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What Are The Side Effects Of An Underactive Thyroid

Some Side Effects Of Thyroid Disease May Have Their Own Side Effects

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Thyroid disease has its own side effects, but what happens when those side effects, have their own side effects? Its a daunting landslide that can be difficult for Doctors to sort out and often times why patients are left feeling unheard.

Patients who have Hypothyroidism, whether you have a thyroid or not, can experience low stomach acid which prevents your body from absorbing the nutrients it needs to function. Nutrition is the intake of food substance considered in relation to the bodys dietary needs. When you eat well, your body feels good and its able to perform the necessary functions to meet your daily needs. Good nutrition consists of an adequate well-balanced diet that is combined with regular physical exercise. Poor nutrition can lead to reduced immunity, impaired physical and mental development and reduction in productivity as well as multiple other side effects that mimic thyroid symptoms. To curb this, eating healthy and staying healthy, is the best way. But, what if you cannot absorb nutrients? Nutrient deficiency is common among thyroid sufferers due to a low stomach acid and its because of this that many patients still feel the side effects of thyroid disease despite having normal blood tests. Essentially its a side effects of a side effect.

Causes

The leading causes of poor nutrition are:

Side effects

Here are some other side effects which are also common complaints of those who suffer from thyroid disease and who have had thyroidectomies.

Feeling Conflicted About Thyroid Medication

You need to be involved in the decisions regarding your care, and how you feel about your medication and its effects are of central importance. With a thyroid condition, your symptoms can be a good reflection of how well the medication is working. But the constellation of symptoms and side effects associated with thyroid disease can make it difficult to know whether you feel better overall with or without your thyroid medication.

Since you may be conflicted about your thyroid medication, it is a good idea to think about your reasons for feeling so conflicted, to discuss these reasons with your doctor, and to fully understand the consequences of untreated thyroid disease.

How Does My Thyroid Work

The thyroid gland is a small, butterfly-shaped organ located in the front of your neck just under the voice box . Picture the middle of the butterflys body centered on your neck, with the wings hugging around your windpipe . The main job of the thyroid is to control your metabolism. Metabolism is the process that your body uses to transform food to energy your body uses to function. The thyroid creates the hormones T4 and T3 to control your metabolism. These hormones work throughout the body to tell the bodys cells how much energy to use. They control your body temperature and heart rate.

When your thyroid works correctly, its constantly making hormones, releasing them and then making new hormones to replace whats been used. This keeps your metabolism functioning and all of your bodys systems in check. The amount of thyroid hormones in the bloodstream is controlled by the pituitary gland, which is located in the center of the skull below the brain. When the pituitary gland senses either a lack of thyroid hormone or too much, it adjusts its own hormone and sends it to the thyroid to balance out the amounts.

If the amount of thyroid hormones is too high or too low , the entire body is impacted.

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What Are The Symptoms Of Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism has many symptoms that can vary from person to person. Some common symptoms of hypothyroidism include

  • fatigue
  • thyroiditis, or inflammation of the thyroid
  • congenital hypothyroidism, or hypothyroidism that is present at birth
  • surgical removal of part or all of the thyroid
  • radiation treatment of the thyroid
  • some medicines

Less often, hypothyroidism is caused by too much or too little iodine in the diet or by disorders of the pituitary gland or hypothalamus.1 Iodine deficiency, however, is extremely rare in the United States.

What Is The Outcome

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Most people get better on levothyroxine treatment, although they usually have to stay on it for ever. If you are treated for hypothyroidism, a blood test each year is needed to make sure you are still on the right dose. As above, about 5 or 10 in 100 people will not feel any better on levothyroxine, even though their blood tests go back to normal. This may be more difficult to treat .

People who have subclinical hypothyroidism may or may not need treatment. In nearly 4 out of 10 people with subclinical hypothyroidism, the blood tests go back to normal on their own, without treatment ever being needed.

Very rarely, people who have not had their hypothyroidism treated develop a serious complication called myxoedema coma. This is rare but is very serious and can cause death.

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Other Causes Of Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism can also result from thyroid nodules. These are lumps that develop inside the thyroid and sometimes begin producing thyroid hormones. Large lumps may create a noticeable goiter. Smaller lumps can be detected with ultrasound. A thyroid uptake and scan can tell if the lump is producing too much thyroid hormone.

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How Is Hypothyroidism Treated

In most cases, hypothyroidism is treated by replacing the amount of hormone that your thyroid is no longer making. This is typically done with a medication. One medication that is commonly used is called levothyroxine. Taken orally, this medication increases the amount of thyroid hormone your body produces, evening out your levels.

Hypothyroidism is a manageable disease. However, you will need to continuously take medication to normalize the amount of hormones in your body for the rest of your life. With careful management, and follow-up appointments with your healthcare provider to make sure your treatment is working properly, you can lead a normal and healthy life.

