Hyperthyroidism Vs Hypothyroidism Treatment
Is hypothyroidism curable? There is no cure for a hypothyroidism diagnosis, but there may be ways to naturally increase thyroid hormone production through dietary means, such as a hypothyroidism diet. The conventional treatment for hypothyroidism is levothyroxine sodium tablets, also known as Synthroid. This medication is taken as a synthetic hormone replacement to help regulate thyroid levels. Doctors typically recommend taking this medication daily for the rest of ones life.
The first step in natural treatment of hypothyroidism is to eliminate the causes of thyroid dysfunction, such as inflammation, overuse of medications, nutrient deficiencies and changes in hormones due to stress. The hypothyroidism diet eliminates foods that can cause inflammation and immune reactions and instead focuses on foods that help heal the GI tract, balance hormones and reduce inflammation.
What about conventional treatment of hyperthyroidism? There are medications commonly prescribed to limit the activity of a hyper thyroid such as Methimazole or Propylthiouracil . Surgery may be another conventional recommendation as a last resort to remove all or part of the thyroid if anti-thyroid medications do not work. Its worth researching ways to treat hyperthyroidism naturally, as removing sources of inflammation from your diet and taking advantage of thyroid-supporting supplements and essential oils may help make a huge difference.
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Cannabis Strains That May Help With Thyroid Conditions
by Chane Leigh
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland, at the base of your neck, which is responsible for coordinating many of the bodys activities. This gland manufactures hormones that regulate the bodys metabolism. There are several different disorders that can arise when there are problems with your thyroid. The most common disorders include Graves disease, hypothyroidism, goiters, Hashimotos disease, postpartum thyroiditis, and thyroid nodules. Addressing these disorders through proper medical care and maintaining thyroid health are very important factors in order to prevent potentially serious health complications.
The thyroid gland is part of an intricate network called the endocrine system. This system is responsible for regulating and producing hormones in the body, though there are more organs that play a role including the pituitary gland, ovaries, testes, adrenal glands, and the pancreas. Together these organs and glands help your body maintain its metabolism, growth & development, sexual function, appetite, blood pressure, and sleep cycles.
The thyroids primary job is to help dictate how your body uses or stores energy. Unfortunately, it is not uncommon for this little power plant to have problems. At any time and any age, it is possible to develop a thyroid condition in which it is unable to function properly without outside help. In fact, women are five times more likely to develop thyroid problems than men.
High Thyroid & Low Cholesterol
While itâs usually good, sometimes low cholesterol is a bad sign. A sudden drop can be a sign of an overactive thyroid.
In hyperthyroidism, your thyroid produces too much T3 and T4. High levels of these hormones speed up processes in your body, leading to:
- Sudden weight loss
- Rapid heartbeat
Interestingly, while hyperthyroidism is linked to low cholesterol, high cholesterol may be linked to a hyperthyroidism-related complication.
Gravesâ disease is an autoimmune condition that causes hyperthyroidism. It sometimes involves an eye disease called orbitopathy. Increased levels of LDL and total cholesterol are risk factors for orbitopathy.
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See Your Provider If You Experience Symptoms Of Thyroid Disease
What if you dont know about your familys history withthyroid disease? These symptoms may indicate its time to seek medical care:
- A nodule or goiter: You have difficultybreathing or swallowing because of an enlarged thyroid or abnormal growth ofcells that form a lump inside the thyroid.
- Hypothyroidism: You move at a snailspace. You cant get your muscles to move. Youre always cold. You can no longerfocus or comprehend things as quickly as you used to. Hypothyroidism symptomstend to come on slowly, over time.
- Hyperthyroidism: Youre revved up all thetime. You speak fast, move fast and go to the bathroomfrequently. People have a hard time keeping up with your conversation becauseyoure all over the map. As you might suspect, hyperthyroid symptoms tend to comeon suddenly.
Once youve addressed your symptoms with your provider, theywill likely perform a neck exam and a simple blood screening test. If allsystems appear to be operating well, your doctor may recommend monitoring overtime. If any of the results are concerning, your doctor may refer you to anendocrinologist or order an imaging test. And if you have a strong family history, genetictesting may help you make important healthcare decisions.
Causes Of Hashimotos Syndrome
While the exact cause of Hashimotos Syndrome is not known, it is thought that several factors may play a role in the development of this disease, including:
- It often affects people who have family members with thyroid disorders or autoimmune diseases. This suggests that there may be a genetic component to Hashimotos syndrome.
- Autoimmune Disorder. Individuals who have other autoimmune disorders such as Addisons disease, autoimmune hepatitis, celiac disease, lupus, type 1 diabetes, pernicious anemia, rheumatoid arthritis, SjÃ¶grens syndrome, and vitiligo have been linked to Hashimotos syndrome.
- Hashimotos syndrome affects as many as 7-8X more women than men, which suggests that sex hormones may play a role in its occurrence.
- While the syndrome can occur even in teenage years or early adulthood, it more commonly occurs in middle-aged patients.
