What Causes Thyroid Cancer
In most cases, the cause of thyroid cancer is unknown. However, certain things can increase your chances of developing the condition.
Risk factors for thyroid cancer include:
- having a benign thyroid condition
- having a family history of thyroid cancer
- having a bowel condition known as familial adenomatous polyposis
- acromegaly a rare condition where the body produces too much growth hormone
- having a previous benign breast condition
- weight and height
Read more about the causes of thyroid cancer
You Could Have Blood Cancer
Easy bruising is a common symptom among people with blood cancer, per the UK charity Leukaemia Care. People develop these bruises due to a dearth of healthy blood cells in the bone marrow. They aren’t producing enough platelets needed for clotting. One telltale signs of cancer-related bruises: They tend to occur in unexpected places, like the back or hands. People often develop multiple, unexplained bruises at a time, and they can take longer to fade away.
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What Happens After You Get Tsh Blood Test Results
A TSH blood test is only the first step in identifying thyroid issues. As mentioned previously, if you have this test performed alone, you will need to follow up by testing your T3 and T4 thyroid hormones once you get an abnormal result on your TSH screening. You’re more likely to have an abnormal TSH with normal T3 and T4 levels than the opposite, which is why TSH is often tested first. Changes to TSH levels can be an early precursor to hyper- or hypothyroidism later on.
Once you’ve been diagnosed with hyper- or hypothyroidism, your doctor may go on to order further tests to diagnose either Graves’ disease in cases of hyperthyroidism or Hashimoto’s disease if you have hypothyroidism.
Though it can be frustrating to go through so many rounds of testing, it’s important to recognize that these simple blood tests can give you a wealth of information about your health. After completing these tests, your doctor will have the necessary information to help you develop a personalized treatment plan that will restore your thyroid hormones to the proper levels.
Thyroid problems may seem to cause only minor discomforts for some, but both hyper- and hypothyroidism are dangerous when left untreated. With such simple treatment options, there’s little reason not to pursue a solid diagnosis and long-term treatment.
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What Are The Complications Of Hyperthyroidism
Untreated, hyperthyroidism can cause serious health problems, including
- an irregular heartbeat that can lead to blood clots, stroke, heart failure, and other heart-related problems
- an eye disease called Graves ophthalmopathy
- thinning bones, osteoporosis, and muscle problems
- menstrual cycle and fertility issues
Sexual And Reproductive Problems
For some women with hypothyroidism, their first and perhaps the biggest clue is a history of menstrual and reproduction problems, including missed or frequent periods, heavy bleeding, recurrent miscarriage, repeated failure to conceive, or failed assistive reproduction treatments.
Over half of men with hypothyroidism experience decreased libido, erectile dysfunction, and delayed ejaculation.
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Potential Side Effects Of Thyroid Medication
Since thyroid medication is simply a hormone replacement, it doesn’t usually produce many side effects. In most cases, patients simply return to feeling normal. Taking too much thyroid medication can produce problems that are similar to those experienced by people with over-active thyroid glands, however. These people may find that they suffer from headache and chest pain, that they have a very rapid heartbeat, and that they lose weight despite eating normally. Sleep disturbances, digestive problems, sweating, trembling and anxiety are also common.
Patients who think that their doses of thyroid hormone are too high, or who believe that they have been misdiagnosed with under-active thyroid should temporarily discontinue medication use. This can cause a return of symptoms, so it’s a good idea to do it under a doctor’s supervision. Within two to three weeks of discontinuing the medication, these patients can have their thyroid and TSH levels tested again for a new diagnosis. It is also possible to have a blood test performed while still on the medication, but this requires that doctors and patients include the potential medication effects in their analysis of the results.
Muscle Aches And Trouble Swallowing
Muscle aches throughout the body are sometimes associated with abnormal thyroid levels. If your muscle aches have recently onset without any other obvious causes, a thyroid disorder is one likely cause. Rarely, muscle breakdown can also occur. If you find that you are unable to build toned muscle, reach out to your physician.
