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How Long Does Hoarseness Last After Thyroid Surgery

Is Thyroid Surgery Outpatient

What to Expect After Thyroid Surgery – James Wu, MD

With our surgeons it almost always is as we perform minimally invasive thyroid surgery with minimal recovery. However, if a patient has significant medical issues or needs extensive surgery, your surgeon may elect to have the procedure done at a hospital setting and may ask the patient to stay overnight.

Guidelines For Improving Voice Outcomes Post

Over the past 30 years, the rates of thyroid surgery have tripled in the United States, according to recent estimates. Studies indicate that between 118,000 and 166,000 patients in the U.S. undergo thyroidectomy each year for benign or malignant disease. The goals of thyroid surgery are to remove abnormal thyroid tissue and any involved lymph nodes, preserve parathyroid gland function, and maintain or improve voice and swallowing. In some cases, however, unintended consequences after these procedures can reduce quality of life. These may include the need for lifelong medication, temporary thyroid suppression, radioactive scanning or treatment, and voice disturbances.

Hoarseness Can Be More Than A Temporary Nuisance

Dear Mayo Clinic:

I’ve had a hoarse sounding voice for a few weeks. My husband thinks it could be more than just a cold and I should be seen by my doctor, but isn’t what I’m experiencing normal for this time of year?

Answer:Nearly everyone has experienced hoarseness, whether the result of a nasty cold or too much cheering at a sports event. Usually, the problem goes away after several days with self-care and by resting your voice.

However, hoarseness can be more than a temporary nuisance. I recommend that anyone experiencing hoarseness who hasn’t gotten better after two weeks should see a doctor. Hoarseness can result from numerous treatable problems. It also may be a sign of certain forms of cancer, and catching it early improves the odds of successful treatment.

Your speaking voice is formed when air from your lungs is pushed out through the vocal cords in your voice box . The vocal cords consist of two folds of mucous membrane that cover muscle within a framework of cartilage. As air passes over the vocal cords, they vibrate, producing sound and allowing you to speak.

A visual inspection of your vocal cords may be done using either a light and a tiny mirror, or a small camera attached to a thin, flexible tube. The vocal cords are examined to look for any sores, rough patches or nodules.

Treatment strategies for hoarseness typically depend on the cause. Causes include:

Dale Ekbom, M.D., Otorhinolaryngology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn.

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The Morning Of Your Surgery

Instructions for drinking before your surgery

You can drink a total of 12 ounces of water between midnight and 2 hours before your scheduled arrival time. Do not drink anything else.Do not drink anything starting 2 hours before your scheduled arrival time. This includes water.

Take your medications as instructed

If your healthcare provider told you to take certain medications the morning of your surgery, take only those medications with a sip of water. Depending on what medications you take, this may be all, some, or none of your usual morning medications.

Things to remember

  • Wear something comfortable and loose-fitting.
  • Dont wear any lotion, cream, deodorant, makeup, powder, perfume, or cologne.
  • Remove nail polish and nail wraps.
  • If you wear contact lenses, wear your glasses instead. Wearing contact lenses during surgery can damage your eyes.
  • Dont wear any metal objects. Remove all jewelry, including body piercings. The tools used during your surgery can cause burns if they touch metal.
  • Leave valuable items at home.
  • If youre menstruating , use a sanitary pad, not a tampon. Youll get disposable underwear, as well as a pad if needed.

What to bring

  • Your Health Care Proxy form and other advance directives, if you completed them.
  • Your cell phone and charger.
  • A case for your personal items , dentures, prosthetic device, wig, and religious articles), if you have one.
  • This guide. Your healthcare team will use it to teach you how to care for yourself after surgery.

Endometrial Bladder Urethral Venous Ablation

Preserving function and quality of life after thyroid and ...

Endometrial, bladder, urethral, and venous ablations are similar to cardiac ablation in that where you have the procedure done and how long you stay will depend largely on the extent of the procedure and the type of anesthesia used. If you require general anesthesia or have complications during your surgery, you may have to stay in the hospital for an extra day or two.

In some cases, these procedures can be done with minimal or local anesthetic, and may even take place in your doctors office. This is particularly true for superficial or surface ablation procedures that are meant to fix minor imperfections or even out skin coloring.

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Thyroid Surgery: Common Questions And Concerns

Will I need to take calcium after surgery?

Calcium levels are controlled by the parathyroid glands, which are 4 delicate glands located near, sometimes adjacent to, or even within the thyroid gland. Approximately 5% of patients will have a temporarily low calcium level after the operation and less than 1% of patients may have a permanently low calcium level. We routinely ask patients to take calcium supplements for the first few weeks after the operation to help avoid the symptoms of low calcium levels.

What are the signs and symptoms of hypocalcemia ?

Symptoms of low calcium levels include numbness and tingling in the hands, the soles of your feet, and around your lips. Some patients feel a crawling sensation in the skin, muscle cramps, or severe headaches. In rare cases, patients may have cramping and rigidity of muscles especially in the hands and legs. Symptoms usually appear between 24 and 48 hours after surgery if they are going to appear. Please keep in mind that other conditions like neuropathy and anxiety may cause some of the same symptoms and these symptoms might not be related to calcium levels.