- Radiation Exposure. Individuals who have been exposed to excessive levels of radiation may be at increased risk of Hashimotos syndrome.
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Type Of Thyroid Problems
The two most common forms of thyroid problems are hyper- and hypothyroidism. Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland becomes overactive, causing hormone secretion and metabolism to increase throughout the body, and hypothyroidism occurs when thyroid production slows. Both conditions can be caused by myriad factors, ranging from genetic predisposition to major hormonal events like pregnancy. Both conditions cause side effects in the same areas of the body, although the side effects tend to be opposite.
When To See Your Gp
Symptoms of an underactive thyroid are often similar to those of other conditions, and they usually develop slowly, so you may not notice them for years.
You should see your GP and ask to be tested for an underactive thyroid if you have symptoms including:
- being sensitive to the cold
- dry skin and hair
- muscle aches
The only accurate way of finding out whether you have a thyroid problem is to have a thyroid function test, where a sample of blood is tested to measure your hormone levels.
Read more about testing for an underactive thyroid
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The Benefits Of Taking Thyroid Medication
Both commercial medications and compounded medications can be remarkably effective.
Once patients find the right option, maintenance becomes as easy as occasionally monitoring the blood and adjusting dose as your condition changes.
Taking medication for a thyroid condition can produce remarkable results.
Because the nature of most thyroid disorders is that the thyroid produces the wrong amount of hormone, medications that replace or remove the hormone unbalanced do have the potential to almost totally remove symptoms.
The key lies in finding the right one.
Treating thyroid conditions is beneficial for numerous reasons.
It can stabilize your blood pressure, protect your heart and cardiovascular system, and make you feel well again.
For patients who struggle with mental health issues as a result of thyroid problems, these symptoms often reverse quickly, too.
Goiter Diagnosis And Treatment
Your doctor will feel your neck area and have you swallow during a routine physical exam. Blood tests will reveal the levels of thyroid hormone, TSH, and antibodies in your bloodstream. This will diagnose thyroid disorders that are often a cause of goiter. An ultrasound of the thyroid can check for swelling or nodules.
Goiter is usually treated only when it becomes severe enough to cause symptoms. You can take small doses of iodine if goiter is the result of iodine deficiency. Radioactive iodine can shrink the thyroid gland. Surgery will remove all or part of the gland. The treatments usually overlap because goiter is often a symptom of hyperthyroidism.
Goiters are often associated with highly treatable thyroid disorders, such as Graves disease. Although goiters arent usually a cause for concern, they can cause serious complications if theyre left untreated. These complications can include difficulty breathing and swallowing.
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Some Side Effects Of Thyroid Disease May Have Their Own Side Effects
Thyroid disease has its own side effects, but what happens when those side effects, have their own side effects? It’s a daunting landslide that can be difficult for Doctors to sort out and often times why patients are left feeling unheard.
Patients who have Hypothyroidism, whether you have a thyroid or not, can experience low stomach acid which prevents your body from absorbing the nutrients it needs to function. Nutrition is the intake of food substance considered in relation to the bodys dietary needs. When you eat well, your body feels good and its able to perform the necessary functions to meet your daily needs. Good nutrition consists of an adequate well-balanced diet that is combined with regular physical exercise. Poor nutrition can lead to reduced immunity, impaired physical and mental development and reduction in productivity as well as multiple other side effects that mimic thyroid symptoms. To curb this, eating healthy and staying healthy, is the best way. But, what if you cannot absorb nutrients? Nutrient deficiency is common among thyroid sufferers due to a low stomach acid and its because of this that many patients still feel the side effects of thyroid disease despite having normal blood tests. Essentially its a side effects of a side effect.
The leading causes of poor nutrition are:
Here are some other side effects which are also common complaints of those who suffer from thyroid disease and who have had thyroidectomies.
Questions To Ask Your Doctor
- What is the cause of my hyperthyroidism?
- Do I have Graves disease?
- What types of food and medicine contain high levels of iodine?
- What is the best treatment?
- Will I need to take medicine? If so, for how long and what are the side effects?
- Will I need surgery? If so, what are the benefits and risks?
- Are there any lifestyle changes I can make to relieve my symptoms?
- Am I at risk for related health problems?
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Signs Your Thyroid Isnt Working Right
by The Surgical Clinic |
The thyroid gland is an important part of the endocrine system. This butterfly-shaped organ regulates important hormones that influence many functions in your body. These hormones also influence how well your body performs physically and mentally.
Keep in mind, your body is a complicated and intricate system that operates on many levels of performance. However, over time many factors can build up and disrupt the balance of your body. Specifically, your systems can become overactive or underactive in order to compensate or respond to these factors.
Thyroid function problems, in particular, occur when the thyroid either becomes under or overused. These conditions are called hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, respectively. Both of these conditions can cause several problems. In order to explore twenty signs of thyroid problems, our Nashville, TN surgeons have divided them into ten signs for each of these separate conditions.
