What Causes Graves Disease
The body’s immune system reacts to the thyroid gland and produces special proteins that attack the thyroid gland. This is called an autoimmune reaction. These antibodies then stimulate the thyroid gland causing increased production and release of thyroid hormones. The exact reason for why the autoimmune reaction is initiated is not fully understood but, in some people, it can be triggered by infection, stress or smoking. Most patients however have a family history of thyroid problems thus suggesting that there is a link.
How Do I Check My Thyroid At Home
How to Take the Thyroid Neck CheckHold a handheld mirror in your hand, focusing on the lower front area of your neck, above the collarbones, and below the voice box . While focusing on this area in the mirror, tilt your head back.Take a drink of water while tilting your head back and swallow.More itemsApr 16, 2015
Enlarged Uterus Or Ovaries
Some medical conditions can lead to an enlarged uterus or ovaries. These include:
An enlarged uterus can put pressure on your bladder and give you the urge to urinate. Lying in a position that puts pressure on your bladder may make the feeling worse. Many women notice the symptoms before bed when lying down.
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When To See A Doctor
Hypothyroidism develops slowly, so many people wont notice their symptoms for years. It also shares symptoms with a wide range of other medical conditions, so your doctor will likely order additional testing. The same is true of hyperthyroidism and most diagnoses for an overactive thyroid also entail multiple blood tests. For many older patients, hyperthyroidism can present differently and may be mistaken for depression or dementia because it can cause similar symptoms such as loss of appetite and social withdrawals.
These additional blood tests may evaluate your thyroxine, triiodothyronine, and thyrotropin counts to determine whether your thyroid is overactive or underactive. People with hypothyroidism may be prescribed levothyroxine, an artificial hormone intended to boost your thyroid function, and tested six to eight weeks after they begin taking the medication to see if their counts have improved. If hyperthyroidism is suspected, the patient may be prescribed methimazole or another type of anti-thyroid medication.
Thyroid testing is often ordered for pregnant women due to their higher risk of developing thyroid disease. These tests may also be suggested for people seeking fertility treatment, as both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism can lead to difficulty conceiving.
This List Is Huge How Can We Possibly Determine The Cause In My Pet
The search for answers begins with a complete history and physical examination. A pets history is the information you give the veterinarian about your pets illness. History is very important and can provide important clues about the cause of increased thirst and urination. For example, a female pet with a history of being in heat six months ago may have increased thirst and urination because of an infected uterus an elderly cat that is also vomiting might have hyperthyroid disease a pet that is eating well but losing weight may have diabetes mellitus .
“…you should tell your veterinarian about any medication or supplements your pet is receiving”
Some drugs can cause increased thirst and urination and you should tell your veterinarian about any medication or supplements your pet is receiving such as anti-seizure drugs , corticosteroids, and diuretics . It would also help if you measured exactly how much water your pet is drinking in a 24 hour period this will help your veterinarian determine the severity of the problem.
History and physical examination are important first steps, but further testing will likely be required and your veterinarian may recommend screening tests. These are simple tests that provide information about the overall health of your pet and often provide clues about the underlying problem.
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Which Children Are At Risk For Graves Disease
A child is more at risk for Graves disease if he or she has any of the below risk factors:
Emotional outbursts such as crying or yelling
Fast growth rate that slows early and may lead to short height
Increased urination or bowel movements, bedwetting
Graves disease can be harder to diagnose in kids who are normally or only mildly hyperactive. A parent may mistake a childs behavior for hyperactivity or a psychiatric condition.
The symptoms of Graves disease can be like other health conditions. Make sure your child sees his or her healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
What Causes Hypothyroidism In Dogs
There are two common causes of hypothyroidism in dogs: lymphocytic thyroiditis and idiopathic atrophy.
Both lymphocytic thyroiditis and idiopathic atrophy occur slowly over time.
In either condition, you may notice your dog gradually gaining weight, developing ear infections, losing his hair coat, or facing decreased levels of energy. Because the signs come on slowly, you may just think this is the normal aging process for your dog. More than likely, however, after discussing these concerns with your veterinarian, he or she will recommend thyroid testing.
Its worth mentioning that cancer can also lead to hypothyroidism , however, both are rare. Cancer accounts for less than 5% of cases of hypothyroidism in dogs.
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What Can Go Wrong With The Thyroid
There are different types of thyroid disorders, including:
- Goitre enlarged thyroid, most commonly caused by low levels of the mineral iodine
- Graves disease an autoimmune disease that causes hyperthyroidism
- Hashimotos disease an autoimmune disease that cause hypothyroidism
- Thyroid nodules 90% of these are usually benign
- Thyroid cancer although this is a rare type of cancer
The two most common disorders are hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism so lets look at some of their common symptoms.