If I have it, will hypocalcemia be temporary or last forever?

How much calcium do I need to take after thyroid surgery?

How large will my scar be?

What is the best way to minimize my scar?

How long will I need to be in the hospital?

Will I have local or general anesthesia during surgery?

Will my voice be affected by thyroid surgery?

When can I resume normal activities?

Study Design And Patient Characteristics

We performed a retrospective study on prospectively collected data of all patients undergoing hemi, total, or completion thyroidectomy with or without central compartment clearance for thyroid cancer, between January 2013 and December 2014 in a single surgical unit. All patients recruited in the study had a preoperative and postoperative evaluation of vocal cord function. Vocal cord palsy and recovery rates were calculated for nerves at risk. Recurrent laryngeal nerves which were fixed in the preoperative period because of involvement by tumor or due to iatrogenic injury from a previous surgery were not considered for analysis. Similarly, RLNs which were sacrificed intraoperatively, secondary to involvement by tumor were also excluded from analysis. Patients undergoing surgery for benign histologies and patients with incomplete data regarding the vocal cord evaluation in the preoperative or postoperative period were excluded.

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Hoarseness And Voice Problems

After surgery, your voice may be hoarse or whispery, and it may feel tiring to talk. This is very common and expected during the first week or two after surgery. While around 1 percent of people may have damage to the nerves supplying the vocal cords, around 5 percent to 10 percent of people will have temporary symptoms due to irritation of the nerves during surgery or inflammation around the nerves afterward.

Symptoms usually improve in the first few weeks but may persist up to six months after surgery. While there is no specific treatment for transient hoarseness, it’s helpful for your loved ones to be aware of the problem so that you don’t feel the need to talk loudly or more often than is comfortable. If the nerve was injured, more severe symptoms may be noted after surgery.

What Makes A Persons Voice

Day after Thyroid Surgery

A persons voice is a very personal attribute that is dependent on signals from specialised areas of the brain and a coordinated movement of laryngeal muscles. In the middle of the larynx , the movement of two vocal cords creates the vibrations of the air that resonates through the upper airways and leads to the sounds of the voice. Each vocal cord is under the control of two nerves the recurrent laryngeal nerve and the superior laryngeal nerve . Both nerves are in close contact with the thyroid gland and therefore, during the operation to remove the thyroid gland, the nerves are at risk of injury.

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What Is A Thyroidectomy

A thyroidectomy is an operation to remove all or part for the thyroid gland. It is the treatment for a number of different thyroid disorders including thyroid cancer, goitre, thyroid nodules and Graves Disease.

Watch Surgeon Professor Neil Tolley at Imperial College in London talking about thyroid and parathyroid surgery

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When Did Thyroglobulin Go Down After Thyroidectomy

It started with a 0.2 ng/mL in August 2016. I managed to get my TSH down under 0.1 and Tg sometimes is undetectable at this higher TSH-suppression. Youve certainly covered a lot of bases benign thyroid tissue would usually uptake iodine. They could try for another biopsy to see if maybe the previous FNA missed the target.

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Inpatient Versus Outpatient Surgery

A study by Khavanin et al comparing inpatient versus outpatient thyroidectomy in terms of readmission, reoperation, and complications suggested that the outpatient procedure is as safe as, and perhaps safer than, the inpatient surgery. The study, using data from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program , compared safety and outcomes in 8185 patients who underwent outpatient thyroidectomy and an equal number of individuals who underwent the inpatient procedure. Thirty-day postoperative morbidity was low in both groups, occurring in just 250 patients a total of 476 patients were readmitted within 30 days postsurgery. In comparing the inpatient and outpatient groups, however, the investigators found a higher likelihood of readmission, reoperation, and complications following inpatient surgery.

Getting Ready For Your Surgery

Thyroidectomy scar

You and your care team will work together to get ready for your surgery.

Help us keep you safe during your surgery by telling us if any of the following statements apply to you, even if you arent sure.

  • I take a blood thinner, such as:
  • Aspirin
  • I smoke or use an electronic smoking device .
  • I use recreational drugs.
  • About drinking alcohol

    The amount of alcohol you drink can affect you during and after your surgery. Its important to talk with your healthcare providers about how much alcohol you drink. This will help us plan your care.

    • If you stop drinking alcohol suddenly, it can cause seizures, delirium, and death. If we know youre at risk for these complications, we can prescribe medications to help keep them from happening.
    • If you drink alcohol regularly, you may be at risk for other complications during and after your surgery. These include bleeding, infections, heart problems, and a longer hospital stay.

    Here are things you can do before your surgery to keep from having problems:

    About smoking

    If you smoke, you can have breathing problems when you have surgery. Stopping even for a few days before surgery can help. Your healthcare provider will refer you to our Tobacco Treatment Program if you smoke. You can also reach the program by calling .

    About sleep apnea

    Please tell us if you have sleep apnea or if you think you might have it. If you use a breathing device for sleep apnea, bring it with you the day of your surgery.

