Monday, June 27, 2022
HomeFactsCan Your Thyroid Go From Overactive To Underactive

Can Your Thyroid Go From Overactive To Underactive

Different Types Of Thyroid Disorders

Hyper-Hypo Thyroid, Whatâs the Diff?

There are many types of thyroid problems:

  • Problems with the function of the thyroid The thyroid gland can make too much or not enough thyroid hormones.
  • Problems with the structure of the thyroid Nodules can develop in the thyroid. Most of those nodules are benign, but a small percentage can be thyroid cancer.
  • A link between problems with thyroid function and problems with thyroid structure

What Does Your Thyroid Do

The easier question to answer is, what doesnt the thyroid do? Your thyroid secretes hormones that regulate pretty much everything your body does, like:

  • Menstrual cycles
  • Brain function
  • Metabolism

Those are only a few of them. A complete list of everything the thyroid does would have you scrolling for days. Thats why its so crucial that it works, and why it can ruin your life if it doesnt. Too little thyroid hormone and it feels like your whole body is asleep and youre carrying a sack of rocks on your back. Too much, and you feel panicky and turbocharged, not in a good way.

Signs Your Thyroid Isn’t Working Right

Thyroid hormones affect everything from your brain to your bowels.

At least 30 million Americans have a thyroid disorder and half15 millionare silent sufferers who are undiagnosed, according to The American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists. Women are as much as 10 times as likely as men to have a thyroid problem, says integrative medicine specialist Robin Miller, MD, co-author of The Smart Woman’s Guide to MidLife & Beyond.

Located above the Adam’s apple, your thyroid produces thyroid hormone , which regulates, among other things, your body’s temperature, metabolism, and heartbeat. Things can start to go wrong when your thyroid is under- or over-active. If it’s sluggish, it produces too little TH amped-up and it produces too much. What causes your thyroid to go haywire? It could be genetics, an autoimmune attack, pregnancy, stress, nutritional deficiencies, or toxins in the environment, but experts aren’t entirely sure. Because of thyroid hormones far reach in the bodyfrom brain to bowelsdiagnosing a disorder can be challenging. Here’s how to tell if your thyroid could be on the blink.

Too little thyroid hormone coursing through your bloodstream and cells means your muscles aren’t getting that get-going signal.

“Fatigue is the number one symptom I see,” says Dr. Miller. “It’s the kind of fatigue where you’re still tired in the morning after a full night’s sleepthat’s a clue that you’re not simply sleep deprived your thyroid may be underactive.”

Don’t Miss: Does Graves Disease Go Away After Thyroid Removed

In People Without Known Thyroid Disease

A high TSH in people who are not undergoing thyroid disease treatment usually indicates the presence of primary hypothyroidism.

This is by far the most common form of hypothyroidism, and it occurs because the thyroid gland produces an inadequate amount of thyroid hormones. The pituitary gland senses these low levels and increases the production of TSH.

An elevated TSH may also occur with normal thyroid function due to the presence of antibodies, proteins made by the immune system.

Your Digestion Is Out Of Order

9 Signs Of Thyroid Problems

While constipation might be a sign of a lack of hormones, diarrhea might occur with an excess amount of hormones.

Digestion is tightly connected to the immune system, but that doesnt always mean insufficient hormone levels are the reason for your current digestive issues.

Problems with digestion could be because your immune system is reacting to your diet, stress, or a lack of vitamin D. Whatever it is, if your gut is upset, the medication you take will not be absorbed properly. This means less of it will end up in your bloodstream and be available to the different organs, which causes more symptoms of hypothyroidism.

Also Check: Thyroid Hormone Resistance Treatment

T3 And T4 Interpretations

For diagnostic purposes, a low T3 value accompanied by a high TSH value is considered evidence of hypothyroidism. By contrast, a low TSH value accompanied by a high T3 value is considered evidence of hyperthyroidism.

How To Treat Thyroid Problems

Now that you know more about the problems that indicate thyroid problems, what should you do? Of course, the first thing you should do is ask your doctor about your symptoms. Depending on your symptoms, you may have another condition that needs to be treated.

However, if you are experiencing several of these symptoms at a time, you most likely have a thyroid condition.

