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HomeExclusiveCan Thyroid Issues Cause High Blood Pressure

Can Thyroid Issues Cause High Blood Pressure

High Thyroid & Low Cholesterol

What Causes High Blood Pressure

While it’s usually good, sometimes low cholesterol is a bad sign. A sudden drop can be a sign of an overactive thyroid.

In hyperthyroidism, your thyroid produces too much T3 and T4. High levels of these hormones speed up processes in your body, leading to:

  • Anxiety
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Rapid heartbeat

Interestingly, while hyperthyroidism is linked to low cholesterol, high cholesterol may be linked to a hyperthyroidism-related complication.

Graves’ disease is an autoimmune condition that causes hyperthyroidism. It sometimes involves an eye disease called orbitopathy. Increased levels of LDL and total cholesterol are risk factors for orbitopathy.

Hypertension And Increased Cardiovascular Risk In Overt Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism is accompanied by cardiovascular complications in a significant number of cases, leading to an increase in short-term morbidity and long-term morbidity and mortality. Brandt et al. found a significant 20% increase in mortality in patients with hyperthyroidism in their meta-analysis based on seven studies .

The excess of T3 leads to metabolic and hemodynamic changes: metabolic rate, cardiac preload, and ventricular contractility increases while systemic vascular resistance decreases, causing an increased cardiac output and hypertension, as discussed above.

The highest risk of coronary heart disease mortality and atrial fibrillation is noted when serum TSH is below 0.10 mIU/l .

Hemodynamic changes affect not only the left cardiac output, since pulmonary hypertension may also be present in patients with hyperthyroidism due to Graves-disease or nodular goiter . Pulmonary hypertension was found to be the most common complication in a study which investigated hyperthyroid patients by echocardiography . The prevalence of pulmonary hypertension was detected to be relatively high among hyperthyroid patients, varying between 36 and 65%, although mild and asymptomatic cases were found to be the most common .

What Does A Thyroid Fine Needle Aspiration Or Biopsy Entail

In some situations this is performed with local anesthesia in the clinic. Your child will be awake. In very young children the FNA is done in the operating room under general anesthesia. The pathologist will look at the tissue to determine what they thyroid nodule is composed of and if additional workup or surgery is needed. It often takes about one to two weeks to get the results.

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How Are Thyroid Conditions Treated During Pregnancy And While Breastfeeding

Many medicines used to treat thyroid conditions during pregnancy are safe for your baby. Thyroid medicines can help keep the right level of thyroid hormones in your body. Your provider gives you blood tests during pregnancy to check your TSH and T4 levels to make sure your medicine is at the right amount . T4 is a hormone made by your thyroid.

If youre taking medicine for a thyroid condition before pregnancy, talk to your provider before you get pregnant. Your provider may want to adjust or change your medicine to make sure its safe for your baby. If youre already taking thyroid medicine when you get pregnant, keep taking it and talk to your provider about it as soon as possible.

Treating hyperthyroidism. If you have mild hyperthyroidism, you may not need treatment. If its more severe, you may need to take an antithyroid medicine. This medicine causes your thyroid to make less thyroid hormone.

Providers sometimes use radioactive iodine to treat hyperthyroidism. Pregnant women shouldnt take this medicine because it can cause thyroid problems in the baby.

Antithyroid medicines are safe to take at low doses while youre breastfeeding.

If you had hypothyroidism before getting pregnant, you most likely need to increase the amount of medicine you take during pregnancy. Talk to your health care provider about your medicine as soon as you find out youre pregnant. Your provider can check to make sure youre taking the right dose by checking your TSH levels during pregnancy.

High Blood Pressure Statistics

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The CDC also states that high blood pressure affects an estimated 75 million American adults, which is 29% of the American population. Thats one in every three American adults.

High blood pressure greatly increases the risk of heart disease and stroke, the first and third leading causes of death in the United States. This is why it is so important to get your blood pressure checked regularly.

According to the American Heart Association, when high blood pressure is left untreated, it can cause the following:

  • Heart disease or heart failure
  • Stroke
  • Kidney disease or kidney failure
  • Vision loss
  • Angina
  • Peripheral artery disease

Angina Definition: Chest discomfort or pain from the condition where the heart muscles dont obtain the right oxygen-rich blood volume

As you can see, the dangers of prolonged and/or untreated high blood pressure can cause an array of health problems.

