Acute Or Infectious Thyroiditis
Acute or infectious thyroiditis is usually caused by a bacterial infection. It’s rare and associated with a weakened immune system or, in children, a problem;with the development of the thyroid.
Symptoms may include pain in the throat, feeling generally unwell, swelling of the thyroid gland and, sometimes,;symptoms of an overactive thyroid gland or symptoms of an underactive thyroid gland.
Symptoms usually get better when the infection is treated with;antibiotics.
Thyroid pain can be managed with painkillers like ibuprofen.
If symptoms are severe with signs of infection an ultrasound scan of the thyroid may be needed to check for other problems.
Children usually need an operation to remove the abnormal part of the thyroid.
Page last reviewed: 24 September 2020 Next review due: 24 September 2023
What Causes Thyroid Disease
The two main types of thyroid disease are hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Both conditions can be caused by other diseases that impact the way the thyroid gland works.
Conditions that can cause hypothyroidism include:
- Thyroiditis: This condition is an inflammation of the thyroid gland. Thyroiditis can lower the amount of hormones your thyroid produces.
- Hashimotos thyroiditis: A painless disease, Hashimotos thyroiditis is an autoimmune condition where the bodys cells attack and damage the thyroid. This is an inherited condition.
- Postpartum thyroiditis: This condition occurs in 5% to 9% of women after childbirth. Its usually a temporary condition.
- Iodine deficiency: Iodine is used by the thyroid to produce hormones. An iodine deficiency is an issue that affects several million people around the world..
- A non-functioning thyroid gland: Sometimes, the thyroid gland doesnt work correctly from birth. This affects about 1 in 4,000 newborns. If left untreated, the child could have both physical and mental issues in the future. All newborns are given a screening blood test in the hospital to check their thyroid function.
Conditions that can cause hyperthyroidism include:
How Is Thyroid Disease Treated
Your healthcare providers goal is to return your thyroid hormone levels to normal. This can be done in a variety of ways and each specific treatment will depend on the cause of your thyroid condition.
If you have high levels of thyroid hormones , treatment options can include:
- Anti-thyroid drugs : These are medications that stop your thyroid from making hormones.
- Radioactive iodine: This treatment damages the cells of your thyroid, preventing it from making high levels of thyroid hormones.
- Beta blockers: These medications dont change the amount of hormones in your body, but they help control your symptoms.
- Surgery: A more permanent form of treatment, your healthcare provider may surgically remove your thyroid . This will stop it from creating hormones. However, you will need to take thyroid replacement hormones for the rest of your life.
If you have low levels of thyroid hormones , the main treatment option is:
- Thyroid replacement medication: This drug is a synthetic way to add thyroid hormones back into your body. One drug thats commonly used is called levothyroxine. By using a medication, you can control thyroid disease and live a normal life.
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Oral Manifestations Of Hyperthyroidism
The oral manifestations of thyrotoxicosis, includes increased susceptibility to caries, periodontal disease, enlargement of extraglandular thyroid tissue , maxillary or mandibular osteoporosis, accelerated dental eruption and burning mouth syndrome.
Burning mouth syndrome, a condition that causes a burning pain in the mouth, and Sjogren’s syndrome, a condition that causes dry mouth, are more common in people with thyroid disease.
In Graves disease, on extra-oral examination the thyroid may be enlarged or noticeably palpable. The enlarged gland may be more visually noticeable when the patient is in a supine position in the dental chair. But in more severely enlarged thyroids, the bulge in the neck is noticeable even when the patient is sitting upright or standing.
Trigger #4: Amalgam Fillings
Amalgam fillings, called silver fillings, contain 50% of mercury by weight. They also contain small amounts of silver, tin, copper, and zinc. Amalgams are a major source of mercury exposure in the general population, accounting for two-thirds of human mercury exposure.
Mercury is continuously released from the fillingsevery time a person chewsas mercury vapor is not a chemically stable compound. Rates of absorbed mercury from amalgam fillings range from 9 to 17 mcg/d, with an uptake estimate of 12 mcg/d.
Research has shown that mercury from amalgams does accumulate in thyroid tissue. The more mercury fillings a person had, the higher amount of mercury was deposited in their thyroid gland.