If An Underactive Thyroid Isn’t Treated
It’s unlikely that you’d have many of the later symptoms of an underactive thyroid, because the condition is often identified before more serious symptoms appear.
Later symptoms of an underactive thyroid include:
- a low-pitched and hoarse voice
- a puffy-looking face
- thinned or partly missing eyebrows
- a slow heart rate
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When To See A Gp
See a GP if you have symptoms of an overactive thyroid.
Theyll ask about your symptoms and if they think you might have a thyroid problem, they can arrange for a blood test to check how well your thyroid is working.
If the blood test shows that you have an overactive thyroid, you may be referred for further tests to identify the cause.
Causes Of Thyroid Disorders In Men
There are many triggers for thyroid disorders that are common in all populations, including underlying infections, a stressful event, a compromised gut, and toxins. I encourage you to take a look at my book Hashimotos: The Root Cause for more information. But, there are a few root causes that may be specific to men and shouldnt be ignored.
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Side Effects You May Experience After Thyroid Removal
There are two main reasons you may experience side effects after thyroid removal.
The first has to do with the fact that your body is no longer producing thyroid hormone on its own and the other has to do with the operation itself.
Side effects related to your thyroid medication/dose:
- Brain fog
- Cold body temperature
If you are not started on the right dose of thyroid medication after your operation then you may experience any of these side effects listed above.
The presence of these side effects may indicate that you need a higher dose than what you are currently taking.
Potential complications of thyroid surgery include:
- Bleeding at your surgical site
- Infection at your surgical site
These side effects may occur directly from the surgery itself and dont necessarily have anything to do with taking your thyroid medication.
These side effects are rare but they do happen and your body will monitor you closely for any of them.
How Are Thyroid Nodules Treated
Treatment depends on the type of nodule or nodules that you have. Treatments include:
- Watchful waiting. If your nodule is not cancerous, your doctor may decide to just watch your condition. You will get regular physical exams, blood tests, and perhaps thyroid ultrasound tests. If your nodule does not change, you may not need further treatment.
- Surgery. Surgery may be necessary to take out nodules that may be cancerous or large nodules that cause problems breathing or swallowing.
- Radioiodine. This type of treatment is helpful if you have nodules that make too much thyroid hormone. Radioiodine causes nodules to shrink and make smaller amounts of thyroid hormone.
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What Are The Complications Of Hypothyroidism
Hypothyroidism can contribute to high cholesterol. If you have high cholesterol, you should get tested for hypothyroidism. Rarely, severe untreated hypothyroidism may lead to myxedema coma, an extreme form of hypothyroidism in which the bodys functions slow to a life-threatening point. Myxedema coma requires immediate medical treatment.
If Part Of My Thyroid Is Surgically Removed Will The Other Part Be Able To Make Enough Thyroid Hormones To Keep Me Off Of Medication
Sometimes, your surgeon may be able to remove part of your thyroid and leave the other part so that it can continue to create and release thyroid hormones. This is most likely in situations where you have a nodule thats causing your thyroid problem. About 75% of people who have only one side of the thyroid removed are able to make enough thyroid hormone after surgery without hormone replacement therapy.
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How Are Thyroid Diseases Diagnosed
It can be hard to tell if you have a thyroid disease. The symptoms are the same as many other health problems. Your doctor may start by asking about your health history and if any of your family members has had thyroid disease. Your doctor may also give you a physical exam and check your neck for thyroid nodules.
Depending on your symptoms, your doctor may also do other tests, such as:
- Blood tests. Testing the level of thyroid stimulating hormone in your blood can help your doctor figure out if your thyroid is overactive or underactive. TSH tells your thyroid to make thyroid hormones. Depending on the results, your doctor might do another blood test to check levels of one or both thyroid hormones in your blood.
- Radioactive iodine uptake test. For this test, you swallow a liquid or capsule that holds a small dose of radioactive iodine . The radioiodine collects in your thyroid because your thyroid uses iodine to make thyroid hormone.
High levels of radioiodine mean that your thyroid makes too much of the thyroid hormone. Low levels mean that your thyroid does not make enough thyroid hormone.
Other Causes Of Hyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroidism can also result from thyroid nodules. These are lumps that develop inside the thyroid and sometimes begin producing thyroid hormones. Large lumps may create a noticeable goiter. Smaller lumps can be detected with ultrasound. A thyroid uptake and scan can tell if the lump is producing too much thyroid hormone.
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How Does Eating Diet And Nutrition Affect Hypothyroidism
Your thyroid uses iodine to make thyroid hormones. However, if you have Hashimotos disease or other types of autoimmune thyroid disorders, you may be sensitive to iodines harmful side effects. Eating foods that have large amounts of iodinesuch as kelp, dulse, or other kinds of seaweedmay cause or worsen hypothyroidism. Taking iodine supplements can have the same effect.
Talk with members of your health care team
- about what foods to limit or avoid
- if you take iodine supplements
- about any cough syrups you take because they may contain iodine
If you are pregnant, you need more iodine because the baby gets iodine from your diet. Talk with your doctor about how much iodine you need.