What Are The Side Effects Of Ki
Side effects of KI may include stomach or gastro-intestinal upset, allergic reactions, rashes, and inflammation of the salivary glands.
When taken as recommended, KI can cause rare adverse health effects related to the thyroid gland.
These rare adverse effects are more likely if a person:
- Takes a higher than recommended dose of KI
- Takes the drug for several days
- Has a pre-existing thyroid disease.
Newborn infants who receive more than one dose of KI are at risk for developing a condition known as hypothyroidism . If not treated, hypothyroidism can cause brain damage.
- Infants who receive more than a single dose of KI should have their thyroid hormone levels checked and monitored by a doctor.
- Avoid repeat dosing of KI to newborns.
How Is A Thyroid Biopsy Performed
A thyroid biopsy, also called a fine needle aspiration , uses a small needle to take a little sample of the cells in the thyroid nodule. The possible outcomes from a biopsy are:
Non-diagnostic: Non-diagnostic is a technically failed biopsy. There were not enough cells taken during the biopsy so the cytologist was not able to determine anything. These usually need to be repeated.
Benign: Most thyroid nodule biopsies come back benign, meaning your doctor is highly re-assured that it’s not cancerous. Patients can almost always avoid surgery unless the nodule is large and pushing on adjacent structures like the airway.
Indeterminate: Indeterminate means there was enough cells taken during the biopsy, but the cytopathologist was not sure if it is benign or malignant. Indeterminate results occur in about 20% of thyroid biopsies. This is a gray zone and means that the risk of cancer is about 10-30%. These nodules require additional work-up such as a repeat biopsy, molecular marker test, or surgical removal.
Suspicious for Malignancy or Malignant: Results categorized in these two categories are a strong indicator that there is cancer present and usually require surgical removal.
Patients usually wait one week for the cytopathologist to examine the cellular characteristic of the biopsy sample. If your doctor is reassured that it’s benign based on the biopsy result, further work-up is stopped and serial ultrasound surveillance is recommended usually once a year.
Why You Should Learn Medical Spanish
One reason why many people learn medical Spanish is to prepare to work in a medical field. Plenty of jobs require Spanish, including some great ones in the medical field.
Even if a job doesnt require Spanish, there are still economic advantages to learning it. Learning proper medical terms is a good way to work towards better Spanish for business, particularly if youre working in any healthcare or medical field. Learning medical Spanish will definitely open up your job options if youre looking for work in the medical field.
Another reason to learn medical Spanish is to prepare you to assist a Spanish-speaker in a medical emergency. Youre just that good of a person.
Many EMTs dont speak Spanish, and some hospitals and clinics lack sufficient Spanish-speaking staff. While they have professional translators they can call, there isnt always time in an emergency. Being able to pitch in and help with your Spanish skills could literally save a life.
That being said, you could always use your knowledge to become one of those on-call translators, too!
Were sure youll want to learn medical Spanish in order to communicate in a medical emergency abroad. Its not an ideal situation, of course, but something could happen while youre traveling. Hopefully youve followed the advice of Travel + Leisure and prepared ahead of time for this possibility, but learning some medical terms is still good backup.
And weve got the best list to get you started!
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What Are The Symptoms
When thyroid hormone levels are too low, the bodys cells cant get enough thyroid hormone and the bodys processes start slowing down. As the body slows, you may notice that you feel colder, you tire more easily, your skin is getting drier, youre becoming forgetful and depressed, and youve started getting constipated. Because the symptoms are so variable and nonspecific, the only way to know for sure whether you have hypothyroidism is with a simple blood test for TSH.
KEEPING OTHER PEOPLE INFORMED
Tell your family members. Because thyroid disease runs in families, you should explain your hypothyroidism to your relatives and encourage them to get periodic TSH tests. Tell your other doctors and your pharmacist about your hypothyroidism and the drug and dose with which it is being treated. If you start seeing a new doctor, tell the doctor that you have hypothyroidism and you need your TSH tested every year. If you are seeing an endocrinologist, ask that copies of your reports be sent to your primary care doctor.
WHAT CAN YOU EXPECT OVER THE LONG TERM?
There is no cure for hypothyroidism, and most patients have it for life. There are exceptions: many patients with viral thyroiditis have their thyroid function return to normal, as do some patients with thyroiditis after pregnancy.
Who Is At Risk For Hyperthyroidism
You are at higher risk for hyperthyroidism if you
- Are a woman
- Are older than age 60
- Have been pregnant or had a baby within the past 6 months
- Have had thyroid surgery or a thyroid problem, such as goiter
- Have a family history of thyroid disease
- Have pernicious anemia, in which the body cannot make enough healthy red blood cells because it does not have enough vitamin B12
- Have type 1 diabetes or primary adrenal insufficiency, a hormonal disorder
- Get too much iodine, from eating large amounts of foods containing iodine or using iodine-containing medicines or supplements
Niveles De Colesterol Cholesterol Level
|Perfil / Panel de lípidos||Lipid profile / panel|
El colesterol es una sustancia cerosa , parecida a grasa. Las células y los órganos del cuerpo necesitan colesterol para ser saludables. El hígado produce el colesterol que necesitamos. Ciertas comidas como carnes, huevos y productos lácteos también contienen colesterol.
Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance. The bodys cells and organs need cholesterol to be healthy. The liver makes the cholesterol we need. Certain foods such as meats, eggs, and dairy products also contain cholesterol.
La prueba y tipos de colesterol Cholesterol Test and Types:
LDL: lipoproteínas de baja densidad colesterol malo / low density lipoproteins bad cholesterol.
- Riesgo de tener enfermedad del corazón / Risk of heart disease.
- Forma placa en las arterias > obstruye la circulación de sangre a órganos importantes / It forms plaque in the arteries > it obstructs blood circulation to important organs.
- Al corazón puede resultar en un ataque al corazón / To the heart can result in a heart attack.
- Al cerebro puede resultar en un ataque/derrame cerebral / To the brain can result in a stroke.
HDL: lipoproteínas de alta densidad colesterol bueno / high density lipoproteins good cholesterol.
- Ayuda a eliminar el colesterol malo / It helps to eliminate bad cholesterol .
What Are The Symptoms Of Hyperthyroidism
The symptoms of hyperthyroidism can vary from person to person and may include
- Nervousness or irritability
- Imaging tests, such as a thyroid scan, ultrasound, or radioactive iodine uptake test. A radioactive iodine uptake test measures how much radioactive iodine your thyroid takes up from your blood after you swallow a small amount of it.
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Thyroid Molecular Markers Allow Patients To Avoid Surgery
We want to help patients find that perfect balance between under-treatment and over-treatment. The people-gram shows how molecular testing can help patients avoid unnecessary surgery.
Left Path: Before the use of molecular markers, everyone with an indeterminate biopsy went to surgery. Of those who went to surgery, cancer was found in only 25% of those cases . 75% of the surgical patients turned out not to have needed surgery at all because their nodules were benign .
Right Path: Today, if you have an indeterminate biopsy, you also undergo molecular testing.50% of patients were categorized as benign from the molecular test and safely avoided surgery. Of the surgical patients who received a suspicious molecular test result , cancer was found in 50% of those patients .
It is very rare that patients end up having cancer because of a false negative test. Still, it is UCLAs standard of care to have a safety net and follow every patient after molecular testing, regardless of their result. Those patients will get ultrasounds every 12 months to ensure that nodules do not grow or change in appearance.
In This Lesson You Will Learn How To Describe And Discuss The Results Of The Following Tests:
- Blood sugar tests in Spanish
- CBC blood test in Spanish
- Cholesterol test in Spanish
- Thyroid function test in Spanish
Subscribe to our YouTube Channel to see all of our lessons and get the latest videos right away!
1. Prueba A1C A1C Test:
La prueba A1C mide el nivel promedio de azúcar en la sangre de los 2-3 meses anteriores siguiendo estos parámetros:A1C test measures the average blood sugar level for the past 2-3 months according to these parameters:
- Menos de 5.7 por ciento es normal / Less than 5.7 percent is normal.
- Entre 5.7 y 6.4 por ciento es pre-diabetes / Between 5.7 and 6.4 percent is pre-diabetes.
- Más de 6.4 por ciento es diabetes / More than 6.4 percent is diabetes.
2. Azúcar en la sangre en ayunas Fasting Blood Sugar :
Mide el nivel de azúcar en la sangre después de ayunar durante la noche:It measures the blood sugar level after fasting overnight:
- 99 miligramos/decilitro o menos es normal / 99 milligrams/deciliter or less is normal.
- 100-125 mg/dl indica pre-diabetes / 100-125 mg/dl indicates pre-diabetes.
- 126 mg/dl o más indica diabetes / 126 mg/dl or more indicates diabetes.
3. Prueba de tolerancia de glucosa Glucose Tolerance Test:
- 140mg/dl es normal / 140mg/dl is normal.
- 140-199mg/dl indica pre diabetes / 140-199mg/dl indicates pre-diabetes.
- Un resultado más de 200mg/dl indica diabetes / A result over 200mg/dl indicates diabetes.
4. Prueba de azúcar no programada Unscheduled blood sugar test:
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How Do You Say Bok Choy In Spanish
say bok choy in Spanishbok choy
bok choy repollo chino.
Beside above, are bok choi and pak choi the same? Pak choi and bok choy are of the same plant. It comes in the scientific name of Brassica campestris L. Pak choi, or bok choy, is also called pe-tsai, petsay, Chinese white cabbage, and white celery mustard. It is a Chinese cabbage with leafy, green leaves and white stalks.
Beside above, what is another name for bok choy?
Alternate Synonyms for “bok choy“:bok choi pakchoi pak choi Chinese white cabbage Brassica rapa chinensis crucifer cruciferous plant. cabbage chou.
How do you prepare and eat bok choy?
Remember, you can eat bok choy stalks raw with dip or chopped fresh for salads. Otherwise, depending on your recipe, you’ll want to cook it quickly so the stalks stay crisp and the leaves get tender. For stir-frying, add stalks first and green leaves a minute or two later, towards the end of cooking.
