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Is Thyroid Disease The Same As Hypothyroidism

Autoimmune Hypothyroidism Treatment Options

Hyperthyroid and Hypothyroid at the Same Time? How to Figure out Your Thyroid Status

Autoimmune hypothyroidism is a serious condition, but it is possible to treat and alleviate the side effects that accompany it.

First, you should always consult with your doctor, especially if youve been recently diagnosed with autoimmune hypothyroidism. They will often prescribe medications that can help treat hypothyroidism.

One of the most common prescribed treatments for hypothyroidism is thyroid hormone replacement, which works by bringing your hormone levels to a normal level.

The biggest downfall using thyroid hormone replacement is that it requires close monitoring of thyroid levels and symptoms can persist or even get worse if you take too much or too little.

There are also natural remedies that help you maintain optimal thyroid function and keep symptoms under control.

Here are six easy ways to help you get started on the track to a healthy thyroid:

1. Go Gluten-Free

Gluten has been closely linked to thyroid function because it has a similar protein structure to thyroid tissue. As a result, frequent consumption of gluten can cause your immune system to start attacking your thyroid.

This is why I advocate a gluten-free diet, especially if you have autoimmune thyroid disease.

Ditch the bread, pasta, and cereal and opt for gluten-free substitutes instead. There are plenty of gluten-free grains that you can incorporate in your diet to help you make the switch.

All the recipes I post on the blog are gluten-free, so check them out if you need some inspiration.

Treatment Differences Between Hypothyroidism And Hyperthyroidism

Treatment for hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism differs. While the key to hypothyroidism treatment is to get your thyroid levels up, hyperthyroid treatment focuses on lowering hormone levels. This can be a hit-and-miss process at first until your doctor figures out the right amounts of medicine you need for your thyroid to stabilize.

With hypothyroidism, lifelong use of medication is often required. Levothyroxine is standard in hypothyroid treatment. It helps replace missing thyroxine hormones in the body. While you may need occasional dosage adjustments, most people dont outgrow taking this medication.

Hyperthyroid treatment, on the other hand, may be temporary. Antithyroid medications work by stopping the thyroid gland from making too many hormones. These dont damage the thyroid whatsoever. Sometimes beta-blockers are also used to minimize the effects of too much thyroid hormone on the body, such as heart palpitations.

More severe cases of hyperthyroidism may require radioiodine treatments. Radioactive iodine destroys thyroid cells to decrease the release of hormones in the body. This approach is used when medications have failed. It often results in hypothyroidism, for which youll then need to take thyroid hormone medications.

Hyperthyroidism Vs Hypothyroidism Treatment

Is hypothyroidism curable? There is no cure for a hypothyroidism diagnosis, but there may be ways to naturally increase thyroid hormone production through dietary means, such as a hypothyroidism diet. The conventional treatment for hypothyroidism is levothyroxine sodium tablets, also known as Synthroid. This medication is taken as a synthetic hormone replacement to help regulate thyroid levels. Doctors typically recommend taking this medication daily for the rest of ones life.

The first step in natural treatment of hypothyroidism is to eliminate the causes of thyroid dysfunction, such as inflammation, overuse of medications, nutrient deficiencies and changes in hormones due to stress. The hypothyroidism diet eliminates foods that can cause inflammation and immune reactions and instead focuses on foods that help heal the GI tract, balance hormones and reduce inflammation.

What about conventional treatment of hyperthyroidism? There are medications commonly prescribed to limit the activity of a hyper thyroid such as Methimazole or Propylthiouracil . Surgery may be another conventional recommendation as a last resort to remove all or part of the thyroid if anti-thyroid medications do not work. Its worth researching ways to treat hyperthyroidism naturally, as removing sources of inflammation from your diet and taking advantage of thyroid-supporting supplements and essential oils may help make a huge difference.

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What Causes Thyroid Disease

The two main types of thyroid disease are hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Both conditions can be caused by other diseases that impact the way the thyroid gland works.

