Whats Included In A Thyroid Function Test
A thyroid function test will usually measure your levels of:
A more advanced test will also test for the presence of any thyroid antibodies that could be causing an autoimmune disease. This might check your levels of:
- thyroid peroxidase
- thyroglobulin antibodies
- TSH receptor antibodies
Its important to note that the presence of these antibodies in your blood doesnt automatically mean you have an autoimmune thyroid disease but it can indicate an increased risk of developing one in the future.
Some vitamins and minerals are essential for your thyroid to function properly like vitamin D, vitamin B12, folate , and iron. A nutrient deficiency can sometimes mimic the symptoms of a thyroid disorder. If possible, its a good idea to test your thyroid hormones and these nutrients as well.
You May Like: Does Apple Cider Vinegar Help Thyroid Problems
Is Fasting Required For Thyroid Test And Other Questions Answered
- Posted on
- 16995 views
The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland. It is located near your throat and makes hormones that play an important role in regulating your weight, body temperature, and even your mood. Primarily, thyroid hormones regulate the way your body uses energy.Having a healthy level of thyroid hormones helps your body perform metabolic functions optimally. Book a thyroid panel and know about your thyroid gland health. Got questions about thyroid tests? Here we are providing answers to some of the most frequently asked questions about thyroid tests:
What Is Being Tested
A thyroid panel is a group of tests that may be ordered together to help evaluate thyroid gland function and to help diagnose thyroid disorders. The tests included in a thyroid panel measure the level of thyroid hormones in the blood.
A thyroid panel usually includes tests for:
Although rarely used these days, sometimes a T3 resin uptake test is included. T3RU and T4 can be used to calculate a free thyroxine index . This is another method for evaluating thyroid function. It corrects for changes in certain proteins that can affect total T4 levels.
The thyroid is a small butterfly-shaped organ that lies flat across the windpipe at the base of the neck that produces thyroid hormones, primarily T4 and some T3. These hormones travel throughout the body and regulate the metabolism by telling the cells in the body how fast to use energy and produce proteins. Most of the hormone produced by the thyroid is T4. This hormone is relatively inactive, but it is converted into the much more active T3 in the liver and other tissues.
Almost all of the T3 and T4 circulating in the blood is bound to protein. The small portions that are not bound are called “free” and are the biologically active forms of the hormones. Lab tests can measure the amount of free T3 or free T4 or the total T3 or total T4 in the blood.
The body has an elaborate feedback system to control the amount of T4 and T3 in the blood.
You May Like: What Is Atrophy Of Thyroid Mean
What Is A Thyroid
Your thyroid is a small gland found at the front of your windpipe . It produces two hormones that help control your metabolism the chemical processes that occur in your body that keep you alive, like breathing and breaking down food into energy. These hormones are called triiodothyronine and thyroxine .
What Are Thyroid Function Tests
If your doctor suspects you are having problems with your thyroid, he or she may recommend a thyroid function test.
These simple blood tests are used to determine how well your thyroid gland is working based on your hormone levels.
There are four different types of thyroid function tests: T3, T3RU, T4 and TSH.
If your doctor is concerned about the levels of your hormones, broad screening tests, like the T4 or the TSH test will be ordered.
Further tests may be needed to help determine whats going on if the results of these tests come back abnormal.
Don’t Miss: Is Thyroid Surgery Serious
Preparing For A Thyroid Blood Test Will Include The Following
Some researches, however, claim that T3, T4 and TSH levels did not show any significant difference in fasting and non-fasting conditions in the same patient. For this reason, fasting for 8-12 hours is advised. You will be asked to report to the laboratory in the morning.
If you go for a thyroid blood test routinely or if you have been on thyroid treatment, it is usually advisable to go for the test at the same time and in the same manner, that is, fasting or non-fasting.
Drawing blood takes less than 5 minutes. You can resume your regular work immediately.
There are no specific risks for a thyroid blood test. You may notice slight bruising at the site of the punctured vein. This goes away in a day or so without doing much to it. You can even apply ice packs if the bruise hurts too much. Contact your doctor immediately if the punctured vein site becomes red and swollen.
What Does The Tsh Test Involve
The TSH blood test is often administered as part of a panel of blood tests in conjunction with an annual health exam. The test determines how well your thyroid is working by measuring the amount of thyroid-stimulating hormone in your blood. Its a non-fasting blood test, meaning you dont have to do anything special to prepare.
Physicians should take a TSH blood sample for thyroid patients every four to eight weeks after their initial diagnosis. TheATA recommends TSH testing every six to 12 months while youre on a stable medication dose and more often if your dose has changed.
Read Also: T3 Dosage For Hypothyroid
What Is Included In A Full Thyroid Panel
The thyroid is the small, butterfly-shaped gland at the base of your neck that produces hormones to regulate the body’s metabolism. When your thyroid hormone production drops , your body processes slow down and change, affecting essentially all the systems in your body.
