the literatures include females, family history of thyroid cancer, radiation exposure, excess weight, iodine insufficiency and dietary factors . However, available evidences on the risk factors of thyroid cancer were limited and heterogeneous. Tobacco use and alcohol consumption were associated with a slightly reduced risk of thyroid cancer in several cohort studies . Diabetes and excess weight have been recognized as risk factors for increased the incidence and mortality of thyroid cancer . In a pooled analysis of 22 prospective cohort studies, greater body height and excess weight throughout adulthood were found to be associated with higher incidences of thyroid cancer , and higher thyroid cancer mortality . Since the incidence of most malignancies did not increase during the same period, the true carcinogens behind the epidemics of thyroid cancer must be thyroid-specific rather than common causes of other cancers such as diabetes, obesity, or viruses. A true increase of thyroid cancer incidence in recent decades, driven by the emergence of potential thyroid-specific risk factors such as radiation exposure, iodine insufficiency, or environmental carcinogens, is supported by molecular and epidemiological evidences.

Papillary Thyroid Cancer Overview

Papillary thyroid cancer is the most common of all thyroid cancers . It can also be called papillary thyroid carcinoma since carcinoma implies a certain type of cancer. Since thyroid cancer is relatively common, and papillary thyroid cancer is the most common form of thyroid cancer, it is very likely that you will know somebody that had or has this form of cancer. Papillary thyroid cancer typically starts within the thyroid as growth, or bump on the throid that grows out of the otherwise normal thyroid tissue. Papillary thyroid cancer is clearly increasing in its incidence both in the United States and globally–it is one of the few cancers that are becoming more common, but we don’t know why this is happening. Our Introduction to Thyroid Cancer page has a great general overview of all types of thyroid cancer–read it if you haven’t already!

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How Long Can You Live With Stage Iv Thyroid Cancer

  • How Long Can You Live With Stage IV Thyroid Cancer? Center
  • Thyroid cancer is a highly treatable cancer except for a certain type of cancer . The chances of recovery increase when cancer is diagnosed at its earlier stages. At stage IV, cancer has reached an advanced stage. This means that the tumor has spread to other organs in the neck, lymph nodes or distant organs of the body such as the lungs, liver etc. and hence becomes difficult to treat. How long you can live with this stage depends on your overall health and the type of thyroid cancer you have.

    There are four types of thyroid cancer.

  • Papillary
  • Medullary
  • Anaplastic
  • Among all these types, papillary thyroid cancer is the most common type of thyroid cancer. It grows slowly and responds well to therapy despite its spread to the lymph nodes.

    Follicular and medullary thyroid cancers are the less common types of thyroid cancer. However, they also respond well to cancer treatments.

    Anaplastic thyroid cancer is the least common type of thyroid cancer but the fastest to grow among all four types. It doesn’t respond well to treatments.

    Other factors that influence your chances of survival with thyroid cancer include

    Who Might Have Thyroid Cancer

    9/11 WTC Thyroid Cancer Victims Entitled to Compensation

    Women are three times more likely than men to get thyroid cancer. The disease is commonly diagnosed in women in their 40s and 50s, and men in their 60s and 70s. Even children can develop the disease. Risk factors include:

    • Exposure to radioactive fallout from nuclear weapons or a power plant accident.

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    Treatment For Thyroid Cancer

    There are 6 types of treatment for thyroid cancer. They are:

  • Surgery
  • Targeted Therapy
  • 1. Surgery

    Surgery is the primary treatment chosen for most of the thyroid cancer cases except for anaplastic thyroid cancer. However, if thyroid cancer is examined by biopsy, surgery is recommended to remove the tumour or part of the remaining thyroid gland.

    Lobectomy is the operation recommended when the lobe contains cancer. Differentiated thyroid cancers also require this surgery when they are small and no sign of spreading in the thyroid gland.

    Thyroidectomy is the surgery, recommended to remove the thyroid gland. The most common surgery recommended by most doctors.

    Lymph Node Removal is best when cancer spreads to lymph nodes which are near in the neck part. Mostly important for medullary and anaplastic thyroid cancer.

    2. Radioiodine Therapy

    When Thyroid Cancer occurs, the cells in the thyroid gland absorb all iodine from the body. Radioiodine therapy can destroy thyroid cells that take up iodine and thyroid glands as well. So this is a type of treatment for Thyroid Cancer.

    3. Thyroid Hormone Therapy

    When the thyroid gland is removed, our body no longer secretes a hormone that needs. So Thyroid hormone pills are necessary to replace the natural hormones. This helps in maintaining body metabolism, heartbeat rate, blood pressure as well.

    4. External Beam Radiation Therapy

    5. Chemotherapy

    6. Targeted Thyroid Cancer

    What Is The Prognosis For Patients With Thyroid Cancer What Is The Survival Rate For Patients With Thyroid Cancer

    There are many types of thyroid cancer, and outcome depends upon the type of thyroid cancer, its stage, and the type of thyroid cancer treatment received.

    Patients who have papillary or follicular cancer that is confined to the thyroid gland may expect a normal life expectancy with treatment. Prognosis may be better for women who are younger than 40 years of age.

