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Can Birth Control Affect Your Thyroid

Supplement For Thyroid Health

Chicago Thyroid Doctor: On Birth Control? Can Birth Control Pills Affect Thyroid Function?

Selenium, iodine, vitamin A, and zinc are essential to thyroid health. Adaptogenic herbs like Ashwagandha, Rhodiola, and Ginseng support both adrenal and thyroid health. Nourishing the adrenals, along with using fish oil can promote a healthy immune response and appropriate inflammation, which is important for thyroid health.

In my clinic, I recommend my Thyroid Support supplement or Thyroid Support Kit to help accelerate healing and begin improving thyroid function quickly.

Treating An Underactive Thyroid

Treatment for an underactive thyroid involves taking daily hormone replacement tablets, called levothyroxine, to raise your thyroxine levels. Youll usually need treatment for the rest of your life. However, with proper treatment, you should be able to lead a normal, healthy life.

If an underactive thyroid isnt treated, it can lead to complications, including heart disease, goitre, pregnancy problems and a life-threatening condition called myxoedema coma .

Read more about treating an underactive thyroid and the complications of an underactive thyroid

What Is A Thyroid

The thyroid is the butterfly-shaped gland that sits at the base of your neck. Its high-profile job description includes secreting hormones T4 and T3 that control metabolism. Metabolism refers to the energy made and used by your body.

The pituitary gland is the thyroids partner in crime it secretes a hormone called TSH that tells the thyroid to start making thyroid hormones. T4 is the main hormone secreted by the thyroid gland.

Thyroid hormones circulating in our bodies are bound to plasma proteins in the blood, called:

  • Thyroxine-binding globulin .
  • Transthyretin .
  • Albumin.

The thyroid hormones need the blood proteins to travel throughout your body. TBG is by far the major player in this process. Dr. Mikhael says that there is a fine balance between the free and bound thyroid hormone levels in our blood. It is the free or unbound T4 and T3 that exert the thyroid hormones effect on our bodies.

Can being on birth control affect your thyroid? The short answer is: Yes. Depending on the type of birth control you are started on and how you are taking it.

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Your Thyroid And Menopause

Although it is very rarely mentioned, your thyroid and your reproductive cycle are closely related. Thyroid problems can cause irregularities in the menstrual cycle, and even infertility in extreme cases. As you get older, these problems can become exacerbated. In fact, untreated hypothyroidism can cause a woman to be in an artificial premature perimenapause or even throw her into menopause.

It’s important to remember that the thyroid is part of the overall endocrine system, and when any of this system’s hormones get out of balance, all of the parts suffer. So when you go through times where hormonal imbalance is more than likelysuch as pregnancy, perimenopause, and menopauseyour thyroid is also more than likely to get out of whack as well.

That is why women over 50 should be tested for thyroid problems every few years and woman over 65 should be tested annually. Any woman of any age should be tested at any time and as frequently as needed if she has symptoms of hypothyroidism. Your doctor will then be able to determine whether you need thyroid hormone medication, and/or iodine or other supplementation.

Your Thyroid On The Birth Control Pill

Minneapolis Thyroid Help: Can Birth Control Pills Affect ...

January 25, 2019 By Sarah White

Your thyroid on the birth control pill: The connection between the birth control pill and hypothyroidism, what your doctor didnt tell you about the pill.

Ive treated hundreds of women with thyroid dysfunction and +95% of them have this 1 thing in common they are on, or have been taking hormonal birth control for more than 5 years. This connection is personal to my health journey as well, which is why I have explored the topic thoroughly for my readers. After almost 10 years on the birth control pill I began feeling extremely fatigued, bloated, and gained almost 10lbs in a very short span of time despite a healthy diet and regular exercise routine. . After a 2014 thyroid panel revealed suboptimal TSH & free T3 levels, I knew I had to get off the birth pill in order to regain my health.