In addition, health conditions, such as overt hypothyroidism , can also cause high blood pressure. When this occurs, it is referred to as secondary hypertension.

How can thyroid conditions affect your blood pressure? We will explain more about high blood pressure and hypothyroidism in the following sections.

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Blood Pressure Changes In Subclinical Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism has been generally considered as a cardiovascular risk factor, as discussed above, stressing the need of routine screening for thyroid function especially among female patients with coronary heart disease or patients with known cardiovascular risk factors . Subclinical hypothyroidism is a common entity, characterized by elevated TSH-levels and fT4 and fT3 levels in the normal range.

The association between elevated blood pressure and overt thyroid disorders has been thoroughly investigated and well-established, while the question whether subclinical changes in the thyroid function present potential risk for the development and maintenance of hypertension are still under debate. Some studies detected positive correlations of subclinical hypothyroidism and hypertension in women ; however, the same results were not confirmed in men . A number of clinical studies assessed the relationship between subclinical thyroid dysfunction, both hypo and hyperthyroidism, and endothelial dysfunction , arterial wall thickening , atrial fibrillation , and left ventricular hypertrophy . A study involving more than 10.000 children and adolescents found a positive correlation between elevated serum TSH levels and both systolic and diastolic blood pressure; however, this correlation was not established with hypertension . Upon these findings, one can presume an association between subclinical hypothyroidism and elevated risk for the development of hypertension.

Why Thyroid And Cholesterol Are Linked

Thyroid hormones have several jobs. One is controlling how your body uses cholesterol and other lipids . Another is helping your liver produce fatty acids, which store energy for you to use later.

When thyroid hormones are out of whack, it affects all these processes. Getting them in balance helps things work right again.

Verywell / Emily Roberts

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Hypothyroidism: The Cardiac Connection

Hypothyroidism can affect the heart and circulatory system in a number of ways. Insufficient thyroid hormone slows your heart rate. Because it also makes the arteries less elastic, blood pressure rises in order to circulate blood around the body. Elevated cholesterol levels, which contribute to narrowed, hardened arteries, are another possible consequence of low thyroid levels.

Another noncardiac symptommuscle achesmay also be relevant. Muscle aches can be a symptom of hypothyroidism as well as a side effect of cholesterol-lowering statin medications, a condition known as statin-related myalgia. In fact, research suggests that hypothyroidism is more common in people who can’t tolerate statins. “Some experts believe that treating hypothyroidism may relieve or decrease statin-related myalgia,” says Dr. Garber.

How To Learn If You Have Hashimotos Low Thyroid

How Thyroid Medication Changes your Blood Pressure

Many patients are not diagnosed with hypothyroidism or Hashimotos until after several years and going through several doctors. It is a demoralizing journey richly illustrated in my book;The Truth About Low Thyroid: Stories of Hope and Healing for Those Suffering With Hashimotos Low Thyroid Disease, through real-life stories from patients in my practice. Managing Hashimotos goes far beyond using thyroid medication as you must work to stop the immune system from attacking the thyroid. For more information on identifying and managing Hashimotos low thyroid,;contact;my office.

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Thyroid Disease And Insulin

Diabetes can cause alterations in thyroid hormone levels. Insulin imitates the actions of thyroid hormones in some tissues of the body, which decreases the production of thyroid hormones. But insulin also functions in the opposite way thyroid hormones do in other tissues, which increases thyroid hormone levels.

Excess or deficient insulin can induce changes in thyroid hormone production and activity.

Looking at the association from another direction, the metabolic changes of thyroid disease can interfere with the effects of insulin, whether endogenous or taken as a medical treatment for diabetes.

Hyperthyroidism increases metabolism and can cause insulin to be processed and eliminated from the body more quickly than normal. Some people with type 1 diabetes who are also diagnosed with hyperthyroidism may need to take higher doses of insulin until thyroid hormones are stabilized.

When metabolism is slowed in hypothyroidism, insulin may linger longer in the body, causing a greater risk of hypoglycemia . Hypothyroidism has also been associated with an increased sensitivity to insulin, which can contribute to hypoglycemia.