    Patients with anaplastic cancer do poorly, with many surviving only a few months after diagnosis. The five-year survival rate for this cancer is less than 10%.

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    Analysis Of Thyroid Cancer Survival Rates By Sex And Charlson Comorbidity Index

    The 1-, 2-, and 5-year thyroid cancer survival rates in Taiwan were generally stable or mildly improved ,7), with slightly increased average APCs during the study period .10). The latest calculated 1-, 2-, and 5-year survival rates were as follows: 97.1% in 2012, 96.1% in 2012, and 92.4% in 2010, respectively. Though male thyroid cancer patients showed a relatively poor prognosis compared to female cases, their survival rate improved , with an average APC of 0.66 .

    Secular trends of the one-, two-, and five-year survival rates of thyroid cancer in female and male patients in Taiwan from 1997 to 2012.

    Is Stage 4 Thyroid Cancer Curable

    New drug shows improvement in survival of advanced thyroid cancer
  • Is Stage 4 Thyroid Cancer Curable? Center
  • Thyroid cancer is abnormal growth and uninhibited multiplication of the cells of the thyroid gland. It ultimately results in a gradual decline in the function of the normal cells and eventual deterioration of human health.

    The thyroid gland is part of the endocrine system that regulates hormones in the body. The thyroid gland absorbs iodine from the bloodstream to produce thyroid hormones that regulate a persons metabolic rate. A healthy thyroid gland is barely palpable. If a tumor develops in the thyroid, it is felt as a lump in the neck. A tumor can be cancerous or benign. A tumor is considered malignant when it can grow and spread to other parts of the body. The staging of thyroid cancer and prognosis varies depending on the type of thyroid cancer.

    Stage IV thyroid cancer is advanced disease, and cancer has spread beyond the thyroid gland and to distant organs. Stage IV thyroid cancer is difficult to treat, and the prognosis is not as good. Sometimes, only palliative care may be possible if cancer has spread to the brain. A complete cure may not be possible once cancer reaches stage IV. Most types of thyroid cancer have a 100% cure rate in the early stages . Hence, patients should seek treatment as early as possible.

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    Tnm System For Thyroid Cancer

    Cancer staging describes how large a cancer is, and the degree to which the disease has spread. The staging guidelines developed by the American Joint Committee on Cancer are often used to stage thyroid cancers. The stages are based on three categories:

    T : This describes the primary tumor size.

    N : This indicates whether the thyroid cancer cells have spread to regional lymph nodes.

    M : This refers to whether the cancer has metastasized .

    Treatment Strategies For Patients With Thyroid Cancer

    Iodine-131 is a unique radioactive iodine that targets thyroid tissue and is widely used to eliminate occult residual tumors in order to reduce the risk of recurrence. Radioactive iodine is also used to treat persistent diseases and to ablate any remnant thyroid tissue, thereby facilitating further surveillance by serum thyroglobulin or radioiodine whole-body scintigraphy . Postoperative adjuvant radioiodine ablation is recommended for T4 or metastatic patients, but is not recommended for tumors < 1cm, and is not routinely recommended for tumor < 4 cm in diameter after lobectomy or total thyroidectomy in the absence of other adverse features . For low-risk thyroid cancer, recombinant human thyrotropin and postoperative low-dose radioiodine ablation may be sufficient for ablating the remnant thyroid . BRAF-mutated cancers and those that are positive on fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography scans are often refractory to radioiodine .

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    How Is Thyroid Cancer Managed Or Treated

    Treatments for thyroid cancer depend on the tumor size and whether the cancer has spread. Treatments include:

    • Surgery: Surgery is the most common treatment for thyroid cancer. Depending on the tumors size and location, your surgeon may remove part of the thyroid gland or all of the gland . Your surgeon also removes any nearby lymph nodes where cancer cells have spread.
    • Radioiodine therapy: With radioiodine therapy, you swallow a pill or liquid containing a higher dose of radioactive iodine than whats used in a diagnostic radioiodine scan. The radioiodine shrinks and destroys the diseased thyroid gland along with cancer cells. Dont be alarmed this treatment is very safe. Your thyroid gland absorbs almost all of the radioiodine. The rest of your body has minimal radiation exposure.
    • Radiation therapy: Radiation kills cancer cells and stops them from growing. External radiation therapy uses a machine to deliver strong beams of energy directly to the tumor site. Internal radiation therapy involves placing radioactive seeds in or around the tumor.
    • Chemotherapy: Intravenous or oral chemotherapy drugs kill cancer cells and stops cancer growth. Very few patients diagnosed with thyroid cancer will ever need chemotherapy.
    • Hormone therapy: This treatment blocks the release of hormones that can cause cancer to spread or come back.

    What Is The Thyroid Gland

    Relative stage

    Your thyroid gland is one of many glands that make up your endocrine system. Endocrine glands release hormones that control different bodily functions.

    The pituitary gland in your brain controls your thyroid gland and other endocrine glands. It releases thyroid-stimulating hormone . As the name suggests, TSH stimulates your thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormone.

    Your thyroid needs iodine, a mineral, to make these hormones. Iodine-rich foods include cod, tuna, dairy products, whole-grain bread and iodized salt.

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