Conditions that can cause hypothyroidism include:

  • Thyroiditis: This condition is an inflammation of the thyroid gland. Thyroiditis can lower the amount of hormones your thyroid produces.
  • Hashimotos thyroiditis: A painless disease, Hashimotos thyroiditis is an autoimmune condition where the bodys cells attack and damage the thyroid. This is an inherited condition.
  • Postpartum thyroiditis: This condition occurs in 5% to 9% of women after childbirth. Its usually a temporary condition.
  • Iodine deficiency: Iodine is used by the thyroid to produce hormones. An iodine deficiency is an issue that affects several million people around the world..
  • A non-functioning thyroid gland: Sometimes, the thyroid gland doesnt work correctly from birth. This affects about 1 in 4,000 newborns. If left untreated, the child could have both physical and mental issues in the future. All newborns are given a screening blood test in the hospital to check their thyroid function.

Conditions that can cause hyperthyroidism include:

Who Gets Hashimoto’s Disease

Suffer from Hypothyroidism or Hyperthyroidism ? Find out ...

Hashimoto’s disease affects more women than men. It can happen in teens and young women, but it most often appears between ages 40 and 60. Hashimoto’s disease often runs in families.

Your risk of getting Hashimoto’s disease is higher if you have another , such as rheumatoid arthritis, celiac disease, , pernicious anemia , or .

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See Your Provider If You Experience Symptoms Of Thyroid Disease

What if you dont know about your familys history withthyroid disease? These symptoms may indicate its time to seek medical care:

  • A nodule or goiter: You have difficultybreathing or swallowing because of an enlarged thyroid or abnormal growth ofcells that form a lump inside the thyroid.
  • Hypothyroidism: You move at a snailspace. You cant get your muscles to move. Youre always cold. You can no longerfocus or comprehend things as quickly as you used to. Hypothyroidism symptomstend to come on slowly, over time.
  • Hyperthyroidism: Youre revved up all thetime. You speak fast, move fast and go to the bathroomfrequently. People have a hard time keeping up with your conversation becauseyoure all over the map. As you might suspect, hyperthyroid symptoms tend to comeon suddenly.

Once youve addressed your symptoms with your provider, theywill likely perform a neck exam and a simple blood screening test. If allsystems appear to be operating well, your doctor may recommend monitoring overtime. If any of the results are concerning, your doctor may refer you to anendocrinologist or order an imaging test. And if you have a strong family history, genetictesting may help you make important healthcare decisions.

Is There A Higher Risk Of Developing Thyroid Disease If I Have Diabetes

If you have diabetes, youre at a higher risk of developing a thyroid disease than people without diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder. If you already have one autoimmune disorder, you are more likely to develop another one.

For people with type 2 diabetes, the risk is lower, but still there. If you have type 2 diabetes, youre more likely to develop a thyroid disease later in life.

Regular testing is recommended to check for thyroid issues. Those with type 1 diabetes may be tested more often immediately after diagnosis and then every year or so than people with type 2 diabetes. There isnt a regular schedule for testing if you have type 2 diabetes, however your healthcare provider may suggest a schedule for testing over time.

If you have diabetes and get a positive thyroid test, there are a few things to you can do to help feel the best possible. These tips include:

  • Getting enough sleep.
  • Taking all of your medications as directed.
  • Getting tested regularly as directed by your healthcare provider.

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Hashimotos Syndrome Hormone Replacement Therapy

At this time, there is no permanent cure for Hashimotos syndrome. However, hormone replacement therapy can help regulate hormone levels and help your biological functions and metabolism return to normal.

Most commonly, doctors will treat Hashimotos syndrome with hormone replacement therapy. This therapy typically includes the hormone replacement levothyroxine, which is identical to the hormone thyroxine which is normally produced by your thyroid gland.

Initially, your doctor may choose to retest your TSH level every few weeks after your hormone replacement therapy begins to ensure the right dosage. If you have severe hypothyroidism or a heart condition, your doctor may start you with a small dose of hormone replacement medication and will gradually increase the dose over time to give your heart time to adjust to your increased metabolism.

Since hormones regularly fluctuate, it will be important to routinely visit your doctor about every 12 months to check your TSH levels. This will ensure your dosage is still conducive to your current condition.

In addition, your doctor may also prescribe an anti-inflammatory like LDN. Anti-inflammatories like low-dose naltrexone help manage inflammation associated with Hashimotos syndrome.

Can You Have Hypothyroidism And Hyperthyroidism At The Same Time

Is Hypothyroidism and Hashimoto’s the Same Thing? Does it Matter?

