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Is Overactive Thyroid An Autoimmune Disease

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Understanding Autoimmune Thyroid Disease

Carbimazole can cause joint pain and an itchy rash. Most importantly, carbimazole can acutely reduce the white cell count in the body and thus reduce the bodys ability to fight infections. Should patients develop a fever, sore throat or become more unwell in any way they must contact their GP or be seen in the emergency department for a blood test to check the cell count. Although very rare, this complication can be fatal if the diagnosis is delayed.

Propylthouracil, if used for a long time, can cause;;of blood vessels called vasculitis. This can affect all the organs. In addition, propylthiouracil can affect the functioning of the liver in a very small group of patients.;;

Who Is More Likely To Develop Graves’ Disease

Graves disease usually affects people between ages 30 and 50, but can occur at any age.2 The disease is seven to eight times more common in women than men.3 A persons chance of developing Graves disease increases if other family members have the disease.

People with other autoimmune disorders are more likely to develop Graves disease than people without these disorders. Conditions linked with Graves disease include

  • rheumatoid arthritis, a disorder that affects the joints and sometimes other body systems
  • pernicious anemia, a condition caused by a vitamin B12 deficiency
  • lupus, a chronic, or long-term, disorder that can affect many parts of your body

Causes Of Hashimotos Disease

Various conditions can cause hypothyroidism. One of the most common causes is Hashimotos disease, which is inflammation of the thyroid gland that reduces the secretion of thyroid hormones.Hashimotos disease is considered to be an autoimmune disease. Immune system cells that normally defend the body against foreign invaders attack the thyroid gland.The condition is also called Hashimotos thyroiditis, chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis or autoimmune thyroiditis.

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What Are The Types Of Thyroiditis

  • Hashimotos thyroiditis: an autoimmune condition caused by anti-thyroid antibodies. This is the most common form of thyroiditis and is around five times more common in women than in men. Hashimotos thyroiditis usually results in hypothyroidism, and thyroid hormone replacement treatment is needed.
  • Silent thyroiditis or painless thyroiditis: another autoimmune disease caused by anti-thyroid antibodies. It is also common in women and the next common cause after Hashimotos thyroiditis.
  • Post-partum thyroiditis: an autoimmune condition caused by anti-thyroid antibodies that sometimes occurs shortly after a woman gives birth
  • Radiation-induced thyroiditis: a condition caused by external radiation used as a medical treatment for certain cancers, or by radioactive iodine used to treat hyperthyroidism
  • Subacute thyroiditis or de Quervains thyroiditis: an often painful condition thought to be caused by a virus
  • Acute thyroiditis or suppurative thyroiditis: a relatively rare condition caused by an infectious organism or bacterium
  • Drug-induced thyroiditis: a condition is caused by the use of drugs such as amiodarone, interferons, lithium, and cytokines. It only occurs in a small fraction of patients using the offending drugs, so it is not common in the normal population.

What Causes An Overactive Thyroid Gland

Are you at risk for thyroid eye disease?

The thyroid gland is found in the neck. It produces hormones that are released into the bloodstream to control the body’s growth and metabolism. These hormones are called thyroxine and triiodothyronine.

They affect processes such as heart rate and body temperature, and help convert food into energy to keep the body going.

In hyperthyroidism, the thyroid gland produces too much thyroxine or triiodothyronine, which speeds up the body’s metabolism.

There are several possible underlying causes, the most common being Graves’ disease, in which the body’s immune system targets the thyroid gland and causes it to produce too much of the thyroid hormones.

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How Does Eating Diet And Nutrition Affect Hashimotos Disease

The thyroid uses iodine, a mineral in some foods, to make thyroid hormones. However, if you have Hashimotos disease or other types of autoimmune thyroid disorders, you may be sensitive to harmful side effects from iodine. Eating foods that have large amounts of iodinesuch as kelp, dulse, or other kinds of seaweed, and certain iodine-rich medicinesmay cause hypothyroidism or make it worse. Taking iodine supplements can have the same effect.

