Are Menstrual Problems Common
When menstrual problems occur, it may be easy to think that other women don’t experience them.
However, according to the National Institutes of Health menstrual irregularities occur in about 14% to 25% of women of childbearing age.
These figures differ by the cause or nature of irregularity.
For example, if a woman has severe menstrual cramps, she might be included in the tally of women with endometriosis rather than among women with menstrual problems.
Moreover, many women do not report their menstrual problems to their healthcare providers.
Irregular Periods And Hypothyroidism
When the balance of these four key hormones becomes impaired, your menstrual cycle can be disrupted in several ways:
- Prolonging the duration of menstruation
- Inhibiting the development and release of an ovum with subsequent effects on the later part of the cycle and preventing fertility
- Creating irregularities in the timing of menstruation, so that the time between one period and the next is never the same.
Depression And Mood Changes
Depression and other mood disorders, including anxiety, have been linked to hypothyroidism, although we dont know exactly why theyre linked. Up to 69% of people with hypothyroidism experience depression, and up to 60% experience anxiety. In general, women are more likely than men to experience depression and anxiety. People with hypothyroidism can also show other mental changes, like difficulty concentrating, poor memory, and slowed thinking.
Some researchers suggest that thyroid hormones are involved in how neurons grow and communicate with each other. They may also influence levels of certain neurotransmitters, chemical messengers in the brain, that may be involved in depression. For people who have depression due to hypothyroidism, treating the thyroid can improve depression symptoms.
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Overdoses Or Underdoses Of Vitamins
In many cases, a lack of nutrition is what leads to diseases. In the case of thyroid problems, overdoses are also a common factor to take into consideration. Here are some common vitamin over- and underdoses that lead to thyroid issues:
Yes, you need iodine for hormone production, and a lack of it can also cause thyroid problems. But did you know that consume an excess of 400 mcg of iodine per day can lead to many complications, including to the thyroid?
For the thyroid to carry out its peroxidase function healthily and positively, it needs iron. Without it, thyroid hormones cannot be synthesized, and iron-deficiency anemia opens up the door to many different diseases, too.
· Vitamin A
Vitamin A is capable of binding to the hormone receptors in the thyroid, increasing one kind of hormone but not the other, more desirable one. You can lose as much as two-thirds of your thyroid hormones by not paying attention to vitamin A!
The thyroid needs selenium to convert certain types of hormones to others. This nutrient helps to protect against autoimmune diseases and also works to encourage healthy thyroid function. A deficiency may lead to hypothyroidism.
The more selenium you take, the more chromium you excrete. As such, its a good idea to keep an eye on your daily intake of this lesser-known vitamin.
What Are Thyroid Nodules
A thyroid is a swelling in one section of the thyroid gland. The nodule may be solid or filled with fluid or blood. You may have just one thyroid nodule or many.
Thyroid nodules are common and affect four times as many women as men. Researchers do not know why nodules form in otherwise normal thyroids.
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Hypothyroidism Pcos And Sex Hormone Binding Globulin
Now, there is something else that we need to consider. We know that women with POCS tend to have lower levels of SHBG. This is problematic because SHBG picks up free testosterone in the blood and helps to make it inactive. So, the less SHBG you have, the more testosterone you have to make your PCOS symptoms worse.
Heres the thing, it is our thyroid hormones that increase the levels of SHBG. So, if you do have a sluggish thyroid, you will have a harder time getting your PCOS under control. Now that we know that there is this strong link, what should we do about it? Well, there are a couple of things. Its really important that we all have our thyroid function monitored. My doctor runs blood tests every two years or so to monitor my general health and PCOS and thyroid function is included in this.
What Women Need To Know About Thyroid Disease
According to the American Thyroid Association, women are five to eight times more likely than men to develop thyroid disease more than 12 percent of women will develop a thyroid disorder during their lifetime.
Because women are more likely to develop thyroid disease, its especially important for women to know what causes thyroid problems, how to identify that theres an issue, and when to talk to a doctor for thyroid disorders.
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How Many Of These Signs And Symptoms Do You Have
Dry, pale, and cool skin Moist, velvety, and warm skin like a babys Dry skin with deep cracks and scale Deep, noticeable lines on your palms and soles Yellowish-orange color on your palms and soles Doughy and swollen face, especially on your eyelids, lips, and tongue Widening nose Sweating less than before Goiter Protruding eyes Flushing on your face and red palms Darker skin in the creases of your palms, on your gums, or elsewhere in your mouth Rashes, especially in the creases of your skin Painless lumps and patches of scaly, discolored skin, and the affected skin feels hard and waxy Reddish spots on the skin that come and go
When eyes protrude, its often a sign of thyroid disease.
Painless lumps and patches of scaly skin feel hard and waxy
Lumps on discolored skin that feel hard and waxy can be a sign of thyroid disease.