It is not possible to have both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism at the same time. However, it is possible to go back and forth between these two thyroid problems.

If you are currently receiving treatment for a thyroid problem and your thyroid function begins to shift between underactive and overactive, your medication may be the cause and you should talk to your doctor right away.

This is according to who also explains, If you dont have a history of thyroid problems, the most common reason for a change in thyroid function is inflammation of the thyroid gland . Initially, thyroiditis leads to overactive thyroid function because when the thyroid first becomes inflamed, it releases all its stored hormones. After that, the thyroid slowly begins to return to normal, but it doesnt maintain its usual hormone production. So once the hormone stores are depleted, hypothyroidism develops. Its outcome depends on the type of thyroiditis, as follows.

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High Thyroid & Low Cholesterol

While it’s usually good, sometimes low cholesterol is a bad sign. A sudden drop can be a sign of an overactive thyroid.

In hyperthyroidism, your thyroid produces too much T3 and T4. High levels of these hormones speed up processes in your body, leading to:

  • Anxiety
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Rapid heartbeat

Interestingly, while hyperthyroidism is linked to low cholesterol, high cholesterol may be linked to a hyperthyroidism-related complication.

Graves’ disease is an autoimmune condition that causes hyperthyroidism. It sometimes involves an eye disease called orbitopathy. Increased levels of LDL and total cholesterol are risk factors for orbitopathy.

How Does Hashimoto’s Disease Affect Women

Women are more likely than men to get Hashimoto’s disease. It also affects women differently than men. Most problems from Hashimoto’s disease happen when women develop hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism can cause:

  • Problems with your menstrual cycle. Your thyroid hormone can affect your menstrual cycle. Too little thyroid hormone can lead to irregular menstrual cycles or periods that are heavier than normal.
  • Problems getting pregnant. Irregular menstrual cycles can make it harder for women with Hashimoto’s to get pregnant. Studies show that almost half of women with hypothyroidism due to Hashimoto’s disease had problems getting pregnant. Most of these women were recently diagnosed with hypothyroidism or had not yet started treatment for hypothyroidism.
  • Problems during pregnancy. The unborn baby’s brain and nervous system need thyroid hormone to develop. Untreated or poorly treated Hashimoto’s disease can lead to , birth defects, or .

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Causes Of Hashimotos Disease

Various conditions can cause hypothyroidism. One of the most common causes is Hashimotos disease, which is inflammation of the thyroid gland that reduces the secretion of thyroid hormones.Hashimotos disease is considered to be an autoimmune disease. Immune system cells that normally defend the body against foreign invaders attack the thyroid gland.The condition is also called Hashimotos thyroiditis, chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis or autoimmune thyroiditis.

Causes Of Hashimotos Syndrome

Thyroid Disorders and Treatment

While the exact cause of Hashimotos Syndrome is not known, it is thought that several factors may play a role in the development of this disease, including:

  • It often affects people who have family members with thyroid disorders or autoimmune diseases. This suggests that there may be a genetic component to Hashimotos syndrome.
  • Autoimmune Disorder. Individuals who have other autoimmune disorders such as Addisons disease, autoimmune hepatitis, celiac disease, lupus, type 1 diabetes, pernicious anemia, rheumatoid arthritis, Sj√∂grens syndrome, and vitiligo have been linked to Hashimotos syndrome.
  • Hashimotos syndrome affects as many as 7-8X more women than men, which suggests that sex hormones may play a role in its occurrence.
  • While the syndrome can occur even in teenage years or early adulthood, it more commonly occurs in middle-aged patients.
  • Radiation Exposure. Individuals who have been exposed to excessive levels of radiation may be at increased risk of Hashimotos syndrome.

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Can I Live A Normal Life With A Thyroid Disease

A thyroid disease is often a life-long medical condition that you will need to manage constantly. This often involves a daily medication. Your healthcare provider will monitor your treatments and make adjustments over time. However, you can usually live a normal life with a thyroid disease. It may take some time to find the right treatment option for you and control your hormone levels, but then people with these types of conditions can usually live life without many restrictions.

How Is Hashimoto’s Disease Treated

Hashimotos disease is treated with a daily dose of . This is the same hormone that your thyroid gland makes. You will probably need to take thyroid hormone pills for the rest of your life. Talk to your doctor or nurse about any questions or concerns.