Talk with members of your health care team about

  • what foods and beverages to limit or avoid
  • whether you take iodine supplements
  • any cough syrups you take that may contain iodine

However, if you are pregnant, you need to take enough iodine because the baby gets iodine from your diet. Too much iodine can cause problems as well, such as a goiter in the baby. If you are pregnant, talk with your doctor about how much iodine you need.

Researchers are looking at other ways in which diet and supplementssuch as vitamin D;and seleniummay affect Hashimotos disease.2 However, no specific guidance is currently available.3

How Do Doctors Diagnose Hashimotos Disease

Doctors diagnose Hashimotos disease based on

  • medical history and physical exam. Your doctor will start by taking a medical history and performing a physical exam. In addition to asking about symptoms, the doctor will check your neck for a goiter, which some people with Hashimotos disease can develop.
  • blood tests. Your doctor will order one or more blood tests;to check for hypothyroidism and its causes. Examples include tests for
  • the thyroid hormones T4 and T3
  • thyroid-stimulating hormone, or TSH
  • thyroid peroxidase antibodies , a type of thyroid antibody that is present in most people with Hashimotos disease

You probably wont need other tests to confirm you have Hashimotos disease. However, if your doctor suspects Hashimotos disease but you dont have antithyroid antibodies in your blood, you may have an ultrasound of your thyroid. The ultrasound images can show the size of your thyroid and other features of Hashimotos disease. The ultrasound also can rule out other causes of an enlarged thyroid, such as thyroid nodulessmall lumps in the thyroid gland.

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What Are The Treatments For Hyperthyroidism

The treatments for hyperthyroidism include medicines, radioiodine therapy, and thyroid surgery:

  • Medicines for hyperthyroidism include
  • Antithyroid medicines, which cause your thyroid to make less thyroid hormone. You probably need to take the medicines for 1 to 2 years. In some cases, you might need to take the medicines for several years. This is the simplest treatment, but it is often not a permanent cure.
  • Beta blocker medicines, which can reduce symptoms such as tremors, rapid heartbeat, and nervousness. They work quickly and can help you feel better until other treatments take effect.
  • Radioiodine therapy is a common and effective treatment for hyperthyroidism. It involves taking radioactive iodine by mouth as a capsule or liquid. This slowly destroys the cells of the thyroid gland that produce thyroid hormone. It does not affect other body tissues. Almost everyone who has radioactive iodine treatment later develops hypothyroidism. This is because the thyroid hormone-producing cells have been destroyed. But hypothyroidism is easier to treat and causes fewer long-term health problems than hyperthyroidism.
  • Surgery to remove part or most of the thyroid gland is done in rare cases. It might be an option for people with large goiters or pregnant women who cannot take antithyroid medicines. If you have all of your thyroid removed, you will need to take thyroid medicines for the rest of your life. Some people who have part of their thyroid removed also need to take medicines.
  • What Is Graves’ Disease

    The Look of Graves

    Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disorder that causes hyperthyroidism, or overactive thyroid. With this disease, your immune system attacks the thyroid and causes it to make more thyroid hormone than your body needs. The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland in the front of your neck. Thyroid hormones control how your body uses energy, so they affect nearly every organ in your bodyeven the way your heart beats.

    The thyroid is a small gland in your neck that makes thyroid hormones.

    If left untreated, hyperthyroidism can cause serious problems with the heart, bones, muscles, menstrual cycle, and fertility. During pregnancy, untreated hyperthyroidism can lead to health problems for the mother and baby. Graves disease also can affect your eyes and skin.

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    How Is Autoimmune Disease Diagnosed And Treated

    Autoimmune disease diagnosis and treatment depends on the disease. The diagnosis process typically includes a clinical examination, family history, and blood tests as a starting point. Blood tests may measure key functions of organs that are targeted, but the key measures typically are evaluations of antibody levels, and markers and measures of inflammation and inflammatory responses in the body.

    In some cases, imaging tests may be performed, such as X-rays to assess joint damage in rheumatoid arthritis, or an MRI to look for brain lesions in multiple sclerosis. In some cases, biopsies may be needed to differentiate benign from cancerous lesions, cysts, nodules, or masses, or may help further detect antibodies that are not evident from blood test but are present in organs or glands.