You can measure your thyroid function with a thyroid blood test. Many labs only look only at thyroid-stimulating hormone to assess thyroid health. Unfortunately, TSH alone offers only a narrow understanding of how your thyroid is working. It doesn’t give a comprehensive picture of what’s happening with your thyroid health or how to make specific improvements.
At Paloma Health, in addition to TSH, we believe it is critical to measure free triiodothyronine , free thyroxine , and TPO antibodies to fully understand what’s happening with your thyroid health and how to make specific improvements. Each test offers a different piece of information to tailor a treatment plan for your particular needs.
What Do The Results Mean
High TSH levels can mean your thyroid is not making enough thyroid hormones, a condition called hypothyroidism. Low TSH levels can mean your thyroid is making too much of the hormones, a condition called hyperthyroidism. A TSH test does not explain why TSH levels are too high or too low. If your test results are abnormal, your health care provider will probably order additional tests to determine the cause of your thyroid problem. These tests may include:
- T4 thyroid hormone tests
Learn more about laboratory tests, reference ranges, and understanding results.
Read Also: Thyroid Test Fasting Or Not
Side Effects And Aftercare
A blood draw is a routine, minimally invasive procedure. During the days immediately after the blood draw, you may notice slight bruising or soreness at the area where the needle was inserted. An ice pack or an over-the-counter pain reliever can help ease your discomfort.
If you experience a great deal of pain, or if the area around the puncture becomes red and swollen, follow up with your doctor immediately. These could be signs of an infection.
Dont Miss: Thyrokare For Dogs Side Effects
How Do You Know If A Thyroid Test Kit Is Reputable
First, its important that the test kit itself is certified by Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments , which ensures quality laboratory testing. Youll also want to check if they are certified by the College of American Pathologists , which ensures best practices regarding obtaining accuracy of test results and meeting other important required standards. According to Dr. Shah, The lab Paloma Health uses is a CLIA and CAP-certified lab, government-certified at the gold standard of the lab industry. The labs are tested versus commercially available labs to be equivalent in their results.The same goes for other test kits made by other companies: Other services who use CLIA- and CAP-certified labs will also provide accurate readings, she says.Dr. Shapiro also recommends asking your endocrinologist or healthcare provider if they can recommend a reputable thyroid test kit.The good news is that at-home test kits, when bought by a reputable provider, are generally very reliable. According to a study in the Journal of Medical Screening, they offer accurate and inexpensive testing.
Also Check: What Is The Half Life Of Synthroid
Do I Need To Fast For My Thyroid Test
Usually,no special precautions including fasting need to be followed before taking a thyroid test. However, your pathologist can guide you better. For example, if you have to undergo some other health tests along with thyroid hormone levels, you may be asked to fast for 8-10 hours. Drinking water doesnt come under violation of fasting.
Top 10 Thyroid Tests And How To Interpret Them
Medically reviewed and written by Izabella Wentz, PharmD, FASCP on August 25, 2021
Many cases of thyroid problems are missed because most doctors dont perform a comprehensive test panel. I spent almost a decade undiagnosed because I only had one marker tested. My thyroid condition was missed completely, leading me to deal with needless mystery symptoms like chronic fatigue, depression, anxiety, and many others, for far too long!
I have a copy of my lab results from 2008, before I was diagnosed with Hashimotos and still searching for a reason behind my exhaustion, hair loss, anxiety, and digestive issues. On this lab report, my TSH is at 4.5 IU/mL, and there is a note written from the doctor: Your thyroid function is normal, no need to do anything. Perhaps a TSH of 4.5 IU/mL would have been normal for a 95-year-old woman, but I was 25 and sleeping 12+ hours a night to feel rested! Of course, even as a pharmacist, I didnt think to question the doctor and most people dont.
If you suspect that you may have a thyroid condition, or know someone who does, this article will go over all of the most helpful tests that can help you identify a thyroid condition.
This article will also teach you how to understand your labs so that you can advocate for proper treatment for yourself.
In this article, Ill go over:
You May Like: Soy Milk Thyroid
What Does Your Thyroid Gland Do
Your thyroid gland is a gland found at the front of your neck, just below your Adams apple. Your thyroid gland produces hormones that play a key role in regulating your metabolism and affects things like your heart rate, body temperature, and breathing. These hormones are:
The levels of these hormones are controlled by thyrotropin-releasing hormone and thyroid-stimulating hormone .
What More Should I Know About Thyroid Blood Tests
Ranges noted here are approximate your providers may differ slightly. Its important that you remember abnormal readings do not necessarily mean a thyroid disorder is present, as each test can be affected by a variety of factors.
No preparation is required for these tests. They can be taken any time of day without fasting.
Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 12/27/2019.
Read Also: Is Apple Cider Vinegar Good For Your Thyroid
Recommended Reading: Armor Thyroid Conversion Chart
Illness And Thyroid Test Results
Certain illnesses can temporarily affect thyroid hormone results. Diarrhea can interfere with your medication absorption and may alter your lab results. Infections or a bout of an inflammatory condition such as lupus can also have an effect.
A syndrome called nonthyroidal illness or sick euthyroid syndrome can also affect thyroid function and test results. This is a serious illness that requires hospitalization.