How Often Should Ki Be Taken
Taking a stronger dose of KI , or taking KI more often than recommended, does not offer more protection and can cause severe illness or death.
A single dose of KI protects the thyroid gland for 24 hours. A one-time dose at recommended levels is usually all that is needed to protect the thyroid gland.
In some cases, people can be exposed to radioactive iodine for more than 24 hours. If that happens, public health or emergency management officials may tell you to take one dose of KI every 24 hours for a few days.
Avoid repeat dosing with KI for pregnant and breastfeeding women and newborn infants.
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How Is Hypothyroidism Treated
Hypothyroidism cant be cured. But in almost every patient, hypothyroidism can be completely controlled. It is treated by replacing the amount of hormone that your own thyroid can no longer make, to bring your T4 and TSH levels back to normal levels. So even if your thyroid gland cant work right, T4 replacement can restore your bodys thyroid hormone levels and your bodys function. Synthetic thyroxine pills contain hormone exactly like the T4 that the thyroid gland itself makes. All hypothyroid patients except those with severe myxedema can be treated as outpatients, not having to be admitted to the hospital. For the few patients who do not feel completely normal taking a synthetic preparation of T4 alone, the addition of T3 may be of benefit.
SIDE EFFECTS AND COMPLICATIONS.
How Is Hypothyroidism Diagnosed
The correct diagnosis of hypothyroidism depends on the following:
- Symptoms. Hypothyroidism doesnt have any characteristic symptoms. There are no symptoms that people with hypothyroidism always have and many symptoms of hypothyroidism can occur in people with other diseases. One way to help figure out whether your symptoms are due to hypothyroidism is to think about whether youve always had the symptom or whether the symptom is a change from the way you used to feel .
- Medical and family history. You should tell your doctor:
- about changes in your health that suggest that your body is slowing down
- if youve ever had thyroid surgery
- if youve ever had radiation to your neck to treat cancer
- if youre taking any of the medicines that can cause hypothyroidism amiodarone, lithium, interferon alpha, interleukin-2, and maybe thalidomide
- whether any of your family members have thyroid disease..
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What Causes Hyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroidism has several causes. They include
- Grave’s disease, an autoimmune disorder in which your immune system attacks your thyroid and causes it to make too much hormone. This is the most common cause.
- Thyroid nodules, which are growths on your thyroid. They are usually benign . But they may become overactive and make too much thyroid hormone. Thyroid nodules are more common in older adults.
- Thyroiditis, inflammation of the thyroid. It causes stored thyroid hormone to leak out of your thyroid gland.
- Too much iodine. Iodine is found in some medicines, cough syrups, seaweed and seaweed-based supplements. Taking too much of them can cause your thyroid to make too much thyroid hormone.
- Too much thyroid medicine. This can happen if people who take thyroid hormone medicine for hypothyroidism take too much of it.
What Is Hyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroidism, or overactive thyroid, happens when your thyroid gland makes more thyroid hormones than your body needs.
Your thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland in the front of your neck. It makes hormones that control the way the body uses energy. These hormones affect nearly every organ in your body and control many of your body’s most important functions. For example, they affect your breathing, heart rate, weight, digestion, and moods. If not treated, hyperthyroidism can cause serious problems with your heart, bones, muscles, menstrual cycle, and fertility. But there are treatments that can help.
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How Does Ki Work
The thyroid gland cannot tell the difference between stable and radioactive iodine. It will absorb both.
KI blocks radioactive iodine from entering the thyroid. When a person takes KI, the stable iodine in the medicine gets absorbed by the thyroid. Because KI contains so much stable iodine, the thyroid gland becomes full and cannot absorb any more iodineeither stable or radioactivefor the next 24 hours.
KI may not give a person 100% protection against radioactive iodine. Protection will increase depending on three factors.
- Time after contamination: The sooner a person takes KI, the more time the thyroid will have to fill up with stable iodine.
- Absorption: The amount of stable iodine that gets to the thyroid depends on how fast KI is absorbed into the blood.
- Dose of radioactive iodine: Minimizing the total amount of radioactive iodine a person is exposed to will lower the amount of harmful radioactive iodine the thyroid can absorb.
How To Use Euthyrox
Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor, usually once daily on an empty stomach, 30 minutes to 1 hour before breakfast. Take this medication with a full glass of water unless your doctor directs you otherwise.
If you are taking the capsule form of this medication, swallow it whole. Do not split, crush, or chew. People who cannot swallow the capsule whole should use the tablet form of the medication.
For infants or children who cannot swallow whole tablets, crush the tablet and mix in 1 to 2 teaspoons of water, and give using a spoon or dropper right away. Do not prepare a supply in advance or mix the tablet in soy infant formula. Consult your pharmacist for more information.
Dosage is based on your age, weight, medical condition, laboratory test results, and response to treatment.
Use this medication regularly in order to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the same time each day.
Do not stop taking this medication without first consulting with your doctor. Thyroid replacement treatment is usually taken for life.
There are different brands of levothyroxine available. Do not change brands without first consulting your doctor or pharmacist.
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