Symptoms may include digestive issues, joint pain, fatigue, brain fog/trouble concentrating, and hair loss. Many of the symptoms related to mercury exposure overlap with those seen in Hashimotos.
Recommended Treatment Plan:
If you have Hashimotos and amalgam fillings, I encourage you to have the;MELISA test. This test can detect hypersensitivity to metals and environmental toxins and help you determine whether removing your fillings should be a priority.
If you do need to have your amalgam filling removed, its critical that you have them removed safely. When done improperly, the process can cause you to breathe in additional, possibly large doses of mercury vapora big problem if you have the MTHFR gene mutation and intestinal permeability .
- rubber dams
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Getting Better Dental Care
Ive mentioned the term biological dentistry here a few times, and I want to give you a better understanding of what this is exactly because I truly believe it to be a safer way to maintain a healthy mouthsomething weve established is important to your overall healthespecially if you have Hashimotos or other autoimmune disease.
Biological dentistry is a branch of dentistry that looks at the connection between oral care and the health status of the rest of the body. While most traditional dentists focus only on rescue care rather than prevention, biological dentists try to prevent health problems that may originate from exposure to certain procedures and materials.
Biological dentists have advanced training in using biocompatible materials in dental procedures and in the removal of amalgam fillings .
To find a biological dentist in your area, visit the International Academy of Oral Medicine & Toxicologys website at www.iaomt.org for a listing. If you find a dentist in your area, I suggest you call and interview the biological dentist in advance of scheduling an appointment. Here are the questions you should ask:
- Do you use a thyroid shield for X-rays?
- Do you use a rubber dam for removing mercury fillings?
- Do you perform the MELISA test?
Hypothyroidism: Potential Symptoms And Causes Of An Underactive Thyroid Gland
Hypothyroidism is a thyroid disease that affects people globally. Two- to three-percent of Americans have hypothyroidism; 10-15% mild hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism affects women more than men. The thyroid gland is located in the neck and secretes hormones into the blood, which are then carried into the bodys tissues. The thyroid gland mainly produces a hormone called thyroxine , which is then converted by each of the bodys organs to the active form triiodothyronine . They both work to keep the bodys organs functioning properly. Thyroid hormone is important for regulation of body temperature, heart rate, blood pressure, and metabolism.
Underactive ThyroidHypothyroidism is a disease where the person affected has an under-functioning thyroid. When you have hypothyroidism, certain body functions slow down and may lead to fatigue, dry skin, and memory problems. Hypothyroidism is diagnosed with a blood test. ;You may experience a variety of symptomssome resembling other health issues. Some symptoms you might be aware of and some you may not notice at all. ;
The most common and noticeable symptoms may include:
- Loss of energy, fatigue
- Feeling pins and needles in hands and feet
- Heavier or worsening menstrual periods and cramps
- Growth delay
More severe symptoms associated with hypothyroidism may include:
- Slow than normal heart rate
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
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What You Can Do At Home: Recommended Self
Of course, one of the most vital factors in maintaining healthy gums, teeth, and mouth is our own self-care practices. Some consistent, focused effort here can minimize the need for invasive dental work and reduce inflammation.
Lets look at a few strategies you can implement on an ongoing basis that will help improve and maintain oral health.
What Are The Clinical Symptoms Of Thyroiditis
There are no symptoms unique to thyroiditis. If the thyroiditis causes slow and chronic thyroid cell damage and destruction, leading to a fall in thyroid hormone levels in the blood, patients experience the symptoms of hypothyroidism . Typical hypothyroid symptoms include fatigue, weight gain, constipation, dry skin, depression and poor exercise tolerance. This would be the case in patients with Hashimotos thyroiditis. If the thyroiditis causes rapid thyroid cell damage and destruction, the thyroid hormone that is stored in the gland leaks out, increasing thyroid hormone levels in the blood. These patients will experience the symptoms of thyrotoxicosis, which are similar to hyperthyroidism . These symptoms often include anxiety, insomnia, palpitations , fatigue, weight loss, and irritability. This is seen in patients with the toxic phase of subacute, painless and post-partum thyroiditis. The symptoms of thyrotoxicosis and hyperthyroidism are both caused by elevated levels of thyroid hormone in the blood, but in thyrotoxicosis, the gland is not truly overactive. In subacute, painless and post-partum thyroiditis, the thyroid gland often becomes depleted of thyroid hormone as the course of inflammation continues leading to a fall in thyroid hormone levels in the blood and symptoms of hypothyroidism. Pain in the thyroid can be seen in patients with subacute thyroiditis.