You may have to see your doctor or nurse a few times to test the level of thyroid stimulating hormone in your body. Thyroid hormone acts very slowly in the body, so it can take several months after the start of treatment for symptoms to go away. Once your TSH level is normal, your doctor or nurse will need to see you less often.

The same treatment dose usually works for many years. But your TSH levels may change sometimes, especially during pregnancy, if you have , or if you take . Your doctor or nurse may need to adjust your dose.

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Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis And Problems During Pregnancy

Uncontrolled Hashimoto’s thyroiditis during pregnancy can have long-term effects on the baby, for example, birth defects or developmental delays. There is a relationship between thyroid levels in the mother and brain development of her child. A woman can have hypothyroidism with no symptoms or signs. The more significant the hypothyroidism, the greater the likelihood of developmental problems in the child.

    Symptoms and signs of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis resemble those of hypothyroidism generally and are often subtle. They are not specific and are often attributed to aging. Patients with mild hypothyroidism may have no signs or symptoms. The symptoms generally become more obvious as the condition worsens, and the majority of these complaints are related to a metabolic slowing of the body. Common symptoms and signs of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis include:

    • Vague aches and pains
    • Swelling of the legs

    As hypothyroidism becomes more severe, there may be puffiness around the eyes, a slowing of the heart rate, a drop in body temperature, and heart failure. In its most profound form, severe hypothyroidism may lead to a life-threatening coma . In a severely hypothyroid individual, myxedema coma tends to be triggered by severe illness, surgery, stress, or traumatic injury. This condition requires hospitalization and immediate treatment with thyroid hormone.

    Other symptoms and signs include:

      What Are The Clinical Symptoms Of Thyroiditis

      Difference Between Hypothyroidism and Hashimoto’s

      There are no symptoms unique to thyroiditis. If the thyroiditis causes slow and chronic thyroid cell damage and destruction, leading to a fall in thyroid hormone levels in the blood, patients experience the symptoms of hypothyroidism . Typical hypothyroid symptoms include fatigue, weight gain, constipation, dry skin, depression and poor exercise tolerance. This would be the case in patients with Hashimotos thyroiditis. If the thyroiditis causes rapid thyroid cell damage and destruction, the thyroid hormone that is stored in the gland leaks out, increasing thyroid hormone levels in the blood. These patients will experience the symptoms of thyrotoxicosis, which are similar to hyperthyroidism . These symptoms often include anxiety, insomnia, palpitations , fatigue, weight loss, and irritability. This is seen in patients with the toxic phase of subacute, painless and post-partum thyroiditis. The symptoms of thyrotoxicosis and hyperthyroidism are both caused by elevated levels of thyroid hormone in the blood, but in thyrotoxicosis, the gland is not truly overactive. In subacute, painless and post-partum thyroiditis, the thyroid gland often becomes depleted of thyroid hormone as the course of inflammation continues leading to a fall in thyroid hormone levels in the blood and symptoms of hypothyroidism. Pain in the thyroid can be seen in patients with subacute thyroiditis.

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      How Is Thyroiditis Treated

      Treatment depends on the type of thyroiditis and the clinical presentation.

      • Thyrotoxicosis Beta blockers to decrease palpitations and decrease tremors may be helpful. As symptoms improve, the medication is tapered off since the thyrotoxic phase is temporary. Antithyroid medications are not used for the thyrotoxic phase of thyroiditis of any kind since the thyroid is not overactive.
      • Hypothyroidism Treatment is started with thyroid hormone replacement for hypothyroidism due to Hashimotos thyroiditis . In patients who are symptomatic with the hypothyroid phase of subacute, painless and postpartum thyroiditis, thyroid hormone therapy is also indicated. If the hypothyroidism in these latter disorders is mild and the patient has few, if any, symptoms, then no therapy may be necessary. If thyroid hormone therapy is begun in patients with subacute, painless and post-partum thyroiditis, the treatment should be continued for approximately 6-12 months and then tapered to see if it is required permanently.
      • Thyroidal pain The pain associated with subacute thyroiditis usually can be managed with mild antiinflammatory medications such as aspirin or ibuprofen. Occasionally, the pain can be severe and require steroid therapy with prednisone.

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