Its important that you discuss all adjustments in your prescribed insulin dose with your healthcare provider, if applicable.

Who Should Be Tested

If you think you have symptoms of a thyroid problem, ask your doctor if you should be tested. People with symptoms or risk factors may need tests more often. Hypothyroidism more frequently affects women over age 60. Hyperthyroidism is also more common in women. A family history raises your risk of either disorder.

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What Are The Main Kinds Of Thyroid Conditions

There are two main kinds of thyroid conditions:

  • Hyperthyroidism . This is when the thyroid is overactive and makes too much thyroid hormone. This condition can cause many of your bodys functions to speed up. Hyperthyroidism during pregnancy usually is caused by an autoimmune disorder called Graves disease. Autoimmune disorders are health conditions that happen when antibodies attack healthy tissue by mistake. If you have Graves disease, your immune system makes antibodies that cause your thyroid to make too much thyroid hormone. In rare cases, hyperthyroidism is linked to a severe form of morning sickness called hyperemesis gravidarum . Also in rare cases, hyperthyroidism can be caused by thyroid nodules. These are lumps in your thyroid that make too much thyroid hormone.
  • Hypothyroidism . This is when the thyroid is underactive and doesnt make enough thyroid hormones, so many of your bodys functions slow down. Hypothyroidism during pregnancy usually is caused by an autoimmune disorder called Hashimotos disease. When you have Hashimotos disease, your immune system makes antibodies that attack your thyroid and damage it so it cant produce thyroid hormones.
  • If you have a thyroid condition during pregnancy, treatment can help you have a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby.

    About Dr Josh Redd Chiropractic Physician Utah Arizona New Mexico Functional Medicine

    Unexpected Symptoms of Thyroid Issues Include High Blood ...

    Dr. Joshua J. Redd, DC, MS, DABFM, DAAIM, author of;The Truth About Low Thyroid: Stories of Hope and Healing for Those Suffering With Hashimotos Low Thyroid Disease, is a chiropractic physician and the founder of;RedRiver Health and Wellness Center;with practices in Utah, Arizona, and New Mexico. He sees patients from around the world who suffer from challenging thyroid disorders, Hashimotos disease, and other autoimmune conditions. In addition to his chiropractic degree, Dr. Redd has a BS in Health and Wellness, a BS in Anatomy, and a MS in Human Nutrition and Functional Medicine.; He speaks across the nation, teaching physicians about functional blood chemistry, low thyroid, Hashimotos, and autoimmunity. You can join his Facebook page;here.

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    How Does Blood Pressure Work & What Is Hypertension

    Blood pressure is the measurement of what kind of pressure is being put on your blood vessels . The top number in a blood pressure reading reveals the pressure on the walls of the vessels when the heart is pumping, systolic blood pressure.

    The bottom number represents the pressure on the walls of the vessels when the heart is at rest or between beats, diastolic. Blood pressure acts diurnally, as well: higher during awake hours and lower while sleeping. Blood pressure readings consistently above 140/90 are considered hypertensive.

    Treating Insulin Resistance If You Have Hypothyroidism

    So, what are you supposed to do if you have high blood sugar and hypothyroidism and you want to treat it?

    What if you want to treat insulin resistance to help you lose weight?

    There are several strategies that you can take and I’ve listed several below:

    As you consider these therapies just keep in mind that the more therapies you add on top of each other the more likely you are to see your desired results.

    That means you’ll want to simultaneously change your diet, take the right supplements, adjust your thyroid medication, exercise sufficiently, and consider other medications to normalize your weight and blood sugar.

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    Study Selection And Data Extraction

    Two reviewers independently screened the abstracts and titles of the search results, and articles were eliminated only if they did not investigate the association between subclinical thyroid dysfunction and blood pressure levels. The same two reviewers independently evaluated studies for eligibility on the basis of the predefined set of eligibility criteria.

    Information from each study was extracted independently by the two reviewers , using a standardized data extraction form. General characteristics of the study used and adjusted factors), characteristics of the subclinical thyroid dysfunction and euthyroid groups and results were recorded, where available, and double checked. Discrepancies in data extraction between reviewers were resolved by discussion.