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What Is The Thyroid Gland
The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped endocrine gland that is normally located in the lower front of the neck. The thyroids job is to make thyroid hormones, which are secreted into the blood and then carried to every tissue in the body. Thyroid hormone helps the body use energy, stay warm and keep the brain, heart, muscles, and other organs working as they should.
Fungus And Your Thyroid Gland
- 6:16 pm
|26,245. That is the number of times Ive been asked if mold can contribute to a broken thyroid gland, or actually CAUSE low thyroid. Scientific information was scarce 35 years ago, but more and more we are seeing publications that are starting to confirm the results that the doctors and I used to see when helping people with thyroid problems decades ago.|
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Brush With Turmeric Or Charcoal
If you want to take your oral care routine to expert level, add some extra ingredients to your brushing routine to naturally whiten teeth, kill bad bacteria, and support healthy gums.
Turmeric powder is an excellent way to naturally brighten your teeth and reduce oral inflammation. Yes, youre brushing with something orange but when its rinsed away, your mouth will be left fresher and with regular use, your teeth will be whiter.
You can get the same whitening and antibacterial results by brushing with charcoal . When used regularly for a few weeks, youre going to notice a brighter shine, paler gums , and an overall fresher feeling in your mouth.
Extraction Of My Root Canal Tooth
My extraction was done with a biological dentist. I did an online search for holistic dentist and biological dentist in my area and surrounding areas. I called each office, one by one. I went in as an informed patient and I hope the same for you should you find yourself in a similar situation.
Here are 2 important questions that I asked:
1. Will the extraction include removal of the periodontal ligament?
The periodontal ligament is a group of specialized connective tissue that connects each tooth with the walls of the tooth socket and anchors it to the jaw. Given the ease with which pathogens travel in the body, it makes sense that the bugs in an infected root canal tooth would travel to the surrounding areas including the periodontal ligament. Extraction of my tooth;would require a knowledgable doctor who would also remove that periodontal ligament and infected bone.
Theres another important reason to extract the periodontal ligament.
Jaw bone cavitations.;
Standard tooth extraction, including extraction of wisdom teeth, may omit this important step.;According to the Weston A. Price Foundation:
The primary cause of these jawbone cavitations in extraction sites is the failure of the convention dentist or oral surgeon to remove all of the periodontal ligaments when pulling a tooth. Dr. Hal Huggins likens the severity of this dental omission to the failure of removing the placenta after delivery a baby.
Eliminate Pathogenic Mouth Bacteria
Eliminating pathogenic mouth bacteria can be challenging as the mouth bacteria form biofilms, also knows as dental plaques, that protect them from the usual methods of removal. Some strategies that may help eliminate bacteria are:
Water picking: Using a waterpik may be helpful in displacing pathogenic bacteria, allowing for their removal.
Oil pulling: Oil pulling is an old Ayurvedic remedy of swishing around sesame oil or coconut oil in the mouth and between the teeth.
To try:;First thing in the morning, put one tablespoon of either sesame or coconut oil in the mouth and swish around for 5-20 minutes until the oil turns white. Then, the oil is spat out along with the toxins in it.
In theory, this method helps to break down the homes of bacteria, which are usually made of microcapsules of oil. While water wont penetrate those microcapsules, sesame oil can, and mixes readily with the bacteria and becomes white in color.
Cranberry juice: Cranberry juice has been found to have anti-adhesion properties which prevent the attachment of the bacteria to our bodys surfaces and may also help to dissolve the protective coats that store the bacteria.
Oral probiotics: Oral probiotics are an accelerated way of getting beneficial bacteria into our mouths so that they can displace pathogenic bacteria and reduce inflammation in the mouth.