On a similar vein, because the thyroid is located in the neck, the neck muscles are usually the first to experience these symptoms. This includes the muscles associated with swallowing. If you are struggling to swallow, this could be another signs of thyroid problems.
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Early Signs Of Thyroid Problems
Having a chronically under or overactive thyroid, or swinging between the two states, can have long-lasting effects on your body. Here are some signs that your thyroid medication dose needs to be adjusted: 1. You feel pumped. Your heartbeat is stronger than usual or irregular. Your breathing is shallower and quicker. Your digestion is faster.
How Common Is Thyroid Cancer
Thyroid cancer is a rare form of cancer, accounting for less than 1% of all cancer cases in the UK. Each year, around 2,700 people are diagnosed with thyroid cancer in the UK.
It’s most common in people aged 35 to 39 years and in those aged 70 years or over.
Women are 2 to 3 times more likely to develop thyroid cancer than men. It’s unclear why this is, but it may be a result of the hormonal changes associated with the female reproductive system.
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Can Thyroid Problems Cause Bruising
Can thyroid problems cause bruisingCan thyroid problems cause easy bruisingIs Bruising A Sign Of Thyroid Problems. However, subclinical hypothyroidism can be a cause of easy bruising in these patients, taking into account the important influence of thyroid hormone on haemostasis. What Are The Signs Of Thyroid Problem? However the signs of a thyroid problem.
Watchful Waiting Aka Active Surveillance
Dr. Harari notes that there has been increased interest in watchful waiting, also known as active surveillance, for thyroid cancer. In New York at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, it is the standard of care for certain populations, she says.
Watchful waiting can be a good choice for people who have small nodules that are not growing quickly or are not invasive in nature. It can also be a good treatment option for people who are very worried about having surgery, Dr. Harari says.
One reason why watchful waiting is garnering interest is that while diagnoses of thyroid cancer have increased over the last decade, mainly as a result of increased imaging done for other purposes, mortality from it hasnt changed.
People are having chest CTs for other reasons and they pick it up, or they have a carotid artery ultrasound and see it, Dr. Lieb says. But if these nodules hadnt been discovered, many of them wouldnt have caused a problem at all they are small, low-risk cancers.
Dr. Chen agrees. The fact that we are finding more and smaller cancers hasnt impacted the death rate, she says. So when we operate on people with small early-stage cancers, we may be doing unnecessary surgery with the potential for complications because all surgeries have risks. So we have someone who probably wouldnt die of thyroid cancer, but we have given them a lifelong problem with nerves, voice loss, and hypoparathyroidism . Its not good.
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What Indicators Let You Know You Need A Tsh Test
In general, you should take a TSH test any time you’re experiencing symptoms associated with hyper- or hypothyroidism. This covers a very broad range of issues. You may have thyroid problems if you’re either underweight or overweight. Both constipation and increased bowel movements are associated with various thyroid conditions. Trouble sleeping and irritability are associated with both hyper- and hypothyroidism. A goiter is another strong indicator of a thyroid problem. Your doctor may be able to identify an issue with your thyroid simply by feeling your neck.
For older women, a TSH screening may be a routine part of a general physical exam. Since thyroid problems aren’t rare and may impact such a wide range of body systems, it’s a good idea to include this in any set of tests if you’re trying to diagnose a vague disease with many symptoms.
A TSH screening may also be a good idea for pregnant women. Thyroid changes during pregnancy can cause complications in some cases. Roughly one in 250 women experience hypothyroidism in pregnancy, while one in 500 experience hyperthyroidism. If you have either condition, it should be monitored carefully throughout your pregnancy so you can identify complications and other issues as early as possible.
Signs Of A Bad Thyroid
Thyroid pioneer Dr. Broda Barnes wrote, When thyroid function is low, circulation is reduced. In advanced cases of hypothyroidism, the skin, in fact, may receive as little as one-fourth to one-fifth the normal blood supply. Our extremities, including our feet, are particularly vulnerable to poor circulation especially in .