    Using MyMSK

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    You Can Never Ask Too Many Questions But You Can Ask Too Few

    Actually, people often have their vocal strength back quickly, but doctors often do not think to talk about changes in pitch that can occur. Someone who has been singing in the church choir as a soprano may end up as an alto after a thyroidectomy, says Dr. Chen. And, this is likely not to change back.

    Like Rick, Dr. Oltmann has had to face two surgeries, and now with medical training, she wishes that she had asked more questions before agreeing to have both of the procedures. Its important to ask questions if something youre been told doesnt make sense, she says, and, you should feel ok asking if there are other optionsboth surgical and non-surgical treatmentsthat might work just as well for you, or even if the need for surgery can be avoided for months or even years.

    If there is something causing you to hesitate or worry, its a really good idea to seek out a second opinion. And while your first reaction might be, take it out, now, know that the word cancer doesnt always mean you need to rush to surgery, particularly with most types of thyroid tumors. In fact, with this type of cancer, you are likely to have plenty of time to plan for a second opinion, to get support systems into place, and to find a high-volume surgeon with plenty of time to spare before deciding to have your thyroid gland removed, she says.

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    Does Thyroid Surgery Leave A Scar

    Like all surgeries that require an external incision, there is an initial scar from the incision made to remove some or all of your thyroid. Over time this scar will heal over 8 to 12 weeks and become barely noticeable if taken care of properly. For many patients, the scar will get so light over time that it is unrecognizable, especially if the scar treatment regimen and creams are followed.

    When going out in the sun, however, you need to make sure that you place sunscreen and a cover over the scar for the first 6 months to avoid redness in the area. Any ultraviolet light that comes in contact with these incision scars will darken and can be noticeable. Most patients will either wear a scarf or a bandaid when going outside to cover the incision for the first 6 months.

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    Voice Problems Following Thyroid Surgery Occur Without Damage To The Laryngeal Nerves

    Contact: Kenneth Satterfield561-447-5521 703-519-1563

    VOICE PROBLEMS FOLLOWING THYROID SURGERY OCCUR WITHOUT DAMAGE TO THE LARYNGEAL NERVES

    A study finds that procedures to preserve nerve integrity may not prevent voice problems after removal of the thyroid.

    Boca Raton, FL — Nerve damage resulting from thyroid surgery is a feared consequence of the procedure. Damage to the recurrent laryngeal nerve, which powers the vocal cords, may occur without symptoms, leading some thyroid surgeons to examine the vocal folds preoperatively, and to perform fiberoptic laryngoscopy as part of postoperative follow-up. Injury to the superior laryngeal nerve is another voice-altering complication of thyroid surgery. The associated symptoms of superior laryngeal nerve injury can be nonspecific, and the subtle laryngoscopic manifestations are often overlooked. Advanced diagnostic techniques for evaluating superior laryngeal nerve function have been developed, recording a five to 28 percent incidence of this complication following thryoidectomy. The absence of effective treatment for superior laryngeal nerve palsy and the fact that recovery following nerve injury is poor makes prevention crucial.

    Functional voice assessment: Voice testing was conducted pre-operative and one week and three months after thyroidectomy. A multidimensional approach to voice analysis was conducted at each visit.

    – end –

    Day Before Your Surgery

    What To Expect After Thyroid Surgery

    Note the time of your surgery

    A staff member from the Admitting Office will call you after 2:00 pm the day before your surgery. If your surgery is scheduled for a Monday, theyll call you on the Friday before. If you dont get a call by 7:00 pm, call .

    The staff member will tell you what time to arrive at the hospital for your surgery. Theyll also remind you where to go.

    This will be one of the following locations:

    • Josie Robertson Surgery Center

    Instructions for eating before your surgery

    Do not eat anything after midnight the night before your surgery. This includes hard candy and gum.

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    When Can Patients Resume Normal Activity After Thyroid Surgery

    Depending on individual recovery after thyroid surgery, patients can go back to the normal activity within a few days but with certain limitations. Strenuous activity and lifting heavy weight should be avoided for a week. The neck muscles may feel stiff and there may be soreness present for a few days. It can be corrected by moving neck from side to side and rolling shoulder or following advice of physical therapists.

    For most patients the recovery period after thyroid surgery ranges around one or 2 weeks. Driving is restricted for a week. Depending on the amount of thyroid tissue removed, the patient is put on thyroid hormone. The need for thyroid replacement, calcium and other nutritional supplements must be discussed with the doctor.

    How Much Does Thyroid Surgery Cost

    For most patients and facilities around, the cost of thyroid surgery ranges based on exactly what was removed and what treatments were associated with the surgery. Each practice and facility will have its own costs associated with the surgery. Depending on your health insurance and your deductible for your plan, the cost could be more or less than other patients. Usually costs out of pocket are less when these procedures are performed at surgical centers than hospitals.

    Ensure that you reach out to your doctors office regarding the cost of this surgery and any payment options available for you, if necessary. They can give you a quote on your surgery and give you a real estimate of what you will owe after the surgery is complete.

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