Because these symptoms could be down to many other reasons, weve also listed some other potential common causes that your doctor may ask you about along with other thyroid symptoms to look out for too, also below.
Thyroid Cause Frequent Urination
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Adrenal Fatigue And Urination
Low Aldosterone is a common reason given for the connection of adrenal fatigue to frequent urination.
If the water level in the blood is too low….aldosterone will be released so that less water is excreted in the urine4.
The problem is…when you are in a state of adrenal fatigue, the capacity of your adrenal glands is reduced.Your adrenals will not be able to make as much aldosterone.
So you don’t retain salt.This is why those with adrenal fatigue so often crave salt.
In a survey of 85 visitors, 63.3% said they crave salt.
It is also why it is common in advanced cases for hair analysis to indicate low sodium.Here is a Sample Hair Analysis .Note the low sodium.
What Can These Screening Tests Tell Us
In addition to providing information regarding the possible cause of your pet’s symptoms, these screening tests may uncover other conditions that need to be addressed or treated.
The CBC provides information about the three different cell types in the blood. These are: red blood cells, which carry oxygen to the tissues, white blood cells, which fight infection and respond to inflammation, and platelets, which help the blood to clot. The CBC provides details about the number, size, and shape of the various cell types, and identifies the presence of abnormal cells. .
In a pet with increased thirst and urination the CBC may show changes such as:
- increased number of white blood cells, which could indicate pyometra in an intact female, or hyperadrenocorticism .
- increased number of certain types of white blood cells , which could indicate hypoadrenocorticism .
- abnormal white blood cells which may be an indicator of a type of cancer called lymphoma
Serum biochemistry refers to the chemical analysis of serum, which is the pale yellow liquid part of the blood that remains after the cells and clotting factors have been removed. Serum contains many substances including enzymes, proteins, lipids , glucose , hormones, electrolytes, and metabolic waste products. Testing for these substances provides information about the health of various organs and tissues in the body, as well as the metabolic state of the animal.
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How Is Graves Disease Treated In A Child
Treatment will depend on your childs symptoms, age, and general health. It will also depend on how severe the condition is. Treatment may be done with:
Anti-thyroid medicine. This type of medicine helps to block the production of thyroid hormone. Your child may be given a medication known as methimazole. Propylthiouracil is not often used due to the risk of side effects, including liver failure.
Radioactive iodine. This may be used if your child has a serious reaction to anti-thyroid medicines, or if the medicine doesn’t help stop the symptoms. This oral medicine destroys part or all of the thyroid gland. This blocks the production of thyroid hormone.
Thyroidectomy. This is a surgery to remove all or part of the thyroid. Surgery may be done in children who have not reacted well to anti-thyroid medicines or radioactive iodine. After the surgery, your child will likely need to take thyroid hormones for life to prevent low thyroid hormone symptoms.
What Are The Causes Of Increased Thirst And Urination
There are two basic forms of increased thirst and urination. In one, a pet passes large amounts of dilute urine then drinks excessively to replace the water lost in the urine. In the second form, a pet drinks excessively and then must pass large amounts of dilute urine in order to clear the excess water from the body.
Increased thirst and urination are associated with a variety of diseases. The following list includes some of the more common disorders:
- kidney disorders such as kidney failure and kidney infection
- infection of the uterus in intact females called pyometra
- hormone disorders including hyperadrenocorticism , hypoadrenocorticism , hyperthyroidism , diabetes mellitus , and diabetes insipidus
- high levels of calcium in the blood
- some types of cancer
- liver disease, certain drugs, certain types of electrolyte imbalance
- rarely, a behavioral problem called primary polydipsia or psychogenic thirst
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Thyroid Symptoms To Check With A Doctor
- Tue, Mar 30, 2021
There are some common conditions that could have a number of causes, for example depression, tiredness or unexplained weight gain. But when they also come with other symptoms like constipation or sensitivity to cold, they may signal a thyroid problem.
Its estimated that 200 million people worldwide have some form of thyroid problem. The two most common thyroid disorders are hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism with women 10 times more likely to be affected than men.
How Do Vets Treat Canine Hypothyroidism
Treatment for hypothyroidism involves boosting the low hormone with a synthetic hormone called levothyroxine. Most dogs receive levothyroxine twice daily, but some dogs do just as well on once-daily treatment. Dosing is not something that you should adjust yourself so speak to your veterinarian about ideal recommendations for your dog.
Once your dog starts on levothyroxine, you should expect to see an increase in his energy level within a few days. Skin problems, ear infections, and changes in hair coat may take four to eight weeks before improvement. I will say, its a beautiful thing to see the before and after changes in a hypothyroid dog who has been diagnosed and appropriately treated.