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Understanding Thyroid Effects On Your Health
Your thyroid is responsible for producing hormones that control many of your body’s essential functions. If there’s a problem with your thyroid, you should seek treatment as soon as possible. Leaving thyroid issues untreated can cause long-term complications and serious side effects. Thyroid issues are often difficult to diagnose because the symptoms are so varied. Thyroid problems are often mistaken for other issues.
How Are Hashimotos Flare
Hashimotos thyroiditis that causes hypothyroidism is treated with a medication called levothyroxine. This is a synthetic version of thyroid hormone that helps replace the hormones that your thyroid isnt producing.
The proper dose of levothyroxine is different for everyone. If youre taking the correct dose of levothyroxine, you shouldnt experience a flare-up.
Since a variety of factors can impact your thyroid as well as the effectiveness of levothyroxine, its important to have your thyroid levels checked regularly. These factors include:
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Is Your Body Asking For Help With Your Thyroid
If you suspect you have a thyroid issue, we encourage you to tune into your body now because its telling you to pay attention. Waiting for your symptoms to get worse has the strong potential of leading to hypothyroidism and a lifelong prescription to thyroid medication. We always recommend starting with the most effective, natural approach available.
In working with thousands of women, weve found that targeted plant-based therapy, vitamins and minerals, and simple dietary and lifestyle adjustments will usually resolve the root cause of all your symptoms, not just a select few.
If youre not sure whats causing your symptoms, we encourage you to take our quick Thyroid Health Quiz now. It will help you understand how thyroid symptoms may be affecting, or even altering, your life. Youll also find personalized recommendations for taking action to feel better. Its a win-win!
American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists. AACE Thyroid Awareness. AACE Web site. http://www.thyroidawareness.com/. Accessed March 14, 2016.
Mayo Clinic. Hypothyroidism . November 10, 2015. Mayo Clinic Web site. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hypothyroidism/symptoms-causes/dxc-20155382. Accessed March 14, 2016.
What Other Issues Might I Encounter During Treatment
Cancer can be expensive. Dr. Lieb says that young adults with thyroid cancer have one of the highest rates of healthcare-related bankruptcy. This is partly due to the cost of imaging studies. Another factor is that many people only have insurance through their workplace and cancer treatment can impact your ability to work. Be sure you have support to help you examine medical bills and proactively engage with your insurance provider.
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What Autoimmune Diseases Cause Bruising
What autoimmune diseases cause bruisingThe exact cause of Evans syndrome is not known however, it is known that Evans syndrome is a disorder of the immune system.The immune system is a network of cells, tissues, and organs that work together to defend the body against germs . The immune system normally responds to foreign substances by producing specialized proteins, called antibodies, that.
When To See A Healthcare Provider
If you are worried that you or a loved one is experiencing one or more symptoms of hypothyroidism, call your healthcare provider for an appointment. In addition to a medical history and physical examination, your he or she can perform a blood test called the thyroid-stimulating hormone test, which can rule in or out a thyroid problem.
Seek medical attention right away if you are experiencing symptoms of myxedema coma, such as severe fatigue and/or extreme cold intolerance.
Lastly, if you are considering pregnancy or are pregnant and taking thyroid hormone replacement medication, be sure to work with your healthcare provider to ensure that your thyroid hormone level is optimized for the health of both you and your baby.
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Changes In Menstrual Cycle Or Sexual Performance
Hormonal changes are closely linked to sexual function. If you find that your period is becoming irregular, heavier, or more painful than before, or if you are experiencing stronger emotional symptoms tied to PMS, your thyroid might be the cause.
You might also experience difficulty with sexual performance or enjoyment. If you are having difficulty with libido or achieving orgasm or if you cannot maintain an erection, you could also be struggling with a thyroid-related symptom.
While these are uncomfortable issues to talk about, they should absolutely be addressed with us to rule out not only thyroid trouble but also anything else that might quietly be causing these issues.