Thinning eyebrows on the outer edge Coarse, dull, dry, and brittle hair that breaks easily Soft and fine hair with lots of shedding Thinning hair or balding patches Growing more slowly Dry, itchy scalp and dandruff Less hair on your legs, arms, and other areas
Thick, dry, and brittle with visible ridges Soft, shiny, and easily crumble Growing more slowly Peel, crumble, or break easily Lift up Curved with swollen fingertip and thickening skin above the nail
Curved nails with swollen fingertip
Itchy skin without a rash Untreatable and itchy hives
Existing skin disease
Your Thyroid And Migraines: Seek Answers Now
Identifying the right treatment for a thyroid condition can be problematic. It requires frequent blood tests to find the right dosage of medication to properly replace the missing thyroid hormones, which requires patience by both physician and patient.
But when successfully addressed, both the core symptoms of thyroid issues, including the common thyroid headache, can often be managed effectively. Rest assured our doctors will find the right treatment for you.
If you think there is a problem with your thyroid gland and that it might be causing or exacerbating a thyroid headache, dont suffer.
There are potential treatment options available for those suffering from hyperthyroid or hypothyroid migraines, and the National Headache Institute may be able to help you pursue a solution to your chronic pain.
In the event that our team determines that your headaches are not hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism migraines, our work continues: we will work with you to pinpoint your unique triggers, develop a treatment plan, and begin your journey to freedom from migraines.
Call us today or visit our website to find the location nearest you and discover the difference that living pain-free can make.
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Underactive Thyroid And Menstruation
I was diagnosed with underactive thyroid about 7 years ago after visiting the doctor because of my periods becoming very irregular. I had a blood pressure test and my BP was very high. After blood tests they told me I had underactive thyroid. Since then I’ve been on Levothyroxine. I started on 50mg and I’m now on 112.5mg per day. My periods have still not returned 7 years later and each time I see the doctor they just send me for another blood test. They told me last time that one blood test was consistent with people who were going through the menopause but I have absolutely no other symptoms. Has anybody else had a similar problem with menstruation and thyroid? I’m 41 and despite my latest thyroid blood test showing no change, I’m feeling more and more tired.
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How Is Hypothyroidism Treated During Pregnancy
Thyroid hormone replacement is used to treat the mother. The amount of thyroid hormone given is based on the mother’s levels of thyroid hormones as well as her symptoms. Thyroid hormone levels may change during pregnancy. The hormone replacement dose will likely change over time. Thyroid hormone levels need to be checked every 4 weeks in the first half of pregnancy. The levels may be checked less often during the second half of pregnancy as long as the dose does not change. The treatment is safe and vital to both mother and baby. Thyroid hormones should not be taken at the same time as prenatal vitamins. This is because the minerals in the vitamins may stop the absorption of the thyroid hormone. All newborns are screened at birth to check thyroid hormone levels.
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Extreme Weight Loss And Eating Disorders
See your doctor if:
What Is A Goiter
A goiter is an unusually enlarged thyroid gland. It may happen only for a short time and may go away on its own without treatment. Or it could be a symptom of another thyroid disease that requires treatment. goiter is more common in women than in men and especially in women before menopause.
Some common causes of goiter include:
Usually, the only symptom of a goiter is a swelling in your neck. It may be large enough that you can see it or feel the lump with your hand. A very large goiter can also cause a tight feeling in your throat, coughing, or problems swallowing or breathing.
Your doctor will do to see if it is caused by another thyroid disease.
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How Hyperthyroidism Can Affect Your Periods
The most common way in which hyperthyroidism is seen to affect the menstrual cycle is stopping periods or making them more irregular and lighter. This is known as hypomenorrhoea and occurs because increased thyroid hormone causes an increase in SHBG
Mainly produced by the liver, SHBG is a protein which controls the amount of sex hormones – testosterone, dihydrotestosterone and oestradiol in your blood stream. These hormones are found in two forms free and bound. The latter is caused by SHBG binding to the sex hormone molecules and rendering them inactive.
Levels of SHBG change as we age. For most people they are high in childhood, level off between 9 and 12 and then rise again during puberty. Post puberty levels settle at between 18 and 14 nmol/L
In hyperthyroid women, SHBG concentrations are usually high, which results in
- high serum levels of oestradiol which are bound and therefore inactive
- low to normal levels of active oestradiol levels
- high levels of luteinizing hormone levels which are bound and therefore inactive
- a reduced mid-cycle surge in LH secretion
This leads to irregular periods and infertility due to the lack of ovulation. Women with a severely overactive thyroid may also experience their periods stopping for three or more months
Your Thyroid And Your Sleep
If your thyroid makes too much or too little of certain hormones, your body chemistry can get out of balance. That can affect your circadian rhythm — the internal body clock thatâs responsible for your sleep-wake cycle.