Before you start receiving treatments, first youll need to work with your doctor to get tested. Typically this will include blood tests to check the levels of T4 and T3 in your blood. When the tests come back, your doctor will help you know that to do next.

Usually, treatments include hormone replacement therapy. Iodine supplements may be prescribed in order to treat goiters.

However, if your symptoms are severe, it can be a sign of thyroid cancer. In which case youll need to visit a thyroid surgeon to remove the cancerous cells. Chemotherapy and radiation oncology are also viable options.

Don’t Miss: Is Apple Cider Vinegar Good For Your Thyroid

Final Thoughts + Your Next Steps

The bottom line?

An overactive thyroid is a potentially serious disease that results from too much thyroid hormone production in your body.

This production is usually caused by an autoimmune disease such as Graves’ disease, but it can also be caused by other less common conditions as well.

Occasionally, some patients may experience transient bouts of an overactive thyroid with disease states such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.

It’s important to identify an overactive thyroid so that you can undergo proper treatment to prevent long-term damage to your heart and bones.

Natural therapies for hyperthyroidism may work for some people, but be careful when using these therapies.

If you suspect you have an overactive thyroid your next step should be to consult with your physician and get some basic thyroid labs.

Labs such as your TSH, Free T3, and Free T4 can easily identify hyperthyroidism in the majority of patients.

Now I want to hear from you:

Are you suffering from the symptoms of an overactive thyroid?

Do you have a diagnosis of Graves’ disease or hyperthyroidism?

Are you undergoing treatment and suffering from weight gain?

Leave your comments below!

Following A Much Publicized Health Scare And Time Off To Get Her Hyperthroid Disease Under Control The Talk Show Host Who Is Known For Her Signature How Ya Doin Greeting Has Only One Request Of Her Fans: Please Dont Ask Her How Shes Doing Shes Fine

The Thyroid Trust: Common Overactive & Underactive Thyroid Symptoms & Complications.

After a three-week medically mandated hiatus, to deal with her out of control hyperthyroidism, and diagnosis of Graves disease, Wendy Williams triumphantly returned to the Manhattan studio of her eponymous talk show to a standing ovation from an audience full of loyal fans. During that show, with guest Mehmet Oz, MD, Williams, who had been diagnosed with hyperthyroidism and Graves disease in 1999, explained what led up to her forced vacation.

Even though she hadnt been feeling like herself for months, shed canceled two or three appointments with her endocrinologist. Ignoring her body’s SOS, which was trying to warn her that her thyroid hormone levels were off the rails.

Wendy Williams is feeling great now that her hyperthyroid condition is back in check.

I was a mess, she said echoing what shed told her audience when she announced that her doctor had insisted that she step away from her show for three weeks. My thyroid has been totally catawampus, she said. She ticked off other symptoms shed been experiencing: irritability, anxiety, sleep troubles, and unplanned weight loss. She felt very out of sorts like there are birds swimming around my headyou know like cartoon, she said. And she explained as she has before, that Graves disease was the reason for her bulging eyes. Known as exophthalmos in medical parlance, this eye condition can be a telltale sign of this thyroid condition. Scary stare is how Williams describes it.

You May Like: Is Apple Cider Vinegar Good For Hyperthyroidism

Symptoms Of Hypothyroidism Versus Hyperthyroidism

With hypothyroidism, your whole metabolism slows down the heart rate is slower than normal, the intestinal tract becomes sluggish, and there is less heat production, says an endocrinologist at the Cleveland Clinic who specializes in thyroid disorders.

As a result of an underactive thyroid you may experience:

  • Fatigue
  • Swelling in the front of the neck

The weight gain that often accompanies hypothyroidism is a funny thing, Dr. Skugor notes. If a person with underactive thyroid can force him- or herself to maintain a normal activity level, he or she may only gain a few pounds, he says. But some people with hypothyroidism feel so tired they stop exercising, sleep more, and change their routine, which causes more weight gain.

In contrast, with an overactive thyroid, all body functions tend to speed up. Think of it as a racing car engine. People with hyperthyroidism will have symptoms of a fast metabolism, Skugor says.

As a result of an overactive thyroid you may experience:

  • Feeling hot
  • Menstrual problems
  • Fatigue

Its important to note that weight loss associated with overactive thyroid is not happy weight loss, Skugor explains. It is associated with muscle weakness and constant fatigue, so it isnt something you want.

