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Does Thyroid Problems Cause Sore Throat

Getting Familiar With The Thyroid Gland

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Your thyroid gland is a tiny organ that sits in the back of your throat. It looks a bit like a butterfly. Despite its size, the thyroid plays a critical role in pretty much everything your body does. It is responsible for producing a hormone that controls metabolism, a process involving the conversion of food into energy. All living organisms need a functioning metabolism in order to thrive.

Thyroid disease can lead to a wide range of health complications when hormone production is affected. Some conditions cause too little thyroid hormone to be produced this causes a slowdown in metabolism that can result in symptoms such as weight gain, fatigue and depression. Disorders that lead to excessive thyroid hormone have the opposite effect they may cause weight loss, increased heartrate, tremors and more.

Some thyroid diseases have nothing to do with hormone production. Nodules lumps that form on the thyroid gland are rare serious, but if they become too large, they can push up against the windpipe, causing shortness of breath. When the thyroid gland grows too large itself it is termed a goiter this can also lead to trouble breathing and swallowing. Thyroid cancers, though usually benign, can also cause symptoms.

Early Warning Signs Of Thyroid Cancer

The most common early sign of thyroid cancer is an unusual lump, nodule or swelling in the neck. If you notice a new or growing lump, you should see your doctor, who can run additional tests to identify the cause and determine if it is a tumor. Most nodules on the thyroid are usually benign, but it is important to have any unusual growths examined by a health care professional.

Other early warning signs of thyroid cancer include:

  • Fatigue
  • Swollen glands in the neck
  • A cough that persists and is not caused by a cold

Other possible symptoms of thyroid cancer include:

Neck pain: In many cases, neck pain starts in the front. In some cases, the neck pain may extend all the way to the ears.

Voice changes: Experiencing hoarseness or other voice changes that do not go away could be a sign of thyroid cancer.

Breathing problems: Sometimes thyroid cancer patients say it feels like they are breathing through a straw. This breathing difficulty is often a symptom of the disease.

Trouble swallowing: A growth or nodule on the thyroid gland may interfere with swallowing.

Burning Mouth Syndrome

Some thyroid patients, especially women in middle age or in menopause, develop Burning Mouth Syndrome, or BMS. As the name suggests, BMS is characterized by a burning sensation on the tongue or the lips or involving the whole mouth. It may be accompanied by a bitter or metallic taste. Treatment for thyroid disease can improve the symptoms of BMS.

Dry Mouth

Can Thyroid Cause Sore Throat

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Diagnosing Cancer Of The Thyroid

As these symptoms may indicate a less serious condition, for examplea bacterial throat infection it can bedifficult to determine if this is the case or if you have signs of possiblethyroid cancer.

But if you have a particular symptomsuch as noisy breathing , lumps in your throator a single lump which keeps increasing in size then you will be referredto a specialist.

Your GP will examine you, ask you aboutyour medical history and any inherited diseases or family history. He/shecan conduct a blood test with the aim of checking your thyroid levelsalthough this may be done at the hospital.

He or she will refer you to a specialistif you exhibit any of the symptoms mentioned above and:

  • If you are aged 65 and overor are a child .
  • Your voice has changed orbecome hoarseness for which there is no obvious reason.
  • The lump in your thyroidgland keeps on growing
  • There is a history of thyroidcancer within your family
  • You have undergone radiotherapyto your neck as a part of a previous treatment.

These all require further investigation.

Once you have been referred to a specialistyou will undergo a battery of tests at the hospital. These will includeX-rays, an ultrasound scan, a biopsy and blood tests. The blood testswill include checking your thyroid levels if this has not been doneat your GPs surgery.

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Types Of Subacute Thyroiditis

Sore Throat

There are four different subtypes of subacute thyroiditis:

Subacute granulomatous thyroiditis: Thisis the most common type of subacute thyroiditis. Its mostly caused by viral infections.