ThyroidHealth Basics What you need to know:

Your thyroid + the Pill How the pill affects your thyroid function:

If youd like to work together and youre not a resident of Ontario*, or youd prefer an online consultation you can book online with Dr. Sarah here.


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Birth Control Pills And Hormone Replacement Therapy

Estrogen increases your level of thyroid binding globulin , a protein that transports thyroid hormones through your bloodstream. When thyroid hormones remain attached to TBG they cant be absorbed or used by your cells.

This explains why women taking estrogen in the form of birth control or hormone replacement therapy may experience hypothyroid symptoms.

From Overactive To Underactive

A person who has had hyperthyroidism should have his or her thyroid hormone levels checked on a regular basis. This is because most people who are treated for hyperthyroidism eventually develop hypothyroidism.The treatment causes the thyroid to become underactive. The symptoms include lethargy, unexpected weight gain, constipation and sensitivity to the cold. Underactivity is treated by hormone replacement with thyroxine tablets.This switch from overactive to underactive can seem like treatment simply replacing one condition with another, but underactivity is easily treated with hormone replacement without side effects, whereas untreated overactivity is a serious condition which invariably proves fatal if allowed to persist.

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Birth Control Can Lower A Womans Risk Of Gynecologic Cancer

Both birth control pills and hormonal IUDs can significantly reduce the risk of ovarian cancer and endometrial cancer. Using birth control pills can actually reduce ovarian cancer risk by up to 50 percent, says Dr. Goldfrank. This protection appears to last for many years after stopping use. The pill can also significantly lower the risk of endometrial cancer.

Because hormonal IUDs thin the endometrial lining, they can sometimes be used to prevent or even treat early-stage endometrial cancer. Like the pill, hormonal IUDs also appear to reduce the risk of ovarian cancer.

What Are Some Options For Non

Greenville SC Thyroid Doctor Answers – Do Birth Control Pills Affect Thyroid Function?

For anyone looking to prevent pregnancy without taking hormonal contraceptives, youve got plenty of options:

  • Condoms: When used correctly, condoms are 98% effective , but due to human error, condoms do have a 15% failure rate at preventing pregnancy.
  • Copper IUD: If youre hoping for another one-and-done contraceptive, the non-hormonal copper IUD, or ParaGard, might be the best choice for you. Its the most effective form of birth control and can last for 10 years.
  • Diaphragm or cervical cap: These two barrier methods can help prevent pregnancy when combined with spermicide . Like condoms, youll need to remember to insert a diaphragm or cap every time youre going to have sex. Diaphragms are 92%-96% effective, while cervical caps are only 71%-86% effective.
  • Sponge: Another barrier method, the sponge is 88% effective at preventing pregnancy and must be used every time you have sex.

So, if youre ditching your pill or removing your patch, know that your body is likely to transition back to its before state over your next few cycles. And if youre not feeling great, enlist your primary care provider , OB-GYN, some ibuprofen, or a trusty heating pad for support.

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The Relationship Between Birth Control Pills Liver And Hypothyroidism

Excess hormones produced by the body can stress the liver as it has to break these hormones down for elimination. The liver might become congested and sluggish due to being chronically overburdened, thereby increasing the risks of a poor immune function, high cholesterol, and risk for inflammation.

It is a well-known fact that a liver that is functioning poorly can raise inflammation. When you are working to dampen autoimmune flares and inflammation associated with hypothyroidism, the potential effect of inflammation of birth control pills on the liver is a point to consider.

When the liver is not able to detoxify estrogen, the hormone goes back to the bloodstream in a toxic form and raises the risk of complications, like menopause, hyperplasia and prostate carcinoma, endometrial cancer, cervical dysplasia, ovarian cysts, fibrocystic breasts, premenstrual syndrome, endometriosis, and breast cancer.

