HomeEditor PicksHow Does Thyroid Affect The Body

How Does Thyroid Affect The Body

How Is Thyroid Cancer Diagnosed

What is Hypothyroidism? | How does it affect the body? | Symptoms, causes and treatments

If you have an enlarged thyroid nodule or other signs of thyroid cancer, your healthcare provider may order one or more of these tests:

  • Blood tests: A thyroid blood test checks hormone levels and gauges whether your thyroid is functioning properly.
  • Biopsy: During a fine-needle aspiration biopsy, your healthcare provider removes cells from your thyroid to test for cancer cells. A sentinel node biopsy can determine if cancer cells have spread to lymph nodes. Your provider may use ultrasound technology to guide these biopsy procedures.
  • Radioiodine scan: This test can detect thyroid cancer and determine if cancer has spread. You swallow a pill containing a safe amount of radioactive iodine . Over a few hours, the thyroid gland absorbs the iodine. Your healthcare provider uses a special device to measure the amount of radiation in the gland. Areas with less radioactivity need more testing to confirm the presence of cancer.
  • Imaging scans:Magnetic resonance imaging , computed tomography and positron emission tomography scans can detect thyroid cancer and cancer spread.

Thyroid Nodules And Cancer

As people get older, they become more prone to developing nodules, or growths, on the thyroid gland.

These nodules cause the gland to enlarge, which can cause difficulty swallowing and/or breathing, and in some cases may cause visible lumps on the neck.

Thyroid nodules are common but theyre usually easy to remove and treat, Nakhle said. The large majority of patients with thyroid nodules wont have any further problems but in about 5 percent of cases, the nodules are cancerous.

Thyroid cancer is uncommon and tends to be treatable, particularly because its often found in its early stages. Surgery is considered the first line of treatment the gland is removed and hormone replacement drugs are used thereafter. Chemotherapy and/or radiation may also be used in conjunction with the surgery, but it depends on the patient and stage of the cancer.

While thyroid cancer has a high survival rate compared with most other cancers, the incidence rate is growing. According to the American Cancer Society, thyroid cancer is the most rapidly increasing cancer in the U.S., with diagnoses tripling in the past three decades.

Thyroid cancer is the only cancer that has been increasing continually, and we dont know why, Nakhle said.

Essential Tips To Cope Up With The Side Effects Of Thyroid Removal:

Here in this section we will talk about some of the tips so as to help you cope up with the side effects of thyroid removal procedures

  • We discussed earlier that after your thyroid removal surgery, you may have difficulty in swallowing. It is essential for you to rely of soft and healthy foods.
  • You can use more sauces and gravies, or the more of the moist foods after the surgery; which would be easier to swallow as compared to the dry foods.
  • Go for long and slow cooking so as to soften the meat and vegetables you prepare for your diet.
  • Chop the vegetables or meat finely before or after cooking.
  • Apart from this, take healthy and nutritious diet so as to help self with healing. Talk to a dietician for your appropriate diet after the thyroid removal.
  • Using Aloe vera, Bio-oil to soften the skin around the wound and prevent dryness while its healing period can be beneficial.
  • You can also use non scented moisturising cream to your scar once your wound is healed.
  • Talk to your doctor and take prescribed medications in case you have high fever, swollen or painful neck and also in case of infection.

Written, Edited or Reviewed By:Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA Pain Assist Inc.This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimerLast Modified On: April 6, 2018

Recommended Reading: Is Thrush A Sign Of Underactive Thyroid

Ways Your Thyroid Is Messing With Your Body

Is your hair thinning a bit?

You’re likely well aware that your body works like a machineif one part is off, then, well, the whole damn thing can start having issues.

The best example of this is your thyroid, the small gland in your neck that controls your metabolism and regulates your bodily functions .

Most of the time, you don’t notice your thyroid gland is working at all . But when it starts misfiring, like not releasing enough thyroid hormone or releasing too much , all hell can break loose. Even more annoying: That hell can break loose anywhere in your body: your eyes, your skin, your hands, you name it.

