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What Are The Signs Of Thyroid Disorder

Whos At Risk For Hyperthyroidism

Thyroid Disease : Physical Symptoms of Hypothyroidism

According to the National Institute of Health , hyperthyroidism affects approximately 1.2% of the population in the US. Although it occurs in both men and women, its up to 10 times more likely in females.

Youre at higher risk for hyperthyroidism if you:

  • Have a family history of thyroid disease
  • Have pernicious anemia
  • Have primary adrenal insufficiency, also known as Addisons disease
  • Consume an iodine-rich diet or medications containing iodine
  • Are over the age of 60
  • Were pregnant within the past 6 months
  • Had thyroid surgery or a thyroid problem such as a goiter;also known as a swollen thyroid gland;

What are;hyperthyroidism;symptoms?

Though an overactive thyroid brings on a constellation of high thyroid symptoms , some of them dont seem obviously linked to the condition . Heres what to look for.

Spotting The Warning Signs Of A Thyroid Disorder

Did you know that 12% of people experience some form of thyroid disease in their lifetime? Its a common disorder with more than 20 million Americans currently living with thyroid problems. Magnolia Medical Center, located in Murfreesboro, Tennessee, knows that your thyroid is responsible for coordinating vital functions in your body, such as energy, growth, metabolism, and even your heart rate. Thats why our team of medical providers and health coaches is eager to educate you about the warning signs of a thyroid disorder.

Thyroid problems occur when hormone levels in your thyroid are either too high or too low. While most people have some risk for thyroid problems, women are eight times more likely than men to suffer from thyroid hormone imbalances. Additionally, thyroid problems seem to increase as you get older.

Signs Your Feet Are Warning You About A Thyroid Problem

Snuggled in a fluffy white bathrobe in an upscale spa, I was waiting to have my feet pampered with a deluxe pedicure as the basin was filling with warm, fragrant water.

Your feet are extremely dry with thick, hardened skin on your heels that have deep cracks. I see feet like this in women with sickness, the woman remarked, a little too loudly, inspecting my feet at close range.

What type of sickness? I whispered, feeling very embarrassed as people in the crowded spa turned to gawk at my feet.

You should see your doctor about your feet.

This woman giving me a pedicure could see as plain as day the signs of a serious health condition right there in my feet, but it would take 10 more years to finally receive my formal diagnosis: severe hypothyroidism.

Also Check: What Is The Average Thyroid Level

What Causes A Thyroid Nodule To Form

Sometimes the thyroid begins to grow , causing one or more nodules to form. Why this happens is not known. Cancer is the biggest concern when nodules form. Fortunately, cancer is very rare it is found in less than 5 percent of all nodules. Nodules develop more often in people who have a family history of nodules, and in people who dont get enough iodine. Iodine is needed to make thyroid hormone.

There are different types of thyroid nodules:

  • Colloid nodules: These are one or more overgrowths of normal thyroid tissue. These growths are benign . They may grow large, but they do not spread beyond the thyroid gland.
  • Thyroid cysts: These are growths that are filled with fluid or partly solid and partly filled with fluid.
  • Inflammatory nodules: These nodules develop as a result of chronic inflammation of the thyroid gland. These growths may or may not cause pain.
  • Multinodular goiter: Sometimes an enlarged thyroid is made up of many nodules .
  • Hyperfunctioning thyroid nodules: These nodules autonomously produce thyroid hormone without regard for normal feedback control mechanisms, which may lead to the development of hyperthyroidism. Hyperthyroidism can affect the heart and cause such problems as sudden cardiac arrest, high blood pressure, arrhythmias , osteoporosis and other health problems.
  • Thyroid cancer: Less than 5 percent of thyroid nodules are cancerous.

When To See Your Doctor

Thyroid Misdiagnosis

If you have symptoms of thyroid disease, consult with your doctor, who will do a thorough physical exam, ask you details about your symptoms, and do a blood test to check your thyroid levels. Fortunately, in most cases, both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism can be effectively treated.

Thyroid Disease Doctor Discussion Guide

Get our printable guide for your next doctor’s appointment to help you ask the right questions.