Postpartum thyroiditis: This occurs in women within one year after giving birth, and usually goes away within 18 months. Women who develop this form of thyroiditis are thought to have an underlying autoimmune disease that causes the inflammation. Symptoms occur in two phases, starting with hyperthyroid symptoms and moving to hypothyroid symptoms.

Subacute lymphocytic thyroiditis: This also occurs during the postpartum period. Hyperthyroid symptoms develop earlier , and hypothyroid symptoms can last for several months after.

Palpation thyroiditis: This develops when thyroid follicles are damaged from mechanical manipulation such as repeated examination of the thyroid gland or surgery.

All of the subtypes of subacute thyroiditis follow a similar course of symptoms, with hyperthyroid developing first. The key differences are the causes.

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That Lump Feeling In Your Throat Sometimes Isnt Just A Feeling It Could Be Cancer Acid Reflux Anxiety And Not So Surprisingly Low Or Underactive Thyroid

When the thyroid gland is not producing enough thyroid hormone, it is called hypothyroidism, says Gene Liu, MD, MMM, President, Chair, Department of Surgery Chief, Division of Otolaryngology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Group.

Patients who are hypothyroid can have a feeling of a lump on the throat, or globus sensation about a third of the time, and is highly dependent on the reason for the hypothyroidism, continues Dr. Liu.

Many hypothyroid patients have underlying inflammation from autoimmune thyroid disease, post-viral episodes or other types of thyroiditis. And this inflammation in the neck can cause the globus sensation.

How well your thyroid is functioning can be determined by a blood test. If you have an underactive thyroid gland, this does not always mean weight gain.

In fact, low thyroid can cause a menagerie of symptoms that most people would never associate with poor function of this so-called master gland.

Yes, it can cause some weight gain, but often, there is none. Instead, an affected individual might have a completely different batch of symptoms other than the ones that get the most media attention, which are weight gain, hair loss or thinning hair, feeling cold when nobody else does and fatigue.

What Other Health Problems Could I Have Because Of Hyperthyroidism

If hyperthyroidism isnt treated, it can cause some serious health problems, including

  • an irregular heartbeat that can lead to blood clots, stroke, heart failure, and other heart-related problems
  • an eye disease called Graves ophthalmopathy that can cause double vision, light sensitivity, and eye pain, and rarely can lead to vision loss
  • thinning bones and osteoporosis

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Changes To Other Hormone Systems In The Body

A recurring theme in this post is how thyroid hormone impacts many other hormone systems in your body.

In this section I want to outline the specific hormones and how thyroid hormone impacts them :

  • Testosterone – Low thyroid hormone makes testosterone levels lower than normal resulting in weight gain, depression and a reduction in metabolism.
  • Insulin – Low thyroid hormone results in insulin resistance which exacerbates weight gain and makes weight loss difficult.
  • Leptin – Low thyroid hormone results in leptin resistance which alters basal metabolic rate and increases appetite dramatically.
  • Cortisol – Low thyroid hormone results in higher than normal cortisol levels and therefore low energy levels.
  • Progesterone – Low thyroid hormone results in low progesterone which leads to imbalances in the estrogen/progesterone ratio and may cause estrogen dominant conditions and symptoms.

The main point here is that these other hormone imbalances are a RESULT of low thyroid hormone in the body and simply taking thyroid hormone may not be enough to completely reverse these conditions.

These hormone imbalances may, in part, explain why so many hypothyroid patients still have difficulty with weight loss and low energy levels despite taking thyroid hormone.

Chronic Pain Or Muscle Tenderness

What causes a persistent sore throat and when should it be investigated?

This is a symptom that many patients may not be aware that is connected to low thyroid states.

And it works like this:

In your body ATP is required for muscle RELAXATION, not muscle contraction.

So your muscles have the ability to contract with or without sufficient energy, but they need ATP to relax and go back to normal.

In lower than normal energy states some muscles can become contracted, even in small places, resulting in “trigger points” or “balls of muscle tension”.

These areas are very sensitive to the touch, and cause extreme pain when pressed on.

Providing thyroid hormones allows the body to produce enough energy in the form of ATP to relax these tense muscles which can result in a reduction in whole body pain and muscular tension.