That’s because symptoms of thyroid disease can mirror the symptoms of a ton of other issues. “Symptoms vary from person to person and can come on suddenly or very gradually, so they’re hard to detect,” as Valentina Rodriguez, M.D., an endocrinologist at NYU Langone Health previously told Women’s Health in Do I Need A Thyroid Check?.

That’s why it’s super important to stay on top ofand quickly act onany of the symptoms below.

Changes In Menstrual Cycle Or Sexual Performance

Is an hyperctive thyroid the cause of hypothyroidism? I ...

Hormonal changes are closely linked to sexual function. If you find that your period is becoming irregular, heavier, or more painful than before, or if you are experiencing stronger emotional symptoms tied to PMS, your thyroid might be the cause.

You might also experience difficulty with sexual performance or enjoyment. If you are having difficulty with libido or achieving orgasm or if you cannot maintain an erection, you could also be struggling with a thyroid-related symptom.

While these are uncomfortable issues to talk about, they should absolutely be addressed with us to rule out not only thyroid trouble but also anything else that might quietly be causing these issues.

Don’t Miss: What Are Early Warning Signs Of Thyroid Cancer

What Causes Thyroid Disease

The two main types of thyroid disease are hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Both conditions can be caused by other diseases that impact the way the thyroid gland works.

Conditions that can cause hypothyroidism include:

  • Thyroiditis: This condition is an inflammation of the thyroid gland. Thyroiditis can lower the amount of hormones your thyroid produces.
  • Hashimotos thyroiditis: A painless disease, Hashimotos thyroiditis is an autoimmune condition where the bodys cells attack and damage the thyroid. This is an inherited condition.
  • Postpartum thyroiditis: This condition occurs in 5% to 9% of women after childbirth. Its usually a temporary condition.
  • Iodine deficiency: Iodine is used by the thyroid to produce hormones. An iodine deficiency is an issue that affects several million people around the world..
  • A non-functioning thyroid gland: Sometimes, the thyroid gland doesnt work correctly from birth. This affects about 1 in 4,000 newborns. If left untreated, the child could have both physical and mental issues in the future. All newborns are given a screening blood test in the hospital to check their thyroid function.

Conditions that can cause hyperthyroidism include:

What Kind Of Follow

You will see your childs endocrinologist and head and neck surgeon one week after surgery. Expect to have labs done to assess calcium levels. Thyroid function labs will be drawn four weeks after surgery. Depending on the pathology, additional imaging may be obtained to see if radioactive iodine is needed. Some types of thyroid cancer will require regular blood work screening and scheduled ultrasounds.

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 07/30/2018.

References

Also Check: How Long For Armour Thyroid To Leave System

How Long Does It Take To Recover From Thyroid Surgery

It will take your body a few weeks to recover after your thyroid is surgically removed . During this time you should avoid a few things, including:

  • Submerging your incision under water.
  • Lifting an object thats heavier than 15 pounds.
  • Doing more than light exercise.

This generally lasts for about two weeks. After that, you can return to your normal activities.

Causes Symptoms Diagnosis Treatments And Support

What Does The Thyroid Do? – How To Have A Healthy Thyroid

Endless energy, unexplained;weight lossthe initial symptoms of an overactive thyroid are often seen as good symptoms. Thats why hyperthyroidism is one of the most underdiagnosed endocrine conditions. But if left unchecked, it can lead to serious complications. Were here to empower you with clear answers to all your hyperthyroid questions.;

Debbie;Chen MD,;Brenessa Lindeman MD, and;Caroline T. Nguyen MD

What is hyperthyroidism?

Hyperthyroidism is the abnormal function of your thyroid gland, an organ located in the front of your neck that releases hormones to regulate your bodys use of energy. In other words, if you have high thyroid levels, it means that your thyroid gland is overactive and makes more thyroid hormones than your body needs, which causes hyperthyroidism.

The hormones produced by your thyroid gland are thyroxine and triiodothyronine , and they play an important role in the way your entire body functions. For this reason, when there is an imbalance, such as high T4, it can have far-reaching effects on almost every aspect of your health.