    Treatment of autoimmune diseases frequently targets reduction of the inflammation, relief of related symptoms, and rebalancing of any affected hormones. In the cases of the more debilitating autoimmune diseases, modulation of the immune system to slow the rate of permanent damage to organs and tissues may be an important part of treatment.

    How Does Pregnancy Affect The Thyroid

    Normal hormone changes during cause thyroid hormone levels to increase. The thyroid gland may also enlarge slightly in healthy women during pregnancy, but not enough to be felt. These changes do not affect the pregnancy or your unborn baby.

    Undiagnosed thyroid gland problems can harm you and your unborn baby. Symptoms of normal pregnancy, such as fatigue and feeling hot, can make it easy to overlook thyroid problems that cause the same symptoms. Tell your doctor or nurse if you have symptoms of overactive thyroid or notice a goiter.

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    How Do Health Care Professionals Diagnose Graves Disease

    Your health care provider may suspect Graves disease based on your symptoms and findings during a physical exam. One or more blood tests can confirm that you have hyperthyroidism and may point to Graves disease as the cause.

    Other clues that hyperthyroidism is caused by Graves disease are

    • an enlarged thyroid
    • signs of Graves eye disease, present in about one out of three people with Graves disease4
    • a history of other family members with thyroid or autoimmune problems

    If the diagnosis is uncertain, your doctor may order further blood or imaging tests to confirm Graves disease as the cause.

    A blood test can detect TSI. However, in mild cases of Graves disease, TSI may not show up in your blood. The next step may be one of two imaging tests that use small, safe doses of radioactive iodine. Your thyroid collects iodine from your bloodstream and uses it to make thyroid hormones; it will collect radioactive iodine in the same way.

    • Radioactive iodine uptake test. This test measures the amount of iodine the thyroid collects from the bloodstream. If your thyroid collects large amounts of iodine, you may have Graves disease.
    • Thyroid scan. This scan shows how and where iodine is distributed in the thyroid. With Graves disease, the entire thyroid is involved, so the iodine shows up throughout the gland. With other causes of hyperthyroidism such as nodulessmall lumps in the glandthe iodine shows up in a different pattern.

    Learn more about thyroid tests.

    How Does Graves’ Disease Affect Women

    Why do I have Thyroid Nodules?

    Women are more likely to get Graves’ disease than men. Graves’ disease also affects women differently than men. In addition to causing heart problems and osteoporosis, Graves’ disease in women can cause:

    • Problems with your menstrual period. Your thyroid hormone can affect your menstrual cycle. Too much thyroid hormone can cause irregular menstrual periods and make your periods lighter than normal.
    • Problems getting pregnant. Irregular menstrual cycles can make it harder for women with Graves’ disease to get pregnant. About half of women with Graves’ disease have .
    • Problems during pregnancy. Graves’ disease can cause problems for you and for your unborn baby’s development.
    • Problems after pregnancy. Graves’ disease often gets better during the last three months of pregnancy, but it may get worse after delivery.

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    Key Points About Hashimotos Thyroiditis

    • Hashimoto’s thyroiditis can cause your thyroid to not make enough thyroid hormone.
    • It is an autoimmune disease. It occurs when your body makes antibodies that attack the cells in your thyroid.
    • Symptoms may include an enlarged thyroid gland , tiredness, weight gain, and muscle weakness.
    • You dont need treatment if your thyroid hormone levels are normal. If you have an underactive thyroid, medicine can help.

    Apple Cider Vinegar For Thyroid

    This fermented drink is known to provide a solution for almost every ailment. It is an anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial agent that houses several other properties, making it a potent solution to deal with several ailments.

    Why does it work?

    There are numerous publications and studies that have been conducted and are being conducted on the efficacy of apple cider vinegar for thyroid implications. However, ;the relation between hypothyroidism and apple cider vinegar is complex to understand.

    It is to be noted that apple cider vinegar may not bear any direct effect on the thyroid implications. However, it does bear major implications on the symptoms caused by this disease.