How Long Does It Take To Recover From Thyroid Surgery
It will take your body a few weeks to recover after your thyroid is surgically removed . During this time you should avoid a few things, including:
- Submerging your incision under water.
- Lifting an object thats heavier than 15 pounds.
- Doing more than light exercise.
This generally lasts for about two weeks. After that, you can return to your normal activities.
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When To Contact Your Doctor
If youve checked off signs and are not feeling yourself, discuss this with your primary care doctor. These signs dont necessarily mean that you have thyroid disease. By asking you about your symptoms, your doctor can decide whether you need a blood test to check for thyroid disease.
Have a skin, hair, or nail problem?
Discover the benefits of seeing a dermatologist.
ImagesImage 1: Getty ImagesImages 2, 3, 4: Used with permission of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology: J Am Acad Dermatol. 2003 Jun;48:970-2.
ReferencesAi J, Leonhardt JM, et al. Autoimmune thyroid diseases: etiology, pathogenesis, and dermatologic manifestations. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2003;48:641-59.
Anderson CK, Miller OF. Triad of exophthalmos, pretibial myxedema, and acropachy in a patient with Graves’ disease. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2003;48:970-2.
Bae JM, Lee JH, et al. Vitiligo and overt thyroid diseases: A nationwide population-based study in Korea. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2017;76:871-8.
Callen JP. Dermatologic manifestations in patients with systemic disease. In: Bolognia JL, et al. Dermatology. . Mosby Elsevier, Spain, 2008: 681-2.
Kalus AA, Chien AJ, et al. Diabetes mellitus and other endocrine diseases. In Wolff K et al. Fitzpatricks Dermatology in General Medicine . McGraw Hill, China, 2008:1470-4.
If Part Of My Thyroid Is Surgically Removed Will The Other Part Be Able To Make Enough Thyroid Hormones To Keep Me Off Of Medication
Sometimes, your surgeon may be able to remove part of your thyroid and leave the other part so that it can continue to create and release thyroid hormones. This is most likely in situations where you have a nodule thats causing your thyroid problem. About 75% of people who have only one side of the thyroid removed are able to make enough thyroid hormone after surgery without hormone replacement therapy.
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Antibiotics For Autoimmune Conditions
Some individuals have reported the normalization of thyroid peroxidase antibodies following taking the antibiotic doxycycline, which is effective for Yersinia enterocolitica and borellia burgdorferi;as well as other bacteria.
Work with your doctor to test for infections, and use antibiotics judiciously, as they can be incredibly dangerous when used incorrectly and lead to multi-drug resistance, an elimination of the beneficial bacterial flora and numerous side effects. There is a multitude of different antibiotics, each with a different group of bacteria they target, and each with their own set of side effects. Blindly taking antibiotics without knowing the cause of your infection may end up inadvertently destroying the beneficial bacteria while letting pathogenic and opportunistic bacteria thrive.
Be sure to supplement with probiotics during courses of antibiotic therapy, but at different times throughout the day so that the beneficial bacteria in the probiotics are not killed by the antibiotics. Work with your pharmacist to find out the half-life of your antibiotics and to find an optimal time to take probiotics.
How To Protect Your Mouth By Supporting The Thyroid
Good oral hygiene through regular brushing and flossing is essential for maintaining a healthy mouth. However, protecting the thyroid and resolving any existing thyroid dysfunction is also important. The impressive impact of the thyroid on many areas throughout the body, including the mouth, makes it an essential system regarding individual wellness.
If you are suffering from a decline in oral health while also experiencing the common signs of thyroid disease such as fatigue, fluctuations in weight, and changes in mood speak with your doctor about having your thyroid tested. Resolving thyroid disease may not only alleviate dental distress but also improve overall wellness.
Proper management of thyroid disease is crucial for the successful;treatment of periodontal diseases, says;Wellness Alternatives. Untreated and longstanding thyroid disease, especially hypothyroidism, contributes to periodontal disease and can weaken the specialized tissues that support the teeth.;If you have an underactive thyroid and are concerned about your oral health issues, contact About Dr. Gregory Spielmann OKC dentist at 405-848-7780.
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