Infographic by Lauren Hunter

  • weight
  • body temperature

Don’t Miss: Is Apple Cider Vinegar Good For Hyperthyroidism

Can Hypothyroidism Go Away On Its Own

In some mild cases, you may not have symptoms of hypothyroidism or the symptoms may fade over time. In other cases, the symptoms of hypothyroidism will go away shortly after you start treatment. For those with particularly low levels of thyroid hormones, hypothyroidism is a life-long condition that will need to be controlled with medication on a regular schedule. It can be controlled very well and you can live a normal life with hypothyroidism.

What Questions Should I Ask My Doctor

If you have Graves disease, you may want to ask your healthcare provider:

  • What is the best treatment for me?
  • What are the treatment side effects?
  • Should I avoid certain medications?
  • Could surgery to remove the thyroid help me?
  • Does Graves disease cause other health problems?
  • Should I look out for signs of complications?

Recommended Reading: What Organ System Is The Thyroid Gland In

What Are The Different Types Of Depression

  • Depressive reaction. A less-severe and often temporary depression that arises from a specific life situation. In modern diagnostic language, a depressive reaction to a specific life stress is technically called a “stress response syndrome” . The symptoms can be severe, but unless they involve additional symptoms such as changes in sleep and appetite or thoughts of suicide, they usually do not need medication treatment and will abate over time — anywhere from two weeks to six months. Psychotherapy is sometimes recommended if symptoms start to interfere with normal everyday functioning.
  • Major depression. A serious condition that can lead to an inability to function or suicide. Sufferers experience not only a depressed mood, but also have difficulty performing simple daily tasks, lose interest in their usual activities, extreme fatigue, sleep problems, or feelings of guilt and helplessness. They can sometimes also lose touch with reality, having delusions or hallucinations , in severe cases. It can be a cyclical illness, so while most patients recover from their first depressive episode, the recurrence rate is high — perhaps as high as 60% within two years and 75% within 10 years. After 15 years, 90% of individuals will have suffered a recurrence or relapse of depression.

Drop In The Thyroid Hormone Levels On Removal Of Thyroid

Thyroid Hormones(12 13

One more side effect of thyroid removal surgery, especially if you have had your whole thyroid removed is that you will have a drop in your thyroid hormone level and you will have to go for thyroid hormone replacement therapy. You might have to take thyroxine tablets so as to replace the thyroid hormones that your thyroid gland would normally prepare. It is essential for the body to have thyroid hormones so as to keep the body processes going on at the right rate or so as to continue the process of bodys metabolism. With these hormones you feel tired and lack energy. So thyroxine tablets may be prescribed at times by your doctor after the thyroid removal procedure. At times, it may be possible that you might need to take these tablets even if you had only a part of your thyroid removed.

Also Check: How Long Can You Have Thyroid Cancer Without Knowing

How Do I Know If I Have Thyroid Nodules

Most thyroid nodules do not produce any symptoms. However, if you have several nodules, or large nodules, you may be able to see them. Although rare, nodules can press against other structures in the neck and cause symptoms, including:

Hyperfunctioning thyroid nodules can lead to overproduction of thyroid hormones, also known as hyperthyroidism. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:

  • Irritability/nervousness

What Does The Thyroid Do

Your thyroid has an important job to do within your body releasing and controlling thyroid hormones that control metabolism. Metabolism is a process where the food you take into your body is transformed into energy. This energy is used throughout your entire body to keep many of your bodys systems working correctly. Think of your metabolism as a generator. It takes in raw energy and uses it to power something bigger.

The thyroid controls your metabolism with a few specific hormones T4 and T3 . These two hormones are created by the thyroid and they tell the bodys cells how much energy to use. When your thyroid works properly, it will maintain the right amount of hormones to keep your metabolism working at the right rate. As the hormones are used, the thyroid creates replacements.

This is all supervised by something called the pituitary gland. Located in the center of the skull, below your brain, the pituitary gland monitors and controls the amount of thyroid hormones in your bloodstream. When the pituitary gland senses a lack of thyroid hormones or a high level of hormones in your body, it will adjust the amounts with its own hormone. This hormone is called thyroid stimulating hormone . The TSH will be sent to the thyroid and it will tell the thyroid what needs to be done to get the body back to normal.