Its also important to consider the other major differences between hypo- and hyperthyroidism. These include difference in risk factors, diagnosis, and overall outlook.

When Tsh Alone Is Not Enough

During diagnosis, most doctors use the TSH test to evaluate thyroid function and determine the optimal course of treatment. There are times, however, when knowing one’s TSH may be insufficient.

For instance, free T4 in addition to TSH is usually tested if a doctor suspects thyroid dysfunction due to disease of the pituitary gland or hypothalamus.

Likewise, if the TSH is normal, but a person still has symptoms of being hyperthyroid or hypothyroid, free T4 may be checked.

TSH is also not necessarily sufficient to monitor hypothyroidism during pregnancy T4 and free T4 are often recommended.

Depending on the clinical situation, other thyroid tests that may be done include triiodothyronine , free T3, reverse T3, and thyroid antibody tests.

You May Like: Can Hypothyroidism Cause Eye Floaters

Do You Have Hypothyroidism Look At Your Hands

Our fingernails say so much about our health. It is mind-blowing when you look at the references listed at the bottom of this article the number of conditions of the nails associated with hypothyroidism including Alunula , Onychorrhexis , Beaus Lines , Koilonychia , Onycholysis , Pterygium Unguis , Onychomycosis , Yellow Nail Syndrome, brittleness, slow growth, and thickening.

I first heard Dr. Peter Osborne describe the following common symptoms of hypothyroidism he notices in his patients nails and it got my mind racing. I dove into studies and books to figure out how low thyroid can affect even our nails. What the heck! Not even one part of our body is safe from hypothyroidism.

Key Points About Postpartum Thyroiditis

  • Postpartum thyroiditis happens when a womans thyroid becomes inflamed after having a baby. It may first cause the thyroid to be overactive. But in time it can lead to an underactive thyroid.
  • Experts dont know what causes this condition.
  • You are more likely to get it if you had antithyroid antibodies before pregnancy. Other risk factors include having type 1 diabetes or a history of thyroid problems.
  • A blood test can often tell if you have an overactive or underactive thyroid.
  • Treatment is based on how severe your symptoms are.

Also Check: Is Apple Cider Vinegar Good For Your Thyroid

What Happens With Thyroid Problems

The thyroid gland is responsible for producing and secreting the thyroid hormones. There are two such hormones known as thyroxine and triiodothyronine . These hormones act on all cells throught the body and stimulates metabolic activity. Under the influence of T4 and T3, the cells produce more energy by consuming available nutrients.

Whats Special About University Of Michigans Treatment Of Graves Disease

UM is one of the few places in the country that has a multidisciplinary group dedicated to the treatment of patients with Graves disease. UMs multidisciplinary group consists of endocrinologists, endocrine surgeons, ophthalmologists, nuclear medicine physicians, rheumatologists and psychiatric professionals. Our group sees Graves disease patients from around the country and is involved with one of the most well-known national organizations concentrating on helping patients and families coping with Graves disease and Graves eye disease. Our group routinely publishes papers with new research results on Graves disease.

The ophthalmologists in our group specialize in the treatment of Graves eye disease which can require complex management. Most ophthalmologists have little experience treating patients with Graves disease and Graves eye disease. For those patients with Graves eye disease, it is the severity of the eye disease which drives the selection of the type of treatment for hyperthyroidism if these two problems occur together.

While those patients with no Graves eye disease or only mild eye disease may be candidates for any of the three types of treatments for hyperthyroidism, those who have moderate to severe eye disease are often referred for surgical thyroidectomy as RAI has a higher chance of worsening the eye disease than surgery does.

You May Like: Is Apple Cider Vinegar Good For Your Thyroid

How Can I Treat A Thyroid Imbalance

Dr. Tates holistic approach to healthcare treats your imbalanced thyroid as an essential part of the entire body rather than an isolated concern. She works to understand the root cause of the imbalance to ensure you receive the best care.

At Grassroots Healthcare, we work to recommend a course of treatment that alleviates symptoms while improving the health of your thyroid. Depending on your symptoms, test results, and health history, Dr. Tate may recommend nutritional supplements, a healthy eating plan, medications, and changes to your lifestyle.

