What Are The Complications Of Hypothyroidism
Hypothyroidism can contribute to high cholesterol. If you have high cholesterol, you should get tested for hypothyroidism. Rarely, severe untreated hypothyroidism may lead to myxedema coma, an extreme form of hypothyroidism in which the bodys functions slow to a life-threatening point. Myxedema coma requires immediate medical treatment.
How Does Thyroid Disease Affect Pregnancy
Pregnancy-related hormones raise the level of thyroid hormones in the blood. Thyroid hormones are necessary for the baby’s brain development while in the womb.
It can be harder to diagnose thyroid problems during pregnancy because of the change in hormone levels that normally happen during pregnancy. But it is especially important to check for problems before getting pregnant and during pregnancy. Uncontrolled hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism can cause problems for both mother and baby.
Hyperthyroidism that is not treated with medicine during pregnancy can cause:
- Premature birth
- a serious condition starting after 20 weeks of pregnancy. Preeclampsia causes high blood pressure and problems with the kidneys and other organs. The only cure for preeclampsia is childbirth.
- Thyroid storm
- Fast heart rate in the newborn, which can lead to heart failure, poor weight gain, or an enlarged thyroid that can make it hard to breathe
- Low birth weight
Common Thyroid Problems & Symptoms
When triiodothyronine and thyroxine levels become too high or low, the pituitary gland, hypothalamus, or the thyroid gland itself become damaged, the following thyroid disorders can occur:;
Hyperthyroidism – Hyperthyroidism occurs because your body is producing too much thyroxine. According to the Mayo Clinic, common symptoms of hyperthyroidism or overactive thyroid include:
- Unintentional weight loss, even when your appetite and food intake stay the same or increase
- Rapid heartbeat commonly more than 100 beats a minute
- Irregular heartbeat
- Pounding of your heart
- Increased appetite
- Tremor usually a fine trembling in your hands and fingers
- Increased sensitivity to heat
- Changes in bowel patterns, especially more frequent bowel movements
- An enlarged thyroid gland , which may appear as a swelling at the base of your neck
- Fatigue, muscle weakness
- Fine, brittle hair
There could be several reasons that your body could produce too much T4, including:;
Hypothyroidism -; Hypothyroidism, or underactive thyroid, is the opposite of hyperthyroidism, wherein the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormones. The Mayo Clinic says that those with hypothyroidism may experience the following symptoms:;
- Impaired memory
- Enlarged thyroid gland
Radiation treatments – According to the Mayo Clinic, “radiation used to treat cancers of the head and neck can affect your thyroid gland and may lead to hypothyroidism.”;
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How Is Thyroid Disease Treated
Your healthcare providers goal is to return your thyroid hormone levels to normal. This can be done in a variety of ways and each specific treatment will depend on the cause of your thyroid condition.
If you have high levels of thyroid hormones , treatment options can include:
- Anti-thyroid drugs : These are medications that stop your thyroid from making hormones.
- Radioactive iodine: This treatment damages the cells of your thyroid, preventing it from making high levels of thyroid hormones.
- Beta blockers: These medications dont change the amount of hormones in your body, but they help control your symptoms.
- Surgery: A more permanent form of treatment, your healthcare provider may surgically remove your thyroid . This will stop it from creating hormones. However, you will need to take thyroid replacement hormones for the rest of your life.
If you have low levels of thyroid hormones , the main treatment option is:
- Thyroid replacement medication: This drug is a synthetic way to add thyroid hormones back into your body. One drug thats commonly used is called levothyroxine. By using a medication, you can control thyroid disease and live a normal life.
Common Problems: Hypothyroidism And Hyperthyroidism
More than one in 10 people will develop a thyroid problem in their lifetime, estimates the American Thyroid Association . Many of these problems can lead to either hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism.
The more common of the two, hypothyroidism, happens when the thyroid makes too little hormone. This underproduction can slow down body functions like digestion and metabolism, leading to symptoms such as tiredness, weight gain and constipation. Up to 3.7% of people in the United States have hypothyroidism.
When the thyroid makes too much hormone, it’s known as hyperthyroidism. This overproduction can speed up your body’s functions, leading to symptoms like restlessness, weight loss and diarrhea. Just 0.8% of people in the United States have hyperthyroidism.
Though the two conditions can cause opposite symptoms, hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism share something in common: They are each the result of an underlying problem, usually an autoimmune disorder. For example, the autoimmune condition Hashimoto’s disease can cause hypothyroidism, while Grave’s disease can lead to hyperthyroidism. If you have a thyroid problem, your healthcare provider will be able to help you determine the underlying cause.
Other causes include too much iodine or thyroid nodules and prior thyroid treatments . Thyroiditis, which is when the thyroid becomes inflamed, can also cause hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism.
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Getting A Diagnosis And Treatment
Together with a physical exam and medical history, diagnostic tests are necessary to determine if you have a thyroid problem.