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Changes In Menstrual Periods

Because hyperthyroidism tells your body to move faster, the menstrual cycle can become lighter and faster. You may also notice longer periods of time in between your periods.

On their own, these symptoms may indicate other medical problems. However, when you or your doctor identify more than one of these symptoms at a time, there is a good chance its due to thyroid problems.

Thankfully, most thyroid disorders are treatable and are not life-threatening. However, if you notice a rapid heart rate and experience either a fever or deliriousness, you should call your doctor immediately. These are signs of a hyperthyroid complication called thyrotoxic crisis.

How Is Hyperthyroidism Treated

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Your doctor’s choice of treatment will depend on your symptoms and the cause of your hyperthyroidism. Treatments include:

  • Medicine.
  • Antithyroid medicines block your thyroid from making new thyroid hormone. These drugs do not cause lasting damage to the thyroid.
  • Beta-blockers block the effects of thyroid hormone on your body. These medicines can be helpful in slowing your heart rate and treating other symptoms until one of the other forms of treatment can take effect. Beta-blockers do not reduce the amount of thyroid hormones that are made.
  • Radioiodine. This treatment kills the thyroid cells that make thyroid hormones. Often, this causes permanent .
  • Surgery. Thyroid surgery removes most or all of the thyroid. This may cause permanent hypothyroidism.
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    Questions To Ask Your Doctor

    • What is the cause of my underactive thyroid ?
    • Do I have Hashimoto’s disease?
    • What do the results of my blood test mean?
    • How long will I need medicine for my hypothyroidism and what are the side effects?
    • What TSH level will you use as a target for me?
    • After I’m in the optimal range, how often do you suggest I come back for blood tests to make sure my dosage needs haven’t changed?
    • Am I at risk for related health problems?
    • How quickly can I expect relief from my hypothyroid symptoms?
    • Are there any lifestyle changes I can make to relieve my symptoms?

    Once you have the answers to these questions, your doctor will have a better understanding of your concerns and needs, and can take all the information into consideration in formulating a thyroid management plan in discussion with you.

    Depression And Brain Fog

    Finally, because your body cant use energy as efficiently, your nervous system slows down. Combined with the feelings of fatigue, you can feel sluggish, experience mood swings, and see signs of depression. Patients who receive hormone replacement therapy usually report improvement for depressive symptoms.

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    Is Thyrogard Bottled Safely

    Yes, every bottle of Thyrogard has a tamper-proof seal on the outside and inside of the cap. In addition, Thyrogard is carefully formulated in a GMP-certified, FDA-inspected facility in New York. Please visit ourQuality Control page to find out more about the rigorous process that we follow to ensure that every bottle of Thyrogard is safe.

    How Are Thyroid Nodules Treated

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    Treatment depends on the type of nodule or nodules that you have. Treatments include:

    • Watchful waiting. If your nodule is not cancerous, your doctor may decide to just watch your condition. You will get regular physical exams, blood tests, and perhaps thyroid ultrasound tests. If your nodule does not change, you may not need further treatment.
    • Surgery. Surgery may be necessary to take out nodules that may be cancerous or large nodules that cause problems breathing or swallowing.
    • Radioiodine. This type of treatment is helpful if you have nodules that make too much thyroid hormone. Radioiodine causes nodules to shrink and make smaller amounts of thyroid hormone.

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    Thyroid Surgeons And Doctors At The Surgical Clinic

    If you and your doctor decide that surgery is the treatment you need. Come visit The Surgical Clinic. We have many providers in Tennessee who can give you the care you need. All of our board-certified surgeons are highly trained individuals and have many years of experience.

    356 24th Ave. North | Suite 400 | Nashville, TN 37203TEL 615.329.7887 FAX 615.340.4537

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    What Are The Treatments For Hypothyroidism

    The treatment for hypothyroidism is medicine to replace the hormone that your own thyroid can no longer make. About 6 to 8 weeks after you start taking the medicine, you will get a blood test to check your thyroid hormone level. Your health care provider will adjust your dose if needed. Each time your dose is adjusted, you’ll have another blood test. Once you find the right dose, you will probably get a blood test in 6 months. After that, you will need the test once a year.

    If you take your medicine according to the instructions, you usually should be able to control the hypothyroidism. You should never stop taking your medicine without talking with your health care provider first.

    If you have Hashimoto’s disease or other types of autoimmune thyroid disorders, you may be sensitive to harmful side effects from iodine. Talk to your health care provider about which foods, supplements, and medicines you need to avoid.

    Women need more iodine when they are pregnant because the baby gets iodine from the mother’s diet. If you are pregnant, talk with your health care provider about how much iodine you need.

    NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

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    Who Is At Risk For Thyroid Cancer

    About three times as many women get thyroid cancer as men. The number of women with thyroid cancer is also going up. By 2020, the number of women with thyroid cancer is expected to double, from 34,000 women to more than 70,000 women.