Thyroid storm;is a rare but very serious, potentially life-threatening condition that occurs in people with untreated hyperthyroidism. It may be triggered by a stressful event like surgery, trauma, or infection. Thyroid storm is characterized by exaggerated symptoms of hyperthyroidism, such as a very fast heart rate, high fever, diarrhea, agitation, delirium, and/or decreased consciousness.

Myxedema coma, on the other hand, is a life-threatening emergency that can result from hypothyroidism.

Read how thyroid disease causes dry mouth.

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What Are The Complications Of Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism can contribute to high cholesterol. If you have high cholesterol, you should get tested for hypothyroidism. Rarely, severe untreated hypothyroidism may lead to myxedema coma, an extreme form of hypothyroidism in which the bodys functions slow to a life-threatening point. Myxedema coma requires immediate medical treatment.

Iodine For Hormone Production

The thyroid gland produces two primary hormones thyroxine and tri-iodothyronine . The numbers 3 and 4 refer to the number of atoms of iodine in the hormones. Iodine is essential for the production of thyroid hormones and humans need about 150 mcg each day. Iodine is found in most foods, especially seafood. The soils in Tasmania and along the Great Dividing Range are low in iodine, so the food from these areas can contain insufficient iodine. Iodised salt is the best way to supplement dietary iodine, but taking too much iodine can also be a problem.Of the two hormones produced, T3 is more active than T4, but is produced in much smaller quantities. T4 has a lesser effect, but most is converted to T3 by enzymes that remove one iodine atom. The greater the amount of T3 and T4 circulating in the blood, the faster the metabolism. Lower amounts of T3 and T4 result in a reduced metabolism.

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Are There Any Foods I Can Eat To Help My Hypothyroidism

Most foods in western diets contain iodine, so you do not have to worry about your diet. Iodine is a mineral that helps your thyroid produce hormones. One idea is that if you have low levels of thyroid hormone, eating foods rich in iodine could help increase your hormone levels. The most reliable way to increase your hormone levels is with a prescription medication from your healthcare provider. Do not try any new diets without talking to your provider first. Its important to always have a conversation before starting a new diet, especially if you have a medical condition like hypothyroidism.

Foods that are high in iodine include:

  • Eggs.
  • Edible seaweed.
  • Iodized salt.

Work with your healthcare provider or a nutritionist to craft a meal plan. Your food is your fuel. Making sure you are eating foods that will help your body, along with taking your medications as instructed by your healthcare provider, can keep you healthy over time. People with thyroid condition should not consume large amounts of iodine because the effect may be paradoxical .

What Is A Goiter

Thyroid Disease : Skin Symptoms of Thyroid Disease

A goiter is an unusually enlarged thyroid gland. It may happen only for a short time and may go away on its own without treatment. Or it could be a symptom of another thyroid disease that requires treatment. goiter is more common in women than in men and especially in women before menopause.

Some common causes of goiter include:

    Usually, the only symptom of a goiter is a swelling in your neck. It may be large enough that you can see it or feel the lump with your hand. A very large goiter can also cause a tight feeling in your throat, coughing, or problems swallowing or breathing.

    Your doctor will do to see if it is caused by another thyroid disease.

    Read Also: Is Overactive Thyroid An Autoimmune Disease

    Spotting Symptoms Can Provide Your Cat Relief

    In both cases of thyroid disorders, your cats symptoms are likely to worsen gradually. Their initial signs may be difficult to spot. As the disease progresses, symptoms will become more obvious and detrimental.

    In short, its important to remember that regular observance of your cats behavior, appetite and habits can help you notice changes as soon as they appear. The better you know your cat, the faster youll be able to identify symptoms of illness and seek help.

    What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Hypothyroidism

    Symptoms of hypothyroidism develop slowly, often over several years. At first, you may feel tired and sluggish. Later, you may develop other signs and symptoms of a slowed-down metabolism, including:

    • Feeling cold when other people do not
    • Constipation
    • A hoarse voice
    • More than usual menstrual bleeding

    You also may have high LDL or “bad” cholesterol, which can raise your risk for .