If your thyroid makes too little hormone, itâs a more common condition called hypothyroidism. You might have trouble falling asleep or not be able to stay asleep long enough to feel fully rested. Hypothyroidism also can affect your sleep by making you feel too cold or causing joint or muscle pain.
Some people with hypothyroidism also feel extremely sleepy in the daytime, to the point that itâs hard to stay awake. That condition is called hypersomnia.
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Do Women Have Different Symptoms Of Thyroid Disease Than Men
Thyroid disease in women can affect menstrual cycle resulting in light, heavy, or irregular periods. Thyroid disorders can cause amenorrhea, which means that your periods stop for several months.
The symptoms of thyroid disease in women can be mistaken for menopause. In some cases thyroid problems can lead to early menopause.
Problems with thyroids can affect ovulation, making it difficult for women to get pregnant.
Women with thyroid disease may have health problems during pregnancy this can also cause health problems for the baby.
How Does Thyroid Health Affect Menstrual/period Cycles
This article was written by a Medical Doctor and reviewed by the thyroid health experts at ThyroMate.
ThyroMate articles uses only proven, accurate, credible sources in order to provide accurate, fact-checked information about thyroid health that is helpful and objective. All references are linked throughout the article and sources for each are cited at the end. Visit these links to learn more about the research studies and conclusions drawn from the research methods.
Information contained on this website is not a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. You should always consult your physician for questions related to your health.
The menstrual cycle is influenced by a number of factors that may explain why womens periods are sometimes regular, but on other occasions are irregular.
Menstruation depends on overall health and hormonal balance. Many health problems that women experience can affect their periods, and thyroid conditions are no exception.
Throughout this article, we are going to focus on thyroid health and its impact on the menstrual cycle.
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What Are Early Warning Signs Of Thyroid Problems 15 Signs It May Be Time To Get Thyroid Testing
At the Medical Transformation Center in Louisville, Kentucky, we know that thyroid disorders are common, and we offer thyroid testing to help combat the concern. Statistically, about 12% of people will experience some form of thyroid disorder in their life, and getting it treated is the key to feeling like yourself again. Knowing the early signs of thyroid problems could be a great help to treat it.
Can Your Thyroid Cause Sleep Problems
Thyroid imbalances have been linked to sleep problems. Hyperthyroidism can cause difficulty sleeping due to arousals from nervousness or irritability, as well as muscle weakness and constant feelings of tiredness. An overactive thyroid may also lead to night sweats and frequent urges to urinate, both of which can disrupt sleep.
People with hypothyroidism , on the other hand, often experience trouble tolerating cold at night and joint or muscle pain that disrupts sleep. Some studies have linked an underactive thyroid to poor quality sleep, longer sleep onset or the time it takes to fall asleep and shorter sleep duration during the night. Younger people, individuals with a relatively low body mass index, and women are all considered at higher risk of developing sleep problems due to hypothyroidism.
Hypothyroidism can also cause hypersomnia, or the irrepressible need to sleep or lapses into sleep that occur on a daily basis. Hypersomnia can occur due to an underlying medical disorder, and hypothyroidism is considered the leading cause of hypersomnia due to a disorder in the endocrine system. Additionally, untreated hypothyroidism can be mistaken for sleep-related hypoventilation, or excessively slow or shallow breathing that occurs primarily during sleep.
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Muscle Aches And Trouble Swallowing
Muscle aches throughout the body are sometimes associated with abnormal thyroid levels. If your muscle aches have recently onset without any other obvious causes, a thyroid disorder is one likely cause. Rarely, muscle breakdown can also occur. If you find that you are unable to build toned muscle, reach out to your physician.
On a similar vein, because the thyroid is located in the neck, the neck muscles are usually the first to experience these symptoms. This includes the muscles associated with swallowing. If you are struggling to swallow, this could be another signs of thyroid problems.
How Is Thyroid Disease Treated
Your healthcare providers goal is to return your thyroid hormone levels to normal. This can be done in a variety of ways and each specific treatment will depend on the cause of your thyroid condition.
If you have high levels of thyroid hormones , treatment options can include:
- Anti-thyroid drugs : These are medications that stop your thyroid from making hormones.
- Radioactive iodine: This treatment damages the cells of your thyroid, preventing it from making high levels of thyroid hormones.
- Beta blockers: These medications dont change the amount of hormones in your body, but they help control your symptoms.
- Surgery: A more permanent form of treatment, your healthcare provider may surgically remove your thyroid . This will stop it from creating hormones. However, you will need to take thyroid replacement hormones for the rest of your life.
If you have low levels of thyroid hormones , the main treatment option is:
- Thyroid replacement medication: This drug is a synthetic way to add thyroid hormones back into your body. One drug thats commonly used is called levothyroxine. By using a medication, you can control thyroid disease and live a normal life.
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