The Check Your Thyroid Jump Start Tip

Taking Matters into Your Own Handsor Armpits. If you suspect you’re having thyroid problems and you want to check yourself out at home, there is a simple test you can do called the basal temperature test. Here are the steps:

  • Get a basal thermometer . Leave it overnight on your bedside table.
  • First thing in the morning, before you get out of bed, tuck the thermometer under your armpit and lay completely still for 10 minutes. Set a timer before you begin so that you don’t have to move around to look at the clock.
  • Record your temperature for there to five days. If your temperature is consistently below 97.8°F, you may have a thyroid problem, and you should have yourself evaluated by a health professional.

Remember, thyroid disease is not just about fatigue, it can ultimately affect your morbidity as well as your mortality. Take control, but do it with the assistance of an expert.

Excerpted with permission from The Fatigue Solution by Eva Cwynar, MD, published by Hay House. For more information on Dr. Eva Cwynar, visit

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Immunologic View On Epigenetic Factors Associated With Gd

As mentioned above, concordance of GD in monozygotic twins is 75%, indicating that epigenetic modifications have an important role in GD. A significant impact of epigenetic modifications has been described in patients with PIDs. Indeed, a recent in-depth analysis of epigenetic modifications in two monozygotic twins discordant for antibody deficiency showed a gain in DNA methylation of several genes critically involved in B cell function in the twin with antibody deficiency .

In general, epigenetic changes can either intensify or reduce gene expression, depending on the number and location of the added methyl groups. This process is executed by histone methyltransferases, which use S-adenosyl-methionine to add up to three methyl groups on lysine or arginine residues . In patients with GD, one report found an interaction between a non-coding homozygous SNP in intron 1 of the TSH-receptor gene in human thymus cells associated with reduced TSH-R expression and histone methylation patterns that could be influenced by the addition of IFN- to cell cultures . This mechanism could expedite the release of auto-reactive T cells from central tolerance. Especially in the case of the TSH-receptor gene, this leads to diminished apoptosis of autoreactive T cells in the thymus .

Can I Take Birth Control At The Same Time As Thyroid Medication

Birth Control Pills and Thyroid Health

It is not recommended that you take pill form birth control at the same time as your thyroid medication as they both create hormonal changes in the body. You can take them at separate times during the day, just not at the same time.

Thyroid medication and birth control both utilize the same protein that is used as a binding agent in the blood. It is this commonality that can disrupt proper absorption of your thyroid medication.

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What Is Postpartum Thyroiditis

Postpartum thyroiditis, or inflammation of the thyroid after giving birth, affects 10% of women. It often goes undiagnosed because symptoms are much like the “baby blues” that may follow delivery. Women with postpartum thyroiditis may feel very tired and moody.

Postpartum thyroiditis typically happens in two phases, though not everyone with the condition goes through both phases:

  • The first phase starts 1 to 4 months after giving birth and typically last 1 to 2 months. In this phase, you may have because the damaged thyroid leaks thyroid hormones out into the bloodstream.
  • The second phase starts about 4 to 8 months after delivery and lasts 6 to 12 months. In this phase, you may have because the thyroid has lost most of its hormones or because the immune attack is over and the thyroid may recover later.

Can Birth Control Help With Anxiety

Anxiety can cause many significant problems in daily functioning, and severely impact a persons quality of life. For women, can taking hormonal birth control cause or alleviate the symptoms of anxiety? The following article will explore what an anxiety disorder is and if birth control has any impact on anxiety.

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Is It Safe To Use Hypothyroidism Medication And Birth Control At The Same Time

The endocrine system found in the human body plays an essential part in many functions that are executed in the body.

This system is responsible for the production and excretion of vital hormones into the blood circulatory system which, in turn, is delivered to cells to assist with many different functions, such as energy metabolism, cellular growth, cellular turnover, and more. The Thyroid Gland is found in the neck and is said to resemble a shape that is similar to that of a butterfly.