Through this connection, it has even been suggested that some cases of fibromyalgia are caused by a condition known as tissue level hypothyroidism .

The treatment for this condition is, of course, to replace thyroid hormone in the body and to get rid of the trigger points through various means.

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What Is Graves Disease

Graves disease is the name given to autoimmune thyroid disease. The thyroid gland is stimulated by auto-, which make it overactive, resulting in increased thyroid hormone production. Graves disease is named after the doctor who first described it, Robert Graves, and is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism.

Changes In Mood Including Depression Or Anxiety

There is a very big connection between alterations in thyroid hormone in the body and changes in neurological function.

Most commonly this manifests as depression in low thyroid states.

The exact reason for this isn’t well understood, but the connection between is very clear .

Because of this connection, many studies show that augmenting standard treatment with thyroid hormone has been shown to reduce depression significantly.

In other studies adding T3 to patients with bipolar disorder has been shown to reduce symptoms in up to 80% of patients .

Surprisingly these patients didn’t have very many negative side effects.

Other studies have shown that up to 50% of patients with depression improve significantly when adding as much as 500mcg of T4 to their regimen each day.

Despite being on such high doses of thyroid medication these patients did not have negative side effects.

The point is that many cases of depression may actually be caused by hypothyroidism or subclinical hypothyroidism that are being misdiagnosed as depression.

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Too Much Thyroid Hormone Medicine

Some people who take thyroid hormone medicine for hypothyroidism may take too much. If you take thyroid hormone medicine, you should see your doctor at least once a year to have your thyroid hormone levels checked. You may need to adjust your dose if your thyroid hormone level is too high.

Some other medicines may also interact with thyroid hormone medicine to raise hormone levels. If you take thyroid hormone medicine, ask your doctor about interactions when starting new medicines.

What Happens After This

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Once you have had these tests you thenhave to wait for a short period of time around a week or sountil your results are ready.

We realise that this is a stressfuland nerve wracking time which can be eased by talking to someone closeto you. It may help to talk to a close friend or member of your familyor if you prefer, a counsellor or someone at a cancer support group.

The waiting is often the worst partbut having someone with you can help.

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Symptoms Of Thyroid Disease

There are many possible symptoms of thyroid disease, depending on the exact problem. Not everybody with thyroid disease experiences all of the following, but these are some of the more common symptoms that just might surprise you:

As impressive as that list was, its not even close to complete. People with thyroid disease in Goodyear might experience hoarseness, mood swings, constipation, infertility, improperbody temperature regulation, weak muscles, headache, vertigo, pain and pressure in the eyes, peripheral neuropathy, depression and wounds that take a long time to heal.

If youve got additional questions about thyroid disease or would like to know more about its symptoms, reach out to your Goodyear ENT for more information.

What Is The Connection Between The Thyroid And Neck Pain

The thyroid is a gland in the front of a persons neck that develops hormones which regulate blood pressure, body temperature, heart rate, and the amount of time it takes for energy to be produced from food. A connection between the thyroid and neck pain is commonly caused by a few different thyroid conditions. Pain in a persons neck may be associated with Hashimotos disease, goiter, and cancer.

Hypothyroidism is a disorder that develops because of a lack of thyroid hormone. It is usually associated with symptoms like depression, weight gain, hair loss, fatigue, intolerance to cold, constipation, impaired memory, and blurred vision. Hashimoto thyroiditis, or Hashimotos disease, is an autoimmune condition that commonly causes hypothyroidism. The symptoms of this disease are often the same as hypothyroidism, but may be accompanied by an enlarged thyroid and neck pain.

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Is Graves Disease Inherited

Graves disease is not inherited. However, it has been seen to affect members of the same family. An identical twin is more likely to have Graves disease if the other twin is affected. Although there is a tendency for autoimmunity to be inherited, a mother cannot pass on an overactive thyroid to her child.