Your doctor may order blood tests to detect the levels of the hormones TSH, T4 and T3 in your blood, which can indicate hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. You may also need to take a thyroid antibody blood test, which can help diagnose underlying autoimmune diseases that can cause hormonal imbalances.
Some people may also need an ultrasound. This scan uses sound waves to take pictures of the thyroid gland and can identify thyroid nodules that may be affecting thyroid function.
If you are diagnosed with a thyroid problem, know that there are treatments available. Many people take medications to balance their hormones, while some may need thyroid surgery or radioiodine therapy. Being proactive is critical to your thyroid health, so share your concerns, ask questions and partner with your care team to find a treatment plan that works for you.
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Signs Your Feet Are Warning You About A Thyroid Problem
Snuggled in a fluffy white bathrobe in an upscale spa, I was waiting to have my feet pampered with a deluxe pedicure as the basin was filling with warm, fragrant water.
Your feet are extremely dry with thick, hardened skin on your heels that have deep cracks. I see feet like this in women with sickness, the woman remarked, a little too loudly, inspecting my feet at close range.
What type of sickness? I whispered, feeling very embarrassed as people in the crowded spa turned to gawk at my feet.
You should see your doctor about your feet.
This woman giving me a pedicure could see as plain as day the signs of a serious health condition right there in my feet, but it would take 10 more years to finally receive my formal diagnosis: severe hypothyroidism.
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Who Is At Risk Of Developing Thyroid Problems
Women and people over 60 years of age have a higher risk of developing either hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. If you’ve been pregnant or had a baby within the past six months, you also face a higher risk.
Personal or family history risk factors can also play a role, including:
- Prior thyroid problems, such as a goiter or a family history of them
- Prior thyroid surgery or radiation treatments to the neck or chest
- Anemia, type 1 diabetes, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, Turner’s syndrome or Sjogren’s syndrome
- Consuming high-iodine foods, medications or supplements
What Are Thyroid Nodules
A thyroid is a swelling in one section of the thyroid gland. The nodule may be solid or filled with fluid or blood. You may have just one thyroid nodule or many.
Thyroid nodules are common and affect four times as many women as men. Researchers do not know why nodules form in otherwise normal thyroids.
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Bulging Eyes And Poor Vision
This is one of the evident signs of hyperthyroidism, overactive thyroid glands. You develop dry eyes and prone to light sensitivity. It is prevalent to develop puffy bags around the eyes.
The above mentioned are the solid signs that indicate your thyroid isnt working properly. Since most of the symptoms are associated with one or more health problems, it is difficult to diagnose thyroid disorder at an early stage.
However, it indicates poor thyroid functions when you experience a few or more signs together for more than two or three months.
Emotional Lows Like Depression And Anxiety
Mood disturbances are the result of either hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. The reason for it is because the thyroid gland regulates metabolism. If you feel nervous, depressed, anxious, or jittery, this is because the thyroid is to blame. Depression and sadness can also be symptoms of hypothyroidism.
Production of less hormone can impact secretion of neurotransmitters like serotonin which makes you feel good. Body systems go low, and the mood sinks thereby, too. Excessive anxiety and feeling wired are the result of hyperthyroidism when the body makes too much hormone. The systems continuously signal activity so much so that the body goes into an overdrive mode.
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Weak Nails And Thinning Hair
Your hair and nails are constantly growing. One important function of the thyroid gland is sending hormone signals to trigger hair and nail growth. With hyperthyroidism, the extra hormones tell your body to increase the growth of your hair follicles and nails in a shorter period of time. While it would seem that your nails growing fast would be a positive side effect of thyroid dysfunction, that isnt the case. This forced growth is too fast. As a result, your body has to stretch its natural resources, which can lead to thin and brittle hair and nails.
How Is Hyperthyroidism Treated
Your doctor’s choice of treatment will depend on your symptoms and the cause of your hyperthyroidism. Treatments include:
- Antithyroid medicines block your thyroid from making new thyroid hormone. These drugs do not cause lasting damage to the thyroid.
- Beta-blockers block the effects of thyroid hormone on your body. These medicines can be helpful in slowing your heart rate and treating other symptoms until one of the other forms of treatment can take effect. Beta-blockers do not reduce the amount of thyroid hormones that are made.
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Treat Your Thyroid Issues
Experiencing unexplained changes in your weight, mood issues, and sensitivities to changing temperatures can be early warning signs that you have developed a thyroid problem. We can use medications and other methods to treat your thyroid issue and improve your health. If you would like to treat your thyroid problems, contact us at the Medical Transformation Center in Louisville, KY to schedule an initial consultation.
How Does Eating Diet And Nutrition Affect Hypothyroidism
Your thyroid uses iodine to make thyroid hormones. However, if you have Hashimotos disease;or other types of autoimmune;thyroid disorders, you may be sensitive to iodines harmful side effects. Eating foods that have large amounts of iodinesuch as kelp, dulse, or other kinds of seaweedmay cause or worsen hypothyroidism. Taking iodine supplements can have the same effect.