    Also Check: What Does A Slightly Enlarged Thyroid Mean

    Weak Achy Joints And Muscles

    Hypothyroidism can cause the body to use muscle tissues for energy. This decreases muscle strength and gradually triggers weakness and aching. Patients who suffer from low thyroid hormones are twice as likely to experience muscle cramps as healthy individuals. Using a synthetic thyroid hormone such as levothyroxine can improve muscle strength and decrease painful symptoms.;

    If you think your symptoms are consistent with a thyroid disorder, contact us by calling 615-953-9007, or booking an appointment online.

    Changes In Menstrual Cycle Or Sexual Performance

    MyTownPharmacy: Thyroid diseases

    Hormonal changes are closely linked to sexual function. If you find that your period is becoming irregular, heavier, or more painful than before, or if you are experiencing stronger emotional symptoms tied to PMS, your thyroid might be the cause.

    You might also experience difficulty with sexual performance or enjoyment. If you are having difficulty with libido or achieving orgasm or if you cannot maintain an erection, you could also be struggling with a thyroid-related symptom.

    While these are uncomfortable issues to talk about, they should absolutely be addressed with us to rule out not only thyroid trouble but also anything else that might quietly be causing these issues.

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    Lesser Known Facts About Hypothyroidism

    • Hashimotos is the cause of hypothyroidism in 90% of Americans.
    • Thyroid replacements such as Synthroid, Armour, and Cytomel may normalize TSH, but they do not manage the symptoms.
    • It is advisable to avoid gluten strictly as studies link gluten intolerance with Hashimotos.
    • The pituitary function plays a role in underactive thyroid symptoms.
    • The adrenal function also plays a role in underactive thyroid symptoms.
    • Thyroid hormone resistance, under conversion to T3, over conversion to T3, and other metabolic factors drive hypothyroidism symptoms.

    If you suspect that you have a thyroid disorder based on the information given here, consult a qualified practitioner who specializes in thyroid disorders and has a functional medicinal experience working with the endocrine system.

    Muscle Aches And Trouble Swallowing

    Muscle aches throughout the body are sometimes associated with abnormal thyroid levels. If your muscle aches have recently onset without any other obvious causes, a thyroid disorder is one likely cause. Rarely, muscle breakdown can also occur. If you find that you are unable to build toned muscle, reach out to your physician.

    On a similar vein, because the thyroid is located in the neck, the neck muscles are usually the first to experience these symptoms. This includes the muscles associated with swallowing. If you are struggling to swallow, this could be another signs of thyroid problems.

    Recommended Reading: How To Reduce Thyroid Cysts Naturally

    What Should You Do If You Think You Have Signs And Symptoms Of A Thyroid Disorder Which Type Of Doctors Treat Thyroid Problems

    • Thyroid disease is a broad spectrum of disorders that may or may not lead to enlargement of the thyroid gland itself or the presence of lumps or nodules.
    • Signs and symptoms of thyroid disease are apparent when the gland is over- or under-producing thyroid hormone.
    • It is important to remember that none of these symptoms described in this article is specific for thyroid disease.
    • A number of different conditions and normal states may cause all of them.
    • Your doctor or endocrinologist can order laboratory tests to evaluate the function of your thyroid gland if you have troubling symptoms.

    Thyroid Disease: A Checklist Of Skin Hair And Nail Changes

    Woman’s Doc: Signs Of Thyroid Problems

    Although your thyroid gland sits deep in your neck, your dermatologist may be the first doctor to notice signs of thyroid disease. Thats because many signs and symptoms of thyroid disease develop on the skin, hair, and nails.

    The thyroid gland

    The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in your neck that produces hormones, which play a key role in regulating your heartbeat, breathing, and many other functions.

    You, too, may also be able to spot thyroid disease, and thats important. Caught early, treatment can prevent complications. When thyroid disease goes untreated for years, it can lead to a dangerously slow heartbeat, an injury that refuses to heal, or unrelenting pain. You may have gained or lost weight for no apparent reason.

