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How To Know About Thyroid Problem

Who Should Be Tested

How to know if you have a thyroid problem

If you think you have symptoms of a thyroid problem, ask your doctor if you should be tested. People with symptoms or risk factors may need tests more often. Hypothyroidism more frequently affects women over age 60. Hyperthyroidism is also more common in women. A family history raises your risk of either disorder.

What Are The Symptoms

When thyroid hormone levels are too low, the bodys cells cant get enough thyroid hormone and the bodys processes start slowing down. As the body slows, you may notice that you feel colder, you tire more easily, your skin is getting drier, youre becoming forgetful and depressed, and youve started getting constipated. Because the symptoms are so variable and nonspecific, the only way to know for sure whether you have hypothyroidism is with a simple blood test for TSH.


Tell your family members. Because thyroid disease runs in families, you should explain your hypothyroidism to your relatives and encourage them to get periodic TSH tests. Tell your other doctors and your pharmacist about your hypothyroidism and the drug and dose with which it is being treated. If you start seeing a new doctor, tell the doctor that you have hypothyroidism and you need your TSH tested every year. If you are seeing an endocrinologist, ask that copies of your reports be sent to your primary care doctor.


There is no cure for hypothyroidism, and most patients have it for life. There are exceptions: many patients with viral thyroiditis have their thyroid function return to normal, as do some patients with thyroiditis after pregnancy.

Do Women Have Different Symptoms Of Thyroid Disease Than Men

Thyroid disease in women can affect menstrual cycle resulting in light, heavy, or irregular periods. Thyroid disorders can cause amenorrhea, which means that your periods stop for several months.

The symptoms of thyroid disease in women can be mistaken for menopause. In some cases thyroid problems can lead to early menopause.

Problems with thyroids can affect ovulation, making it difficult for women to get pregnant.

Women with thyroid disease may have health problems during pregnancy this can also cause health problems for the baby.

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What To Consider In Your Personal And Family Medical Histories

Its important to give your physician as many details as possible about your personal medical history, as well as family history . Be sure to discuss:

  • Your general state of healthparticularly any changes you have noticed in your general overall health.
  • Your familys health historyespecially if a close relative has been diagnosed with hypothyroidism .
  • Whether youve ever had thyroid surgery, or radiation to your neck to treat cancer.
  • Any medicines you may be taking that could cause hypothyroidism .

Physical ExaminationLooking for Signs of HypothyroidismYour physician will perform a thorough examination and look for physical signs of hypothyroidism, including:

  • Evidence of dry skin
  • Swelling around the eyes and legs
  • Slower reflexes
  • Slower heart rate

Blood Tests: Hypothyroidism can be detected by different blood tests.

  • TSH Test. A thyroid-stimulating hormone or TSH is a blood test that measures the amount of T4 that the thyroid is being signaled to make. If you have an abnormally high level of TSH, it could mean you have hypothyroidism.
  • T4 Test. The thyroid gland produces T4 . The free T4 and the free T4 index are blood tests that, in combination with a TSH test, can let your physician know how your thyroid is functioning.

Normal and Abnormal TSH Ranges

An easy way to remember how the thyroid works–think about supply and demand. As the T4 level falls, the TSH rises. As the T4 level rises, the TSH falls. However, not everyone with hypothyroidism has elevated levels of TSH.

What Is Thyroid Cancer

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Thyroid cancer happens when cancer cells form from the tissues of the thyroid gland.

Most people with thyroid cancer have a thyroid nodule that does not cause any symptoms. If you do have symptoms, you may have swelling or a lump in your neck. The lump may cause problems swallowing. Some people get a hoarse voice.

To tell if the lump or nodule is cancerous, your doctor will order . Most thyroid nodules are not cancerous.

For more information about thyroid cancer, visit the National Cancer Instituteâs thyroid cancer page.