    Thyroid Hormone And Your Heart

    Thyroid High Blood Pressure

    It is well known that thyroid hormone influences your heart.;

    And, because your heart pumps blood throughout your body, any changes to your heart rate or force of contraction can also cause changes to your blood pressure.;

    We also know, from plenty of studies, that maintaining a healthy blood pressure is absolutely vital to leading a long life and avoiding complications such as stroke, end-organ damage, kidney failure, and heart disease.;

    Doctors go through great lengths to help manage blood pressure because of these negative side effects!;

    So, why then does taking thyroid medication cause high blood pressure in some situations?;

    It has to do with how thyroid hormone interacts with cardiac tissue .;

    In almost every cell in your body thyroid hormone works by entering into your cell and changing genetic transcription .;

    This process results in changes to your DNA which take weeks to kick in.;

    But in your heart cells, thyroid hormone activates receptors on a different part of the cell.;

    This means that the effects of thyroid hormone occur much faster when compared to the genetic changes that occur in other cells in your body.;

    Through this mechanism, thyroid hormone medication can potentially lead to elevated blood pressure even though you might feel great otherwise.;

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    Changes In Menstrual Cycle Or Sexual Performance

    Hormonal changes are closely linked to sexual function. If you find that your period is becoming irregular, heavier, or more painful than before, or if you are experiencing stronger emotional symptoms tied to PMS, your thyroid might be the cause.

    You might also experience difficulty with sexual performance or enjoyment. If you are having difficulty with libido or achieving orgasm or if you cannot maintain an erection, you could also be struggling with a thyroid-related symptom.

    While these are uncomfortable issues to talk about, they should absolutely be addressed with us to rule out not only thyroid trouble but also anything else that might quietly be causing these issues.

    Hyperthyroidism: Excess Thyroid Hormone

    The opposite problem, hyperthyroidism, or too much thyroid hormone, is far less common, affecting less than 1% of the population. But it, too, can harm the heart.

    The classic symptoms include sleeplessness, heat intolerance, excess sweating, weight loss, extreme hunger, and loose bowels. Excess thyroid hormone also causes the heart to beat harder and faster and may trigger abnormal heart rhythms. One is atrial fibrillation, a disorganized rhythm in the heart’s upper chambers. A related symptom is palpitations, a sudden awareness of your heartbeat. People with hyperthyroidism may also have high blood pressure. In a person with clogged, stiff heart arteries, the combination of a forceful heartbeat and elevated blood pressure may lead to chest pain or angina.

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    Lifestyle Changes For Both Conditions

    Lifestyle changes can help you manage cholesterol and thyroid problems. Your healthcare provider may recommend the following:

    • Diet: An anti-inflammatory diet may lower inflammation from autoimmune thyroid disease and lower cholesterol.
    • Weight loss:Even small weight reductions can lower LDL cholesterol levels and improve thyroid health.
    • Exercise:Regular exercise can improve energy levels in hypothyroidism, help maintain bone density with hyperthyroidism, and may raise good cholesterol levels.
    • Quitting smoking:Smoking harms the thyroid and increases the risk of complications. It also adds to the cholesterol-related risk of heart disease and stroke.

    Muscle Aches And Trouble Swallowing

    Pictures of Surprising Signs of Thyroid Problems

    Muscle aches throughout the body are sometimes associated with abnormal thyroid levels. If your muscle aches have recently onset without any other obvious causes, a thyroid disorder is one likely cause. Rarely, muscle breakdown can also occur. If you find that you are unable to build toned muscle, reach out to your physician.

    On a similar vein, because the thyroid is located in the neck, the neck muscles are usually the first to experience these symptoms. This includes the muscles associated with swallowing. If you are struggling to swallow, this could be another signs of thyroid problems.

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    How Is Graves Disease In A Newborn Treated

    With treatment right away, babies usually recover fully within a few weeks. But Graves disease may recur during the first 6 months to 1 year of life. The goal of treatment is to restore the thyroid gland to normal function so it makes normal levels of thyroid hormone.

    Treatment may include:

    • Fast growth that slows and then stops early, leading to short height

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