    To help you find early signs of thyroid disease on your skin, hair, and nails, heres a checklist.

    Also Check: What Happens When You Stop Taking Thyroid Meds

    How Do Doctors Treat Hypothyroidism

    Hypothyroidism is treated by replacing the hormones;that your own thyroid can no longer make. You will take levothyroxine, a thyroid hormone medicine identical to a hormone a healthy thyroid makes.3 Usually prescribed in pill form, this medicine is also available as a liquid and as a soft gel capsule. These newer formulas may help people with digestive problems to absorb the thyroid hormone. Your doctor may recommend taking the medicine in the morning before eating.

    Your doctor will give you a blood test about 6 to 8 weeks after you begin taking the medicine, adjusting your dose if needed. Each time your dose is adjusted, youll have another blood test. Once youve reached a dose thats working for you, your doctor will probably repeat the blood test in 6 months and then once a year.

    Your hypothyroidism most likely can be completely controlled with thyroid hormone medicine, as long as you take the recommended dose as instructed. Never stop taking your medicine without talking with your doctor first. Taking too much thyroid hormone medicine can cause serious problems, such as atrial fibrillation or osteoporosis.1

    Signs And Symptoms Of Hypothyroidism

    Thyroid disorders are common. In fact, about 12% of people will experience abnormal thyroid function at some point during their lives.

    Women are eight times more likely to develop a thyroid disorder than men. Also, thyroid problems increase with age and may affect adults differently than children.

    At the most basic level, thyroid hormone is responsible for coordinating energy, growth and metabolism in your body.

    Problems can occur when this hormones levels are too high or low.

    Hypothyroidism, or low levels of thyroid hormone, slows your metabolism and decreases growth or repair of many parts of the body.

    Read Also: How To Heal Thyroid And Adrenal Fatigue

    What Causes Hyperthyroidism

    There are several different medical conditions that can cause hyperthyroidism. These medical conditions can include:

    • Graves disease: In this disorder, your immune system attacks the thyroid. This makes the thyroid create too much thyroid hormone. Graves disease is a hereditary condition . If a member of your family has Graves disease, theres a chance others in the family could have it too. Its more common in women than men. Graves disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism, making up about 85% of cases.
    • Thyroid nodules: A thyroid nodule is a lump or growth of cells in the thyroid gland. The nodule is able to produce more hormones than your body needs. Such nodules are rarely cancerous.
    • Thyroiditis: This is a general term that refers to swelling of your thyroid. This inflammation can be caused by an infection or a problem with your immune system. When the thyroid is inflamed, it can leak hormones, resulting in higher levels of hormones than your body needs. Thyroiditis can happen after the delivery of a baby or from taking drugs like interferon and amiodarone .
    • Iodine: If you consume too much iodine , it can actually cause your thyroid to produce more thyroid hormone. Iodine is a mineral that your thyroid uses to create thyroid hormone. Receiving intravenous iodinated contrast may also cause hyperthyroidism.

    How Does My Thyroid Work

    All You Need To Know About Thyroid Disorders: Symptoms ...

    The thyroid gland is a small, butterfly-shaped organ located in the front of your neck just under the voice box . Picture the middle of the butterflys body centered on your neck, with the wings hugging around your windpipe . The main job of the thyroid is to control your metabolism. Metabolism is the process that your body uses to transform food to energy your body uses to function. The thyroid creates the hormones T4 and T3 to control your metabolism. These hormones work throughout the body to tell the bodys cells how much energy to use. They control your body temperature and heart rate.

    When your thyroid works correctly, its constantly making hormones, releasing them and then making new hormones to replace whats been used. This keeps your metabolism functioning and all of your bodys systems in check. The amount of thyroid hormones in the bloodstream is controlled by the pituitary gland, which is located in the center of the skull below the brain. When the pituitary gland senses either a lack of thyroid hormone or too much, it adjusts its own hormone and sends it to the thyroid to balance out the amounts.

    If the amount of thyroid hormones is too high or too low , the entire body is impacted.

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