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What Are Early Warning Signs Of Thyroid Problems 15 Signs It May Be Time To Get Thyroid Testing

At the Medical Transformation Center in Louisville, Kentucky, we know that thyroid disorders are common, and we offer thyroid testing to help combat the concern. Statistically, about 12% of people will experience some form of thyroid disorder in their life, and getting it treated is the key to feeling like yourself again. Knowing the early signs of thyroid problems could be a great help to treat it.

Thyroid Disease In Children

Thyroid disease during infancy, which is usually identified through newborn screening tests, is not common. Congenital hypothyroidism is the most common thyroid problem identified at birth.

After infancy, your child might not have thyroid tests unless you mention symptoms of thyroid disease to his or her pediatrician, or if your child has a risk of thyroid disease due to a family history.

In kids, hypothyroidism, which occurs when the thyroid gland is underproducing thyroid hormone, is more common than hyperthyroidism, a condition in which the thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone. Both can produce consequences that affect your child’s growth, health, mood, and ability to concentrate and learn.

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis , which typically causes hypothyroidism, is the most common type of thyroid disease in children.

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Overdoses Or Underdoses Of Vitamins

In many cases, a lack of nutrition is what leads to diseases. In the case of thyroid problems, overdoses are also a common factor to take into consideration. Here are some common vitamin over- and underdoses that lead to thyroid issues:

· Iodine

Yes, you need iodine for hormone production, and a lack of it can also cause thyroid problems. But did you know that consume an excess of 400 mcg of iodine per day can lead to many complications, including to the thyroid?

· Iron

For the thyroid to carry out its peroxidase function healthily and positively, it needs iron. Without it, thyroid hormones cannot be synthesized, and iron-deficiency anemia opens up the door to many different diseases, too.

· Vitamin A

Vitamin A is capable of binding to the hormone receptors in the thyroid, increasing one kind of hormone but not the other, more desirable one. You can lose as much as two-thirds of your thyroid hormones by not paying attention to vitamin A!

· Selenium

The thyroid needs selenium to convert certain types of hormones to others. This nutrient helps to protect against autoimmune diseases and also works to encourage healthy thyroid function. A deficiency may lead to hypothyroidism.

· Chromium

The more selenium you take, the more chromium you excrete. As such, its a good idea to keep an eye on your daily intake of this lesser-known vitamin.

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Who Is At Risk Of Developing Thyroid Problems

Thyroid Problems- How Do You Know If You Have A Thyroid Problem?

Women and people over 60 years of age have a higher risk of developing either hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. If you’ve been pregnant or had a baby within the past six months, you also face a higher risk.

Personal or family history risk factors can also play a role, including:

  • Prior thyroid problems, such as a goiter or a family history of them
  • Prior thyroid surgery or radiation treatments to the neck or chest
  • Anemia, type 1 diabetes, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, Turner’s syndrome or Sjogren’s syndrome
  • Consuming high-iodine foods, medications or supplements

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First What Exactly Is Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism is basically another word for underactive thyroid, integrative medicine doctor and mbg Collective member, Amy Shah, M.D., explains. Its a condition where the thyroid gland just doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormone.

There are many different causes of hypothyroidism, one of the most common being an autoimmune condition, like Hashimoto’s disease. In this scenario the body makes antibodies to its own thyroid cells. The antibodies target the thyroid gland and destroy the cells, causing decreased production, reproductive endocrinologist Sheeva Talebian, M.D., tells mbg.

Thyroid Cancer Is On The Rise

The American Cancer Society website describes thyroid cancer as “the most rapidly increasing cancer” in the US. This is partly because doctors are catching it more often.

“Often the thyroid nodules are found when people are getting imaging for other disorders,” Pearce said. “Just the fact that we’re doing so much more imaging today than we were doing a couple of decades ago probably is the largest driver of why the cancer prevalence has increased.”

The good news is that thyroid cancer is not a very deadly cancer.