    It effectively helps in alleviating inflammation caused due to hypothyroidism, it helps in fighting the obesity that could be a direct implication of hyperthyroidism. Additionally, it also helps increase stomach absorption, thereby helping in the increased vitamin and mineral uptake by the stomach.

    How to use?

    • Set a cup of water to boil in a saucepan.
    • Chop an inch of fresh and juicy ginger into pieces. Grind the slices of ginger to extract the ginger juice.
    • Add a teaspoon each of the ginger juice and ginger bits to the water in the saucepan and boil for a few more minutes.
    • Take the ginger tea off the flame and add 2-3 teaspoons of raw apple cider vinegar to it. Stir well to prepare an evenly dissolved solution.

    How much to use?

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    Avoid Heavy Exercise In The Beginning

    Many docs will tell you you just need to do more exercise. ;No. ;For people with Hashimotos, intense exercise may be really bad. ;It can cause swelling and a lot of water retention. ;The reason intense workouts might not be the answer is because many people with Hashimotos suffer from adrenal fatigue. ;Your cortisol production is unbalanced and your body needs rest when you have adrenal fatigue.

    Sure, daily walks are fine and light weights for 10-20 minutes, 2-3 times a week is okay. ;But I dont suggest any more than that. ;I made the mistake of partaking in heavy exercise before my wedding in 2016. ;I was so bloated, you can clearly see the inflammation on my face in the photos. ;And for years before that, I never understood why it took me three days to recover from a good run. ;In mid 2017 when I finally started AIP, I waited 4 months before I even went to the gym. ;Just lots of sleep, low stress and a very clean diet. ;I could feel the transformation. ;I started hitting the gym in January of 18. ;Over the course of two to three months, I took off 12lbs that had been plaguing me plus a whole lot of inflammation. ;It looked like I had lost 20lbs.

    Note: ;If you are one of those people who must use thyroid hormone to supplement via Natural Desiccated Thyroid, proper adrenal function is one of the keys to the hormone working. ;If your iron or cortisol is lacking, NDT will not work well for you.

    Is Hashimotos Disease Dangerous Or Fatal

    Celiac Disease and Autoimmune Thyroid Disease

    If left untreated, hypothyroidism can lead to some serious complications and, in rare cases, death. These include:

    • Heart problems, such as enlarged heart or heart failure.
    • Mental health issues, including depression.
    • Myxedema coma, which needs immediate emergency care. Myxedema is a rare, life-threatening condition that can lead to heart failure, seizures, coma and death.

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    What Else Should I Know

    We don’t know why people develop Graves’ disease. But with good medical help, kids and teens can be healthy and do all the things other kids and teens can do.

    Graves’ eye disease can develop at any time in someone who has Graves’ disease. Smoke can make this eye disease much worse, so it’s very important to not smoke and to avoid secondhand smoke.

    Women with Graves’ disease need to be very careful to keep their hormone levels in balance. Uncontrolled thyroid hormone levels in a pregnant woman can lead to problems during pregnancy and harm her baby.

    What Are The Symptoms Of An Overactive Thyroid

    People with an overactive thyroid may have no symptoms at all, or symptoms may start off mild and then progressively get worse. These may include:

    • a swollen thyroid gland, also known as goitre
    • problems with your eyes or vision this is more common if you have Graves disease
    • lighter or no menstrual periods.

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    What Causes An Overactive Thyroid

    Thyroid problems can affect anyone, but are more common in women than men.

    An overactive thyroid can be caused by a number of conditions:

    • Graves disease this is the most common cause. It is an autoimmune disease in which your bodys immune system mistakenly attacks your thyroid gland. It can be passed on in families .
    • Thyroid nodules or lumps. These are benign or non-cancerous tumours that grow on your thyroid. These nodules can produce extra thyroid hormones. Read more about thyroid nodules.
    • Too much iodine in your body. This can be caused by taking iodine supplements such as kelp or seaweed
    • Thyroiditis or inflammation of your thyroid gland, possibly caused by a virus or problem with your immune system.
    • Some medicines such as lithium or;amiodarone;can cause an overactive thyroid.
    • Thyroid cancer. This is rare, but a thyroid cancer can affect the production of thyroid hormones by your thyroid gland.


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