Recommended Reading: Thyroid Facial Swelling

How Thyroid Disorders Affect Calcium Levels In The Body

Indeed, the thyroid gland helps regulate the calcium levels in the body. For one, it produces the hormone calcitonin that works by decreasing the available amount of calcium in the bloodstream.

As such, when the thyroid gland is in a state of disarray, calcium concentrations in the body can be affected as well.

If Part Of My Thyroid Is Surgically Removed Will The Other Part Be Able To Make Enough Thyroid Hormones To Keep Me Off Of Medication

How Does Stress Affect Hormones?

Sometimes, your surgeon may be able to remove part of your thyroid and leave the other part so that it can continue to create and release thyroid hormones. This is most likely in situations where you have a nodule thats causing your thyroid problem. About 75% of people who have only one side of the thyroid removed are able to make enough thyroid hormone after surgery without hormone replacement therapy.

Recommended Reading: Is Apple Cider Vinegar Good For Your Thyroid

How Is Thyroid Disease Treated

Your healthcare providers goal is to return your thyroid hormone levels to normal. This can be done in a variety of ways and each specific treatment will depend on the cause of your thyroid condition.

If you have high levels of thyroid hormones , treatment options can include:

  • Anti-thyroid drugs : These are medications that stop your thyroid from making hormones.
  • Radioactive iodine: This treatment damages the cells of your thyroid, preventing it from making high levels of thyroid hormones.
  • Beta blockers: These medications dont change the amount of hormones in your body, but they help control your symptoms.
  • Surgery: A more permanent form of treatment, your healthcare provider may surgically remove your thyroid . This will stop it from creating hormones. However, you will need to take thyroid replacement hormones for the rest of your life.

If you have low levels of thyroid hormones , the main treatment option is:

  • Thyroid replacement medication: This drug is a synthetic way to add thyroid hormones back into your body. One drug thats commonly used is called levothyroxine. By using a medication, you can control thyroid disease and live a normal life.

Whats The Difference Between Hypothyroidism And Hyperthyroidism

In hypothyroidism, the thyroid doesnt make enough thyroid hormone.

The difference between hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism is quantity. In hypothyroidism, the thyroid makes very little thyroid hormone. On the flip side, someone with hyperthyroidism has a thyroid that makes too much thyroid hormone. Hyperthyroidism involves higher levels of thyroid hormones, which makes your metabolism speed up. If you have hypothyroidism, your metabolism slows down.

Many things are the opposite between these two conditions. If you have hypothyroidism, you may have a difficult time dealing with the cold. If you have hyperthyroidism, you may not handle the heat. They are opposite extremes of thyroid function. Ideally, you should be in the middle. Treatments for both of these conditions work to get your thyroid function as close to that middle ground as possible.

Read Also: Is Noni Juice Good For Thyroid

What Causes A Thyroid Nodule To Form

Sometimes the thyroid begins to grow , causing one or more nodules to form. Why this happens is not known. Cancer is the biggest concern when nodules form. Fortunately, cancer is very rare it is found in less than 5 percent of all nodules. Nodules develop more often in people who have a family history of nodules, and in people who dont get enough iodine. Iodine is needed to make thyroid hormone.

There are different types of thyroid nodules:

  • Colloid nodules: These are one or more overgrowths of normal thyroid tissue. These growths are benign . They may grow large, but they do not spread beyond the thyroid gland.
  • Thyroid cysts: These are growths that are filled with fluid or partly solid and partly filled with fluid.
  • Inflammatory nodules: These nodules develop as a result of chronic inflammation of the thyroid gland. These growths may or may not cause pain.
  • Multinodular goiter: Sometimes an enlarged thyroid is made up of many nodules .
  • Hyperfunctioning thyroid nodules: These nodules autonomously produce thyroid hormone without regard for normal feedback control mechanisms, which may lead to the development of hyperthyroidism. Hyperthyroidism can affect the heart and cause such problems as sudden cardiac arrest, high blood pressure, arrhythmias , osteoporosis and other health problems.
  • Thyroid cancer: Less than 5 percent of thyroid nodules are cancerous.

RELATED ARTICLES

Popular Articles