“This is not a cancer that really kills people,” Hatipoglu said. “We are able to catch them, treat them, and cure them most of the time. I’m not saying that it never kills anybody, but it is very rare.”

But if you notice any thyroid cancer symptoms a lump, swelling, or pain in the neck, hoarseness, trouble swallowing or breathing, or a constant cough you should get checked out by a doctor.

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When To Get Tested

If you notice any of the above symptoms, in tandem with the classic symptoms either of thyroid dysfunction, as mentioned above, you should speak with your primary care doctor about being tested. If you are generally healthy and are aged 60 or older, it is still a good idea to discuss testing with your doctor if it is deemed you are at risk of developing a thyroid condition.

If Part Of My Thyroid Is Surgically Removed Will The Other Part Be Able To Make Enough Thyroid Hormones To Keep Me Off Of Medication

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Sometimes, your surgeon may be able to remove part of your thyroid and leave the other part so that it can continue to create and release thyroid hormones. This is most likely in situations where you have a nodule thats causing your thyroid problem. About 75% of people who have only one side of the thyroid removed are able to make enough thyroid hormone after surgery without hormone replacement therapy.

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Thyroid Issues Are More Common In Women

Thyroid disorders are almost eight times more common in women than in men, Hatipoglu said.

Autoimmune disorders are more common in women, Pearce explained, and often, thyroid dysfunction is caused by autoimmune disorders. In fact, in the US, two autoimmune conditions Graves’ disease and Hashimoto’s disease are the most common causes of hyper- and hypothyroidism, respectively, according to the US Department of Health and Human Services Office on Women’s Health. In these conditions, the immune system mistakenly attacks the thyroid.

But both Pearce and Hatipoglu said we still don’t know the exact reasons why more women are plagued by more autoimmune and thyroid problems.

Sensitive Skin And Skin Discoloration

Thyroid hormones also influence the quality of your skin in a variety of ways. With hyperthyroidism, you may notice itchy and dry patches of skin.

Your face may feel softer and swollen. You may even notice swelling around your fingertips. Other symptoms include darkening of the skin, rashes, lumps, and reddish spots.

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What Are 10 Things You Can Do To Improve Your Thyroid Function

1. Make sure you are taking a high quality multivitamin with Iodine, Zinc, Selenium, Vitamin D, and B vitamins.

2. Go gluten-free! If you have Hashimotos, try going completely grain and legume free.

3. Deal with your stress and support your adrenal glands. The adrenal glands and thyroid work hand and hand. I recommend restorative yoga and adaptogenic herbs which support the adrenal glands in coping with stress.

4. Get 8 to 10 hours of sleep a night.

5. Have a biological dentist safely remove any amalgam fillings you may have.

6. Watch your intake of raw goitrogens. There is a bit of a debate surrounding this.

7. Get fluoride, bromide and chlorine out of your diet and environment.

8. Heal your gut. A properly functioning digestive system is critical to good health.

How To Heal Your Gut Naturally with Dr. Amy Myers

9. Find a functional medicine doctor in your area and have them run the above laboratory test and work with you to find your root cause of the thyroid imbalance.

Diagnosis Of An Underactive Thyroid Function Is Made Based On A Combination Of Thyroid Blood Test Results Symptoms And Several Other Factors

How to know if you have thyroid disease

Hypothyroidism is evaluated and diagnosed by a physician, usually an endocrinologist or your primary care doctor. Symptoms, signs, and more critically, blood testsare taken into consideration when evaluating the possibility of an underactive thyroid glandall of which help identify the cause and severity of the disease.

A diagnosis is reached after a thorough review of the patients personal medical and family histories, any risk factors, findings on physical examination, in addition to the results of thyroid function levels. There are several types of hormones checked in a blood test to assess your thyroid statusthe most definitive one is the TSH . Often, physicians may decide to check the free thyroxine, or T4, free T4 index, or total T4 to aid in the diagnosis.