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Graves’ Disease: Causes Symptoms And Treatment
ByAlina Bradfordpublished 13 December 14
Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disorder where misplaced attacks from the immune system cause the thyroid gland to become overactive. The result, known as hyperthyroidism, causes the thyroid to produce an excessive amount of the thyroid hormone, thyroxine. Too much thyroxine can affect every area of the body, including metabolism, brain development, heart and nervous system functions, body temperature, muscle strength, menstrual cycles, weight and cholesterol levels.
Graves’ disease is very common and affects about 1 in 200 people and is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism in the United States, according to the National Institutes of Health . Graves’ disease it is most often seen in women ages 20 to 40.
What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Graves Disease
These are the same for any kind of thyroid overactivity, irrespective of the cause. Common symptoms and signs include:
- a sensation of feeling hot and excessive sweating
- weight loss although appetite is usually good
- increased frequency of bowel movements
- shaking of hands
- a feeling of thirst and frequent urination
- difficulty in sleeping, restlessness, agitation and a change of behaviour
- periods may become irregular
- shortness of breath, especially on exertion.
There may also be related swelling of the thyroid gland in the neck causing difficulty in swallowing and breathing.
Graves disease can affect the eyes. They may become swollen and red, sometimes becoming more prominent and in severe cases, there may be double vision and squinting. This is called Graves ophthalmopathy or thyroid eye disease. See the article on thyoid eye disease for further information.
There may be specific skin changes affecting the front of the legs, where the skin looks red and swollen. This is called Graves dermopathy or pretibial myxedema.
If left untreated, Graves disease can lead to heart failure.
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When Should You Take A Thyroid Test
I recommend getting your thyroid function tests done first thing in the morning, bringing your medications with you, and taking them right after you have your thyroid function tests to ensure that you get accurate test results.
needing to pee more often than usual. persistent thirst. itchiness. loss of interest in sex.
Because thyroid hormone has numerous effects on the kidney, heart, and vascular system, thyroid dysfunction can cause significant changes in renal and cardiovascular functions . In particular, hypothyroidism is known to be associated with reduced renal plasma flow and low glomerular filtration rate .
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A Comprehensive Thyroid Panel
If a dog owner chooses to run additional blood tests, some veterinarians recommend skipping the screening TT4 test to check a more robust thyroid panel initially. In the long run, this can save time and money. The more comprehensive thyroid panel must be sent off to a reference lab.
The most common thyroid panel consists of a TT4, a free T4, and a TSH hormone level. Incidentally, these are all tests routinely run in people, too. TT4 and free T4 are both forms of the thyroxine hormone. Free T4 is less affected by non-thyroid illness or medications but is also harder to accurately measure and thus a more expensive test.
TSH stands for thyroid-stimulating hormone. This hormone is produced by the pituitary gland in the brain, and it tells the thyroid gland when to produce thyroid hormone. When the body doesnt want the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormone, as in cases of euthyroid sickness, the TSH levels are low, leading to low T4 levels.
However, in cases of true hypothyroidism, there is not enough thyroid tissue to produce T4. The pituitary gland senses the low levels of T4 and ramps up production of TSH to stimulate the thyroid gland to increase its production. If the TSH level is high and free T4 or TT4 are low, your dog most likely has canine hypothyroidism.
But in order to know for sure, you also need to look for two other critical markers.
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Can Thyroid Cause Frequent Urination
Can thyroid problems affect your bladder?
Bladder involvement may be the presenting symptom or may appear a few months after the onset of the thyroid disease and is responsive to proper medical therapy. However, complete improvement may take several weeks to a few months.
How does hypothyroidism affect the urinary system?
Loss of medullary hypertonicity in hypothyroidism results in impaired urinary concentrating ability of the kidney. However, hypothyroidism causes a reversible increase in vasopressin sensitivity of the collecting ducts, thus increasing free water reabsorption.
Does hypothyroidism cause urinary urgency?
Hypothyroidism has been associated with impaired urinary concentrating ability. However, previous reports on thyroid hormone and urinary concentrating ability in humans only studied a limited number of patients with autoimmune thyroid disease or used healthy controls instead of paired analysis within the same patients.
What Are The Longer
There will be a chance of Graves disease returning after one episode but the likelihood will reduce with time. Smoking can worsen thyroid eye disease associated with this condition, so it is important to stop immediately.
Surgery, and in many cases radioiodine, will result in the thyroid becoming underactive, meaning that the patient will have to take thyroid hormone replacement for the rest of their life. The alternative to surgery or radioiodine is to take an anti-thyroid drug for a prolonged period of time . The disadvantage of this approach is that patients can still have a flare of Graves disease.
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