People with this condition have a normal TSH level with a low T4 and T3 level. These changes in thyroid levels are thought to be protective. For that reason, people with this condition do not receive treatment to correct thyroid levels.
About Our Blood Type Test
Note: Fasting is not required for this test.
The Blood Type Test is performed to determine a person’s blood type representing markers on the surface of red blood cells. This test will tell indicate if you’re A, B, AB or O, and whether that blood type is positive or negative.
There are many types of blood, even though they are made of the same elements. There are eight different common blood types. These eight types are determined by the presence or absence of certain antigens. Antigens can trigger responses from the immune system to foreign substances in the body, including transfused blood in a patient.
There are four major blood groups determined by the presence or absence of two antigens on the surface of red blood cells. They are:
- Group A has only the A antigen on red cells
- A can donate red blood cells to other As, as well as those in the AB group.
There is also a third antigen called the Rh factor in addition to antigens A and B.
Don’t Miss: 88 Mg Levothyroxine
What Causes Creatinine To Rise
Generally speaking, high levels of creatinine can indicate that your kidneys arent working well. There are many possible causes of high creatinine, some of which may be a one-time occurrence. Examples can include things such as dehydration or intake of large amounts of protein or the supplement creatine.
Is There Anything Else I Need To Know About A Tsh Test
Thyroid changes can happen during pregnancy. These changes are usually not significant, but some women can develop thyroid disease during pregnancy. Hyperthyroidism occurs in about one in every 500 pregnancies, while hypothyroidism occurs in approximately one in every 250 pregnancies. Hyperthyroidism, and less often, hypothyroidism, may remain after pregnancy. If you develop a thyroid condition during pregnancy, your health care provider will monitor your condition after your baby is born. If you have a history of thyroid disease, be sure to talk with your health care provider if you are pregnant or are thinking of becoming pregnant.
Dont Miss: Apple Cider Vinegar For Hypothyroidism
You May Like: Is Apple Cider Vinegar Good For Thyroid
Is Fasting Required For A Thyroid Test
Most doctors will suggest you do not fast before your thyroid function test.
Research shows that fasting, especially early in the morning, may impact TSH levels. A fasting test typically results in higher TSH levels versus one done in the afternoon.
Because fasting causes higher TSH levels, it can make it hard to properly diagnose hypothyroidismwhich is diagnosed specifically by looking at TSH levels.
What Is A Thyroid Function Test
A thyroid function test is a blood test to check the levels of the hormones made by your thyroid gland. The test also checks the level of a hormone made by the pituitary gland in your brain, which acts on your thyroid gland.
The two hormones, thyroxine and thyroid-stimulating hormone , work together and are usually in balance. In a healthy person the brain produces just the right amount of TSH to keep the thyroid gland ticking over. The thyroid gland then produces just the right amount of thyroxine.
This is called a feedback loop: if the thyroid gland makes too much thyroxine it will feed back to the brain to make less TSH. This diagram shows the feedback loop between the thyroid gland in your neck and the pituitary gland in the brain:
You May Like: Thyroid Peroxidase Inhibitors
Does Menstruation Affect Testing
Generally, being on your period when having a thyroid test conducted isnt known to cause any issues or affect results, but if youre feeling particularly unwell from your period then you may wish to have blood drawn when you feel better. Especially if you already lose a lot of blood with menstruation. Heavy periods can be a symptom of hypothyroidism.
Can You Drink Coffee If Youre Fasting Before A Blood Test
Even if you drink it black, coffee can interfere with blood test results. Thats because it contains caffeine and soluble plant matter, which might skew your test results.
Coffee is also a diuretic, which means that it will increase how much you pee. This can have a dehydrating effect. The less hydrated you are, the harder it can be for the nurse or other medical professional whos doing your blood test to find a vein. This can make the blood test harder or more stressful for you.
Also Check: Is There A Natural Substitute For Synthroid
Do We Need To Fast Before Thyroid Testing
As the title suggest is it necessary to fast before thyroid test. Last week I have given thyroid test in my office. They conducted T3,T4 and TSH testing and my result came as thyronormalcy. I didnt fast before giving this test. My friend planned to take the test in a test lab outside . The lab technician asked her not to drink water or eat any food before giving the test. I am confused now. Is it necessary to fast or not?
According to a study published in 1994 entitled Serum TSH variability in normal individuals: the influence of time of sample collection by Scobbo et al., there were significant differences between late-morning non-fasting TSH and early-morning fasting TSH tests:
The late morning non-fasting TSH tests declined in 97 of 100 subjects by an average of 26.39% when compared to early morning, fasting, TSH test results. This lead to reclassification of 6% of patients from presumptive subclinical hypothyroidism to normal. Since the time of day of phlebotomy or the fasting or non-fasting status of the patient, or both, can significantly affect serum TSH test results, the diagnosis of subclinical hypothyroidism should not be made only on a fasting TSH measurement.
- Feeling tired, weak, or depressed.
- Dry skin and brittle nails.
- Not being able to stand the cold.
Read Also: Soy Milk And Thyroid