This Gland forms part of the endocrine system and secrets Thyroid hormones, including Thyroxine and Triiodothyronine. These hormones are responsible for metabolic functions in every single cell that is found in the human body.

Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the Thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones to support cellular metabolic functions throughout the body. There are many causes behind this condition, and a number of complications may develop if the condition is not treated promptly.

Treatment for hypothyroidism is relatively easy and also considered safe, but when it comes to the administration of Levothyroxine drugs, a patient needs to be wary of potential interactions that may occur with existing drugs they are taking.

Here, we will take a look at whether it is safe to take hypothyroidism medication and birth control medication at the same time, and what you can do to ensure you do not experience adverse interactions between these two types of drugs.

Birth Control Pills And The Thyroid Function

How Birth Control Can Make Your Thyroid Symptoms Worse

Birth control pills are responsible for completely depleting the nutrients your thyroid requires and can interfere with the thyroid hormones on multiple levels. For example, zinc and selenium are needed to produce the thyroid hormone and convert zinc into its T3 active form. This mineral is also needed to get the thyroid hormone communicate with the cell receptors.

Birth control pills can deplete the zinc mineral and prevent you from activating the thyroid glands. Not just zinc, these pills can also cut down crucial vitamins that are needed to synthesize the thyroid hormone, among other hundred uses in the body.

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It May Make You More Susceptible To Viruses

While alcohol may make you feel sleepy, it can actually reduce the amount of quality sleep you get each night. According to a 2018 study published in JMIR Mental Health, individuals with low alcohol consumption reduced their sleep-induced physiological recovery by 9.3%, individuals with moderate alcohol consumption reduced recovery by 24%, and those with high alcohol intakesmore than one drink a day for women or more than two drinks per day for menreduced recovery by 39.2%.

Unfortunately, over time, this can lead to serious immune health issues. A 2017 study conducted by researchers in the University of Washington Health Sciences department and UW Medicine found that, among 11 pairs of identical twins, those who slept for fewer hours had a less robust immune system than those who slept more.

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Alternatives To Hormonal Birth Control

The best way to restore balance in your body is to quit hormonal birth control or anything that stops ovulation. Its important to know that ovulation isnt just a vehicle for pregnancy it is also an important health marker, referred to by some as a womans fifth vital sign. When youre missing the information that this fifth vital sign presents due to artificial suppression from birth control, you also miss out on the other aspects of health and disease it can tell you about: how healthy your ovaries are, your overall hormone wellness, and your fertility.

The good news is that its possible to prevent pregnancy without using hormonal birth control. While some might feel its more work to utilize these methods, others find that ditching side effects of birth control, gaining an ovulatory health marker, and shifting the burden of contraception onto both partners instead of just the female helps to promote positive benefits all around.

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Is Hyperthyroidism During Pregnancy A Problem

Thyroid hormone levels that are just a little high are usually not a problem in pregnancy. However, more severe hyperthyroidism that isnt treated can affect both the mother and the baby. If you have hyperthyroidism, be sure your disease is under control before becoming pregnant. Learn more about causes, diagnosis, and treatment of hyperthyroidism during pregnancy.

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Debunking Myths About The Thyroid And Birth Control

The Birth Control And Thyroid Connection

The thyroid gland is a major player in women’s health including our fertility. When its operating the way its designed to, it pumps out the right amount of hormones to keep our body systems in check.

But because one in eight women will experience thyroid problems at some point in their lives, keeping an eye on this gland is important.

Its only natural that many of us would want to do a little sleuthing to make sure were doing all the right things for a healthy thyroid. If you find yourself Googling the effects of hormonal birth control on the thyroid, chances are youll stumble upon a bunch of sites claiming that taking it can do a lot of damage. But is any of that actually true?

We wanted help parsing out what was worth listening to and what was simply noise, so we reached out to Dr. Eva Luo, an OB-GYN at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and a Health Policy and Management Fellow at Harvard Medical Faculty Physicians, to get to the bottom of this.

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