If youre experiencing symptoms of an imbalanced thyroid, the caring team at Grassroots Healthcare in Tulsa, Oklahoma, can help. Schedule your appointment today by visiting us here.

You Might Also Enjoy

What Causes Hyperthyroidism

Causes of Underactive Thyroid

Hyperthyroidism has several causes. They include

  • Grave’s disease, an autoimmune disorder in which your immune system attacks your thyroid and causes it to make too much hormone. This is the most common cause.
  • Thyroid nodules, which are growths on your thyroid. They are usually benign . But they may become overactive and make too much thyroid hormone. Thyroid nodules are more common in older adults.
  • Thyroiditis, inflammation of the thyroid. It causes stored thyroid hormone to leak out of your thyroid gland.
  • Too much iodine. Iodine is found in some medicines, cough syrups, seaweed and seaweed-based supplements. Taking too much of them can cause your thyroid to make too much thyroid hormone.
  • Too much thyroid medicine. This can happen if people who take thyroid hormone medicine for hypothyroidism take too much of it.

Also Check: Can You Take Collagen With Thyroid Medicine

Changes In Body Weight

Another sign of thyroid problems is a change in body weight. As the metabolic rate drops in hypothyroidism, less calories are burned for energy. Without a reduction in calorie intake there is usually moderate weight gain. On the other hand with hyperthyroidism there is unintentional weight loss as the body burns more calories to produce energy. A related change in calorie intake may not cause a significant shift in body weight.

Signs Of Thyroid Problems

Posted by Dr. Chris

There are a number of different thyroid problems which most of the time are just referred to as an underactive or overactive thyroid. The medical term for underactivity of the thyroid gland is known as hypothyroidism whereas overactivity is known as hyperthyroidism. These are not single conditions. There are many conditions that may be lead to hypothyroidism just as there are many conditions that can result in hyperthyroidism.

Also Check: Does Graves Disease Go Away After Thyroid Removed

Causes: Pituitary Gland Problems

Thyroid disease may begin in the pituitary gland. The pituitary is located at the base of your brain. It controls the functions of many other glands in the body, including the thyroid. This gland produces TSH, which signals the thyroid gland to make thyroid hormones.

If there is a problem with your pituitary and not enough TSH is produced, thyroid problems can result. Inflammation of the thyroid and taking certain medications can also cause low thyroid hormone levels.

Low Thyroid & High Cholesterol

Hyperthyroidism: Signs Your Thyroid is in Overdrive

One measurement of thyroid function is a hormone called thyroid-stimulating hormone . Made by a small gland at the base of the brain called the pituitary, TSH tells your thyroid how hard to work.

High TSH levels mean you have an underactive thyroid. Symptoms include:

  • Fatigue
  • Weight gain
  • Slow heart rate

Studies show that people with high TSH levels have much higher total cholesterol and LDL levels than people with normal thyroid tests.

Any of these can be fatal.

High cholesterol raises heart disease and stroke risk even more.

Read Also: Will Graves Disease Go Away

How Are Hyperthyroidism And Hypothyroidism Treated

The treatment of hyperthyroidism starts with symptoms. Beta blockers such as propranolol , atenolol , metoprolol , and nadolol are commonly prescribed to help with symptoms. These drugs can slow heart rate, decrease tremors, and improve irritability.

Other treatments depend on the cause of hyperthyroidism. Options include methimazole , which is considered an antithyroid drug because it blocks new hormone production. It is a nonsurgical option if you have Graves disease. However, if youre in your first trimester of pregnancy, you might receive propylthiouracil instead due to risks to the fetus. Propylthiouracil can lower how much hormone your thyroid produces.

If medication doesnt work or if hyperthyroidism is due to other causes, other options include destroying the thyroid cells with radioactive iodine or removing the gland with surgery.

Hypothyroidism is commonly treated with supplemental thyroid hormone. The synthetic version is called L-thyroxine or levothyroxine . Levothyroxine is prescribed more commonly than the old treatment called desiccated thyroid extract, which comes from animals.

Levothyroxine is usually taken first thing in the morning on an empty stomach. Your doctor will select a dose based on your age and weight, then monitor your TSH periodically to see if it needs to be adjusted. The goal is to get your TSH back in the normal range and improve your symptoms.


Popular Articles