What Are Signs And Symptoms Of Hypothyroidism
Symptoms of hypothyroidism may be subtle such as slowed mental or physical activity, and some people may have no symptoms.
Common symptoms and signs of hypothyroidism may include the following:
- Numbness and tingling and nerve entrapment syndromes
- Blurred vision
Signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism can show up in the hands and nails. Hypothyroidism can cause dermatologic findings such as nail infection, vertical white ridges on the nails, nail splitting, brittle nails, slow nail growth, and nails lifting up.
Other signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism may include the following:
- Slowed speech and movements
- Yellowing skin and eyes
- Pale skin
- Decreased systolic blood pressure and increased diastolic blood pressure
- Slow heart rate
- Excess fluid around the heart
- Abdominal distention, fluid in the abdominal cavity
- Pitting edema of lower extremities
- Below normal reflexes with delayed relaxation, loss of coordination, or both
Symptoms that are more specific to Hashimoto thyroiditis include
- feeling of fullness in the throat
- painless thyroid enlargement
Symptoms of myxedema coma include the following:
- Altered mental status
- Nonpitting edema
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How Do I Choose A Thyroid Surgeon
A high-volume surgeon is best. Whether you opt for a general, endocrine, or head and neck surgeon, you want to choose a provider who does a lot of these surgeries every year, says Dr. Lieb. Dr. Chen says a good volume to shoot for is 100 per year or more.
You can find directories of qualified surgeons at the American Association of Endocrine Surgeons or the American Academy of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery.
When To See A Doctor
People with warning signs should see a doctor right away, as should those who are still bleeding and those who have lost more than a small amount of blood. People without warning signs who notice that they bleed or bruise easily should call their doctor. The doctor determines how quickly to evaluate people based on their symptoms and other factors. Typically, people who do not feel well or have risk factors for bleeding, such as liver disease or use of certain drugs, or who have a family history of a bleeding disorder should be seen within a day or two. People who feel well but had a few nosebleeds that stopped on their own or who have bruises or spots on their skin can be seen when practical. A delay of a week or so is unlikely to be harmful.
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Side Effects Of Thyroid Hormone Treatment
Thyroid hormone pills themselves do not usually cause side effects, but it can take some time to get the dosage right, and you may experience symptoms of either hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism while you and your doctor work to determine the correct dose.
Symptoms of too much thyroid hormone may include:
- Increased heart rate
Symptoms of too little thyroid hormone may include:
- weight gain
- dry skin and hair
Definitely check in with your doctor if you feel you are experiencing any of the above symptoms so that your dosage can be properly adjusted.
How Many Of These Signs And Symptoms Do You Have
Dry, pale, and cool skin Moist, velvety, and warm skin like a babys Dry skin with deep cracks and scale Deep, noticeable lines on your palms and soles Yellowish-orange color on your palms and soles Doughy and swollen face, especially on your eyelids, lips, and tongue Widening nose Sweating less than before Goiter Protruding eyes Flushing on your face and red palms Darker skin in the creases of your palms, on your gums, or elsewhere in your mouth Rashes, especially in the creases of your skin Painless lumps and patches of scaly, discolored skin, and the affected skin feels hard and waxy Reddish spots on the skin that come and go
When eyes protrude, its often a sign of thyroid disease.
Painless lumps and patches of scaly skin feel hard and waxy
Lumps on discolored skin that feel hard and waxy can be a sign of thyroid disease.
Thinning eyebrows on the outer edge Coarse, dull, dry, and brittle hair that breaks easily Soft and fine hair with lots of shedding Thinning hair or balding patches Growing more slowly Dry, itchy scalp and dandruff Less hair on your legs, arms, and other areas
Thick, dry, and brittle with visible ridges Soft, shiny, and easily crumble Growing more slowly Peel, crumble, or break easily Lift up Curved with swollen fingertip and thickening skin above the nail
Curved nails with swollen fingertip
Itchy skin without a rash Untreatable and itchy hives
Existing skin disease
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