Talking To Your Dentist

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If you have thyroid disease, it is important to get regular dental checkups and to talk to your dentist about your thyroid problem. Medications associated with secondary conditions of thyroid disease, such as heart problems, may affect the way you respond to anesthesia and may impact how your blood clots. Your dentist needs to know about these risks before performing any procedures. Likewise, when your dentist is aware of your thyroid disease, they can become a partner in helping you manage it. Hormone imbalance symptoms can be obvious to them when they are examining you, and they can alert you when it seems like you need to pay a visit to your primary care doctor to have your thyroid-hormone levels checked.

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What Are Early Warning Signs Of Thyroid Problems 15 Signs It May Be Time To Get Thyroid Testing

At the Medical Transformation Center in Louisville, Kentucky, we know that thyroid disorders are common, and we offer thyroid testing to help combat the concern. Statistically, about 12% of people will experience some form of thyroid disorder in their life, and getting it treated is the key to feeling like yourself again. Knowing the early signs of thyroid problems could be a great help to treat it.

Can Thyroid Cause Neck And Shoulder Pain

4.8/5hypothyroidism canproblemshypothyroidismshoulderspainthe answer

The most obvious symptom of subacute thyroiditis is pain in the neck caused by a swollen and inflamed thyroid gland. Sometimes, the pain can spread to the jaw or ears. Other symptoms include: Tenderness when gentle pressure is applied to the thyroid gland.

Furthermore, can hypothyroidism cause inflammation in the body? The condition causes the immune system to attack the thyroid gland, leading to inflammation and interfering with its ability to produce thyroid hormones.

In this manner, can thyroid nodules cause neck and shoulder pain?

Most thyroid nodules do not cause symptoms. However, most thyroid nodules, including those that cancerous, are actually non-functioning, meaning tests like TSH are normal. Rarely, patients with thyroid nodules may complain of pain in the neck, jaw, or ear.

What are the early signs and symptoms of thyroid cancer?

Thyroid cancer can cause any of the following signs or symptoms:

  • A lump in the neck, sometimes growing quickly.
  • Swelling in the neck.
  • Pain in the front of the neck, sometimes going up to the ears.
  • Hoarseness or other voice changes that do not go away.
  • Trouble swallowing.

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How Are They Diagnosed

If your doctor thinks you have a nodule, he or she will do a physical exam and will ask you if you have symptoms or about any changes in how you’ve been feeling.

You may have tests to see how well your thyroid is working. Possible tests include:

  • A blood test to check the level of thyroid hormone in your body.
  • A thyroid scan to get information about your thyroid gland and nodules. Another test called an uptake scan can be done at the same time to see how well your thyroid gland is working.
  • A thyroid ultrasound to see the number and size of nodules.

You may have a fine-needle aspiration to remove a small amount of material from the nodule to check for cancer.

If your nodule is not cancerous, your doctor will see you regularly to monitor the size of your nodule.

How Is Subacute Thyroiditis Treated

How Strep Throat Is Treated

If youre diagnosed with subacute thyroiditis, your doctor will give you medications to help reduce the pain and control inflammation. In some cases, this is the only treatment required for subacute thyroiditis. Possible medications include:

  • Over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs . Medications like aspirin and ibuprofen work by reducing inflammation. As a result, you will experience less pain. Acetaminophen is not as effective because it doesnt reduce the inflammation thyroiditis causes.
  • Corticosteroids. Corticosteroids are used when NSAIDs arent enough to reduce swelling. Prednisone is a common corticosteroid used to treat subacute thyroiditis. Your doctor may prescribe 15 to 30 milligrams per day to start, and then slowly decrease the dosage over three to four weeks.
  • Beta-blockers. Your doctor may prescribe beta-blockers if hyperthyroidism is present in the early stages. These medications lower blood pressure and pulse rate to relieve certain symptoms, including anxiety and an irregular heartbeat.

Treatment for hyperthyroidism is important at the beginning of the disease. However, it will not be helpful once your condition progresses into the second phase. During the later stages of the disease, youll develop hypothyroidism. Youll probably need to take hormones such as levothyroxine to replace the ones that your body isnt producing.

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