Talk with members of your health care team
- about what foods to limit or avoid
- if you take iodine supplements
- about any cough syrups you take because they may contain iodine
If you are pregnant, you need more iodine because the baby gets iodine from your diet. Talk with your doctor about how much iodine you need.
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Can Pregnancy Cause Me To Develop Thyroid Issues
You may develop an illness called postpartum thyroiditis after you give birth. During the next 12 months, you might experience weight loss, develop an increased sensitivity to heat, and suffer from other health issues. The symptoms of postpartum thyroiditis may resemble the health issues that are associated with hyperthyroidism.
Unfortunately, some healthcare providers may misdiagnose this problem. For example, your healthcare provider might believe that a postpartum mood disorder is causing you to experience these negative symptoms. If you receive a misdiagnosis and do not treat your postpartum thyroiditis, you might develop other health issues. If you are experiencing symptoms of this illness, you should visit our office in Louisville for thyroid testing.
Favorite Hypothyroid Symptom App
Unlike other smartphone apps that focus on your health more generally, Boost Thyroid includes specific measurements related to your thyroid health. Not only can you include your T4 and T3 levels after your blood work, but this free app has you track your symptoms, lifestyle, and supplement intake. Such data can be significant when reading it against your lab work, so we suggest showing your doctor the app and your tracking information to see how your symptoms may correlate with your current treatment plan. Download it on Google Play or the App Store.
How To Support A Healthy Thyroid
If you’re at risk of developing a thyroid disease or have already been diagnosed with one, there are changes you can make to your routine and treatment options available that can help support healthy thyroid function and a healthy lifestyle. Talk to your healthcare provider before adding any dietary supplement or medication to your routine to prevent unwanted interactions with preexisting conditions or medications.;;
What Causes Hyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroidism has several causes. They include
- Grave’s disease, an autoimmune disorder in which your immune system attacks your thyroid and causes it to make too much hormone. This is the most common cause.
- Thyroid nodules, which are growths on your thyroid. They are usually benign . But they may become overactive and make too much thyroid hormone. Thyroid nodules are more common in older adults.
- Thyroiditis, inflammation of the thyroid. It causes stored thyroid hormone to leak out of your thyroid gland.
- Too much iodine. Iodine is found in some medicines, cough syrups, seaweed and seaweed-based supplements. Taking too much of them can cause your thyroid to make too much thyroid hormone.
- Too much thyroid medicine. This can happen if people who take thyroid hormone medicine for hypothyroidism take too much of it.
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Feeling Down Or Depressed
Hypothyroidism is linked to depression. The reasons for this are unclear, but it might be a mental symptom of an overall decrease in energy and health .
64% of women and 57% of men with hypothyroidism report feelings of depression. About the same percentage of men and women also experience anxiety .
In one study, thyroid hormone replacement improved depression in patients with mild hypothyroidism, compared to a placebo .
Another study of young women with mild hypothyroidism showed increased feelings of depression, which were also connected to decreased satisfaction with their sex lives (
Feeling depressed is a good reason to talk to a physician or therapist. They may be able to help you cope, regardless of whether the depression is caused by thyroid problems or something else.
Summary: Hypothyroidism can cause depression and anxiety. These conditions are shown to improve with thyroid hormone replacement.
Mental Signs Of Thyroid Problems
Another one of the more common signs of thyroid problems is the loss of mental ability that comes with it.
You can probably remember times of your life when you were younger when your mind was alert and quick to respond to just about anything. But now you suffer from mental sluggishness and you have a hard time concentrating on any task at hand.
And where the heck did you put your car keys?
Poor memory and concentration are two of the ill effects of hypothyroidism. And they typically are followed by a lack of motivation.
How Are Thyroid Nodules Treated
Treatment depends on the type of nodule or nodules that you have. Treatments include:
- Watchful waiting. If your nodule is not cancerous, your doctor may decide to just watch your condition. You will get regular physical exams, blood tests, and perhaps thyroid ultrasound tests. If your nodule does not change, you may not need further treatment.
- Surgery. Surgery may be necessary to take out nodules that may be cancerous or large nodules that cause problems breathing or swallowing.
- Radioiodine. This type of treatment is helpful if you have nodules that make too much thyroid hormone. Radioiodine causes nodules to shrink and make smaller amounts of thyroid hormone.
Trouble Regulating Body Temperature
Are you often cold when nobody else is? This was something I struggled with for a long time, I thought it was just me. When I finally found a doctor that would take my thyroid problem seriously, on the list of questions he asked me were if I was cold often. He said this is a common indicator of thyroid issues.
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Sudden Weight Gain With No Obvious Reasons
When you eat, and you dont burn the calories, you gain weight. Weight gain is a gradual process. Yet, it is the name for poor thyroid functions. Weight gain happens suddenly and for unexpected reasons.
Sudden weight gain with no obvious reasons is the most common signs of thyroid problems in women.
However, you are likely to gain a lot of weight due to an underactive thyroid gland. You may follow a healthy diet, stick to the strict diet regime, and eat nutritious food!