Your doctor may check your thyroid status for an underactive thyroid by reviewing thyroid hormone levels. Photo: 123rf

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What Is A Goiter

A goiter is an unusually enlarged thyroid gland. It may happen only for a short time and may go away on its own without treatment. Or it could be a symptom of another thyroid disease that requires treatment. goiter is more common in women than in men and especially in women before menopause.

Some common causes of goiter include:

    Usually, the only symptom of a goiter is a swelling in your neck. It may be large enough that you can see it or feel the lump with your hand. A very large goiter can also cause a tight feeling in your throat, coughing, or problems swallowing or breathing.

    Your doctor will do to see if it is caused by another thyroid disease.

    Weakness And Aches In Muscles And Joints

    Low thyroid hormone flips the metabolic switch toward catabolism, which is when the body breaks down body tissues like muscle for energy .

    During catabolism, muscle strength decreases, potentially leading to feelings of weakness. The process of breaking down muscle tissue can also lead to aching .

    Everyone feels weak once in a while. However, people with hypothyroidism are twice as likely to feel more weak than usual, compared to healthy people (

    One study in 35 individuals with hypothyroidism showed that replacing low levels of thyroid hormone with a synthetic thyroid hormone called levothyroxine improved muscle strength and decreased aches and pains, compared to no treatment .

    Another study showed a 25% improvement in the sense of physical well-being among patients receiving thyroid replacement .

    Weakness and aches are normal following strenuous activity. However, new, and especially increasing, weakness or aching is a good reason to make an appointment with your physician.

    Summary: Low levels of thyroid hormone slow down your metabolism and can cause painful muscle breakdown.

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    Managing Hypothyroidism: Put It Into Practice

    The symptoms of hypothyroidism can be gradual or rapid, Talebian says. The best way to diagnose it is with a blood test. TSH is elevated in the setting of hypothyroidism, she explains.

    If you think you may have hypothyroidism or its been confirmed with a blood test, consult with a doctor about which treatments will work best for you.

    While medications are the most commonly prescribed course of action, some integrative medicine doctors, like Taz Bhatia, M.D., recommend pairing that Western approach with a holistic Eastern approach. This may include taking prescribed medication, while also eating an anti-inflammatory diet full of iodine-rich and other thyroid-supporting foods.

    What Should You Do If You Think You Have Signs And Symptoms Of A Thyroid Disorder Which Type Of Doctors Treat Thyroid Problems

    • Thyroid disease is a broad spectrum of disorders that may or may not lead to enlargement of the thyroid gland itself or the presence of lumps or nodules.
    • Signs and symptoms of thyroid disease are apparent when the gland is over- or under-producing thyroid hormone.
    • It is important to remember that none of these symptoms described in this article is specific for thyroid disease.
    • A number of different conditions and normal states may cause all of them.
    • Your doctor or endocrinologist can order laboratory tests to evaluate the function of your thyroid gland if you have troubling symptoms.

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    How To Know If You Have A Thyroid Problem 7 Major Signs

    How to know if you have a thyroid problem if no vivid signs are present on your body? There are 7 major signs that you can notice, so find out all about them on time!

    The thyroid is a gland that intervenes in various metabolic processes, therefore, any deficit generates alterations. We tell you about the disorders it causes.

    Thyroid diseases have a wide range of symptoms and associated disorders that usually have a serious impact on the quality of life of the patient, to a greater degree, women.

    Fortunately, there are treatments for most. However, it must be said that these are usually quite long and even for life. On the other hand, it is possible that at some point patients require some surgical intervention to improve their quality of life.

    Likewise, the thyroid gland regulates infinite metabolic processes and any deficiency or excess of the thyroid generates alterations that can be confused with other diseases. For example, tiredness or sudden weight gain. How to know if you have a thyroid problem, then?

    Lets see below what the disorders are associated with thyroid diseases to understand the importance of paying attention to certain signs and discussing them with the doctor during the check-up.


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