    Thyroid cancer is more common in women who:

    • Are between the ages of 25 and 65
    • Had radiation therapy to the head or neck, especially in childhood, to treat cancer
    • Have a history of
    • Have a family history of thyroid cancer

    How Does Thyroid Disease Affect Pregnancy

    Side effects of not taking thyroid medication for Hypothyroidism!

    Pregnancy-related hormones raise the level of thyroid hormones in the blood. Thyroid hormones are necessary for the baby’s brain development while in the womb.

    It can be harder to diagnose thyroid problems during pregnancy because of the change in hormone levels that normally happen during pregnancy. But it is especially important to check for problems before getting pregnant and during pregnancy. Uncontrolled hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism can cause problems for both mother and baby.

    Hyperthyroidism that is not treated with medicine during pregnancy can cause:

    • Premature birth
    • a serious condition starting after 20 weeks of pregnancy. Preeclampsia causes high blood pressure and problems with the kidneys and other organs. The only cure for preeclampsia is childbirth.
    • Thyroid storm
    • Fast heart rate in the newborn, which can lead to heart failure, poor weight gain, or an enlarged thyroid that can make it hard to breathe
    • Low birth weight
    • Miscarriage

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    What Is Hypothyroidism

    Hypothyroidism, also called underactive thyroid disease, is a common disorder. With hypothyroidism, your thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormone.

    The thyroid gland is located in the front lower part of your neck. Hormones released by the gland travel through your bloodstream and affect nearly every part of your body, from your heart and brain, to your muscles and skin.

    The thyroid controls how your body’s cells use energy from food, a process called metabolism. Among other things, your metabolism affects your bodyĆ¢s temperature, your heartbeat, and how well you burn calories. If you don’t have enough thyroid hormone, your body processes slow down. That means your body makes less energy, and your metabolism becomes sluggish.

    What Is Thyroid Cancer

    Thyroid cancer happens when cancer cells form from the tissues of the thyroid gland.

    Most people with thyroid cancer have a thyroid nodule that does not cause any symptoms. If you do have symptoms, you may have swelling or a lump in your neck. The lump may cause problems swallowing. Some people get a hoarse voice.

    To tell if the lump or nodule is cancerous, your doctor will order . Most thyroid nodules are not cancerous.

    For more information about thyroid cancer, visit the National Cancer Institute’s thyroid cancer page.

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    When To See Your Gp

    Symptoms of an underactive thyroid are often similar to those of other conditions, and they usually develop slowly, so you may not notice them for years.

    You should see your GP and ask to be tested for an underactive thyroid if you have symptoms including:

    • tiredness
    • being sensitive to the cold
    • dry skin and hair
    • muscle aches

    The only accurate way of finding out whether you have a thyroid problem is to have a thyroid function test, where a sample of blood is tested to measure your hormone levels.

    Read more about testing for an underactive thyroid

    What Are Clinical Trials For Hypothyroidism

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    Clinical trialsand other types of clinical studiesare part of medical research and involve people like you. When you volunteer to take part in a clinical study, you help doctors and researchers learn more about disease and improve health care for people in the future.

    Researchers are studying many aspects of hypothyroidism, such as

    • understanding how the disease progresses, its clinical presentation, and genetics
    • investigating how effective and safe levothyroxine is for people with chronic kidney disease

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    You Don’t Feel Any Better

    Thyroid medications do not usually work rapidly. It can take a few days to a few weeks for you to even start noticing a difference in how you feel. If you don’t feel better after taking your medication for several months, you may need a dosage adjustment or a change in medicationnot a complete stop of your regimen.

    Thyroid Surgery And Treatment As Causes Of Hypothyroidism

    Thyroid treatment and surgery can lead to hypothyroidism.

    Several conditions such as hyperthyroidism, goiters, thyroid nodules, and thyroid cancer can be treated by partially or fully removing the thyroid gland. This may result in hypothyroidism.

    Radiation treatment of the thyroid can also lead to hypothyroidism. Radioactive iodine is a common treatment for hyperthyroidism. It works by destroying the cells of the thyroid gland and decreasing the production of T4.

    Radiation is also used to treat people with head and neck cancers, Hodgkins disease, and other lymphomas, which can lead to damage of the thyroid gland.

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    What Is Postpartum Thyroiditis

    Postpartum thyroiditis, or inflammation of the thyroid after giving birth, affects 10% of women. It often goes undiagnosed because symptoms are much like the “baby blues” that may follow delivery. Women with postpartum thyroiditis may feel very tired and moody.

    Postpartum thyroiditis typically happens in two phases, though not everyone with the condition goes through both phases:

    • The first phase starts 1 to 4 months after giving birth and typically last 1 to 2 months. In this phase, you may have because the damaged thyroid leaks thyroid hormones out into the bloodstream.
    • The second phase starts about 4 to 8 months after delivery and lasts 6 to 12 months. In this phase, you may have because the thyroid has lost most of its hormones or because the immune attack is over and the thyroid may recover later.

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